Skip to main content

Full text of "Reliques of ancient English poetry: consisting of old heroic ballads, songs, and other pieces of our earlier poets, (chiefly of the lyric kind.) Together with some few of later date"

See other formats

This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 
to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 
to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 
are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other marginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 
publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing this resource, we have taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 

We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain from automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attribution The Google "watermark" you see on each file is essential for informing people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at |http : //books . google . com/ 


CL ^ ^ « >C^vC/^v / 


k>*-. r'J^K' 




In rw 

'V.V. .,• 

'^ 'Mt^ A -■'■-if • I 



These HrerunitTe anlu?tt^^o7ip endtter^ 
^nTf^.TttaTW a. pitch ahovti^our modern. wnCet^. 
wStu^rn/e..tic force H'^-^'^'^t^^^ 

R E L I Q^ U E S 

O F 



Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and other 
Pieces of our earlier Poets, 

(Chiefly of the Lyric kind.) 

Together with fome few of later Date. 



Printed for J. Dodsley in Pall-MalK 


... < *■ .. - . ' 










THOSE writers, who folicit the protcc* 
tion of the noble and the great, are 
often expofed to cenfure by the impropriety 
•f their addrefies : a remark that will perhaps 
A3 t^^. 

( vi ) 

be too readily applied to him, who having 
nothing better to offer than the rude fongs 
of ancient minftrels, afpires to the patronage 
of the Countefs of Northumberland, and 
hopes that the barbarous produdtions of un- 
polilhed ages can obtain the approbation or 
the notice of her, who adorns courts by her 
prefence, and diffufes elegance by her ex- 

But this impropriety, it is prefumed, will 
difappear, when it is declared that thefe poems 
are prefented to ydur Ladyship, not as la- 
bours of art, but as efFufions of nature, (hew- 
ing the firft efforts of ancient genius, and ex- 
Jiibiting the cuftoms and opinions of remote 
ages : of ages that had been almoft loft to 
memory, had not the gallant deeds of your 
iiluftrious anceftors preferved them from ob- 

■ • ' 1 

No a<9:ive or comprehenfive mind can^for- 
bear fome attention to the reliques of anti- 

( vii ) 

quity: It is prompted by natural curiofity tb 
furvey the progrefs of life and manners, and 
to inquire by what gradations barbarity was 
civilized, groflhefs refined, and ignorance in* 
ftrudted : but this curiofity, Madam, muft be 
ftronger in thofe, who, like your Ladyship, 
can remark in every period the influence of 
fome great progenitor, and who ftill feel in 
their eflredts the tranfaftions and events of 
difl:ant centuries^ 

By fuch Bards, Madam, as I am now in- 
troducing to your prefence, was the infancy of 
genius nurtured and advanced, by fuch were 
the minds of unlettered warriors foftened and 
enlarged, by fuch was the memory of illu- 
ftrious aftions preferved and propagated, by 
fuch were the heroic deeds of the Earls of 
Northumberland fung at feflivals in the 
hall of Alnwjck : and thofe fongs, which 
the bounty of your anceftors rewarded, now 
return to your Ladyship by a' kind of here- 
ditary right J and^ I flatter myfelf, wilLfind 
-^ 4 fucfi 


iuch feceptioh, as is ufually fliewn to pbcts imd 
fciftorians, by thofe whofe confcioufncfe of 
merit makes it their intereft to be long; re^ 
membered. : 

I am. 


Your Ladyship's 

Moft Humble 
And moft devoted Servant, 


t & ) 


^HE Rea<!er is here prefented with felcft lemains of 
•■• our ancient Engliih Bards andMinftrds, an order of 
inen who were once greatly refpedbed by our anccihirs, 
and contributed to foften the ronghncft of a martial and 
unlettered people by their fongs and by their mafic 

The greater part of them are extrafted from an an- 
cient folio manufcript, in the Editor's poflefQon, 
which contains near 200 poems, ibngs, and metrical ro- 
mances. This MS. was written about the middle of 
the laft century, but contains compofitions of all times 
and dates, from the ages prior to Chaucer, to the con^ 
cluiion of the reign of Charles^ !• 

This manufcnpt was fiiown to ieveral learned and 
ingenious friends, who thought the contents too curious 
to be configned to oblivion, and importuned the pof- 
leffor to feleft fome of them, and give them to the preis. 
As mod of them are of great GmpHcity, and feem to 
have been meerly written for the people, he was long in 
doubt, whether in the prefent ftate of improved litera- 
ture, they could be deemed worthy the attention of the 
public. At length the importunity of his friends pre- 
vailed, and he could refufe nothing to fuch judges as 
the author of the Rambler, and the late Mr. Shen- 


Accordingly fuch fpecimens of ancient poetry have 
been fele£led as either Ihew the gradation of our lan- 
guage, exhibit the progrefs of popular opinions, dif- 
play the peculiar manners and cuftofns of former ages, 
or throw light on our earlier clalfical poets. 



They are here diftribdted into three volumes,' 
each of which contains an independent series of poems,, 
arranged for the moll part, according to the order of 
time, and (howing the gradual improvements of tlie 
Englifh language and poetry from the earlieft ages down 
to the prefent. Each votuMEj or sei^ies, is divided into 
three books, to afford fo many paufes, or refting places 
to the Reader, and to aflift him in diftinguilhing between* 
the produdlions of the earlier, the middle, and the latter 

In a poliflied age, like the prefent, I am fehfible that 
many of thefe reliques of antiquity will require great 
allowances to be made for them. Yet have they, for th^ 
moft part, a pleafing fimplicity, and majiy artlefs graces, 
which in the opinion of no mean critics* have beea 
thought to compenfate for the want of higher beauties, 
and if they do not dazzle the imagination, are frequently 
found to intereft the heart. 

To atone for the rudenefs of the niore obfolete jppems, 
each volume concludes with a few modern attempts in the 
fame kind of writing : And to take off from the tedi- 
oufnefs of the longer narratives, they are every where 
intermingled with little elegant pieces of the lyric kind. 
Seledl ballads in the old Scottifh dialed, moft of them 
bf the firft-rate tnerit^ are alfo interfperfed among thofe 
of our ancient Englilh Minftrels : and the artlefs pro- 
duftlons of thefe old rhapfodifts, are occafionally con- 
fronted with fpecimens of the compofition of contempo- 
rary poets of a higher clafs : of thofe who had all the 
advantages of learning in the times in which they lived, 
and who wrote for fame and for pofterity. Yet perhaps 
the palm will l^e frequently due to the old ftrolliiig 

•Mr. Addison, Mr. DRYDEN,andthe witty Lord Dorset, 
&c. See the Speftator, No. 70. To thefe might be added 
many eminent judges now alive — The learned Selden appears 
alio to have been fond of colle^ing thefe old things. See p. XI; 



Minftrels, who compofed their rhimes to be fung to their 
harps, and who looked no farther than for prelent ap-' 
plaufe, and prefent fubfiftence. 

The reader will find this clafs of men occaiionally de- 
fcribed in the following volumes, and fomc particulars 
relating to their hiftory in a flight EfTay fubjoined to this 

It will be proper here to give a fhort account of the 
other colleftions that were confultcd, and to make 
my acknowledgments to thofe gentlemen, who were • 
fo kind as to impart ex trails from them : for while this 
fele6lion was making, a great number of ingenious 
friends took a fhare in the work, and explored mapy 
large rcpofi tones in its favour. 

The iirft of thefe that deferved notice was the Pepy* 
fian library at Magdalen College, Cambridge. Its 
founder, Sam. Pepys, Efq; fecretary of the Admiralty 
in the reigns of Charles II. and James II. had made a 
large colleftion of ancient Englifii ballads, near 2000 in 
number,' whkli he has. left palled in five volumes in folio; 
befides Garlands ^d 6ther fmaller mifcellanies. This 
colle£ltbii he tells m^ ^'as ** Begun by Mr. Se l d e n ; im^ 
«« prbveii by the addition of many pieces elder thereto in 
«* nmt;&nd the whole continued down to the year 
y^ I7crt9.'*-' ''/' ^ ,' ;■ \ / 

^ Iti the Afliinole Libi^ry af Oxford, is a fmall CQlledion 
of -ballads, made by Anthony Wood , in the year 1 6y 6, 
corti'aifiing (critacWhat more than 200, Many ancient 
popular po^s are^ljlji preferved in the Bodley an Library. 

The archiveis of tl^e. Antiquarian Society at London 
' ton tain a multttud'p of curious political poems in large 
#oKa vdlumes, digefldd under the feveral reigns of 
Hen. viii, Edw.^vi, Miary, tl/zabeth. James I. ^c. 
^ In theStttSfhMufcum is preferved a large treafure of 
ancient Englifti poems in MS. befides one folio volume 
ofpriBted-ballaibK < , 

From ail ihcfe fome of the bell pieces were feleflei, 
/':•'. '- '■: ■'. '"•:"- • -'-' •"■ * -and 

xli P R E F A C E. 

and from many private cqlledlions, as well printed, ay 
manafcxipt : particularly froln one large folio volume 
which was lent by a lady. 

Amid fuch a fund of materials, the Editor is afraid' 
he has been fometiittes led to make too great a parade of 
his authorities. The deiire of being accurate ha» per- 
haps feduced him into too minute and trifling an ex- 
aftnefs; and inperfuitof information he may have beeni 
drawn into many a petty and frivolous refearch. It was 
however rieceffary to give fonie account of the old copies, 
tho' often for the fake of brevity one or two of thefc 
only are mentioned, where yet afliftance was received 
from feveral*. Where any thing was altered that de- 
ferved particular notice, the pafTage is diftineuiflied bjf 
two inverted < commas'. And the Editor has endea- 
voured to be as faithful, as the imperfedl ftate of his 
materials woold admit : for thefe old popular rhimes 
hatve, as might be expected, been handed down to us 
with lefs care, than any other writings in the world. 

The plan of the work was fettled in concert ^ith the 
late elegant Mr. Sirens tone, v/ho was to havo borne a 
joint Ibare in it had not death unhappily prevented him i 
JVIOftof the modern pieces were of his feledlio4i and ni^^ 
rangement, /awd the Editor hopes to be pardoned if he 
has retained f&me things out of partiality to the judg- 
ment of his friend. A large MS. colledlion of poviifs 
was a prefent from Hui^phrey Prrx, Efq; of PriorV 
Lee, in Shl-o^ikire^ fO whom this public acknowledg- 
ment IS due for that, and many other obliging favours. 
To Sir Davii> Dalrymple, Bart, of Hayes, near 
Edinbur^h^ the Editor is' indebted for moft of the 
beautiful Scottiifti poems, with which this little mif- 
cellany is enriched, and for many curious and ele- 
gant remarks with which they are illuftrated. j Some 

• Thus in Book I. No. VT. of this vol. one MS only is menti- 
oned, tho' fome additional ttanzas were recovered from another 
fragment ; and this hasfomctimes been the cafe clfew here. 

2 obliging 


jolsHgiiig favours of the fame kin4 w^re received from 
John M^Gowan, Efq; of Edinburgh: and loaBy ca- 
xious explanations of Scoc(i(h words in the gloflaries, 
from Mr. Joh:n Davidson, of Edinburgh, and from 
the Rev, Mr. Hutchinson, of Kimboiton. Mr. 
Warton, who at prefent does fo much honoi^r to xkQ 
Poetry Profeffor's ch^ir. at Oxford, and another frie94 
in that Univerfity, contributed (ome curioiis pieces kov^ 
jChe Oxford libraries. Two ingenious and learned friends 
at Cambridge deferye tjie Editor's warmf ft acJinowWg- 
ments : to Mr. B^-akeway, late fellow of M^gif^hn 
College, he owes all the affi fiance received from the 
Pepyfian library c and Mr. Farmer, fellow of Enda- 
nuel, often exerted ' in favour of this li^ttle work, 
that cxtenfive knowledge of ancient Engliih literatiiro 
for which he is fo diflinguiihed. Many extr^ds from 
ancient MSS. in the Britilh Mufeum andother repofi^ories, • 
were owing to the kind fervicesof Mr. Astlje, to whom; 
$kc public is indebted for the curious Preface and {odex 
lately annexed to the Harleian catalogue. The worthy 
Librarian of the Society of Antiquaries, deferves acknow- 
ledgment for the obliging manner in which he gave 
the Editor accefs to the volumes under his care. In Mr. 
Garrick's curious colledion of old plays are many 
fcarce pieces of ancient poetry, with the free ufe of 
which he indulged the Editor, in the politeft manner. 
To the Rev. Dr. Birch he is indebted' for the ufe of 
Several ancient and curious trafts. To the friend (hip of 
Mr. Johnson he owes many valuable hints for the con- 
dud of the work. And if the gloffaries are more exaft 
and curious, than might be expeded in ib flight a publi- 
cation, it is to be afcribed to the fupervifal of a friend, who 
^ands at this time the firll in the world for northern 
literature, and whofe learning is better known and re- 
fpedted in foreign nations, than in his own country. It 
is perhaps needlefs to name the Rev. Mr. Lye, Editor of 
Junius's Etymologicum and of the Gothic gofpels. 
" The NAMES of fo many men of learning andcharaftcr 


xiv P R E F A C E. 

the Editor hopes will ferve as an amulet to guard hiir^ 
from every unfavourable cenfurc, fot" having bellowed 
any attention on a parcel of Old Ballads. It was at 
the requeft of many of thefe gentlemen, and of others, 
eminent for their genius, and taflre, that this little work 
was undertaken. To prepare it for the prefs has been the 
amufement of now and then a vacant hour amid, the 
leifure and retirement of rural life^ and hath only icrved! 
as a relaxation from graver' ftudies. It has been takeij [ 
up at different times, and often thrown afide for many 
months, during an interval of four or five years. This 
has occalioned fome incpnfiftencies and repetitions, 
which the candid reader will pardon. As great care has 
been taken to admit nothing immoral and indecent ; the 
Editor hopes he need not be afhamed of having beliowe4 
fbme of his idle hours on the ancient literature of our 
own country, or in refcuing from oblivion fome pieces 
(tho' but the amufements of our anceftors) which teii4 
to place in aftriking light, their td£Lc, genius, fentiments, 
or manners. 



TPHE Minstrels (ecm to have been the genuine 
•*• fucceffors of the ancient Bards, who united the 
arts of Poetry and Mufic, and fung verfes to -the 
harp, of their own compofing. It is well known what 
refpeft was fhewn to their Bards by the Britons : and 
no lefs was paid to the northern Scalds J by moft of the 
nations of Gothic race. Our Saxon anceftors, as well as 
their brethren the ancient Danes, had been accuflomed to 
hold men of this profeffion in the higheft reverence. Their 
icill was coniidered as fome thing divine, their perfons 
were deemed facred, their attendance was folicited by 
kings, and they were every where loaded with honours 
and rewards ♦. In (hort, poets and their art were held 
among them in that rude admiration, which is ever 
fliown by an ignorant people to fuch as excell them 
in intelle^ual accomplifhments. When the Saxons 
were converted to chriftianity, in proportion as letters 
prevailed among them, this rude admiration began to 
abate, and poetry was no longer a peculiar pro^ffion. 
The Poet and the Minftrel f became two perfons. Poetry 
was cultivated by men of letters indifcriminately, and 

J So the ancient Danes, &c, intitled their Bards. See Pref, to 
*f Five pieces of Runic poetry, Svo. 1763. 

• Mallet, Llntrod. a THtft. de Danncmarc. 4to. Bartho- 
lin. Antiq. Dan. 4to. 

t The word Minstril is derived from the French Menef" 
trier 5 and was not in ufe here before the Norman conqueft. It 
is remarkable that our old roonkiih hiltorians do not ufe the 
^orAVitbaradus y Cantator, or the like, to exprefs a Minstrel 
in Latin; but eithtr Mimus, Hiflrio, Joculator^ or fome other 
word ^at implies gefture. Hence it ftiould fcem that the Min- 
ftrels fet off their fmging by miroickry or aftion ; or according to 
^Vr, BrownVs hypothefis, united the powers of melody, poem, 
and dance. See bis ingenious Hiii. of the Rife of Poetry, &c. 



many of the napft popular rhijnes were compofed amidfl 
the leifare and retirement of taonafteries. But the 
Minfbels continued a diftinft order of ^en, and .got 
their livelihood by finging verfes to the harp, ^ the 
houfes of the great* There they were ftill hofpitably 
and rdjpeftfuliy received, and retained ^any of the 
honours (hown to their ptedecenbrs the Bards and Scalds* 
And ihdeed tho* fome of * them only recited the coijapo- 
£tions of others, many of them ftill compofed fongs 
themlelvcs, and all of them could probably invent a few 
ftanzas on occa£on. I have no doubt but nioft of the 
old heroic ballads in this cojieftion were proditced by 
this cider of men- For altho' feme of the larger me- 
trical romances might come from the pen of the monksl 
or others, yet the fmaller narratives ^yere prpbably, com- 
pofed by the Minftrels who fung them. JFroin the 
amazing variadons, which occur in diffe^-ent copies 
of thcfe old pieces, it is evident they made no fcruple to 
alter each other's "produdions, and the reciter ad4^d or 
omitted whole ftansas, according to his pwn fancy or 

In the early ages, as is hinted above, tl^s profefltOAi 
was held in great reverence among the Sax^n tribes, as; 
well as among thdr Danifh brethren. This appears from 
two remarkable fafis in hiftpi;yt which ihow that the 
&me arts of mufic and fbng were equally admired among 
both nations, and .that the privileges ^nd honours con- 
ferred upon the prafcffors of them were common to both r 
as it is well known their cuftoms, manners, and even 
language were not in thofe times very difiimilar. 

When our great king Alfred was defirous to learn the 
true iituation of the Daniih army, which had invaded his 
jreaUn ; he afiomed the drefs and character of a Minilrel*, 

* Fwgittsfe JOCVLATOREM, affumpta ciih^ra, Sff, Ingulphi 
Uift. p. 869.— 5ii^y^> MiMi .,.ut JOCULATORITE profejfor 
ariis. Malmelb. I. 2. c, 4. p. 43. One name for a Minftrel in 
old Fiench wa$ JOUGLEUR. 



and taking his harp, and only otie attendant; {tor in th« 
early times it was not unufuSl for a Minllrel to have a fcr- * 
vaht to carry his harp f ) he Weftt with tWe utmoft feturity 
into the Danifli canip. And though he could not hat b^ ' 
known to be a Szxoh, the charadbr he had aiTamed pro. 
tured him a hofjpitable reception ; he was admitted to en* 
tertain the king at table, and fbdd among them long 
enough, to contrive that afTault, which anerwards de- 
i!royed them. Thi$ was in the year 878^. 

About fixty years after, a Danijh king made ufe of 
the fame difgttife to explore the camp of our king Athel* 
flan. With his harj) in his hand, and drefTed like a' 
lif inflre! J, AnlafF, king of the Danes, went among the 
Saxon tents, and takirig His ftaad near the king's pavil- 
lion, began to play, and was immediately admitted. 
There he entertained Ath^lftan and his lords with his 
tinging and his mafic : and was at length difihiffed with 
ah honourable reward ; thoagh his fongs mult have dif-^ 
covered him to have been a Dane. Athelftan was faved 
from the confequences of this ftratageih by a foldier^ ' 
who had obferyed Anlaff bury the money which had 
been giv^n him, froni fqmef fcruplef of honour, or mo- 
tive o£ fupef-flition. This occafioned a difcovery. 

Frorii the uniform procedure of both thefe kings, it if 
plain that the fame ntode of entertainment prevailed' 
among both people, and that the Minftrel was a privf-: ' 
leged charafter among Both, Even fo late as the reign* 
of Edward II. the Minftrels were eafily admitted into 
the royal prefente; as appears from aps^agein Stow 4.^ 
which alfo (hews the fplendor of their appearance. 

^« In the yeare i J16, Edward the Second did folemnize 
«* his feaft of Pentecoil at ^yef^minfle^ in the great hall : 
<' where fitting royally at the table with his peers abou( 

f See this vol. p. 57. 65. 

1 AJfumpta mam cithara . . • profejfus KfiMUM, qui bttjujmdi 
aYte ftipem quotUianam tnercaretur , . . Juffus ablre fretium 
cantus accepit, Malmefb. 1. 2. c. 6. 

4. Survey of Lond. r6oj. p. 469» 

Vo^. III. b ** him. 

«V l|i», Acre- c^cred a wpi^f^i ADpRNjej? likb k m;k-^ 

«\ AS. MINS-TRELS THEN VSED, VfliO XOdc fOUnd abput 

•Vthg tables, ihiewing^paftim^; ani at capic up 
". tp t^c kiKig's table, anilaid before him, a letter, and 
*t f9?tl^witb, mrnuxg.htx h^^^^^ faluted every Qii?, ^idj^ 
*« dep^tcdr."'— -Thf ^^^i^Jeft of tbis letter was a remon- 
ffr^cc^to the king on the fayoiM^s heaped by hiin onhis,^ 
minions,, to the .ncgieiQ^Qf.his^kii^giite^ a^ feitjbi^ul.fejc-' 

%\\^: mcff^gp; w^fcnr in aj Mifiibel's, habit, a$ v^hat. 
v^l^lgzmsLjfi cdfy jidj^ con-; 

coaled, uttder thiU habit,, I iiippof^p to 4i%?^ '^^*5§l®r 
refentincnt : Fpirj^ojipt fiud:;tjiat aifiy; of "thVreiVM^n-' 
iteb. vbtft 0^ thj?; /«5ft§J>^ C^x^ ^d. the^pfpre^,c6ncl&^ thi^j 
\m^ ofily, aaa^|fiA/P9ft!!Civ^Mf^5<^»iy*fi lo, thaf pV^cafjjQp^ 


at,Tu|t«iry:iar.&^?lS9'4%»'F^ ^0°^"^^ <^?7 Mikstr^^s^ 
Wi<;b.a f«U p<»R?5VtO/receiYj?:(Vijt aad fefyij^e^rQf»;^li!?,;pj5^;; 
ofitl^ prgfc^j^fti wiii^i^fi^f -n^ cp^ixticsiy^ tQ.j 

iiLeiti^.en(ipp\Yf^.f Qappj^t^.&Nc o p^th^ MfN.§T r e l s ^^ 
wij?K fojjr 0^1^?, tp p^i4e,V«^/,tV«^r Thef^ were- 

cwety yeftf elf|fe4jwi|i/g?'eat cecemony, the whole, form j 
of which 13 defei|f(f by^ Dr, Plo{t§^,inj whpfe. tixn^^ 
h^^vet d^/ey^B^ t59 j^yjB become inere^nf^^ia^s^^^^^^ 

X Ornaia Hwtrj;o«ai*i i&a&(/0.. Waliingh. p, xQ9i.XT)IVfW 
MikiftreJsi {oihctimBs rD4^ iMl^h^f0b^)6:^ fef io^tbis yoL p^ 57. 
65.' fee.) .: ^ 

II .W;hfn tlvf p9^frv^gi%J4|L9igdfQr-a4mit^^^^ hc.anfv^rer- 
cd, Son eje ^Jnurts *3omui regue HHTKiOfiti- abf- iHgreJfii quo* 
modolibet frobibere^ &c. Walfingh^ 

^ t Iiitijled CarU U^Roy/k.Mmifiriffil^fw^ (In Latin fft/lnpn^. 
Vid. PJott.p.4'i7.} 

$ Hilt, ot StaffordiSi. Ch«,io»§«^69^76^pi^ 4,35»:&iCy.. 

ANciEr/-:^ h^Giisk MN^ftEts. 


Even & IM as th^r^i^a oiT H^ry VITT. the Reciter^ 
6t vel-fes, or rttora! fpeecVfes levnt by* heart, intruded 
withdiit ce/embrtV into all cbni panics ; pot only in ta« 
#hiS, bii! in/ tM hbu(^ of the nobility themfclyes. 
This we leatn from Eralmus f",, wliofc arginnent led hin* 
dhiy td'deftribc a' fpedes of th'c^^ men who did not 
SING their cdiQpofitions ; but the others that did, en* 
Joyed withduVdbTibtthe^^me^rivileg^^^ 
^ l^Ke Reader will nn^ that the Minffrcis contuiaedf, 
ft)Wh &'thd'ra^ 6!^ Elizabeth j in whole lirije they had 
i6& ihtichcft' theiV digfmty', and were fi^rtking into con-, 
tempt and i||egl«^* T^t ftill they fvftained a charadter 
At fu|)eriof tp^any thih^ wc cski conceive at prefent of 
ike fingers of oTd ballads' 4, 

When' Qtte^n EU:^betli was entertained at Killing* 
ti^orth Caftje b^ tire fiarf c^ Lcicefter in I '575, among. 
ike' ma»y devices and pageants which wctc exhibited for . 
her entertainment ^ne of the pejffbnases introduced was 

ihall quote t^e|>aflage at lar^c.^ , . 

«« A PER^bicVjerymeel! feeincd life for Ae purpofe, o£ 
*« a xlv ycafspw,, ^are^d partly as he would himfelf. 
" Hiscap^oft: his head Teecwy rbundcS totafter-wife || : 
'« fair kembed, that 'with arjpohg^ daintily dipt in a little 
« capdn^s greace. Was finely fmootned],, to miake it fhine 
«« likt? a mallard's wingl His beard fmugly (haven : 
« and y*t hi,s fhirt after the new trink# with ruffs fair 
^< ftarckedy ileeked and' gHftefing like a pair of new 

t See his EcCL^siAST. . • . . Irrumpunt in comjvvia mag* 
itdtum, out in cattpOHas vhf arias i^ it arg^entum aliquod q^ 
edidicerunt recit^t^ ST^.* jortm, vol. a. p. 193 a 

1. See vol. %p p. 162. 

i R. L*. [jtangham] author of * letter lirao. defcrifcrng th« 
Qiieen*8 entertainment at iCiIlurigwcMrth in 1575. p. 46, (Thit 
ipcfiterH orthography is not Iwre copied . ) 

I *^ Tonfote-wifc," after the manner of the Mbnks. 

b a ** iko«si^ 


<< (hoe^, mardialled in good order with a (etting ftick» 
^< and ftrut, * that ' every rufFftood up like a wafer. A 
** fide [i. e. long} gown of Kendale green, after the 
<^« freflincfs of the year now, gathered at the neck with 
«« a narrow gorget, faftened afore with a white clafp and 
*< a keeper dole up to the chin ; but eafily, for heat^ 
«* to undo when he lift. Seemly begirt in a red caddis 
«* girdle : from that a pair of capped Shefiield knives 
<5 hanging a* two fides. Out of his bofom drawn forth 
** a lappet of his napkin * edged with a blue lace, and 
« marked with a D for Damian, for he was but a. 
" batchelor yet. 

. " His gown had fide [i. e. longj fleeves down to 
*• mid-leg, flit from the flioulder to the hand, and lined 
«« with white cotton. His doublet-fleeves of black 
<« worfted : upon them a pair of points of tawny cham- 
<< let laced along the wrift with blue threaden poinets ||, a 
*« weak towards the hands of fuftian-a-napes. A pair 
*« of red neather ftocks, A pair of pumps on his feet^ 
<< with a crofs cut at his toes for corns : not. new indeed, 
'^ yet cleanly blackt with foot, and fhining as a ihoing 
*' horn. 
, " About his neck a red ribband ful table to his girdle. 
<* His HARP in good grace dependent before him. His 
" WREST t tyed to a green lace and hanging by : 
« Under the gorget of his gown a fair flaggon chain, 
«* (pewter % for) silver, as a squire Minstrel of 
« Middlesex, that travelled the country this fummer 
«* feafon, unto fair and worftiipful mens houfes. From 
*^ his chain hung a fcutcheon, with metal and colour,^ 
'< refplendant upon his breaft, of the ancient arms of 
*« Iflingtan." 

• i.e. handkerchief, or cravat. || Perhaps points. 

+ The key, offcrew, . with which he tuned his harp. 

t The .reader will remember that this was not a real Min- 
strel, but only one perfonating that charafler : his ornaments 
therefore were only fuch as OUTWARDLY reprefented thofe of a 
real MinftreU 

— thi« 


i^-This Minftrel is defcribed as belonging to that vil- 
lage. I fuppofe fach as were retained by noble fa- 
milies, wore their arms hanging down by a filver chain 
as a kind of badge. From the exprefiion of Squire 
Minstrel above, we may conclade there were other 
inferior orders, as Yeomen Minstrels, or the like. 

This Minftrel, the author tells us a little below, «< after 
. <^ three lowly courtefies, cleared his voice with a hem, 
<< . . . and wiped his lips with the hollow of his hand for 
<< '£ling his napkin, tempered a ftring or two with his 
>< WREST, and after a little warbling on his harp for 
V a {>relude, came forth with a folemn fong, warranted 

«« for ftory out of King Arthur's ads, &c." ^Thi# 

long the reader will find printed in this work, volume 
III. pag. 25. 

Towards the end of the fixteenth century this clafs of 
men had loft all credity and were funk fo low in the 
public opinion, that in the 3.9th year of Elizabeth % a 
jftatute was pailed by which ** Minftrels, wandering 
*« abroad" , were included among " rogues, vagabonds, 
y and fturdy beggars,^' and were adjudged to be puniQied 
^ futh. This a5 feems to have put an end. to the pro- 
fe&Qn^^fox after this tiAie they are no longer menuoned^ 

^: I cannot conclude this account of the ancient Mi n- 
ftTRiEi^s, without remarking that they are mod of thena 
>(tprefented to have been of the North. There is hardly 
an ancient Ballad or Romance, wherein a MInftrel or 
H^per appears, but he is characterized by way of emi- 
j^m^ell^ hatve beeh " of the North Count rie * :? 
^fndlildkedth^ p/'eyalence of the Northern dialed in fuck 
^in4 ;0f poeifis, H^ews ^at this reprefentation is real^ 
The reafon of which {een\s to be this ; the civilizing of 
jsaa^ris )ia^. begun from the Sou(h: the North woul4 
lil^tefore b^ th&lail civilized, and the old miners would 

> :tV«. Pulton's Stat. 1661. p. mo. 39** Eljz. 
i Se«\|^ 65. of this vol* • 

b 3 longeft 

mii A^N ESSAY p^ THE 

jlongcft fttbfift there. W'^^h. the mapncrs, the ojd jpcpt^jf 
that painted thefe 'manners would remain tm^mit; zn^ 
'in proportion as their boundaries became nibre contraft- 
ied, ahd their neighbours refined,' tjie poetry of thoii^ 
Wdc ifnen would be more didindlly peG^liar, and t|ij;t 
peculiarity more jftrikingly remarke^. * 
' The Reader will obft*rve in the more apcicnt ballaj^ of 
this colleftion, a call 6f ftyle and meafure yery different 
iVom that of cdn temporary poets of a T^igher clafs :' many 
phrafts and idioms, which the Minfirels feem to have ap- 
propriated tp.themfelvcs, and a very remarkable licence of 
varying the accent of words at plea&re, in order to 
humour the flow of the yerfe, pajrii^ularly in the rhiaies\ 

.' Countni harp}r laitel sgiorm^p; 

i Ladie- Jj^^T f^^W?^ U^^^^^S^ 

infteiaLd ^of country i la Jy^ b^KP^Ty fin^efy Ijc.-^Thjs li- 
berty is but fpai"ingly aftumed by the cl^mc^ poets p^ 
the fame age ; or even t>y the latter q:(j^orers of H?- 
roical Ballads : I mean by fuch as pipfeflfediy \fX^Xt fcjr 
the prefs. For it is to Jbe pfcferyed, d\at fo lojt^ as t^jp 
Minftrels fubfifted, they feem never tp have defign^^ t^eir 
rliymes for publication, and probabjiy heyer ^Qm^iUe^ 
them to writing theitifclvej : w^at copies are preferved of 
them were dp^clileis taken down from theiir Q^outhf • B ut 
as the old Minftrels gradua.lly wore out, a new r^ce plT 
tjallad-writefs fucceeded, an infijirior fort of niiijpr poets» 
who wrote narrative fbn^s iiieerly fpf tlie pr^fs. Inftanc^^ 
of both may bi found in tte reign of Elizabj^tSi.. 'rti^ 
jtwo lateft pieces in the genuine ftrain of the qld ^finr 
|h-elfy th:U 1 can dJfcpver, are No. III. a^d IV. of Bp9|; 
III. in this volume. Lower tliian ^efe I c^QQt tra^cf 
the old mode of writing. * 

The old Minflrel-ballads ^e iri .tl^*^ ^^^^CP dialejQ^ 
abound with antique words and phrafes, are ^i^tremeiy 
1ncorrc£l, and run into the utnabll licence o/ mtXxt ;^thcy 
have alfo a romantic #ildnefs, and are in the trc|C^ ^W^^ 
of chivalty.-r-The other fort are writteij in exa6]ter mea- 
'^ ■■;■'.■ '■ ^ 2 ' "" *'•'■' ' '"' "Are, 



iure, have a low or fubordinate correftnefs, ibmetimes 
bordering on the infipid^ yet often well adapted to the 
pathetic ; thefe are generally in the fouthern dial<e£l, ex- 
hibit a more modern phrafeology, and are commonly 
deicriptive o^ more modern manners.- — ^To be fenfible of 
the diFerence between them, let the Reader compare in 
^s volume No. III. of book III. with No. IX. of 
Book II. 

Towards the end of Queen Elizabeth's reign, (as is 
mentioned above) the Tgenuine old Minilrelfy feems to 
have been extindt, and thenceforth the ballads that were 
produced were wholly of the latter kind, and thefe 
came forth in fuch abundance, that in the reign of James 
I. they began to be eoUeded into little Mifcellanies 
under the name ofGARi.ANDs, and at lejngdi to he 
written purpofely for £uch colledtions^. 

• In the Pepyfian, and other libraries, ire prefervod a great 
fiumber of thefe in black letter, ximo. under the fbllowing 
quaint and affe^led titles, viz. 

I. A Crowne Garland of Gouldsn Rofes firathered out of 
England's Roy^U Garden, Sec, by Richard Johnfon, 1612. 

fin the Bodleyan Library.] •%. The Golden Garland of 

PrincelyDelight.— y— 3. The Garland <>f Good-will, by T. D^ 

1631, ^4. The Royal Garland of Love and Delight, by 

T". D. 5. The Garland of Lov« and Mirth, by Thomas 

Lanfier. -r6. The Garland of Delight, &c. by Tho.Delone. 

■ J 7. Cupid's Gajrland fet round with ^uildedRoles. -X, The 

parlandot withered Rofes, by Martin Parker, 1656. 9. 

The Shepherd's Ciarland of Love, Loyalty, &c. 10. The 

Country Garland. ^11. The Golden Gailand of Mirth and 

Merriment.- 12. The tover's tSarland. — — 13. Neptune's 

Fair Garland. .14. England'* fair Garland.— -—15. ^o\^i^ 

Hood's Garland.— -i6» The Lover's Garland. — i^iyTTh* 
Maiden's Garland.— —i8« A loyal Garland of Mir|h and 

Faftime. &c. &c. &c., 

This fort of petty publications were anciently calle^ P»kny- 
I^ERRIMENTS : as little religious trails of the ian\e (ize went 
by the name Pennv Godlinesses: In the Pepyi^ Library arc 
multitudes of both kinds. 

b J. CON. 


Ejffay on the ancient Mtnftrels -— — fag. x? 


1. Vfhe ancient Ballad of Che<vy-cbace — — i 

2. The battle of Oiterbourne — — i8 

3. The Jenvs Daughter. A Scoitijh Ballad — 32 

4. Sir Cauline — ^ — — 35 

5. Ed<wardt Edivdrd.' A Scottijh Ballad — 5* J 

6. ^/Vrg- Eftmere — — — 56 

7. Sir Patrick Spence. A Scottijh Ballad — 71 
S. i^«ft« Hood and Guy ofGiJhorne — — 74 
^; yi&tf TVwfr ofBoHrine — — 87' 

10. The Child of Elle — — — 90 

11. Edom 0* Gordon. A Scottijh Ballad — 99 
IZ. An Elegy on Henry /yh earl ^ Northumberland -r- loj 

(Containing Baltads'that HlufitateShtlie^eare^' 

EJfay on the Origin of the Englijh Stage — ' "^ ) ^^ 

1 . Adam Bell, Cljm o* the Clough, and William of 

Cloudefy — .^ * _ tij 

' • * '2. fh$ 


2. l^ht aged Lo*ver renounceth Love — ?— l6l 

3 . »^ itikg t9 <th€ iuH in mafitke -^ %r- f ^$4 

4. King Cophetua and the Beggar^maid -^ 1 65 

5. Take thy old cloak ahout thee -*-^ W- I'j't 

6. Willow, Willotv, Willonv ~ -^ »75 

7. ^ir Lancdfft du Lnke *i*- -*^ 4S^ 
,8. Corydon^s Tare-well to Phillis. — r -. — 187 

The Ballad of (onfiant Su/anneib^ ^^ r-r ib. 

9. Gernutusy the Jenxj of Venic4 — .. — '8^ 

10. The PaJJsonate Shepherd to his Lo<ve — 19.9 
The Nymph's Reply — — ! rr* 2Qi 

1 1 . Titus Andronicus^s Complaint — •— 203 

1 2. Take thofe lips syway •— •— •— 2 1 Q 

13. King Leir and his three daughters — — 211 

14. Tout h and Age — — -—2:51 

1 5 . The Frolickfom'e Duke, or the Tinker^ s good Fortune 221 

16. The Friar of Orders gray •— — * 22 c 


'!• The more modern ballad 6f Che^-ehafe r^ 231* 

2. Death^s final conqueft^-^ — • — 2^.6 

3. The Rifhtg in the North — . -« 248 
4# Northumberland betrayed by Douglas — 257 

5. My mind to me a kingdome is — » — 268 

6. i he Patient Countefs — — i- — 272 

7. Hw meaner ieautyes -— — - — - 280 

4. Dowfabell ~ — _ 282 

9. r^^ 


5. The Farewell to Love — •— zM 

acj. Uljffej and the Syren — — *— 289 

11. Cupid's Faftinu — _ — 295 

12. 7be chara^er of a hapfy life ^^^ — 196 

13. Unfading Beauty .,— — — 298 

14. Gilderoy. A Scottijh Ballad -^ — 299 

15. Winifreda — — — 304 

16. Jemmy Daiv/cn ^- — . — 306 
ig. (Ti^WMk^Wd^ rr- ^ ~ 510 

If ^r:;^ffPifP4rfm* 4W^Jnduil$qM -^m 

ig. G^«/i5f ^/'z^^i ^^«/,^ i2/*^/r« Trai^jlatedfrpn the 

Spanijh -- — ~ 3^7 

XQj, Akarn^ 0ui'3iayda^ a Moprijb Tale *"* 3^4 

THak>Jbf3^ ^ m^ ~ 330 
Additions to tbi Ql^^y* fif^tkJi^^^ W 3- 

Additional Notes ^ind Corre^ionr tiid. 

I never 

, I nev^r heard th^ old fong of Perde and Douglas^ that I 
i foand not my heart moved more than with a trumpet : 
and yet * it' is fung but by fome blinde crowder, with 
no rougher voice^ than rude ftile; which beeing Qy 
evill aparelled in the duft and cobweb of that uncivill 
age, what would it work, trimmed in the gorgeous 
eloquence of Pindare ? 

Sia Philip Sydney** Defence op Poetry. 


a ^ C 3! C i3 JC 


B O O K I. • 

*^KB1 ancient ballad of CHEW-CHASE. 

Z'^' fine heroic fing of Chevy-Chase hat ever Been 

e^OenireJ by eompeteht judges. Tho/e genuine ftrokei of nature 

^"^ artU/s pajton, luhich ha<ve endeared it to the moftjimple 

readers, have recommended it to the meft refined ; and it has 

'Vally hten the amufement of our childhood, and the fa- 

"""^ritt of our riper years. 

Vot. lir.- B Mr.. 



Mr.Addifon haspnjenan excellent critique* en this *oef^!^ 
fopUldrialladj butiftnijiaken'witb regard to the antiquiit 
9f our frejent copy ; for thisi if one may judge from the Ji^e^ 
tannot he older than the tiUte of Elixahetht and *was frobahl^^ 
^written after the ehgiupt of Sir Philip. Sidney : perhaps i^ ^ 
tonfequence of it. I flatter rnyfelf | have, here recovered th^ 
genuine antique paint t^ the true original fong^ inhich apptareA 
rude e«ven in the time of Sir Philip r and (iaufe^ him to^mnt^ 
that it ivasfo evil-aparelled in the ru^edgarh of anttj^uity^ 

TMs curiofity is priiifedy from an old fftanufcriptyat \thp' 
^ end of Hearne^s ^preface- to GuL Ne^vtrigienjis Htft* I719» 
Z*vo, voh I . S'oAf MS, Copy is fubjmn/td fhe namej^jbt , 

author^ RycRi^Rt) SfiE ale i^ : Rjuhom He^rn^ h^fo little 

judgment as tofufp^^'ti^bi ti^ fctm^^nvift^'i^ Mr S beaky .m;hi^^' 
'ikjas linking in 1 5 Jsi' ' B^f-whoe^t^^xdrkinii^ibtg^^ 
ef language and idioni in the follonjuing intlumes, ivill bi 
convinced that this is the produSlion of an earlier poet. It 
is indeed exprefslfmemioittd aftiongfome 'vefy^ dncieik fodgs ifT^^ 
an^old^l^o^imitUled; The Complaint of Scotland f^ (fol. 42.) 
under the title of the Hunt is of Chbvet, ^where the twef 
follonving lines are alfo quoted"} 

The Perffec and the M6ngximrye mette f . 
ThatrdaJ-, thdtdayi thiat geAtiT day I| ': • 

H^ichi tho* not quite the fame as they ft and it the balladi 
yet differ not more than might be oiuing to the author's 
quotingfrom memory. Indeed ^whoever conjiderj theftile and 
orthography of this old poem nvill not be inclined to placi it 
lo<wer than the time of Henry VI : as on the other hand the 
mention of Saihejf t)fe .^eoci^li'lhing 4.^ njoitb cne or tcw^^ 


* SpeiSatorf N*» 70. 74.;- 

^ ^ubftribfd. after the ufual manner 6fouf' oldpoefs, tl^^CtttT^ 

,-\Gneot tbeeariiePfrodu^Wis^fthi Scotti/b prefi, now to be 
found, ne title page ivas 'wanting in the copy here quoted \ but 
iiisfuppoted to ha^-je been printed in x 540. i^ee ^^mes. 

\ See Ft. 2.«v. 3 5. 1| See Pt. 1. ^. 164.. 4. Ft. ». v. 36. t^o-* 


xtnactronijmsy forbid us to ojjlgn it an earHsr ^doH. King 
James /, 'ivbo loas prifoner in this kingdom at the deaib of 
his father *, did not nvear the crown of Scetlmstd till thejt^ 
eond year of our Henry f^I]^, but before the gnd of that 
long reign a third ^foMes had mounted the throne f . J. 
fucceffion of tnvo or three famosesy and the long Mention 
of one of them in England^ ivoutd render the name familiar 
10 fbe Englijby and difpofe a poet in thofe rudo times to gi^oe 
if i(y any Scottijk king he happened to mention. 

So much fir the date of this old ballad: iiokh regard 'to 
itsfidjeSy altho* it has no countenance from bifi&ryy then it 
room to think it had originally fome foundation infoM. It 
*vjas one of the lanus of the marches fro^uontfy renewed bo- 
f^joeon the tnjoo nations ^ thcU neither party Jhomd hutu in the 
Vtbei^s borderty without lea<ve from the proprietors or their 
deputies %, TUri had long bken a ri^ualjhip bet*voeen the two 
martial families of Percy and Douglas , which heightened by 
the national quarrel^ muft have produced frequent chaUenge^ 
and firuggles for fuperiority, petty iwvafoUs of their refpec^ 
titfo do&iainsy and Jharp contefts for the poita rf hoieomr ; 
nubich nvoutd not always be recorded in hiflory* Something 
rfthis kind'we mayjuppofe ganje rife to the ancient ballad of 
the Hunting a' the Cheviat+. Percy earl of North-- 
Umberland had 'vowed to hunt for three days in the Scottijb 
B 2 bordeit 

* Who died Aug, 1^. 14.06. 

H JamesLivas crowned Mof^t. 14.%^ murdered hb.^ui 4.16-7 » 

fin 1^60. --"Hen, Ft, waiaepojed 14.6 i : reftored andJlami^Ti^ 

X Item, . . Concord^m en, quod, ,- • . nullus unius par- 

. tis vel alterius ingrediatur terras, boichas, forre^s, warrenas, 

loca, domiiiia qiiaeoinque alicujus partis alterius fubditi, caufa 

venandi, pifcandi, atictipahdi, difportum aut folaciura in eif- 

ilexiiy aliave quaciuiqpe de caufa absque licentia ejus .... 

ad quern • . . loca pertinent, aut de deputatis fuis 

prkM capt. & obtent. Fid, bp, Nicbolfon's Leges Marcbiarum* 
1705. i'vo, pag, *7. 51. 

+ This iwas the original titk. See the baliad, Pt, i. v. iq6, 
Pt, a. Vt 165. 


border ^without condefcending to ajk leave from Earl Douglas ^ 
*who voas either lord of the foil^ or lord ^warden of the 
marches. Douglas would not fail to refent the infult^ and 
endewvour to repel the intruders by force : this nuould natU" 
rally produce ajbarp confliSl between the two parties : fome- 
thing of nuhicby it is probable y did really happen^ tho* not 
attended with the tragical circumftances recorded in the baU 
lad: for thefe are evidently borrowed from />^^ Battle of 
OTTERBOURNt* ^ '^^ different e'vent. but which after- 
times would eafily confound with it. That battle might be 
owing to fome fuch prewous affront as this of Chevy 
Chase, though it has efcaped the notice of hifiorians. Our 
foet has evidently jumbled the two events together : if indeed 
4 he lines J in *which this miftake is made^ are not rather fpu- 
riouSf and the after-infertion of fome perfon^ vaho did not 
diftinguijh befween the tvjojlories. 

Heame has printed this ballad without any divifan of 
fianxasj in long lines y as he found it in the oldnvritten copy : 
but it is ufual to find the diftinSiion offianjcas negle^edin an- 
cient MSS ; wberCy to fave room^ two or three verfes are 
frequently given in one line undivided. See flagrant infiances 
in the HarUian Catalog. No. 2253. / 29. 34. 61. 70 SsT 

The first Part. 

TH E Pcrfe owt of Northombarlande, 
And a vowe to God mayd he. 
That he wolde hunte in the mountayns 

Off Chyviat within dayes thre. 
In the mauger of doughte Dogles, 5 

And all that ever with him be. 


f See the next ballad. % Vid. Pi. 2. v. 16/. 

r, 5. magger in Nearness MS. 


A N D B A L L A D S. 3 

The fattiftc hartcs in all Cheviat 

He fayd he wold kyll, and cary them aWay : 
Be my feth, fayd the dougheti Doglas agayn, 

I wyll let that hontyng yf that I may. 10 

Then the PeWe owt of Banborowe cam. 

With him a myghtee meany j 
With fifteen hondrith archarcs bold ; 

The wear chofcn out of (hyars thre. 

This begane on a monday at mom 15 

In Cheviat the hillys fo he. 
The chyld may rue that ys un-born, 

It was the mor pitte. 

The dryvars thorowe the woodee went , . 

For to reas the dear, 20 

Bomen bickarte uppone the bent 

With ther browd aras cleare. 

Then the wyld thorowe the woodes went 

On every fyde (hear, 
Grea-hondes thorowe the greves glcnt 25 

For to kyll thear dear. 

The begand in Chyviat the hyls above 

Yerly on a monnyn day ; 

B 3 Bo 

Ver, II. The the Perfe. A^S. T. 15. archai^dcs bpld« off 
blood and bone, Af^. V^ ig, th/orpwe. M^*. ;, 

Jl A NCI EN T so If QS 

Be that it drewe to the vwtrfi off none 
A Jiottdrith J&t Juir tQs drd tL»r lay* gd 

The bUwe a mort ^pponeihe -bent. 

The femblyd on fydis Ihear ; 
Tp the jjoyjiy then the Per^ went ^ 

To fe the bryttlyngBjq^'the-dearj?. 

pe fayd. It .was the Duglas promys * J^; 

This day to met me hear ; 
iput I wyfte he wjpld jEayUc verament : 

A gret oth the Perie fweasr. 

At the lafte a fquyar of Nort}\ombelo|ide 

Lokyde at his hand full ny, ^q 

He was war ath the doughetie Doglas co^yi^ ; 
With liim a myghte meany. 

Both with {pear, « hyU/ and hrandc : 

Yt was a myghti iight to fe. 
Hardyar men both off 'hart nar handc 4e» 

Wear not in Criftiante. 

The wear twenty hondrith (pea^-men good - 

Withouten any fayle ; 
The wear borne a-long be the ^attex a Twy4?, 

Yth bowndes of Tividale. 50. 


r. 3t. blw^amot.iWy. r. 42. myghtte. MS, fajjim^ 
V. 43. brylly. M5, V^ 4S, withowtc • . . feale. MB. 

A N D B A L L A D S. ' 7' 

Leave off the biftlyng of tlie dear, he fayde. 
And to yoor bowys tayk good heed ; 
C For never lithe ye wear on your mothers born^ 
Had ye never fo mickle need. 

The doughctf Pogglas on a ftede . 55 

He rode his men befome ; 
His armor glytteryde as dyd a glecjo ; 
' A bolder bamc was never born, 

TcH me * what* men ye ar, he fays. 

Or whos men that ye be : . 6% 

Who gave youe leave to hunte in thi| 

Chyviat chays in the fpyt of me ? 

The firft mane that ever Him an anfwear mayd, 

Yt was the good lord Perie : 
yfe wyll not tell the * what* men we ar^j he f^s, 6j 

Nor whos n^en that we be ; 
But we wyll hount hear in this chiys 

In the fjpyte of thyne, and of the. 

The fattifte hartes in all Chyviat 

We have kyld, and call to carry them a- way. 70 
Be my troth, fayd the doughte Dogglas agayn, 

Ther-for the toq of i}s ihall ip this day, 

B 4 Then 

r, «. boys loclc ye tayk, MS, IT^ 54. fied.JWR. F. 56. att 
hts. MS, r, 59, whos, MS, T. 64. w.ioys. Mo'. F,7l% 
?gay. W^, 


Then %d the doughte Dogla^ 

Unto the lord Perie : 
To kyll all thes giltles men, J 

A<-las! it wear great pitte* 

Bnt, Perfe^ thowe vt a lord of lande, 
I am a yerle callyd within my contre ; 

Let all our ipen uppone ^ parti ilande ; 

And do the battell off the and of me^ 80 

Nowe Criftes cprs on his crowne> (ayd the lord Perfe^ 

Who-focver ther-tp fays nay. 
Be my troth, doughte Doglas, h^ f^ys, 

Thow ihalt never fe that day. 

I^ethar in Ynglonde^ Skottionde, nar France, 85 

Nor for no man of a woman born. 
But and fortune be my chance, 

I dar met him on man for on^ 

Then bcfpayke a fquyar off Northombarlonde, 
Ric. Wytharynton was his nam ; 90 

It Ihall never be told in Sothe-Ynglonde, he fays. 
To kyng Herry the fourth for fham. 

I wat youe byn great lordes twa, 
I am a poor fquyar of lande ; 


r. 81. fayd the th^ MS. V, 88. on. /. e. me. V. 93, 

i-woFuu. MS, 


I wyll never fe my captayne fyght on a fylde, 9$ 
And ilande my-felfFe, and looke on* 

Bnt whyll I may my wtppone welde 
I wyll not < fayP both harte and handc. 

r" That day, that day, that dredfuU day: 

The firft fit here I fynde. 100 

And you wyll here any mor athc hontyng athe Chyviat 
Yet ys ther mor beh3md. 

The second Part, 

THE Ynggliflie men hade ther bowys yebcnt, 
Ther hartes were good yenoughe ; 
The firft of arros that the (bote ofF, 
Seven fkore fpear-men the floughe. 

Yet bydys the yerle Doglas uppon the bent, 5 

A captayne good yenoughe. 
And that was fene verament. 

For he wrought horn both woo and wonche. 

The Dogglas pertyd his oft in thre, 

Lyk a chefte cheften off pryde, 10 


Ff 106. youe . • : hountyng. M?. V. 3. firft, 1. e, flight. 


With fuar fpcwes off myglitti tie 
The ciun in on cycry fydc, 

Thrughc (mr Yngglylhct 9fchwy 

Gave many a wonndc full wyde ; 
Many a doughete the g«rfle to dy, j|^ 

Which ganyde them no prydc. 

The Ynglylhe men kt ik^^ bpwy« bOf 
And pulde owt brandes tha( wer bright, 

|t was a hevy fyght to fe 
Bryght fwordes on bafiutes tyght. ^^^ 

Thorowe ryche male, and myne-yc-ple 
Many flcrne the llroke downe ftreght, 

Many a freykQ, thgt w^ frUfre, 
Th^r nndar foot dyd lyg^kU 

At laft the Puglas and the Perie met, «j 

Lyk to captayns of myght and mayne^ 

The fw^ptq togethv tyll the both (v^^t; 
With fwordes, that wear of fyn mylljn, 

Thcs worthe freckys for to fygh^ 

Ther-to the wear full faync, 30 

Tyll the bloode owteofF thear b^ncte$ (prentf,^ 

As ever dyd heal or r^iyne. 


r, 17. boys. MS. r. 18. briggt. ilf ?- . F. %i^ thrprowe. 
MS, V.xi. done. MS. V. 261. tp, t. e* t'wo, IfU, and of. MS^ 
K 3ft. tan. M^. 

AND B ALL A]!>S. yf 

Holde the, PtHe, fsid the Doglas, 

And i* fcth I ihdl fjic biynge 
Wlier thow^ Aalte have a yerls wagis %g 

Of Jamy oim: ScottHh kynge. 

Tb(Hie fhalte have thy ranfbm fre| 

I hight the hear this thinge. 
For the mairfuflyftc man yet art thowe. 

That ever I eonqueryd in filde fightyng, ^ 

Nay « then' fayd the lord Perft, 

I iolde it the befome. 
That I wolde never yddyde be 

To no man of a woman born. 

With that ther cam an arrowe haftely ^5 

Forthe off a mightie wane. 
Hit hathe ftrekene the yerle Duglas 

In at the breft bane. 

Thoroiie lyvar and longs bathe 

The fharp arrowe ys gane^ jq 

•^hat never after in all his lyffe days 

He fpayke mo wordes but ane, 
That was, Fyghte ye, my myrry ;nen, whyllys yn 
For my lyft days ben gan. 

r. 3 3.. helde. MS. V. 36. Scottilh. MS. F. 4.9. thravoue. MS. 

ijk A NC I EN T SpJfC S 

The Pcrfe Icanyde on his brande, 55 

And fawe the Duglas de ; 
He tooke the dcde man be the hande, 
^ And fayd. Wo ys me for the ! 

To have favyde Ay lyffe I wolde have pertyd with 
My landes for years thre, 60 

Por a better man of hart, hare of hande 
Was not in all the north countre* 

Off all that fe a Skottifhe knyght. 

Was callyd Sir He'we th^ Mongpn-byrry, 

He fawe the Duglas to the deth was dyght ; 65 

He fpendyd a ipear a trufti tre : 

He rod uppon a corfiare 

Throaghe a hondrith archery, 
He never ftyntyde, nar never blane 

Tyll he cam to the good lord Perie. ycj 

He fet uppone the lorde Perfc 
A dynte, that was full foare ; 
• With a fuar fpear of a myghte tr^ 

Clean thorow the body he the Perfe bore, 

' Athe tothar fyde, that a man myght fc, 75 

A large cloth yard and mare : ^ 
Towe bettar captayns wear nat in Criftiante, 
Then that day flain wear thare* 


r. 74. I'^r. MS. r. 78. ther. MS. 


An archax off Northomberlonde 

Say flean was the lord Perfe^ 80 

He bar a bcnde-bow in his handc. 

Was made off trufti trc : 

An arow, that a cloth yarde was lang. 

To th harde ftele halyde he ; 
A dynt, that was both fad and foar, 8j 

He fat on Sir Hewe the Mongon-byrry. 

The dynt yt was both fad and * foar,' 

That he of Mongon-byrry fete ; 
The fwane-fethars, that his arrowe bar. 

With his hart blood the wear wete. 90 

Ther was never a freake wone foot wolde fle. 

But ftill in flour dyd ftand, 
Heawyng on yche othar, whyll the myght dre, 
* With many a bal-ful brandc. 

This battel! begane in Chj-viat 95 

An owar befor the none. 
And when even-fong bell was rang 

The battell was nat half done. 

The tooke * on' on ethar hand 

Be the lyght off the monc ; 100 


r. So. Say, /, e. Saioe, MS. F. 84. haylde. MS^ T. %>*: 
iar, MS, 

j^ ANCIENT SOI* (i^ 

Many hade no ftfengkt lor to ftattde^ 
In Chy viat the hallys abons. 

Of fifteen hondrith archars of Ynglondd 

Went away but fifti and thre ; 
Of twenty hondrith fpear-men of Skotlondej i C5 

Bat even five and fifti : 

But all wear flayne Cheviat within : 
The hade no flrengthe to ftand on he : 

The clylde may rue that yd un-borne» 
It was the mor pitte. lib 

Thear was flayne withe the lord Peri% 

Sir John of Agerflone^ 
Sii* Aogar the hinde Hartly^ 

Sir Wyllyam the bolde Hearone*. 

Sir Jorg the worthe Lovele 1 15 

A knyght of great renowen^ 
Sir RafF the ryche Rugbe 

With dyntes wear beaten dowentf* 

For Wetharryngton my hartc was wo^ 

That ever he flayne fhulde be ; lio 

For when both his leggis wear hewyne Ih to^ 

He knyled and fought on hys kne. 


r. io». aboil. MS, r. J08- ftrenge ... hy. MS. K 115. 
kule. MS. F. lai. k to, i. <r. in Pw9, T. 121. Yet he ; . w 
koy. A^^. 

AND BALLAD 15^ |$ 

Ther was ilayne with the dougheti Dugla* 

Sir Hewe the Mongon-byrry, 
Sir Davye Lwdale, that worthe was^ izj 

His fiftars fon was he : 

Sir ChaHes a Murre, iathacplafe» 

That never a foot wolde tte ; 
Sir Hewe Maxwell, a lorde he was. 

With the Dugias dyd he dey. 1 30 

%So on the morrowe the mayde them by ears 

Off byrchy and ha&ll (b < gray'; 
; Many wedous with wepyng tears. 
Cam to fach ther makys a- way, 

I'iyydale may carpc off care, 1 55 

Northombarlond may mayk grat mone. 
For towe fnch captayns, as flayne wear thear, . 
I On the march perti ihall never be none. 

Word ys commen to Eddea-burrowe 

To Jamy the Skotcifbe kyng^ 140 

That dougheti Dugias, lyff-tenant of die Mcrcbes^ 

He lay ilean Chyviot with4n. 

- ilis handdes dyd he iveal and wryng. 
He fayd, Alas, and woe ys me ! 


^. >Sa. gay* MS, F. 136. mon. MS, F, 1^%, non. -flj[^. 

j5 AKCIENT songs 

Such anothar captayn Skotland within^ 14] 

Hcfayd, y-feth ihuld never be. 

Worde ys commyn to lovly Londdne 

Till the fourth Harry our kyng. 
That lord Pcrfc, leyiF-tenante of the Mcrchis, 

He lay flay nc Chyviat within. fjf<^ 

God have merci on his foil, fayd kyng Harry^ 

Good lord, yf thy will it be ! 
I have a hondrith captayns in Ynglonde, he feyd,' 

As good as ever was he : 
But Pcrfe, and I brook my lyffe, i jjj 

Thy dcth well quyte fliall be. 

As otir noble kyng made his a-vowe, 

Lyke a noble prince of renowen. 
For the deth of the lord Perfc, 

He dyde the battel of Hombyll-do w;i : tSm 

Wher fyx and thritte Skottifli knyghtes 

On a day wear beaten down : 
Glendale gly tteryde on ther armor bryght> 

Over caftill, towar, and town. 

This was the hontynge off the Cheviat ; 165 

That tear begane this ipurn : 


r. X46, ye feth, MS. V. 149, cheyff tennante. ATS*^ 

AND B AlrL AD S. 17 

old men that kBOwen the grownde well yenoughe. 
Call it the Battell of Otterbonu 

At Otteri>imi began this (porne 

Uppon a monnjn iky : { 7^ 

Ther was die doagghte Doglas flean^ 

The Pcrfc never went away. 

Ther was li^ver A tym on the march partes 

Sen the Doglas, and the Perfe met. 
Bat yt was marvele^ and the rede blade ronne not^ 

As the reane doys in the ftret, 

Jhefiie Crift our balys bete^ 

And to the blys us brynge t 
Thus was the hountynge of the Chevyat : 

Cod fend us all good endyng ! iSo 

• • ne fiili rfthis andthefolhwing ballad ii tautim'^ 
mnuy rugged and uncouiby owing to their being writ in the 
n/ery coa^Je/i andbroadeft northern DialeSi, 

Moft of thi fur-^names in thefe two poems ^ as well as hs 
the modem fong efChe^ Cha/e^ will befoemd either in the 
lifts belonging to th^ northern counties in Fuller's H^ortbies^ or 
fuhfcribed to treaties frefemjed in Nichol/on^s Laws of the 
Borders. See alfe Crawfurd's Peerage. 

The battle of Homby%down^ or Homeldon^. was fought 
Sep. 14, 1402. fanno^. Hen, IV.)whigrein the Engltjh^ un^ 
der the command of the E, of Northumberland^ and bis fim 
ffotfpur, gained a compleat w&ory over the Scots. 

Vol. IIL C Tub 


' n. 


TJI^e only Battle^ <w herein an Earl of Douglas nuat JUtin 
fghting fwith aPercy^ was that of Otterboum^ 'which is 
the fubjeSl of this Ballad. It is here related with the allow^ 
able partiality of an EngUjBfoety andviUch in the fame man- 
ner as it is rttardkdin the Engtijb Cbfonkks. The Zcottijb 
^writers ha've^ with a partiality at leafi as esfcu/eahU, re^ 
lated it no lefs in their own f devour. Lucki^ nue have 
a 'very eircumfiantial narrati<ve of the whole affair from 
Froiffart a French hifortOBy rnslm apfiOts ti he wAiaffed. 
Froiffart*s relation is proUx\ I JhaU therrfoTB gi<ve it as 
abridged by Carte y^ who has howe<ver had recourfi to other 
authorities y ctrtd^ff&sftom Froijjfartinfome things^ ^whicb 
Jjhall note in the n^dtgh. 

In the twelfth year of Richard 11. 1 388, " The Scots tak-^ 
^ ing advantage of tie confufons of this natipn, and falling 
*< tunth a pdrTy into the nJoeft-marchtSj ravstged the coUntry 
*^ about Carl(fie and tarried off y^oprifoners. It t$ias noiih 
** a much greater firce^ heaskd by feme of tho principal me^ 
^^ bilityy that in the beginning of jfy^^^f they invaded 
r^ Northumberland i andhavmg wafled part of the county 
'^ of Durham fy advanced to t& gates ofNewtaftki where 

• Frorffari'fieah of both parties (confiHng in dl <f more than 
40,000 men) as entering England at the fame time: hut the 
^etkterfart ^ njnay rfCarUfle. 

t Andy according to the ballad, that part of Nortbumherlaud 
called Bamborougb'Ward (or Jbire) : a large tra& of land fo 
named from the town and caftlf rfUamburgb. 


« in ajkirtidjb^ they t9ok a ^penon or* colours* belonging to Hen- 
^« ry lord Percy i/urnamed Hot/pur y /on to the Earl of North - 
f* utnherland. In their retreat home^ they attacked the caftle 
M of Qtterboum : and in the e<vening of Aug, 9. (as the 
" Englijh writers fay, or rather^ according to Froiffarty 
^^ Aug, 15.) after an unfuccefsful ajfault ijoere furpritced im 
** their camp, which nuas very flrong^ by Henry y who at 
^* the fir ft onfei put them into a good deal of confufton. But 
" fames earl of Douglas , rallying his men^ there enfued one 
" of the heft'f ought anions that happened in that age ; both 
*^ armies Jhewing the utmofl bra*veryf: the earl Douglas 
" himf elf being flain on thefpot % ; the earl of Murrey mor^ 
^^ tally wounded I and Hotfpur\y with his brother Ralph 
" Percy y taken prifoners, Thefe difafters on both fides have 
^* given oocafion to the event of the engagement's being dif» 
'*puted'y Froiffart (who derives his relation from a Scotch 
^\knighty tvfo gentlemen of the fame country y and as many 
" ofFoix 4.) affirming that the Scots remained mafiers of the 
*' field; and the Englijb writers infinuating the contrary, 
" nefe loft maintain that the Englijb had the better of the 

" day : 

• fHs circumftance is omitted in the ballad. Lord Percy and 
E, Douglas ivere tujo young ^warriors much of the fame age, 

t froiffart fays the Engliflj exceeded the Scots in number three 
to ottfy but that thefe had the advantage of the ground, and ivere 
olfo frejb from fieepy vibile the Engltfif were greatly fatigued 
■'^itb their previous march, 

XBy Henry L. Percy according to tins ballad y and our old Eng» 
^fi> hiftoriansy as StoWy Speed, &c. hut borne down by numbers^ 
if'^e may heVive Froijfart, 

II Henry Lord Percy (after a very fbarp confliB) was taken 
prifener by John lord Montgomery y wbofe eldefi fon Sir Hugh ^was 
}axn in the fame aBion with an arroiVy according to Cran.vfurds 
Peerage (andfeems alfo to be alluded to in the foregoing ballady 
^ 13 J Ifut taken prifoner and exchanged for Lord Percy accord-' 
ing to this ballad, 

i- Froiffart (according to the Eng, Tranfiaiion) fays he had hi 
account from two f quires of Englandy and from a knight an d 
ffdre tf Scotland, fcQn after the battle. 

Vol. hi. C a 


** day : hut night coming en, fome of the northern lords ^ 
• • coming luith the hijhop of Durham to their ajjiftance^ killed 
*' many of them hy mifiake, f^ppofing ^hem to be Scots ; and 
*' the earl cf Dunbar at the fame time falling on another Jide 
" ul>oH Hoffpury took him and his brother prifonersy and car ^ 
** ried them off 'while both parties luere fighiing. It is at 
" leajl certain, that immediately after this battle f the Scots 
** engaged in it made the be ft of their fvsety home : and the 
** f(zme party ivas taken by the other corps about Carlijle. 

cuch is the account cclhdied by Carte, in tvhich be feems 
not to be free from partiality ; for prejudice muft onvn that 
Froiffart's circumftantial account carries a great appearance 
cf truths and he gives the njiSory to the Scots, He bonuen>er 
does juft ice to the courage of both parties ; and reprefents their 
mutual generojity in fuch a light, that the prefent age might 
edify by the example. ** The Englysfhmen on the one partye^ 
** and Scott es on the other party, are good men ofnvarre, for 
** nvhan they mete there is a hard fighte woitboutfparyngi, 
** Inhere is no hoo * byt<wene them as long as fpeares^ fnvordes^ 
*' axes, or dagers nvyll endure, but lay on ecbe upon other : 
** and fwhan they be ivell beaten, and that the one party ^ hath 
•' obtayned the *viiiory, they than glorifye fo in their dedes of 
** armesy and are fo joyfully that fuche as be taken ^ they fhall 
** be raunfomed or they go out of the felde f ; fo that Jhortely 


*• WILL SAYE, God thanke you. But in fyghtyngt 
** one twith another there is no playe, nor fparynge.^* FroTf- 
far**s Cronycle (as tranjlated by Sir Joban Bourchier Lord 
Berners) Cap, cxlij, 

^he folloiving ballad is printed from a manufcript copy in 
the Harleian Colle3ion \No, 293. fol. 52.] luhere it is in- 
titled, " Afonge made in R, 2, his tyme of the bat tele of 

" Otter- 

* Soin Langbam's letter concerning ^ Elizabeth^s entertain- 
fjie^it at KiUbig'worthCaftle^ 1575. 12'. p. 61. " Heer was no 
ho in deu^ut drlnkyng.^'* 

t i. e. Tiiiyfcorn to take the adiaviagit cr io keep tbtm linger- 
ing in long captinitj. 

AND B A LL A Dl fti 

•< OtterBume, hettveene Lord Henry Percys earle of Nor* 
f*^ tbomberlande cmd the earle Douglas of Scotlaudif Anao, 
'* 1388."— p— J?«/ this title if erroneous and added h/ome 
ignorant trimfcriher of after-times : for^ i. The hat tie was 
not fought hy the earl of Northumherlafidf tvhonvas ah/ent, 
tUT is once mentioned in the hallad; hut by his /on Lord 
(or as he is every nnhfre ealkd by Froijfart^ as 'well as in 
this poemy Sir) Henry PsRcy.. 2r„ Jltho* the battle 
nuas fought in Richard lld*s time, the Jong /> evidently of 
Uter date, as af fears foom thepoe^s quoting the chronicles, fee 
ver. 130 : which he woonld mot have done had it been a very 
recent event. It ivas however ^written in all likelihood as 
early as the foregoing fong, if not earlier, which perhaps mety 
hi inferred from thi minute circumftatues nuith nuhich the 
pry is related, many of which are reco/rded in no chronicle, 
and maere: probably prejerved in the memory ofoldpeopU* It 
VpH he obferved that the authors of thefe two poems have 
Jme lines in common ; but nvhich of them nuas the original 
proprietor, muf depend upon their priority i and this the /a^ 
gacity of the r$adir mujl deter^rte. 

YT felle abQHt the Lamas tyde. 
When hofbajides < inn' their hayf , 
The dughtie Douglas bowned him to ride^ 
In England to t^ke ^ prayie ; 

The earle of Fyffe, wkhottten ftriffe, f 

He bounde him over Sulway * : 
The grete wold ever together ride ; 

Xba( mce they imy rue for aye^ 

C 3 Over 

Ver,%, Winn their waye. MS, Winn their hay. Craw- 
fin's Peerage, p. 57. • Solwey frith, boimde, fid. Clof. 

Over Hppp^jtpp lull they came in. 

And ib doune by Rodely£e crage, ;|(^ 

Upon grenc Lyiiton they lighted downe^ 

M^ny 9 ftirandp ft^ge ; 

And Mdely brent Northoinberlande, 

And faaried many a towne ; 
They d\d our Engliihe men great wronge;,! 1 1 

To battelle that weaiiC not < bowae.' 

Then fpakc a berne vppon the bent. 

Of (comforte that was not coulde. 
And faid;, W^ have brent Northomberlandf^ 

We have ajl welthe in holde. zp 

Kow we have carried all BaniwnrowcAif e; 

All the welthe in the worlde have wee j 
I rede we ride tp Now Caftelle, 

So ftW and ftalworthly^. 

Uppon the morowe, when it was dayo, f| 

- The fland^ds Ihone ftUe brighte ; 
To the New Caftcllc they tooke the waye^ 
And thither tbcy came foUe right, 

$ir Hcnrye Percy laye at the New Caftelk, 
I telle yo^ without^n dreede j| jo 


He Had bUze a mzrthe^msm'^ dl Ui idnfts. 
And kepte Barwicke upon Tw<ifd« 

To the New Caftelk when they cant 

The Scottes they cried on height. 
Sir Hajye Percy , and dum foefte widuOf 55 

Come to the fedd, and fyghue : 

For we have brente NortliQmberifl^d» 

Thy eritage good and right. 
And fyne my lodginge I have take/ 

With my brande dubbed many a knight. 40 

Sir Henry * he' came to the watles. 

The Scottifhe oftc for to fee, 
Aud thou hafb brente Northo«iberland, 

Full fore it ruethe fuee*. 

Yf thou haft harried all Bambarowe fkife* ' 45 

Thou hafte done me great cnvie. 
For the tre^as thou hafte me done. 

The tone of us Aail dye. 

Wher fhall I byde thee, f^id the Douglas, 
Or wher wilte thou come to me ? 5® 

<« At Otterbume in the highe way*, 
Theare maiefte thou vM. lodged be, 

C 4 The 


The < roc' full rekdcs ther (he rones^ 

To make the game and glee : 
*rhe faulkone and the fefante bothe, j^ 

Amonge the holtes on < hee'« 

Theare mdeile thou have thie welthe at will» 

Well lodged there maifle thou be ; 
Yt fhall not be long, or I com thee uUf 

Sayd Sir Hehrye Percy. 6o 

Ther Ihall I byde thee, faid the Douglas, 

By the faiths of my bodye. 
Ther fhall I come, fayes Sir Harye Percy ; 

My trowtbe I piighte to thee. 

A pipe of wyne he gave him over the walles, $| 

For fouth, as I you faye : 
Theare he made the Douglas drinke^ 

And all his hofte that daye. 

The Douglas turned him homwarde againe. 

For fouthe withouten naye, 9o 

He tooke his lodginge at Ottcrburnc 
XJppon a wedenfd^e : 

And theare he pight his ftandard douney 
fiis getinge more and leiTe, 


fr. 53. rowe, M5. F. 56. bye, MS. T. 74. left. M^t 

A N D B A L L A D g. i; 

And fyne h4 warned his iittn to goe 7$ 

To dioofe their geldbgs gra/Te. 

A Scotdftie knight hovered < on the bent,* 

A watche I dare well faye : 
So was he war^ one the noble Percye 

In the dawninge of the daye. tp 

He pricked to his pavilliane dore, V 

As fail as he might roone, 
Awakene, Dowgias, cried the knight. 

For his love, that fits in throne. 

Awakene, Dcwglas, cride the knight, t{ 

For thow nudefte wakene with wynne : 

Vonder have I fpiede the proud Perfye, 
And feyene ftandards with him. 

Naye by my trowthe, the Doaglas fayde. 

It is but a fained call : 
The durfte not looke one my bred bannor. 

For all England to hayUe. 


Was I not ycfterdaye at the Newe Caftell, 

That Hands fo fayere one Tyne f * 
for all the men the Percye hade, 95 

He could not gare me once to dyne* 


K7J* upon the b^ftbentyAf^. ^* 79* one, i.e^w^firrf. 

26 A NC 15 N T SONGS 

He fteped <m ^ lus pavilliaii dojoe^ 

To looke and it w^r4 Icfsc ; 
Arraye yoa» lordingesy one and all^ 

For beare bpgyns aa fiei^ce* loo 

The earle of Mentnye*, thoa vi my ctme. 

The fowarde I g^« t9 ribfie : 
The carle of Huntcley kawte and keene, 

H^ Ihall w^i th^ l>ee» 

The lord pf B^wg^api f in armor brighte 1 05 

One the o(h^ Jignde J^e fliall bt ; 
J^ord Jhonflone, and lord MaxweU;i 

Thejr two (hftll H with ne, 

Swintone faix^ f^filip u^on your piidft 

To battcUe fliftke you bowen : H o 

Sir Davie Scotte, Sir Walter Stewards, 
Sir jphQ of Ag»r%>net 

The Percy can^ belbre his ofte. 

Which was ever,« gentle knightOy 
Uppon the Dowglas lowde can he crie, | ij^ 

I wiUe hpuld th^t I have kighte : 

For thowe hsL^9 bi^Bte N<»rthi>«faerUnd«^ 
And dMe snc grease «ftvye II 



# fbeear/^Mtf^eiihi f TU lord Buck^^ ¥* if;* i»^;. 

Pcarcy. M5, r. 116. / will bold to 'wbat I have protnifei. 

A N D JJ A L J. A D $. ay 

For this tre/pas ^oq haile me done. 
The tone of us fhull dye, 1^ 

The Dowglas anfwered him againe 

With greate woyde upe on * hce** 
And faydy T have twenty againft thy one, 

Beho)de and (hp^ mayefle fee« 

With that the Percy was grceyed forPf 1 25 

Fpr fothe ^w I you faye : 
Jhef^ Chrifie in hevene on height 

Did helpe him well ih^t daye. 

But nine thooiknd thear was no niore, 

The Chronicles will not leane ; 130 

Forty thouf^nd of Scots and fowcre 

That daye foughte th^m againe. 

Uppon St. Andreweloud cane they crye. 

And Chrifte they fhout on heighte. 
And fyne * marcht on' oat £ngtiihe meuj^ 135 

As I haye tould yoa righte. 

St. George the hrighte our Ladye's knighte 

To name they* weare fall fayne, 
Par Pnglijbe mene they cri^ qo height. 

And Chriile they IbLPKte ^^Qe. . 14a 


f. i»i. hi|^e. J\ff^ V* 135, xm^^ then one. itf^. 


With that (harpe arrowes gaae up to Ry, 

I tell you in (ertajme. 
Men of annes begane to joyne; 

Many a doughty man was flayne. 

The P^rcye and the Douglas mctte, 14J 

That ether of other was fainc. 
The fwapped together, whille that they fwatte. 

With fwoards of ffyne Collayne ; 

Tyll the bloode from the bafTonets rannc. 

As the rocke doth in the rayne. 1 ^o 

Ycld thee to me, fayd the Dowglas, 
Or elfe thowe flialte be flayne : 

For I fee, by thy brighte baflbnete. 

Thou art fom^ mane of nughte. 
And fo 1 doe by thy bumiihed brande, 15 j 

Thou arte an e^le^ or elfe ^ knighte *• 

By my good faithe, (aid the noble Pcrcye| 

Now hafte thoU rede full righte. 
Yet will I never yeeld mc tQ thee, 

Whille I maye ftonde ^nd £ghte, 160 

They fwopede together, whille that thcy fwottc. 
With fwoards iharpe and longe $ 


r. 144. wjis thearc (lainc. AfJ. F, 147. (chapped, 415; 
* B^itig aU itt armour be could not know him* 

A N D B A L L A D S. 29 

Eiche one other fo fafte they bccte, 
Tyll their helmets came in pieces downe. 

The Percye was a mane of ftrengthe, 1 65 

I tell you in this ftownde. 
He fmote the Dowglas at the fwords length. 

That he felle to the groande. 

The fwoard was Iharpe and foare can byte, 
I tell you in certayne ; 1 70 

To the earlc he coulde him fmytte. 
Thus was the Dowglas flayne. 

The ftonderes flood ftill one elke fyde 

With many a greevous grone; 
Ther the foughte the daye, and all the nighte, 175 

And many a doughtie man was < (lone.* 

Ther was no ffreke, that wold flye. 

But fly fly in ftowre cane Hand, 
Eyche hewinge on other whylle they might drye. 

With many a balfull brande. 180 

Theare was flayne uppon the Scotes fyd. 

For fouthe and fertenlye. 
Sir James Dowglas theare was flayne, 
That daye that he could dye. 
Vol. III. C 7 The 

V, 163. i.e. Each on other. K 176. flayne. MS. F. 179. 
Eyche one hewinge. MS» T. 180. bronde. M^. V, 184. /. e. 
He died that day. 


The carlle of Mentay he was fla/ne, 1 8 _^ 

Grifly groned uppon the grounde ; 
Sir Davie Scotte, Sir Walter Stuard, 

Sir James of Agurftonne. 

'Sir Charles Murrey in that place 

That never a foote wold flye ; 190 

Sir Hughe Maxwell, a lord he was, 

Wich the Dowglas did he dye, 

Theare was flayne upon the Scottifiie fyde. 

For fouthe as I you faye. 
Of four and forty thoufand Scot^s ' ipj 

Went but eighteen e awaye. 

Theare was (lain upon the Englifhe fyde. 

For fouthe and fertenlye, 
A gentle knighjte. Sir John Fitz-hughc, 

Yt was the more pittye. 2CG 

Sir James Harbotle ther was flayne, 

For him their harts weare foare, 
The gentle < Lovelle' thear was flayne, 

That the Percyes ftandard boare. 

Theare was flayne uppon the Englyftie parte, zd- 

For foothe as I ycu faye; 


V. 193. Scotts, M-9. hut fee *v, ic^i. V, 203. CovcUe. MS, — 
/'"• the names in tjns page and in pa^e 14. fee the Additions, 
!^c, at the end of^cl, j. 


Of nine thoufand Englifhe mene 
Fyvc hondred came awaye : 

The other weare flayne in the feeld, ' 

ChiiHe keepe thear fowles from wo, 2 1# 

Seeinge thear was fo fewe ftendes 

Agamft &f manye too. 

Then one the morowe they made them beercs 

Ofbyrche, and hafellc graye ; 
Many a wydew€ with weepinge tecrcs 215 

Their maks tlwy fette away. 

This fraye b^ane at Otterbome 

Betwcenc the mghte and the dayeu 
Theare iStt Dowglas lode his lyfe. 

And the Pcrcye was Icade away*. 220 

Then was tiieare a Scottyfte prifonere tane. 
Sir Hughe Mongomerye wis his name. 

For foothe as I you fayc 

He borowed the Percye home agayne. 

No we let us all for the Percye prayc 225 

To Jeafue mofte of might. 
To bringe his fowle to the biyfs of heven, 

for he was a gentle knight. 

F. ai J. on«,' I. e. on. ♦ ff, caftive^ K 22$, tcrcyes. MS* 




A Scottish Ballad^ 

— Is founded upon thejuppo/ed priaSiice 6f the Jews iff 
xrncifying or otberwije murthering Chriftian children^ cut o^ 
hatred to the religion of their parents : a pr^&ic^^ <which 
hath been airways aUedged in excufefor the cruelties exercifed 
upon that ^wretched people y hut nuhich prphably never hap^ 
pened in a Jingle inflame. For if woe eonfider^ on the one 
handy the ignorance and fuperftition of the times mahenfuch 
ftories took their rife^ the 'virulent prejudices of the monks 
*tvho record them f and the eagernefs nuith ivhich they iajouU 
he catched up by the barbarous populace as a pretence for plun- 
der\ on the other handy the great danger incurred hy the 
perpetratorsy and the inadequate motives they could h^e to 
excite them to a crime of fo much horrjory njue may reafonably 
conclude the nvhole charge to be groundlefs and malicious. 

The follofwing ballad is^ probably built upon fome Italian 
Legend y and bears a great refemblance to the Friorejfe^s Tale 
in Chaucer : the p:et feems alfo to have had an eye to the 
Anowcn Jhty o^Hugh of Lincoln, a child fafd tp ha*ve 
heen there murthered by the feixxs in the reign of Henry III* 
The conclufion of this ballad appears to he <wanting : *what it 
probably contained may hefeen in Chaucer, As for MiRRY- 
1. A N D To w N , it is probably a corruption o/* M i L a N (called 
hy the Dutch Meylandt^ Toun ; Jince the Pa is evi* 
dently the river Po. 

Printed from a ]\fS. copy Jent from Scotland. 

1 TH5 

A N D B A L L A D S. 3j 

THE rain rins doun throagh Mirry-land toan^ 
Sae dois it doune the Pt : 
Sae dois the lads of Mirry-land tounej 
Quhan they play at the ba'. 

Than out and cam the Jewis dochte^r, ; 

Saidy Will ye com in and dine ? 
I winnae cum in, I cannae cum in. 

Without my play-feres nine. 

Scho powd an apple reid and white 

To intice the zong thing in : iq 

Scho powd an apple white and reid. 

And that the fweit bairne did win. 

And fcho has taine out a little peu4uiife. 

And low down by her gair, 
Scho has twin'd the zong thing uid his life ; 15 

A word he nevir fpak mair. 

And out and cam the thick thick bluid. 

And out and cam the thin ; 
And out and cam the bonny herts bluid : 

Thair was nae life left in. ao 

Scho l^id him on a dreffing borde. 

And dreft him like a fwine. 
And laughing faid, Gae non and pley 

With zonr fweit play-feres nine« 

VoL.UI. D Scho 


Sdio rowd ym in a cake of lead, 

Bade him lie ftii and fleip. 
Scho cafi kkn ia a deip draw-wcfi^ 

Was fifty fadoBt dn]k 

Quhan bells wer rang» and mafi was finig^ 

Aad every lady went hame: 
Than ilka lady had het asong fonae^ 

Bot lady Helen iiad sane. 

Scho rowd kir aianlii hir abont. 

And ^ fair gan ihe weip : 
And ihe raft bit<i the }cms caAe^ 

Quhan they wer aU afleip. 

My bonny fir Hew, my pretty fir Hew^ 

I pray thee to floc ^>eik t 
• O iady rinn to tke ^ip draw-weU 

* Gin ze zour4bme wad feik.* 

Lady Helen ran «o tbe deap draMr-wdl> 

And knelt upon her kne : 
My benny %r Hew, an %e bthtm^, 

I pray thee fpeik eo me. 

The lead is wondvens faeanry,, mMmry 

The well is wondwMit detp, 
A keen pen-knile IMcs m my hert» 

A word 1 4eiinae ^ijc 

F«cck mf mkf win41iag ibcet, , 50 

Ap4 at the foa^k o' Mirry-land toun, 
Jf s rt^ |vp Jw» fiOJ .meet. 


SIR <; A y f. J ^ js. 

This old R^numtfc taU i/uas fr^firvid in the E£lof*sfob$ 
MS, but info difeaimii 0$^ imikffd ^fMipflfkat it luus . 
necefarj to Ji^fyfrfvprgl fi^ws^^i in tJk frft part, andjlilt 
mere in tbe/econd, to conne£t ^nd compUat thejiory. 

There is fometbing peculiar in the metre of this old ballad: 
it is not un^fual to meet "with redundant ftanzas of fix lines f 
but the occafional i^firtun rfa doMt ^dvff^l^ line, as 
w, 31, 449 &c. is a^ urriffdaritf / fip nat re^nember to 
havefeen elfewhere. 

It may be proper to infonH the reader before he somes to 
Pt. 2. i;. 106. that the hound tarlc nuas not peculiar ## 
the reign of K. Arthur, but nuas common in all the ages of 
Cbi'valfy, Any king n»as faid tp ** bfild arp^nfi t^^* mfheu 
he proclaimed a tourna;nept attended ^wiib fome peculiar fo'* 
lemnities. Sef Mr, VFarton^s Ohfer^atlons, Vot 2. /. 44. * 

As to whai laiti be ob/em/ed in this bailad "f ^hi art of 

healing being praajfed by 4^ yp,u§^ pfV¥sft I it if no more 

than what is ufiud in all the old Romances, and nsjas con^ 

f^rmabk to real manners : it being a praSiict derived fmn^ 

Da ti§ 


the earlieft times among all the Gothic and Celtic nations fir 
<women^ even of the higheft rank^ to exerdfe the art of fur r- 
gety. In the Northern Chronicles nue always fnd the young 
damfells ftanching the ^wounds of their lovers^ and the <witves 
thofe of their hujbands ; from the prince down to the meaneft 
of his followers. See DIntrod. a PHift. de Dannemarc* 
L, if»f* 199. Memoires de la Chevalerie. Tom, i« /• 44.. 

The firstPart* 

IN Ireland, ferr over the iea. 
There dwelleth a bonnye kinge ; 
And with him a yong and comlye knighte. 
Men call him fyr Cauline. 

The kinge had a ladye to his daughter, ^ 

In faihyon flie hath no peere ; 
And princely wightes that ladye wdoed 

To be theyr wedded feere. 

Syr Cauline loyeth her beft of alU 

But nothing duril he faye ; f o 

Ne deicreeve his counfayl to no man. 

But deerlye he lovde this may'. 

Till on a daye it fo befFell, 

Great dill to him was dight ; 
The maydens love removde his mynd, 1 5 

To care-bed went the knighte. 


A N D B A L L A D S. 37 

One while he fpred his armes him fro» 

One while he fpred them nye : 
And aye ! but I winne that ladyes loye. 

For dole now I man dye« 20 

And whan our parifh-maiTe was done. 

Our kinge was bowne to dyne : 
He fayesy Where is fyr Cauline, 

That is wont to ferve the wyne ? 

Then aunfwerde him a courteous knighte, 25 

And fail his handes gan wringe : 
Syr Cauline is ficke» and like to dye 

Without a good leechinge. 

Fetche me downe my daughter deere. 

She is a leeche fulle fine : 30 

Goe take him doughe, and the baken bread. 
And ferve him with the wyne foe red ; 

Lothe I were him to tine. 

Fair Chriftabelle to his chaumber goes. 
Her maydens followyng nye : 35 

O welly ihe fayth, how doth my lord ? 
O ficke, thou fayr ladye. 

Nowe ryfe up wightlye, man, for fliame, v 
Never lye foe cowardice j 

D 3 " For 


Fbr it is told in mf fadierl hsiid, 40 

You dye for Icnre of niefe. 

Fayreladyc, it is far yant Me 

That all this dill I dryc : 
For if yoo wbld comfort tht with ft kiffe^ 
Then were I byoughf fit>m I>^ td Sli^e^ 4; 

No lengcr wold I f^e. 

Syr knightc, my father is a kinge» 

I aift his biilye heira i 
Alas ! and well you knowe^ fVf kol^kl^^ 

I never cbxl ht ybtira fef^. 59 

O ladye, thou art a kinges daughter^ 

And I am inot tKy ^re, 
"BvLt let me doe fome At^et 6ftdifk§ 

To be ydUi: Ud^tfleeit. 

Some deedes of aitttel if Aotl W9t db^, 55 

My bacheleere to bee, 
(But etrei* and aye my heaft ^old tui^, 

Giff harm ihold hipp^ to tk^O 

Vpoo Eldridge hj)l th^re ^itHVedi ^ thbrh^ 

Upon the mores brod;nge ; 60 

And dare yt, fyr kni|hfe, ik^i dr» ^1 uJghtc 
UPtill the hyxtltmh^t. 



For tin Eldrkige blighte, ib audde of migiite. 

Will examine ycm befoni^ : 
And never man bare iif^ awa^ne, 65 

Bm he did. him feath and feorne. 

That kaigbee be h a fb«! payn!m. 

And large of liihb and bene ; 
And bat if heaven nay be diy ipeedt 

Thy life it is liBt^oiie. 70 

Nowe en the Eldridge luHes He walke. 

For thy dskt, faire ladie : 
Aod He eidicir bring yon a ready token. 

Or He never wmee you fee. 

The hbije h goae to her owne chaumbere, 75 

Her maydens Ibltowlng bright : 
Syr CaaH&e lope fnim care-bed Ibone^ 
And to die £ldrtdge hSls h gone. 

For to wake there afl night. 

Onto nudiught, that thts moone did rile, So 

He walked up and downe ; 
Then a fightronie bugle heard he blowt 

Over the bents foe browner 
(^oth hee, If cryance come till my heart. 

My life it is bat gone. $5 

D4 And 


And foone lie ipyde on the mores fb broad, 

A furyous wight and fell ; 
A ladye bright his brydlc led. 

Clad in a fayre kyrtell : 

And foe fail he called on fyr Cauline, 91^ 

man, I rede thee flye. 

For * but* if cryance come till thy hearty 

1 weene but thoa mun dye. 

He fayth, ' No' cryance comes till my heart. 
Nor, in faith, I wyll not flee ; 95 

For, caufe thoi; minged not Chrift before. 
The lefs me dreadeth thee. 

The Eldridge knighte^ he pricked his fleed ; 

Syr CauHne bold abode : 
Then either ihooke his truftye fpeare, . 100 

And the timber thefe two children * bare 

Soe (bone in funder * yodc** 

Then tooke they out theyr two good fwordes. 

And layden on fall fafte, 
Till helme and hawberke, mail and iheelde> 105 

They all were wcU-nye braft* 

The Eldridge knight was mickle of might. 
And fliiFe in flower did Aande, 


♦ u e, knigbts» See FoL t, pag. 58. V. io». flodc. MS. 


But fyr Cauline with a « backward' fh^ke. 
He finote oiF his right-hand ; no 

That foone he with paine and lacke of blond 
Fell downe on that lay4and. 

Then up fyr Cauline lift his brande 

All oyer his head fo hye : 
And here I fweare by the holy roode» 1 15 

Nowe, caytiffe, thou ihalt dye. 

Then up and came that ladye brighte, 

Faile wringing of her hande : 
For the maydens love, that moft you love, 

Withold that deadlye brando. 1 20 

For the maydens love, that moft you love. 

Now fmyte no more I praye ; 
And aye whatever thou wilt, my lord. 

He (hall thy hefts obaye. 

Now fweare to mee, thou Eldridge knighte,' 1 25 

And here on this lay -land. 
That thou wilt believe on Chrift his layc. 

And therto plight ^hy han4 : 

And that thou never on Eldridge come 
To fporte, gamon, or playe : 130 

Andv that thou here give up thy armes 
Until thy dyipg daye. • % 

Ver, 109. auke^ard, MS, 



The tMridgi^ kmghte ^«vt tip his iatife» 
With many 4 fonlowfiille fighe ; 

And r#ftre to 4)bey fyr Cftuliftcs lieft» 
Till the tyme diat he fliold dye. 

s And he then «p and the Elcbklge toighte 

Sett him in his faddle anone^ 
And the Eldridge kntghte a&d his ladye 
To dieyr tMt are they gone. 

Then he tootce tp the Ibteudy hand. 

That ^as (b iarge of bone. 
And On ft he foande five linges of goM 

Of knightee that had be flone. 

Then he tooke ap the Eldndge fworde. 

As hard as any flint : 
And he tdOke off tJiofe ringes five. 

As bright as fyre iMid brent. 

Home then pricked fyr Canline 

As light as leafe on-tree : 
l-wys he neither ftint ne blanne, 


Then ^downe he knelt upon his knee 

Before that lady gay : 
O Iady«, I have bin on the Bldridge hills ; 

Thefe tokens I bring away. 


Now wdanMf wclodiRe^ fyt CattUne^ 

Thrice welcome >ifltO iftte, 
For now I perceiv^ thou art a true knightCy 

Of vSkmi* boM« imd free. 160 

ladye, 1 am tkyown ttat kiii2:ktei 

Thy hefts for to obaye : 
And mought I hope to winne thy love !— — 

Ne more his i^gt cMe (aye. 

The Mf€ bltitod fcatktt^ redde^ I65 

And fette a gi&titiH &^ : 
Al^ ! iyr knight how may this bee. 

For my degree's foe highe ? 

But fith thoB haft high^ thorn oomdy youth. 
To be my batchilere, 170 

lie promifc if thee I may not wedde 
I will have none other fere. 

Then (he^ heM forthe htr ItUy-White haad 

Towards that knighte ib fret : 
He gave to it one genitiU ki£b^ 1 75 

His heart was brought from bale to bli^ 

The teares ftette fiom his €t. 

Bat keep my coua&yl, fyr Cai^aev 
Nc let no man it knowe$ 



For and ever my father iholde it ken, 
I wot he wolde us floe. 

From that daye forthe that ladye fayre . 

Lovde fyr Cauline the knighte : 
From that daye forthe he only joyde 

Whan fhee was in his fight. 

Yea and oftentimes they mette 

Within a fayre arbdure. 
Where they in love and fweet daliilunce 

Fail manye a pleafaunt houre. 

Pakt run Second. 

EVER YE white will have its blackc. 
And everye fweete its fowre r 
This founde the ladye Chriftabelle 
In an untimely howre. 

For fo it befelie as fyr CauRne 

Was with that ladye faire. 
The. kinge her father walked forthe 

To take the evenyng aire ? 



And into the arboure as he went 

To reft his wearye feet, lo 

He found his daughter and fyr Caulme 

There fette in daliaunce fweet. 

The kinge hce fterted forthe, I-wys, 

And an angrye man was hee : 
Nowe, tray toure, thou (halt hange or drawe^ 1 5 

And rewe fhall thy ladie. 

Then forthe fyr Cauline he was ledde. 

And throwne in dungeon deepe : 
And the ladye into a towre fo hye. 

There left to wayle and weepc, 20 

The queene (he was fyr Caulines friend. 

And to the kinge fayd fhee : 
1 ppaye you fave fyr Caulines life. 

And let him banifht bee. 

Now, dame, that traitor ihal be fent 25 

Acrofs the fait fea fome : 
But here I will make thee a band. 
If ever he come within this land, 

A foule deathe is his doome. 

All woe-begone was that gentil knight 30 

To parte from his ladye ; 



And many a tm>€ hp figb«4 few. 

And cad a wiftfulk pye : 
Faire Chriftabell^, fmMP t)ice tp pw^^ 

Farrc lever ^j^jl J 4yf . jj | 

Faire Chriftalidle, ijiat Udy^ llrigbt. 

Was had forthe of the toiyrc j 
^t ever ikee dropp^th ia her minde. 
As nipt by an unge^tli^ l^nde 

Doth fome faire lillye flowre. 

And ever fhee doth lament aad w^^fit 

To tint her lover foe : 
Syr Cauline, Aoii little think'ft pa agicfj 

But I will dill be true. 

Manye a kingc, And laaoyc 9 dafcp, 4J 

And lords of high di^oee. 
Did fue to that fayre ladye of Ipyp | 

But never fhee wolde them nee. 

When manye a day w^ p^ft and gOi|e^ 

Ne comforts flue^coWjfefiiad^, 5^ 

The kynge pi:oclai9H4 » tovf^^eamitnt. 
The cheere his 4d«i^bt((r$ mind : 

And thene came iwfds, mi A<JW«WIC A»rgH«?# 
Fro manye a fa];|:e ^qp^n^e. 



To break JiTpere for thsyrb4jf^)ov9 55 

Before that fake Udye, 

And many a tadye dcre W9s icttf 

Is purple and m paUe : 
But faire Qm^i^bdk ioe voe^bq;ott^ 

WasthefayrefiofdimalU to 

Then maoyt a k«%&te was mdsk of migkt 

Before his ladye gaye ; 
Bat a bmgK wi^»t» who^i tto wua ka^wc^ 

He wan <he pme ische d?yc* 

His aaon it waa all of bUcke,. 6$ 

His hewberke, and h|s fliecld^ 
Ne noe man wift whence he did come^ 
Ne noe man kacwe where he did gone^ 

Whan they cane out d^ kcUc. 

And now Aree days were preftlye pafl; ?• 

In feates of chivahye. 
When k> upon the fourth momingt 

A ibrrowfulle %ht they 69. 

A hugye giaunt fiiffe and ftarke» 

AU foule of limbe and lere y 75 

"^wo gosling eyen like ^re /ardei;^ 

A mouthe froia esanc to eai:e^ 


Before him came a dwarfFe full lowe. 

That waited on his knee* 
And at his backe Rve heads he bare, 

Aljl wan and pale of blee. 

Sir* quoth the dwarfFe* and louted lowe. 

Behold that hend Soldain ! 
Behold thefe heads I beare with me ! 

They are kings which he hath (lain. 

' The Eldridge knight is his owne coasine* 

Whom a knight of thine hath Ihent : 
And hee is come to avenge his wrong* 
And to thee* all thy knightes among. 
Defiance here hath fent. 

But yette he will appeafe his wrath 
Thy daughters love to winne : 

And but thou yeelde him that fayre mayd* 
Thy halls and towers muft brenne. 

Thy head* fyr king* muft goe with mee ; 

Or elfe thy daughter deere ; 
Or elfe within thefe lifts foe broad 

Thou muft finde him a peere. 

The king he turned him round aboute* 
And in his heart was woe : 

A K D B A L L A D S. 4$ 

Is there never a knighte of my round table. 
This matter will undergoe ? 

Is there never a knighte amongft yee all 
Will fight for my daughter and mee ? 

Whoever will fight yon grimme folding 105 

Right fair his m^ede ihall bee^ 

For hee Ihall have my broad lay-lands. 

And of my crown© be heyre ; 
And he ihall winne faire Ckrillabelle 

To be his wedded fere. ito 

Bot tvtry knighte of his rdund table 

Did ftand both ftill and pale ; 
For whenever they lookt on the grim foldaB> 

It made their hearts to quail. 

All woe-begone was that fayre ladye» 1 1 j 

When ihe fawe no helpe was nye : 
She caft her thought on her owne true-love, , 

And the teares guiht from her eye, 

tip then fterte the ftrangef knighte, 

Sayd, Ladye, be not affirayd : iao 

He fight for thee with this grimme foldin, 

Thonghe he be unmacklye made* 

Vol. HI. 1 And 


And if thon wilt lend me the Eldridge fwordCf 

That lyeth within thy bawre, 
I trufte in Chrifte for to flay this fiendo la 

Thoughe he be fiifi* in ibwre. ' 

- Goe fetch him downe the Eldridge fworde. 
The kinge he cryde, with fpeede : 
Nowe heaven ailifl thee, courteous knighte ; 
My daughter is thy meede. i j< 

The gyaunt he fleppe4 in^o the Efts, 

And fayd, Awaye, awaye : 
I fweare, as I am the hend foldan. 

Thou letteft me here all daye. 

Then fbrthe the ftranger knight he came 13] 


In his blacke armoure dight : 
The ladye fighed a gentle fighe, 

«< That this were my true knighte I'* 

And nowe the gyaunt and knighte be mett 
Within the lifts foe broad ; i^ 

And now with fwordes foe fharpe of fteele. 
They gan to lay on load* 

The foldan ftrucke the knighte a ftroke. 

That made him reele afyde ; 
Then woe-begone was that fayre ladye, I4J 

And thrice Ihe deeply fighde. 




*rhe fol^fn fbvdce a fecond ftroke, 

That made th^ Uoode to Howe : 
All p^e ^d wan wai that ladye fayre^ 

And thrice Qit wept for woe. i jo 

Tta fiMan firucke a third fell Rftikt^ 
Which brought the knigkte on his knee : 

Sad forj^ofw pkfced that ladyea hean> 
AndJhfi fhxiekt loud flueikings three* 

The ki^i^tt he leapt ttpdn his feete, 155 

All recklefle pf the pain : 
Quoth hee» Bat heav^ be now my ^peedc» 



He grafped his fworde with mayne and mighte. 
And Tpyii^ a fccie^te part, 1 60 

He drave ^t into the foldan^s fydd. 
And piexcod him to the heart. 

Then all the people gave a fhoute. 

Whan ^1^ iawe the fddan falle : 
The ladye wept^ and thanked Chrift, 165 

That had refliewed her from thrall. 

And nowe the kinge with all his barons 

Role tfppe from ofe his feate. 
And downe he ftepped intd the l^s 

That curteous knighte to greete. 170 

£ 2 But 


Bat he for payne and lacke of blonde 

Was fallea intd a fwounde, 
And there all walterbge in his gore> 

Laye lifelefle on the grounde. 

Come dowhe^ c6nie d6wne» toy dkughtet deare 

Thou art a leeche of ikille ; 
Farre lever had I lofe halfe my londes^ 

Than this good knighte iholde ipille* 

Downe then fteppeth that &yre hdyi. 

To helpe him if ihe maye$ 
But when Ihe did his beavere raiie. 
It is my life, my lord, Ihe fayes. 

And ihriekte and fwoond awa}qiii 

Sir Cluline jufte lifte up his eyes 

When he Jieard his ladye crye» 
O ladye, I am thine owne uue lavei 

For thee I wifht to dye- 
Then giving her one partinge looke^ 

He clofed his eyes in deathe. 
Ere Chriftabelle, that ladye niiUe^ 

Begane to drawe her breathe* 

But when ihe,foond her comeljre knightf 
Indeed was dead and gone» 

AN D B ALL A D S. 53 

Sliee layde her pale cold cheeke to his. 
And thos ibe made her moane. 2991 

ftaye, my deare and onlye lord> 

For mec thy f^lthfulle feere j^ 
Tis meet that I (hold followe thee. 

Who haft bought my love foe deare< 

Then fayntinge in a deadlye fwoune, aoo 

And with a deepe-fette fighe, 
That burfle her gentle hearte in twayne, 

fayre Chriftabelle did (Jye. 




AScoTTisH Ballad, 
From a MS. copy tranfmitted frm Scotland. 

OU H Y dois zbur brand fae drap wi' bluid, 
Edward, Edward? 
Q^y dois 2our brand fae drap wi' bluid f 
And quhy fae fad gang zee, O ? 
0, I hae killed my hauke fae guid, 5 

Mither, mithcrs 
B 3 O, I 


O, I hae killsd m7 kivkb fUguia^ < : /• 

And I had nae mair- bW: lRe;>(X' '^^ ^ ^ 

Zour haukis bluid was nevir fae reid ; ; ^ 

Edward, Edward/ 1<> 

Zour haukis bluid was nevir fae rejd ; . . 

My deir fon I tell thee, O. 
O, I hac killed my reid-roan fteid, . 
^^' Mither, mither: 

O, I hae killed my Ireid-roan fteid, ' , IJ 

That erft was fae fair apd frie, 0. 

4^our Held was auld, and ze hae gat mair, 

Edward, Edward : 
Zour fleid was auld, and ze hae gat mair. 

Sum other dule ze drie, O. 9Q 

O, I hae killed my fadir deir, 

Mither, mi^cr,: 
O, I hae killed my Fadir deir' 

Alas ! and wae is mee, 01 

And quhattcn penance wul ze drie for that ? z^ 

. Edward, Edward. 
And quhatten penance will ze drie for that ? 

My d^ir fon, now tell me, O.; 
lie fet my feit in zonder boat, 

; Mither, mithcT;: |^ 



He fet my feit in zondtr boaf; 

And He fare ovir the fea, O. 

And qukat wul ze doe wi' zour towirs and zoor lia% 

Edward, Edward? 
And quhat wul zc doe wi' zour towirs and zour ha*, 35 

That were fae fair to fee, O ? 
He let thame ftand tul they doun fa', 

Mither, mither: 
He let thame Hand tul they doun fa'. 

For here nevir inair maun I bee, O. 40 

And quhat wul ze leive to zour bairns and zour wife, 

Edward, Edward? 
And quhat wul ze leive to zour bairns and zour wife, 

Quhan ze gang ovir the fea, O ? 
The warldis room, late them beg thrae life, 45 

Mither, mither: 
The warldis room, Iqt them beg thrae life. 
For thame nevir mair wul I fee, O. 

And quhat wul ze leive to zour ain mither deir, 

Edward, Edward: 50 

And quhat wul ze leive to zoqr ain mither deir. 
My deir fon, now tell mee, O, 

The curfc of hell frae me fall ze bcir, 

Mither, mither: 

E4 The 


The curie of hdl frae me fldi ze beir, |^ 

Sic coimfeiis te gave to me, O. 


This §U Romantic Legend, ("which is preferred in the 
-Editor's folio MS) hears marks of great antiquity, and 
perhaps ought to heme taken place rf any in this *volume. 
It Jhould feem to ha've heen tjoritten 'while a great part of 
Spain ivas in the hands of the Saracens or Moors : fwhofe 
empire there *was not fully extinguijbed before the year 1 49 1. 
The Mahometans are fpoken of inn/. 49, He. juft in the 
fame terms as in all other old romances. The author of the 
ancient Legpid of Sm Bevis, reprefents his hero upon all OC' 
tafions, breathing out defiance againft 

** J^ahound a^d f^rmagaunte J ;" 

And fo full of %eal for his religion, as to return the following 
polite meffage to a Paynim king^s fair daughter, nvbo h^ 
fallen in love loith him, a^d fent tnjuo San^cen knights to in^ 
vite him to her hoiver, 

<< J nvyll net ones ftirre off this grounde, 
«« Tofpeake with an heathen hounde. 
** Vnchriften houndes, I rede you fie, 
«* Or lyourharte bloudjhallfe f." 

Indeed they return the compliment hy calling him elfwhere 
** J chrifien hounde *.** 

X See at the end <f tins ballad. Note t+t 
t Sign. C. tj. b. • Sign. C.j. b. 


A N D B A L L A D S. .57 

This nvas conformable to the real manners of the larBarotfs 
ages : perhaps the fame excufe *wsli barMy ferve our bard for 
tbifituations innvbicb be bos placed fame of bis royal perfon" 
ties. That ayoutbfulmonarcbfiould take a journey into another 
kingdom to *vifit bis miftrefs itfcog. nvas apiece of gallantry pa^ 
railed in o^r ^«iv^ Charles /. iu( that king 4^Tand Jbould b§ 
found lolling or leaning at bis gate fV'SS'J ^^y ^^ thought 
perchance a little out ofcbara^er. An4yet the great painter 
of manners, Homer , did not think it inconfiftent ^with decorum 
to reprefent a king of tbeTapbians rearing bimfelf at t^e 
late ofUlyJfes to inquire for that monarch , ^when be touched 
ot Ithaca as be nvas taking a voyage nuith afl?ip*s cargo of 
iron to difpofe in traffic J. So little ought ive to Judge ofan* 
dent manners by our oivn. 

Before I conclude this article y I cannot help ohfer^ving that 
the reader ivill fee in this ballad, the chara£ier of the old 
ninjirelsy {thofe fuccejfors of the bards) raifed much higher 
than be basyet obferved it || .• here be ivill fee one of them re^ 
frefenied mounte4 ono^fne horfe, accompanied ivith an at» 
tendant to bear bis harp after him, andtojing the poems of 
his compofing. Here he luill fee him mixing in the compar^ 
ff kings ivitbout ceremony : no mean proof of the great anti^ 
iuitj of this poem. The farther nve carry our inquiries hack^ 
the greater refpeS tve find paid to the profej/hrs of poetry and 
f^Jic among all the Celtic and Gothic nations. Their cha^ 
raSer nvas deemed Jo /acred, that under its fanBion our fa-- 
90US king Alfred made no fcrupk to enter the D.anijb camp, 
^ found no dijfficulty to gain admittance to the king*s bead^ 
quarters *. Our poet has fug^efted the fame expedient to the 
ifroes of this ballad. All thehiftories of the North are full of 

a,' 105. J See n/ol, z, p^ 163. 

• Evenfo late as the time ofFroiJfart, nve find minflrets and 
heralds mentioned together, us thofe ivko might fecurefy go into oh 

f^'s country. Caf. c^l. 

5? A N C I E N T S O N G S 

the great reverence paid to that order of men. Harold HoT' 
faxy a celebrated king of Norway , nvas toont to feat tbtm 
at bis table abcve all the officers of bis court : and <wt find 
another Norwegian king placing jlve of them by his fide in a 
day of battle 9 that they mi^t be eye^ntiitneffes of the great tX" 
floits they wuere to celebrate f.— — ^/ to Eftmere's riding int^ 
the ball nubile the kings 'were at table^ this tvas ujualin tk 
ages of chi*valry ; and even to thii day tvefee a relic of this 
cuftom ftill kept upy in the champion^s riding into Weftminfier 
ball during the coronation dinner. 

H Barken to me, gentlemen. 
Come and you fhall heare ; 
He tell you of two of the boldeft brethren. 
That ever born y-were. 

The tone of them was Adler yonge, J 

The tother was kyng Eftmere ; 
The were as bolde men in their deedesj 

As any were farr and neare. 

As they were drinking ale and wine 

Within kyng Eftmeres halle : 10 

Whan will ye marry a wyfe, brother, 

A wyfe to gladd us all ? 

Then befpake him kyng Eftmere,, 
And anfwered him haftilee : 


t Uallet^ Introd. a VHtf. de Dannemarc^p. 240. BartbM 
4nti^. Dan. p, 17^. 


I kttmt not ikat ladye In any lande» 15 

That is able ♦ to marry witii mce, 

Kyng Adland hatha4afigfctef, brother. 

Men call her bright and fheene ; 
If I were kyng here in yoar ftead. 

That ladye ftwsidd be ^lieene. zq 

Sayes, Reade me, reade me, deare brother. 

Throughout merrye England, 
Where we Blight find a meffcngcr 

Betweene^u^ t#o to fehde. 

Sayes, You fhal ryde yourfelfe, brother, jj 

lie beare you compance ; 
Many throughe feh mcflengers are deceivde. 

And I fearc left foe ihold wee. 

Thus the reniflit thcrtito ryde 

Of twoe good reniflit fteedes, 30 

And when Aey came to kyng Adlands halle. 

Of red golde flione their weedes. 

And whan the came to kyng Adlands halle 

Before the goodlye yate, 
Ther they ibund good kyng Adland 35 

Rearing hinrfelfe theratt. 

♦ He means, ft, fuitable. 

ho A N C I E N T S D N OS 

Nowe Chrift thee fave, goodkyng Adlands 

Nowc Chrift thee fave and fee. . 
Sayd, jrou be welcome, kyng Eibnere, 

Righ( hartilye li^to mee, 40 

• •'■<• 
Yon have a daughter, fayd Adier yoiigey 

Men call her bright and (heeni?. 
My brother wold marrye her to his wiffe, 

Of ]^glande to bee queene. 

Yefterdaye was at my deare daughter 45 

Syr Bremor the kyng ofSp^yrusi^^ 
And then fliee nicked him of naye, 

I feare iheele do yotte the {anie. .. ; . 

The kyng of Spayne is a foule paymm> 

And 'leeveth on M^hound ^ 
And pitye it were that fayre lady^ 

Shold marrye 9 h^tjuea liQU^d. 

But grant to me, fayes kyng £ihnere» 

For my love I you praye. 
That I may fee your daughter dearc JJ 

Before I goe hence awaye. 

Althoughe itt is feven yeare and moie 

Syth my daughter was in halle, 
Shce fhall come downe once for your fake 

To glad my gueftes all. ^ 

AN t) B A L L A £) g. 6i 

I)owne then came that mayden fayre. 

With ladyes lacede in pall. 
And halfe a hondred of bolde knightes^ 

To bring her from bowre to hall ; 
And eke as manye gentle fquieits, 6f 

To waiie npon thein all. 

The talents of golde, were on her head fette, 

Hange lowe downe to her knee ; 
And everyc Tyxige on her finalle finger. 

Shone of the chryftall free. jo 

Sayes,. Chrift yon fave, my deare madame $ 

Saycs, Chrift you fave and fee. 
Sayes, You be welcome, ky&g Eftm'ere, 

Right welcome unto mee. 

And iff yon love me, as you faye, 75 

So well and hardlee. 
All that ever you are comen about 

Soone iped now itt may bee. 

Then befpake her father deare : 

My daughter, I faye naye ; So 

Remember well the kyng of Spaync, 

What he (ayd yefterdaye. 

He wold pull downe my halles and caftles, 
And reave me of my lyfe : 


And ever I fcare that paynim kyxxg^ 
Iff I reave him of hit wyfc. 

Your caftlcs and your towrea, .Ta^l^er> 

Are ftronglye built aboutc ; 
And therefore of that faule payniDii 

Wee neede not ftande in doubte. 

Plyght me your troA» nowe» kyng Eibnerc, 

By heaven ^Lod your righte hand,. 
That you will marrye mc to your wyfe> 

And make me queene of your land. 

Then kyng Eftmere he plyght his troth 

By heaven and his righte hand> 
That he wold marrye her to his wyfc, 

And make her queene of his land. I 

And he tooke leave of that ladye fayre^ 
To goe to his owne countree, lOO 

To fetche him dukes and lordes and, kmghtes^ 
That marryed the might bee. 

They had not ridden fcant a mylci 

A myle forthe of the towne. 
But in did come the kyng of Spayn^fj 1^5 

With kcmpes many a one. 



Bat in did come the kyng of Spayne, 

With manye a grimme bardne. 
Tone day to marrye kyng Adlands daughter 

Tother daye to carry e her home. 1 10 

Then fhee fent after kyng Eftmcrc 

In all the fpede might bee. 
That he muft either returne and fighte, 

Or goe home and loie his ladye. 

One whyle then the page he went, 1 ij 

Another whyle he ranne ; 
Till he had oretaken kyng Eflmere 

I-wiS) he never blanne. 

Tydmges, tydinges, kyngEftmerel 

What tydinges nowe, myboye? 11% 

tydinges I can tell to you> 

That will you fore annoye. 

You had not ridden fi:ant a myle, 

A myle out of the towne. 
Bat in did come the kyng of Spayne 12$ 

With kempes many a one : 

Bat in did come the kyng of Spayne 

With manye a grimme bar^ne. 
Tone daye to marrye king Adlands daughter, 

Tother daye to carry e her home. 130 


6i Aj^CIEi^TSOi^GB 

That ladyc fayre fhe greetes you well. 

And ever-more well by mee : 
You muft either tume againe and fightc, 

Or goe home and lofe your ladye* 

Sayes, Reade me, reade me, dearc brother, ' 

My reade ihall ryde f at thee, 
Whiche w^ye we beft ihiy turhe aiid fighte^ 

To fave this fayre ladye. 

"Now hearken to me, fayes Adler yonge> 
And your reade muft rife f at nie^ ^ 

I iquicklye wiD deviie a way^ 
To fctte thy ladyc fre6. 

My mother was a wefteme Womaiii 

And learned in gramarye *, 
And when I learned at the fihole, i^ 

Something fhee taught itt mee. 

^There groweth an hearbe within this fidde^ 

And iff it were but known(^> 
His color, which is whyte ahd r^dd, 

Itt will make blacke and browne : 15 

His color, which is browne and blacke, 
Itt will make redd and whyte ; 

1 1 A* ^ Sii^ tbi tnd (if this haSad, Noii %?. 


A W b B A L L A D S. €5 

*riiat fworde is not in all Englande, 
Upon his cbSLte will byte. 

And you ihal be a harper, brother, 15; 

Out of the north countree ; 
And lie be your boye, fo faine of iighte. 

To beare your harpe by your knee. 

And you (hall be the beft harper. 

That ever tooke harpe in hand ; 160 

And I will be the beft finger. 

That ever fung in this land. 

Itt fhal be written in our forheads 

All and in gramarye. 
That wetowe are the boldeft men, 165 

That are in all Chriftentye. 

Aad thus they Teniiht them to ryde. 

On towe good renifh fteedes ; 
And whan they came to king Adlands hall, 

Of redd gold ihone their weedes. 1 ^<^ 

And whan the came to kyng Adlands hall 

Untill the fayre hall yate. 
There they found a proud porter 

Rearing himfelfe theratt. 

Vol. III. F Sayes, 


Saycs, Chrift thcc (ave, thou prond poxtSr : 

Sayes, Chrift thee dve and fee. 
Nowe you be welcome, fay4 the porter, 
^ . Of what la^d fpever ye bee. 

We been harpers, fayd Adler yonge^ 
Come out of the northe countree ; 

We beene come hither untill this place, 
This proud weddinge for to fee. 

Sayd, And your color were white and redd. 

As it is blacke and browne, 
lid faye king Efbnere and his brother 

Were compn untill this towne. 

^ Then they pulled out a ryng of gold, 
Layd itt on the porters arme : 
And ever we will thee, proud porter^ 
Thow wilt (aye us no harme» 

« Sore he looked on kyng Eftmere, 
And fore he handled the ryng. 
Then opened to them the feyre hall yates. 
He lett for no kind'of thyng. 

Kyng Eflmere he light off his fteede 

Up att the fayre hall board ; 
The frothe, that came from his brydle bitte^ 

Light on kyng Brj^mors beard. 



Sayes, 8ubk ckoa fteede, choa proud harper, 
Goe ftable him in the ftalle 1^ 200 

Itt doth not befeeme a proud harper 
To liable him in a kyngs halle. 

My ladd he is ib lither, he fayd^ 

He will do noa^t that's meete ; 
And aye that I cold but find the man^ 105 

Were able him to beate. 

Thou fpes^ft proud wordts, fayd the Paynim kyng, 

Thou harper here to mee ; 
There is a man within this halle. 

That will beate thy lad and thee. 210 

lett that man come downe, he fayd^ 

A fight of him wolde I fee ; 
And whan hee hath beaten well my ladd. 

Then he fliali beate of mee. 

Downe then came the kemperye man, 215 

And looked him in the eare ; 
For all the golde, diat was under heaven^ 

He diirft not neigh him neare. 

And how nowe, kempe, fayd the kyng of Spayne, 
And how what aileth thfee ? 226 

He fayes, Itt is written in his forhead 
All and in gramarye, 

F 2 That 


That for all the gold that is under heaven, 
I dare not neigh him nye, 

t Xyng Eflmere then pulled forth his harpe» z z 

And playd theron fo fweete : 
Upftarte the ladye from the kynge. 
As hee fate at the meate. 

Nowe flay thy harpe, thou proud harper. 

Now ftay thy harpe, I fay ; 23 

For an thou playefl as thou beginheft, 
Thou'lt till my bride awaye. 

He ftrucke upon his harpe agayne. 

And playd both fayre and free ; 
The ladye was fo pleafde theratt, 2 j 

She laught loud laughters three. 

Nowe fell me thy harpe, fayd the kyng of Spayne^ 

Thy harpe and ftryngs eche one. 
And as many gold nobles thou (halt have. 

As there be ftryngs thereon, 2^ 

And what wold ye doe with my harpe, he fayd. 

Iff I did fell it yee ? 
To playe my wiffe and me a fit t. 

When abed together we be©. 


4l i.>i jur J3 A JL^ i^ /i iJ cT. 6^ 

Now fell mc, fy kyng, thy brydc foe gay, 245 

As fhee fitts raced in pall. 
And as many gold nobles I will give. 

As there be rings in the hall. 

And what wold ye doe with my bryde fo gay, 
IfFIdidfellheryee? 250 

More feemelye it is for her fayre bodye 
To lye by mee than thee. 

Hee played agayne both loud and fhrille. 

And Adler he did fyng, 
" O ladye, this is thy owne true love; 255 

** Noe harper but a kyng. 

" O ladye, this is thy owne true love, 

*' As playnlye thou mayeft fee ; 
*' And lie rid thee of that foule paynim^ 

" Who partes thy love and thee.** 260 

The ladye louked, the ladye blufhte. 

And blufhte and lookt agayne. 
While Adler he hath drawne his brande. 

And hath iir Bremor flayne« 

Up then rofe the kemperye men, 265 

And loud they gan to crye : 
Ah ! traytors, yee have flayne our kyng. 

And therefore yee (hall dye. 

F 3 Kyng 


Kyng Efbncre thrcwc the harp« afydet 
And fwith he drew his brand* 27Q 

And Efhnere he, and Adier yonge 
Right ftiiFe in ftour can ftand. ^ 

And aye their fwordes foe fore can byte, 

Throughe help of gramaryc. 
That foone they have flayne the kcmpery men, 275. 

Or forft them forth to flee. 

Kyng Eftmere tpoke that fayre ladye. 

And marryed her to his wyfe. 
And brought her home to merrye Engird ^ 

With her to leade his lyfe. 280 

%• The nxjord Gr a marts occurs fetveral times in the 
foregoing poem^ and every <where /cents to Jignify Magic or 
fome kind of fupernattfral fcience* I knonu not nvhence to de- 
rive if, unlefs it he from the njoord Grammar •* in thofe 
dark and ignorant ages nuhen it 'was thought a high degree of 
learning to be able to read andtjorite ; he nuho had made a 
little farther progrefs in literature might nuell pafs for a con^ 
jurer or magician, ' 

t+t Termagaunt {f, 56.) is the name given intheold 
Romances to the God of the Saracens. Thus in the Legend of * 
Syr Guy the Soudan (SuUan)f'wears, 

** So heipe me Mahowneofmightj 

" And Termagaunt my Gtid/o bright.*^ 

Sign, P, iij. h. 

This Ivor d is derived by the very learned Editor of Junius^ 

from the Anglo-Saxon Tyji Very, and CDajan Mighty, 

After the times of the Crufades, ^^Z/^Mahound andTn^' 
Id AG AUNT made their conjlant appearance in the Pageants 


und nUpous EnUrludes of the harbmr^ni ^gi* l in mibicb 
they fwifi fxbihited noitb gefiuresfo furious andfrantk^ as f 
hectimfn^erbiaL Thus Skelton fpeaks rfWolfty^ 

" Lyh Mahound in a flay^ 

** iVtf man dare him «witb/aye.^* 

Ed, 1736. /. 158* 

And Bale in bis A^s ofEnglifh Votaries^ pt, zd, fays^* 
** Grennyng like Termagauntes in a play,^^ — Hence ijoe may 
conceive the force of Hamlet* s exprejlon in Shakejpeare, nvbere 
condemning a ranting player he fays^ ** / could ba<Pefuch a 
*^ fellow luhiptfor ore-doing Termagant; // out-^erod'^s 
" Herod,** ^. 3 , yJ". 3 . By degrees the ivord came to he ap* 
plied to any outrageous turbulent perfon f , and at lajf to a 'vio- 
lent braivling ivoman only ; and this the rather as, Ifup- 
po/e, the ancient figure ^Termagant ivas reprefentedt 
tfter the Eaftern mode^ tvitb long robes drpiiticoatSi 

t So Mr. Jobnf in his Dia, 



A Scottish Ballad, 

— ti gi*ven from two MS copies tranfmittedfrom Scot- 
land, In *wbat age the hero of this ballad lived, or ivhen 
this fatal expedition happened tkat proved fo deJiruSiive to the 
Scots nobles, I have not been able to drfcvver ; yet am of opi- 
nion that their catajtropbe is not Ahoge$her nmthomt founda- 
tion in hifiory, though it has efcaped my refearches. In the 
infancy of navigation, fuch ds ufed the northern feas, nvere 
very liable to Jhipfwreck in the nuintry months : hence a lanu 
was enaSedin the reign of James the III, (alaiu ivhich 
was frequently repeated afterwards) *' 7 hat there be na 
^* fchif frauchted out of the realm *with ony Jiaple gudes,fra 
" the feaft of Simons day and Jude, unto the feaft of the 
*^ purtfication our Lady called Candelmefs** jam, IIL 
Park a, Cb. 15. 

F 4 In 


In feme modern copies ^ inftead of Patrick Spence hath been 
ftthftituted the name of Sir Andrem) Wood^ a famous Scottijb ' 
admiral tuhojlourijhedin the time of our Edtv. IV, but tubofe 
fory hath nothing in common nuith this of the ballad. As 
Woodijuas 4he moft noted nuarrior of Scotland ^ it is probable 
ihat like the Theban Hercules y he hath engrojfed the renown 
of other heroes. 

TH E king fits in Dumferling toune. 
Drinking the blude-reid wine ; 
O quhar will I get guid faildr. 
To fail this fchip of mine ? 

Up and fpak an eldern knicht, j 

Sat at the kings richt kne : 
Sir Patrick Spence is the beft fail^r. 

That fails upon the fe. 

The king has written a braid letter. 

And iignd it wi' his hand ; lo 

And fent it to fir Patrick Spence, 

Was walking on the fand. 

The ^x^ line that Sir Patrick red, 

A loud lauch lauched he : 
The next line that Sir Patrick red, ij 

The teir blinded his ce. 

O quha is this has don this deid. 

This ill deid don to me ; 
To fend me out this time o*the zeir. 

To fail upon the fe ? 20 



Mak hafte, mak hade, my mirry men all> 

Oar guid fchip fails the mome. 
fay pa (ae, my mailer dcir. 

For I feir a deadlie florme^ 

Late late yeftreen I iaw the new moone zj 

Wi' the auld moone in hir arme ; 
And I feir, I feir, my deir mailer. 

That we will cum to harme. 

our Scots nobles wer richt laith 

To weet their cork-heild fhoone ; 99 

Bot lang pwre a' the play wer playd, 

Thair hats t^ey fwam aboone, 

lang, lang, may thair ladies iit 

Wi* thair fans into their hand. 
Or eir they fe Sir Patrick Spence 35 

Cum failing to the land. 

lang, lang, may the ladies iland 

Wi' thair gold kems in their hair. 
Waiting for thair ain deir lords. 

For they'll fe ithame na mair, 

Have owre, have owr to Aberdour, 

It's fiftie fadom deip : 
And thair lies guid Sir Patrick Spenc«, 

Wi' the Scots lords at his feit. 





The Header has here a ballad of Robin Hood (from the 
Editor'' s folio MS) nvhich «was ne'ver before printedy andcar^ 
ries marks of much greater antiquity than any of the common 
popular fongs on tbisfubjeSl* 

The fe-verity of thofe tyrannical foref "laws ^ that nvere /«- 
troduced by our Norman kings y and the great temptation of 
breaking them by fuch as li^ved near the royal foreftsy at a 
time wohen the yeomanry of this kingdom nnere e^efy where 
trained up to the long-bow y and excelled all other nations in 
the art of Jhocting, muft confiantly ha've occafioned great 
numbers of outlaws y and efpecially of fuch as nuere the hejt 
markfmen, Thefe naturally fled to the woods for Jheltery 
and forming into troops y endea'voured by their numbers to 
prote£i themf elves from the dreadful penalties of their dilin^ 
quency. The ancient punijhment for killing the king^s deefp 
nvas lofsofeyes and caftration : a punijhment far worfe tham 
death. This will eafely account for the troops of banditti^ 
which formerly lurked in the royal fareftsy and from their fit" 
perior Jkill in archery and knowledge of all the recejjfes of thofe 
unfrequented folitudesy found it no difficult matter to refifi 9r 
elude the civil potver. 

Among all thefe y none ever njoas more famous than theherP 
of this ballad : the heads of whofe (lory y as colleBedby Stow 9 
are briefly thefe* 

" In this time [about the year 1 190, in the reign of^^' 

** chard 1*1 were many robbers ^ and out law es^ among the 

'2 ** oyi/Vi' 

A N D B A L L A D S. 75 

I " *ivhich Robert HooJ^ and Little John^ renonxmed theeves, 
" continued in fw^ods^ diJ^vyUng and robbing the goods of 
I " the rich. They killed none but fuch as nvoula invade 
*' tbm, or by refiftancefor their onun defence, 

** The faide Robert intertained an hundred tall men and 
*^ ^otd archers nvithfuch fpoiles and thefts as he gotf upon 
" vtbalifour hundred (tbere they never Jo firong) durfi not 
" pve the onfet^ Hefuffered no tvoman to be opprej/ed, vio^ 
" lateJy or othemuife molefted : poore mens goods he fpared^ 
** doundantlie relieving them vnith that, vjhich by theft he 
" f «/ from abbeys and the houfes of rich carles : 'ivhom 
" Maior (the hiftorian) blamftb for his rapine and theft ^ 
" hut of all theeves he affirmeth him to be the prince and the 
** moft gentle theefeJ*' Annals ^ p. 159, 

The perfonal courage of this celebrated outlaid, hisjkillin 
archery ^ his humanity 9 and efpeci ally his levelling principle of 
taking from the rich and giving to the poor ^ have in all ages 
rendered him the favourite of the common people : vjho not 
content to celebrate his memory hy innumerable fongs andflo" 
riesy have ere3ed him into the dignity of an earL Indeed 
it is not impofflhle^ hut our hero, to gain the more refpeSfrcm 
his followers f or they to derive the more credit to their pro^ 
ffffim, may have given rife to fuch a report themfelves : for 
yjtjind it recorded in an epitaph ^ ivhich a late antiquary 
frettnds vuas formerly legible on his tomhfione near the nunnery j 
•fKiri'lees in Torkjhirey vehere he is f aid to have been bled 
todioth by a treacherous nun to ivhom he applied for phle» 

I^ear un^erncati M Tairt Unn 
Jai3 rofccrt carlof i^untingtun 

nea eccir lier 05 t)ie fae 0etiti 

an pipi i^auTd tm rolbin j^u^ 

fjcfc utlattJj kii ijt an 15 men 

Vil ^n0fant> nibir fi a0f «• 
ciiit 24 ftaU ticTicmlijijtf, 1247. 

^ttThorefhy's Ducat. Leod, p. ^-j^, Biog, Brit, VL 3933- 


// mufl he confejfed this epitaph is/u/picious^ hecaufe int)>A 
fnoft ancient poems on Robin Hoody there is no mention or hist I 
tfthis imaginary earldom. He is exprejly afferted to hievi 1 
leen a yeoman * in a 'very old legend in ver/e preferred in tU 
arcbi<ves of the public library at Cambridge \ in tt^ht 
I^YTTES or parts i printed in black letter quarto^ thus in- 
fer ibed « C tim tegpntutfi alpteH sefte of fiioipn ^(e fttil I 
'* W meyne an^ of tiie ptou^ i ^etpfe of l^ottpngfiatii**' ^ht \ 
Jirft lines are^ 

** Lythe and lyften^ gentylmen, 
♦• That be offre bore blode : 
* < IJhallyou tell of a good Y E M A N, 
•* His name nvas Robin hode, 

** Robyn tvas a proude out lawe, 
** Whiles he ^walked on grounde \ 
•* So curteyfe an outla^we as he luas oMf 
•• Was nenjer none y founded** &c. 

7he printer'' s colophon is " € Explicit Klngi Edwarit 
** and Robyn hode and lytell Johanm Enprented at London in 
" Fleteflrete at thefygne of the font by Wynkyn de WordeP 
^^>-^In Mr, Garrick^s Colle&ion % is a different edition oftU 
fame poem •« € Imprinted at London upon the thre Grant 
*' nvharfe by Wylliam Copland y*' containing a little dramatic 
piece on the fubjeQ of Robin Hood and the Friar ^ not fiwd 
in the former copy called " % netoe plap for to iepT«p«l»in 
'' iRaseirasne^tierppUfaunte antifunofyafftme* C (•)>*' 

• ^ee alfi the following haUad^ v, 147 • t i^««r. />. 5. «• 
} Old Flays j^io. K. *vol, le. 


A N D B A L L A D S. 77 

IT THAN ihales beene Guxne, and fhraddes full f^yrtf 

Vy And leaves both large and longe* 
Itt^s merrye walkyng in the fayre forreik 

To heare the fmall birdes ibnge. 

I The woodweete fang, and wold not cea(e» f 

Sitting upon the fpraye, ' 
Soe lowde he wakend Robin Hood, 
In the greenwood where be lay. 

Now by £aye» fidd jollye Robin, 

A fweaven I had this night ; |# 

I dreamt me of tow wighty yemen. 

That faft with me can fight» 

Methoaght they did me beate and bind^. 

And tooke my bowe me froe ; 
IffI be Robin alive in this lande, t j* 

He be wroken on them towe, 

Sweavens are fwift, fayd lyttle J6hn, 

As the wind blowes over the hill ; 
For iff itt be never fo loude this night. 

To morrow it may be HilL 10 

falke yee/ bowne yee, ray merry men ^l. 

And John (hall goe with mee. 
For He goe feeke yond wighty yeomen. 

In greenwood, where they bee. 



Then they caft on thcyr gown^s of grene. 
And tooke tkeyr bowes ech one ; 

And they away to the greeae £otxi& 
A ihooting forth are gone ; 

Untill they came to the merry greenwood, 
Where they had gladdeft to bee^ 

There they were ware of a wight yeom^» 
That leaned agaynft a tree. 

A fword and a dagger he wore by hift fide. 

Of manye a man the bane. 
And he was clad in his capaii hyde 

Topp and tayll and mayae. 

Stand flilly mailer, quoth litle Johii> 

Under this tree fo grene. 
And I will go to yond wight yeoman 

To know what he doth mezAc 

Ah! John, by me thou fetteft noe ftor9> 

And that I farley finde : 
How often fend I my men befo»y 

And tarry my (elfe behind^ ? 

It is no cunning a knave to ken. 
And a man but heare him fpeake ; 

And it were not for burfting 6f my bowc, 
John, I thy head wold breake. 


A N D B A L L A D & 79 

As often wordes they breeden bale. 

So they parted Robin and John ; 50 

And John Is gone to Barnefdale : , 

The gates f he knoweth ech^ one, 

Bot when iie c^me to Barnefdale* 

Great heavinefle there hee hadd. 
For he found tow of his owne felldwPs $5 

Were flaine both in a (hide* 

And Scarlette he was flyinge a-foote 

Faft over ilocke and flone. 
For the proud fheriiFe with f^ven fcore men 

Faft after him is gone, 60 

One ihoote now I will ihoote, quoth Johit' 

With ChriA his might and mayne ; 
He make yond fheriffe that wends foe faft* 

To flopp he ihall be fayne. 

Then John bent up his long bende^bowe, 6§ 

And fetteled him to ihoote : 
The bow was made of tender boughe. 

And fell downe at his fbote. 

Woe worth, woe worth thee, wicked wood. 

That ever thou grew on a tree ; 70 

For now this day thou art my bale. 
My boote when thou flipld bee. 

i' i, e, paffeSf paths y riJinp* 


His (hootc it was but loofely ihott. 
Yet flewe not the arrowe in vainc. 

For itt mett one of the fherriffes men. 
And William a Trent was flaine. 

It had bene better of William a Trent 
To have bene abed with forrowe. 

Than to be that day in the green wood ilade 
To meet with Little Johns arrowe. 

But as it is faid, when men be mett 

Fyve can doe more than three. 
The fheriffe hath uken little John, 

And bound him fall to a tree. 

Thou (halt be drawcn by dale and downc. 

And hanged hye on a hill. 
But thou mayft fayle of thy purpofe, quoth Johi 


Lett us leave talking of little John, 

And thinke of Robin Hood, 
How he is gone to the wight yeoman. 

Where under the leaves he flood. 

Good morrowe, good fellowe, fayd Robin fo fay 
** Good morrowe, good fellow quo* hee :** 

Methinkes by this bowe thou bear^ in thy hande 
A good archere thou (holdH bee. 


I am wilfulle of my waye, quo* the yemau. 

And of my morning tydc. 
He lead thee through the wood, fayd Robin } 

Good fellow. He be thy guide. i06 

I feeke an outliwe, the ftraunger fayd. 

Men call him Robin Hood ; 
Kather lid meet with that proud outl^we 

Than fortye pound foe good. 

Now come with me, thou wighty yeman, lOj 

And Robin thou foone fhalt fee : 
But fird let us fome paitime find 

Under the greenwood tree. 

Firft let us fome mafterye make 

Among the woods fo even, no 

We may chance to meete with Robin Hood 

Here iat fome unfett fteven. 

They cuttthcm down two fummer ihroggs. 

That grew both under a breere, 
And iett them threefcore rood in twa'ne i ic 

To ftioote the prickes y«^fere. 

Lcade on^ goo! fellowe, quodl Robin Hood^ 

Leade on, X do bidd thee. 
Nay by my faith, good fellowc, hce fayd. 

My leader thou (halt bee. * lao 

Vol. HI. G Tk# 


The £r& time Robin (hot at the p^icke. 

He mift but an inch it fro : 
The yeoman he was an archer good. 

But he cold never do foe* 

The fecdnd fhoote had the wightye yeman. 

He fliot within the garland : 
But Robin he fliott &r better than hee. 

For he clave the good pricke wande. 

A bleffing upon thy heart,, he fayd ; 

Good fellowcy thy fhooting is goode ; 
For an thy hart be as good as thy hand. 

Thou wert better than Robin Hoode. 

Now tell me thy name/ good fellowe, fayd h 

Under the leaves of lyne. 
Nay by my faith, quoth bolde Robin, 

Till thou have told me thine. 

I dwell by dale and downe, quoth hee» 
And Robin to take Ime fwome, 
^ ' And when I am called by my right name 
I am Guy of good Gifborne. 

My dwelling Is in tliis wood^/fiiyes Rol>in» 

By thee I fet right fought ; 
I am Robin Hood of Barn^Oale, 
^ .» Whom thou fo long haft fought. 


He that had neyther beene kithe nor kisy 145 

Might have feen a fall fayre Gg^t, 
To fee how together theie yeomen went 

With blades both browne and bright. 

To fee how thefe yeomen together they fought 
Two howrefi of a fammera day : ' 150 ' 

Yett neither Robin Hood nor fir Gny 
Them fettled to fiye away. 

Kobin was reachles on a roote. 

And ftumbled at that tyde ; 
And Guy was qokke and nimble with^all^ 155 

And hitt him apon the fyde. 

Ah deere Ladye» fayd Robin Hoode tho. 

That art but mother and may', 
I think it was never roans deftinye 

To dye belbfe his day. 160 

Robin thoa^t on oar ladye deere^ 

And foone leapt np againe. 
And ftrait he came with a < backward' ftroke. 

And he fir Guy hath flayne. 

He tooke fir Guys head by die hayre^ 165 

And ftuckejt Qpon his bowes end : 
Thou halb beene a traytor all thy life. 

Which thing inuft have an end. 

G 2 Robin 

Fer, 163. awkwiurdCf MS. 


Robin pulled forth a»i Irlfh knife^ 

And nicked fir Guy in the face, ijo | 

That he was never on woman bora. 

Cold know whofe head it was. 

Sayesy Lye there, lyc there, now fir Guy^ 

And with me be not wrotke ; 
Iff thou have had the worft ftrokes at my hand, 175 

Thou (halt have the better clothe* 

Robin did off his gownc of grecne. 

And on Sir Guy did throwe. 
And hee put on that capuU hyde. 

That cladd him topp to toe. ^^ 

Thybowe, thyarrowes, and Ktlc home, 

Mow widi me I will beare ; 
For I will away to Bamefdale, 

To fee how my men doe fare. 

Robin Hood fett Guyes home to his mofitb> '^ 

And a loud blaft in it did blow. 
That beheafd the (heriffe of Nottingham, 

As he leaned under a lowe. 

Hearken, hearken, fayd the (heriffe, 

I heare nowe tydings good, ^^ 

For ypnder I heare fir Guyes home blowy 

And he hath flaine Robin Hoode* . 



ITonder I heare fir Guyes borne bIowe« 

Itt blowes foe well in tyde« 
And yonder comes that wigbtye yeoman, 1 9 j 

Cladd in his capoll hyde. 

tomt hyther» come hytber, thou good fir Guy, 

Aflce what thoa wilt of mee* 
1,will none of thy gold, iayd Robin^ 

Nor I will none of thy fee : aoo 

ivt now I have flatne the mafter, he fayes, 

Let me goe ftrike the knave. 
For this is all the meede I aike. 

None other rewarde I'le have. 


Thou art a madman, fayd the fheriffe, 205 

Thou iholdil have had a knightes fee : 

But feeing thy aiking hath beene foe bad. 
Well granted it ihal bee. 

When Little John heard his matter fpeake. 

Well knewe he it was his fteven : 2 10 

Now ihall I be loofet, quoth Little John, 
With Chrift his might in heaven, 

Faft Robin hee hyed him to Little John, 

He thought to loofe him blive ; 
The iherifie and all his companye 215 

Faft after him can drive. 

C 3 Stand 


Stand abacke, ftand abacke, fzjd Robift $ 

Why draw you inee fo iieere ? 
ttt was never the ufe in (mr conntryi. 

Ones fhrift another fhold hc^ere, 22c: 

Btit Robin polled forth an Iryfh knife. 

And lofed John hand and foote. 
And gave him iir Guyes bowe into ids hand* 

And bade it be his boate. 

Then John he tooke Guyes bowe in his hand, 22j 

His boltes and arrowes eche one : 
men the fheriie law Litde John liend hit bow. 

He fettled hia to be gone. 

Towards his hoafe in Nottingham townr» 

He fled fill] fidl away ; 230 

And foe did all t&e companye ; 
Not one behind wold it$f. 

But he coM neidier mnne $x fkft^ 

Nor away foe h& cold ryde. 
But Little John widi an «rrowe foe btoad,^ 235 

He &ott Urn into the * backo'-fyde. , 

%• The Title ofSiK was not/ffrmerfypecnUar fo KmgifSf 
it woj gs5uen t^ PrkftSf mmljmetimet to vmy iwferior per" 




Tin ReaJir has here a fpecimen of the defcripti've ponvers 
«/* Stephen Hawes, a celebrated poet in the reign of Hen. 
yiL tbo* now little knoiAjn* It is extracted from an alle- 
i^rical poem of his {writ fen in 1 505.) intitled, " The 
•* Hifi, of Graunde Amoure ^ La Belle Puceii called the 
" 'Pdace of Pleafure, ^c." 4/fl. 1555. See more of Hawes 
inAth, Ox,*v. I. p. 6. and1Varton*s Ohfern), v. 2./. 105. 

The follofwing Stanzas are taken from Chap. Ill, ** Honv 
** ^me departed from Graunde Amour and left him ivith 
*^ Ge^ernaunce and Grace^ and boiu he went to the Tower 
*' o/DoSlrine,** — As we are able to gi^e no fmall lyric piece 
'!fli(eojes*St the Reader luillexcufe the infer t ion of this extraSim 

ILoked about and fawe a craggy roche, 
Farrc in the weft neare to the element. 
And as I dyd then unto it approche. 
Upon the toppe I fawe refulgent 
Thcroyall tower of Morall Document, j 

Made of fine copper with turrets faire and hye, 
^hich againft Phebus ihone fo marveyloufly, 

'T^at for the very perfe£l brightenefs 

What of the tower, ahd of the cleare funne, 
* could nothyng behold the goodlinefs to 

Of that palaice, whereas. Dodirine did wonne ; 

Till at the laft, with myftie wynde^i donne, 
The radiant brightnefs of golden Phebus 
Aufter gan cover with clowde tene^roui^ 

Vqi. iu, g 4 Them 


Then to the tower I drew nere and nere. 
And often mufed of the great hyghncs 

Of the craggy roche, which quadrant did appere : 
Bat the fayi'e tower, (fo much of rycWcs • 
Was all about,) fexanglcd doubtelefs 5 
^ Gargeyld with grayhounds, atui with mahy lyon«, 

Made of fyne golde, with divers fiirid'ry dragons. 

The little turrett with ymages of goldc 
About was fet, whicli with the wyndc aye inovec 

With proper vices, that! did well beholde 
About the towrc : in fundry wyfe th^ hoved 
Witli goodly pypes, ia their moiithes ituned. 

That with the wbde they pyped a daunce 

I clipped Amour de la hault ple/aunce. 

The toure; was great of marvcylotfs. wydncs^ 
Ta which ther was no way to paiTc but btfc, , 

Into the toure for to hkve an intres : 
A grcce ther was ychyfeled all of &xmb 
Out of the rocke, on whyche men did gone 
-Up to the toufe, .and in lykewyfe did I 

Wyth both the Grayhoundes in my company f : 

Till that I came unto a ryall gate^ 
Wher I fawe ftondynge the goedly Portrcs, 

Whych exed me from whence I came alate ; . 
To whom I gan in every thinge expreffc 
All myne adventure, chaunce, and bUfindfi;, 

And eke my name; i tolde her every dell : 

W^Sen fhe hard this fhc lyked me full well. . 

t TIAs alludes to a former part of the Poem* 




Her name, fhe fayd, was called Countenaunci; 
Into the bafe courte flie dyd me then lede. 

Where was a fountayne depured of pleafaunce, 45 
A noble fprynge, a riall conduyte hede. 
Made of fyne golde enameled with reed ; 

And on the tpppe four dragons blcwe and ftoutc ■ 

The dulcet water in four parts dyd fpoate. 

Of whyche ther flowed foure rjrvers ryght clere, 5© 
Sweter than Nylusf or Ganges was ther odoure ; 

Tygres or Eufrates unto them no pere : 
I did than tafte th' aroxhktykc licout-e 
Fragrant of fume, and fwete as any flourc, 

^nd in my mouthe it had a marveylous fcent 55 

^divers fpyces, I knewc not what it ment. 

^*id after thys further forth me brought 

IHmc Conntenaunce into a goodlye Hall, 
'^^jaiper ftones it was wonderly wrought : 
The wyndotvcs clere depured all of cryflall, 60 

And in the roufe on hie over all 
^^gold was made a ryght crafty vyne, 
^'^ftede of grapes the rubies there did fliyne^ 

^he flora was paved with berall clarified. 

With pillars made of (lones pretious, 65 

^^ke a place of pleafure fo gayely glorified. 
It might be called a palace glorious. 
So much dele^ble and iblacious : « 

* he hall was hanged hye and circuler 
^ With clothe of arras in the richefl manner. 7* 

Vol. III. G 5 That 

t Nj/us. PC, 


That treated well of a ful noble ftory, 

Of the doutye waye to the Tower Perillous ; f 

Howe a lioble knyghte (hould winne the vidlory 
Of many a ferpent foule and odious. 

t Ti5# Stoyy oftU Potm. 



-^ // gt'venfrom a fragment in tie Editor's folio If. 

nvhichtho* extremely defeSfi've andmutilatedt appeared to h 
fo much merit y that it excited a ftrong dejire to attemf 
completion of the f cry. The Reader nvill eajily dif cover 
fupplemental fldnzas by th^§ir inferiority, and at the Ji 
time he inclined to pardon itt <when he conjtders honu dijl 
it mufl be to imitate ths i4tffe6fing Jimplicity and art 
Beauties of the original. 

Child fwas a title jh^metirnes gi'Ven to a knight. See Gi 

ON hill a^ 5$afi,le ftandes. 
With walles and twres bedigh t. 
And yonder livef the Chjild of Elle, 
A yoiwig and copiely kirighie. 

The Child oF Elle to ftis garden wente. 

And flood at his gntden ^ale. 
Whan, lo I he* beheld' fair Eminelines page 

Come trippihge dowhcf the dale. 

A N D B A L L A D S. 91 

Thfi Childe of EUe he hyed him thence, 
Y-wis he ftoode not ftille, 10 

And ibone he mette faire Emmelinef page 
Come climbing up the hille. 

N'^wc Chrifte thee fave, thou little foot*page» 

Now ChrilU thee fave and fee I 
Oh telle me how does thy ladye gayc, ij 

And what may thy tydinges bee i 

My lady ihee is all woe-begon^ 

And the f eares they folic from her eyae ; 

And aye ihee ||gients the deadlye feude 
Betweene her houfe and thine. 20 

And here ihee iends thee a filken icarfe 

Bedewde with m^iny a teare^ 
And bftddes thee ibmetin^es thinkc on hcr» 

Who loved thee Ui d^are. 

And here ihee lends thee a ring of gojde 25 

The lail boone diou mayfl havf^ 
Amd biddes thee weare it for her fake. 

Whan file is layde in grave. 

For ah ! her gentle heart is brokf » 

And in grave foone mn^ ihee bee, 30 

^th her father hath choie her a new new Iove> 

And forbidde her to thinke of thee. 



Her fathir hath brought her a carlifh knight^ M 

Sir John of the north countr^yey I* 

And within diree dayes fhee muft him wedde, 35 W 

Or he vowes he will her flaye. | T 

Now^ hyc thee backe, thou little foot-page. 

And greet thy ladye from mee. 
And telle het that I her owne true love 

Will dye, or fette her free. 4^ 

Now hye thee backe, thou little foot-page. 

And let thy fair ladye know 
This night will I bee at her bowre-wind^we. 

Betide me wealc or woe. 

The boye he tripped, the boye he ranne, 45 

He neither ftint ne ftayd 
Untill he came to faire Emmelines bowre. 

Whan kneeling downe he fayd, 

O ladye, Ive been with thy owA true love. 

And he greets thee well by mee ; 50 

This night will he bee at thy bowre-winddwe. 
And dye or fette thee free. 

Kowe daye was gone, and night was come. 

And all were fafl afleepe. 
All fave the ladye Emmeline, 55 

Who fate in her bowre t6 wccpe t 



And foonc ihee heard her true loves voice 

Lowe whifpering at the walle. 
Awake, awake, my deare lady^, 

Tis I thy true love call. 60 

Awake, awake, my ladye deare. 

Come, mount this fairepalfrilye: 
This ladder of ropes will lette thee downe, 

lie carrye thee hence awaye. 

Nowe nay, nowe nay, thou gentle knight^ 65 

Now nay, this may not bee ; 
For aye fliould I tint my maiden hme. 
If alone I ihould wend with thee. 

O ladye, thou with a knighte fo true 

Mayft fafelye wend alone, 70 

To my Jadye mother I will thee bringe. 

Where marriage ihall make us one. 


•* My father he is a baron bolde. 

Of lynage proude and hye ; 
And what would he faye if his daughter 75 

Awaye with a knight ihould fly ? 

Ah ! well I wot, he never would reft. 
Nor his meate ihould doe him no goode. 

Till he had flayne thee, Child of EUe, 

And feene thy deare hearts blooded* . 8a 

O ladye, 


ladye, wert thoa in thy (addle fette. 
And a little fpace him fro, 

1 would not care for thy cruel ^tber. 

Nor the wor^ that he could doe. 

ladye wert thou in thy (addle (ett^ 
And once without this walle, 

1 wonld not care for thy cruel father. 
Nor the worft that might befalle* 

Faire Emmellne fighde, fair Emmeline wept. 

And aye her heart was woe : 
At length he feizde her lilly.white hand>< 

And downe the ladder hee drewe : 

And thrice he claipde her to his brefle. 

And kifl her tenderlie : 
The teares that fell from her fidr eyes, 

Ranne lik^ the fbuntayne free* 

Hee mounted himfelfe on his fteede fo talle. 

And her on a faire palfraye. 
And flung his bugle about his necke^ 

And roandlye they rode awaye. 

All this beheard her owne damf^lle. 

In her bed whereas (hee ley. 
Quoth (hee. My lord (hall know« of this, 

boe I (hall have golde and fee* 



Awake, awake, thou baron bolde I 105 

Awake, my noble dame ! 
Your daughter is fledd^ with the Child of Elle, 

To doe the deede of (hame. 

The biron he woke, the baron he ro(e, 
And callde his merrye men all : 1 10 

" And come thou forth. Sir John the kni^hte. 
Thy ladye is carried to thrall.** 

Pair Emmeline fcant had ridden a mile^ 

A mile forth of the towne, 
Wkcn ftie was aware of her Withers men 115 

Come galloping over the downe : 

And foremoft came the carli(h knight^ 

Sir John of the north countraye ; 
'* Nowe flop, Aowe ftop^ thou faife traitdurc^ 

Nor carry that ladye awaye. i im 

For fhe is come of hye lynkgc. 

And was of a ladye borne. 
And ill it befeems thee a falfe chnrles fonae 

To carrye her hence to fcorne." 

Nowe loud tkovL lyeft. Sir John the knight, it; 

Nowe thou doeft lye of mee ; 
A knight mee gott, and a ladye me boxe, 

Soe never did none by thee. 

3 But 


But light nowc downc, my ladyc faire. 
Light downe, and hold my fteed. 

While I and this difcourteous knightc 
Doe trye this arduous deede. 

But light now downe, my deare ladye. 

Light downc, and hold my horfe ; 
While I and this difcourteous knight 
' Doe trye our valours force. 

Fair Emmeline iighde, fair Emmeline wept. 

And aye her heart was woe, 
While twixt her love, and the carli(h knight 

Pafl many a baleful blowe. 


The Child of Elle hee fought foe well. 
As his weapon he wavde amaine. 

That foohe he had flaine the carliih knight. 
And layde him upon the plaine. 

And nowe the baron, and all his men 
\ Full faft approached nye : 

Ah I what may ladye Emmeline doe ? 
Twere riowe no boote to flye. 

Her lover he put his home to his mouth. 
And blew both loud and ihriii,^ 

And foone he faw his owne inerry metf 
Come ry ding over the hill. 


AND B A L L A D S. 97 

** Nowe h6ld thy baad, thou bold bairdai 

I pray thee, hold thy hand. 
Nor nithlefs rend two gentle hearts^ 155 

Fail knit in true loves band. 

Thy daughter I have dearly lovde 

Full long and many a day. 
But with fuch love as holy kirke 

Hath freely e fayd wee may^ 1 60 

give confcnty fhee may be mine. 

And blefTe a faithfulle paire : 
My lands and livings are not fmall. 

My houfe and lynage faire : 

My mother fhc was an erles daughter, 165 

A noble knyght my fire— — 
The baron he frownde, and tuxnde away 

With mickle.dole and ire. 

Fair Emmeline fighde^ faire Emmeline wept. 
And did all tremblinge ftand : I70 

At lengthe fhe fprange upon her knee^ 
And held his lifted hand. 

Pardon, my lorde and father dcarc. 

This faire yong knyght and mee ; 
Truft me, but for thecarlifh knyght^ 175 

I ne'er had fled from thee. 
Vol. IIJ. H Oft 

^8 A I^ C I E N T SONGS 

Oft Kave you catlde your Eii^melihe 

Yoar darling and your joye ; 
O let not tben ybtir liiiriai tdblVes 

Your Emmeline deftroye. 

The baron fce fih>akt his dark-bh^ che^ke. 

And tumde his heade afyde 
To whipc awaye the ftarting tekrt. 

He proudly ftrave to hyde. 

In deepe i^btvinjg &otight lie ftoode. 

And mufde a lit'tle fpace ; 
Then raiide faire £mmeline from the gi^u'hd)?. 

With many ^ fdn^ embrace. 

Here tike her, child of EIIc, he iftyd. 

And gave her Mfiye hand. 
Here take my deare and only duld^ 

And with her half my land : 

Thy fkther once xnmfe honour wrongdc 

In dayes of youthful piride ; 
Do thOtt the injurye irepayre 

In fondneife for thy bride. 

And as thou lovelier, and hold her deai^e^ 
Heaven profpcr thee and thihc : 

And ncfwe my Iblefling wend wi* thee, 
My lovelye Emmeline. 

Anp BhhtAJ>$. » 

feP O M 0> O d^|t D O N* 


-r-W4i fVkaei at G^J^oWf iy Jl^hiert Mnd AnJrtvf 
f9i^t^ MDCCLF. 8 w. 1 2 4fMgef. — ^ We are indebted fwr 
itt tuiUeatiw (nmib msuty estjSr v^uaile things Jn fb^ 
dittoes J to Sir Oavid D^ryn^k Bart^ *who gave it om it 
^ittpr\fernred in the memory, tf a leuty^ that is now dead. 

the reader *will here find it improtjtdt and enlar^d wth 
hatred Jine JianKOSi recovered from a fragment of the fame 
^alJadf in the Editor's folio MS. It is remarkable that thi 
^ter is intituled C\,FTA%txA^Jk.yi'QjLVLK^9 and it in the 
^^Ujb idiom. But ^whether the author twos EnglUh or Scotch^ 
tht^fference originally ivas not great. TheEngJiJh Ballads are 
ttntrally of the North tf England y the Scottijh are of the South 
^f Stotlandf and of cot^qumce the country of Ballad-fsngers 
'^osfimetimesfubjeSl to one crown, andfometimes to the other ^ 
Wyw^ frequently to neither^ Moft of thefineft old Scotch 
fingi have thefcene laid within 20 miles of England i nvhich 
w in^ed all poetic ground, green hillsy remains of 'woods ^ 
^tiar brooks, ^be pajtoral fcenes remain : Of the rude chi^ 
'^^h of former ages happily nothing remains but the ruins 
tffbe caftlei^ vohere the more daring and fuccefsful robbers 
^fided^ The Cajile . of the Rhodes is fixed by tradition in the 
^^ghbourhood of Dunfe in Berixjickjhire. The Gordons *were 
"^ciently feated in the fame county. Whether this ballad 
^h any foundation in faSj uue have not been able to dif'^ 
'•^'r, // contains however hut toojuft a pi^ure of the vio* 
kncu pra&ifed in the feudal times all over Europe'. 

H 2 From 

Vjco A N C i fi S T S JI G S 

From the different titles of this ballad^ it Jhould fimtU 
the oldftrolling hards or minfirels (ixjho gained a livehM 
by reciting thefe poems) made no fcrvple of changing tht 
names of the perfonages they introduced^ to humour tbdr 
hearers. For infiance^ if a Gordon* s conduS <was hlamewsr- 
thy in the opinion of that age^ the obfequious minfrel VJOuUt 
muhen among Gordons ^ change the name to Car, *who/e ckn 
or fept lay further 'weft, and 'vice njerfd. In another vo- 
lume the reader luillfind afimilar in/Iance. See the fongof 
Gil Morris, the hero of luhich had different names ginm 
him, probably from the fame caufe. ' 

// may be proper to mention, that in the Englijh cofy^ in- 
ftead of the " Caftle of the Rhodes,'* it is the « Cafile of 
Bittons-borronv** (or ** Dia^ours-borroiv,* for it is vtrj 
ebfcurely ^written) and " Capt. Adam Carre^* is called tk 
** LotdofWeftmon-to'wn** Uniformity rtquired'tBat thed- 
ditional ft anscas fupplied from that copy jhould be clothed in ih 
Scottijh orthography ana idiom: this has therefore teen at' 
tempted, though perhaps imperfeSlly. 

IT fell about the Martinmas, 
Quhcii the wind blew fchril and cauld, 
Said Edom o' Gordon to his men, 
. We maun draw to a hauld. 

And quhat 9 hauld fall we draw to, 5 

My mirry men and me ? 
We wul gae to the houfe 0' the Rhodes^ . 

To fee that fair ladle. 

The lady ftude on hir caftle wa\ 

Beheld baith dale and down : '^ 

Th€i-e ihe was ware of a hoft of mea 

Cum ryding towards the toun. 


fee ze nat, my mirry men a* ? 

fee ze nat quhat I fee ? ■ 

Methinks I fee a hoft of men s ' ij 

1 mervcil quha they be. 

She weend it had -been Kir lovely lord. 

As he cam ryding hame $ 
It wa.s the traitor £ddm o' Gordon, 

Quha reckt nae fin nor ihame. 20 

She had nae iboner bd(kit hiriel. 

And putten on hif goun. 
Till Edom o' Gordon and his men 

Were round abont the toun. ' 

They had nae fboner fupper fett, * - 25 

Nae fooncr faid the grace, 
Till Edom o' Gordon and his men. 

Were light about the place. 

The lady ran up to hir towir head, 

Sa fall as fhe could drie, 30 

To fee if by hir fair fpeeches 

She could wi' him agree. 

But quhan he fee this lady faif. 

And hir yates all locked faft,' 
He fell i^ to a rage of wrath, 3^. 

And his hart was all aghaft. , , 

H3 Com 


Cum doun to m6> zeladyga^. 
Cum doftn, cuia dotd to ne : 

This night hUtl yp ^mthin mine annts, 
T9 morrow my brj4^ fall be. 

I winnae com doan; tt bit 'GoK^^ii* 

I winnae cum down to the^ ; 
I winnae foriake my ain dear loird^ 

That is fac ftr.frie mc. ^ 

Give bwre zour hdufci se lady ffi^t 
Give owre zour hquie t6 me» 

Qt I fall brenn ydOr^l thereinii 
Bot and zour babies ti^ree. 

I winnae give oWl^i se falfe Gorddn, 

To nac fik traitor as zee ; 
And if ze brenn my ain dear babes^ 

My lord fall make ze drie« 

But reach my piftcJ, Gliud, my man. 
And charge ze well my gvn : 

For, but if I piercie that bluidy butcher. 
My babes we been undone. 

She ftude upon hit ciiftle wa. 

And let twa bullets flee : 
She mill that bluidy butchers hart^ 

And only raz'd kU bipe. 

A H D B A L ^. A n S. ^oj 

Set fire to the hq^Ip^ qoo' £ils Gorddtii) 

All wood wi' 4ule and ire : 
Fals lady, ze iall rue tl^is ddd, 

AsfZe brenn in tl^e &n;. 

Wae worthy xjisfi yror^hi^e, J^c^vfjip^, 6; 

Ipaid ze weil zour ffe ; 
Qohy pow ze out th^ grpyi^^'Wf ^9^ 

Lrts in the reek to me ? 

And ein wae wor^ s^e, Joc^ my xnauii, 

I paid ze weil zpur h^re ^ 70 

Quhy pow ze out tjie grovLpii-yr% ftap?» 

To me lets in th^ fire I 

Ze paid me ^^il ipy hire, |a()y ; 

Ze paid me weil my fee : \^ 
But now Ime Edom o' pordons nf^n, 75 

Maun either doe or die. 

than beff)^ hir ^tf )e fpfn^ 
Sate 09 the nouri^e' l^qf : 

Sayes, Mith^r dear, gi owre t|us hqj^e. 
For the reek it %ii;)^ers ^. 80 

1 wad gie a' my gowd, my childe, 

S^ ws|d I a' my fee. 
For ane blaft o' the wedlin wind, 
To blaw the reck frae th^e, 

H 4 O the^ 


O then befpaik hir dochter dear. 
She was baith jimp and fma : 

O row me in a pair o* fheits. 
And tow me owre the wa. 

They rowd hir in a pair o' fheits. 

And towd hir Owre the Ava : 
But on the point of Gordons fpear^ 

She gat a deadly fa. 

bonnie bonnie was hir mouth, ' 
And cherry wer hir cheiks. 

And clear clear was hir zellow hair. 
Whereon the reid bluid dreips. 

Then wi* his fpear he turnd hir owre, 

^n hir face was wan ! ' 
He fayd, Ze are die firft that eir 

1 wiiht alive again. 

He turnd hir owre and owre again, 
O gin hir (kin was wiiyte ! 

1 might ha fpared that bonnie face ^ 
To hae been fiim mans delyte. 

r. 989 fo2» p gm, &c. a Scofti/b idiom I0 exprefs griat ai 

A N D B A L L A D S. 105 

Boflt and boun, my merry men a% 105 

For ill dooms I do guefs ; 
I cannae luik in that bonnie face, 

Afl it lyes on the grafs. 

Thame, luik a to freits, my mafter deir. 
Then freits wil follow thame : 1 10 

Let it neir be faid brave Edom o* Gordon 
Was daantcd by a dame. 

Butquhen the ladye (ce the fire 

Com flaming owre hir head. 
She wept and kift hir children twain, 1 1 j 

Sayd, Bairns, we been 6ut dead. 

The Gordon then his bougill blew. 

And faid, Awa\ awa^ ; 
This houfe o' the Rhodes is a' in flame, 

I hauld it time to ga'. 120 

then befpyed hir ain dear lord. 

As hee cana owre the lee ; 
He iied his caftle all in blaze 

Sa far as he could fee. 

•wV ^®9> '»0' Thame, &c. /. e. Tbem thai look after omens of 


i|od A Nq?E;N T 5 NO.S 

Then fair, Ofair h\$ i^i^i m^^v^ 

And all his hart ws^s wa^ : 
Put on, put on, v^Y wigljty men, 

Sa faft as ze can gae. 

Put on, put on, myvflghty men. 

So fail as ze can drie ; 
For he th^t is hindmoft of the thrang. 

Sail neir get guid o' m^. 

Than fnm they rade, and f^ii^ they r^q^ 

Fou fail oiit-owr^ the b^ii( ; 
But eir the fqtrex^pft could g^t up^ 

Baith lady ^4 l^bes w^c l>i^t.. 

He wrang hj? Ik^ih h« rpnt his hw» 

And wept in teenefu' 9^ai4 : 
O traitorsy for tliis crqel deid 

Ze fall weip teirs o' b}ui4« 

And after the Qordon h|e is g^9, 

^ fait as he inic|it 4n^ S 
And foon i' the Qprdpn's fei;il lmU% Moidi 

He's wroken his de«r la^k* 




if it was prof fifed to gifve fpedmens of the comf$fi$lm |f 
^fi of our ancient poets ^ the reader has here an Elegy of 
Skelton's ; yet as this is feme little deviation from our 
/^, fwe chufe to throw it to the end of the First fiooK» 
^mgb e*vidently 'written before fome of the preceding, 

^hifkhjeH of this poem is the death a/* Kenry Percy^ 
f^vmh earl of Northumherland., nuhofell ft vi^im to fhe avO" 
^ce tf Henry VIL In 1489 the parliament had granted the 
^ng a fuh/idy for carrying on the uoar in Bretagne. This 
'<* was found fo heavy in the Norths thut thfi ^wbole coun^ 
^fy was in a flame. The E» of Ncrthumherlandy then lord 
lieutenant for Yorkjhire^ lurote to inform the king of the dif- 
content f and praying an abatement » But nothing is Jo unre- 
hiiag as avarice : the king vsrote hack that not a pentfy 
huU be abated. This meffage beir^ delivered by the earl 
imtb too little caution, the populace rofe, andfuppofing him f 
^ tbe promoter of their calamity ^ broke into his houfe and 
Murdered him vjith feveral of his attendants : «tvho yet are 
"charged by Skelton 'with being backnswrd in their duty 0^ 
^bi$ occafion. This melancho^ event happened at the parPs 
^m at Cocklodge, near Tbirfke^ in Yorkfhire^ Afril i%* 1 489. 
^ee Lord B aeon* t^c. 




If the reader does not find much, poetical merit in this oli 
poem (-which yet is one ofSkeltons bejl) he nvill/ee ajlrikin^ 
pi^ure of the Ji ate and magnificence kept up by our ancient ni- 
hility during the feudal times. This great earl is dejcrihti 
here as halving among his menial fer*vants, knights, 
SQUiRESy ande'ven barons : fee ^u. 32. 183. ^c. Which 
ho^vjever different from modern manner St ivas not unufualwohh 
eur greater barons ^ nvhofe cafiles had all the fplendour and 
offices of a royal courts before the La^ws againfi Retai/urt 
abridged and limited the number of their attendants, 

John Skelton, 'who commonly fiyled himfelf Poet Lau- 
reate died June 21. 1529. The follonjuing poem, ^which ap- 
pears to have been ^written foon after the events is printed 
from an anctmt edition of his poems in bl. let. izmo, 1568.— 
// is addreffed to Henry fifth earl of Northumberlandt and 
is prefaced, i^c. in the follofwing manner : 

Poeta Skelton Laureatus libellum fuum metrice 

Ad (fominiim propcrato meum mea pagjna Percy, 

Qui Northumbrorum jura paterna gerit. 
Ad nutiim Celebris tu prona repone leonis, 

Qnaeque fuo patri triftia jufta • * ♦ 
. Aft ubi pcrlegit, dubiam fub mcnte volutet 

Fortunam, cun6la quae male fida rotat. 
Qpi leo fit felix, & Neftoris occiipet annos, 

Ad libitum cujus ipfe paratus ero. 

Stcelton Laureat upon the dolours dethe and much 
lamentable chaunce of the most honorable 


IWayle, I wepe, I fobbe, I figh ful fore 
The dedely fate, the dolefulle defteny 
Of hym that is gone, alas ! without reftore. 



Of the blottd f royall defcendidg ^(^Uy ; 

Whofe lordihyp doutles, was flayne lainenubly 5 
I ThoroW trefon again him compaiTed and wroaght ^ 
I Trevr to his prince, in wcffd, in dede> and thought. 

Of hevenly poems, O Clyo cdde by name 
. In the colegc of mufis goddefs hyfloriall^ 
Adres the to me, whiche am both halt I lame 10 

In eled uteraunce to nudce memoiyall : 
To the for ibaccoar, to the for helpe I ^all 
Mine homely nidnes and dryghnes to expeil 
Widi the folhe waters of Elyconys well. 

Of noble a£les aunciently enrolde, 15 

Of famous pryncis and lordes of aftate^. 

By thy report ar wont to be extold, 
Regeftringe trewly every formare date ; 
Of thy boantie after the ufuall rate, 

Kyndell in me fuche plenty of thy nobles, , 20 

Thefe forowfulle dites that I may ihew expres. 

la fefbns pad who hath herde or fene 
Of formar writyng by any prefidente 

That vilane haHarddis in their furious tene, 
Fuifylled with malice of froward entente, 25 

Confetered tOgeder of common concente 

Palfly to flee theyr moll finguler good lord i 

Itm^y be rcgiilredc of ihamefull recorde. 

jHevry^ firft E, pf Sortbumberland, ivas begotten of Mary 
^ghter to Henry £. qf Lanca/ier,fecond foa of K, HeatylJL'-^ 
fc 'Was alfo Unenlly defcaidedjrom Godfrey Duke of Brabant ^^on 
^ the Emperour LbarUmagne^ by Qerberga niece to Lotbar K, of 
^^e. See Cambden Brit. 



Sonbfaiefi«Mui9 fc tatomnt lord <aii4 dcnjrak^ 
fulfilled widi iiOAor, at all the irodd •toth iDob; j 

At Ms oonftamidetiieflt, whick iuid botk^yaiidByiglii 
X»f^h^es andlquyers, ^ ereiy ieiibii ^wiien 
He tralde upon them, as meniall hoUihold men: 

Were not tfaefe commons ttncinte^ ionrlii of kind 

To flo thdr own lord f t3od wad not in their tnynd. 3$ 

And were not they to blanej t lay «ifi>» 
Thtit weit aboute Imi liis JOwncictwatsft^ttaiiiL, 

To rafi>e ktei ^ayit of his mottdl fo f 
Fled away>fromKytn,^et kym )7iiiiiie:sdtft^ 
They bode not till the rekening were difcaft. 40 

What fiiuld I flatter ? what fhdd I gbfeor paintt 

Fy, fy fbrlhame, their hartes were to faints 

In England 4iid Fiutlnce, which gwtly was cnHtoated; 
Of whom both f^kumders and Scotland<ft<Mteiiulrede; 
^To whom freat dftates obeyed and lo«irted ; 4J 

Aniayny ^of rude idllayns nia^e hym^or 10 blede : 
Unkindly they flew him, that holp thein oft at nede: 
Ht was their bulwark^ their pav^s, and their waH^ 
YetihamfuUy they flew hym sthatfliamemot^diein1)efali 

•I by, ye oomoners^ ^r^y werye ^ ^ark mad i 50 
What firantyk frenfy fyll dnyour brayne f 

Where was yonr witand refon^ ye fliould -haird luid'? 
What wilful £iAy made yow to ryfe agayna 
Year 'natarall lord ? alas ! I oan «iot ^yne« 

Y^ armed you -with will, and leftyoar wit behynd j 5J 

Well may you he called colnones moft iuikynd. 


AN D fiALLAi)S. m 

Red)r to affift you in ereiy time df neck c 

Voor worfhyp 4^ii<ied of his exccUtnce : 
Alfts ! ye ftfad mmtki to &r ye did texcede : 60 

Yoir hip Was unhappy, to ill was your %ede : 

What ifi&V^ you agaijie Mm to war or to fyght ? 

What aykle ydu to <fle70ur lofifd agayn all r/ghc f 

The ground of his quarei Was for his fbvemin lord, 
Tke well cbhieerhlng of ail the hole laiKio^ 65 

Demandyng fuche duties tis nedes moft acord 
Totheright of his printe Which (ttofd nt>t be withiUuid; 
Forwhoie cafafe ye ilew him with your ovme hand : 

Bat had his nobte men done wel that day 

Ve had not lieeb aide io-have fayd hym nay. yc 

But thcr was fals pa^kmgy or els I im begylde ; 

Hbw he it the mater was evydeat and piayne, 
For if they had oiecnpied their fpere and. their Aiilde, 

lids fiobte man dontles had tiot bene flay ne. 

Bot-men fay they wer lynked with a double chaiae, 7^ 
And held with the cofflones trader a cloke. 
Which kindeled ^he wild fyr that made al ^s 'finoke. 

The commonslfenyed ther taxes to pay 

Of them demaunded and a&ed by the kynge ; 
With one voice importune, they plainly fayd nay : «o 
Theybdfkt th^di on a bulhment themrdfein baile to bring: 
'Agiyne.the kyngs plefiire to wrcftleor to wring. 
Bluntly as beftis with bofte and with crye 
They fiiyd, they foffed not, nor carede not to dy. 



The nobdnes of the north this valiant lord and kni^^ 
As man that was innocent of trechery or traine^ 

Prefed forth boldly to withftand tl^e myght. 

And, lyke marciall He6lor» be faught them agayi 
Vygoroufly upon them .with might and with mail 

Truftyng in noble men that were with him thert : 

But al they fled from hym for falfhode or fere< 

Barones, knyghtes^ {l[uiers and all^ 

Together with fervauntes of his famuly. 

Turned their backe^ and let their mafter fal. 
Of whome they coun^ted not a flye j 
Take up whofe wold for them, they let him ly« 

Alas ! his gold, his fee, his annual rent 

Upon fuche a fort was ille beilowd and fpefit* 

He was environd aboute on every fyde 

With his enemyes, that were flarke mad and wode] 

Yet while he ilode he gave them woundes wyde : 
Alas for ruth ! what thotighe his mynd were godi 
His corage manly, yet ther he flied his blodc ! 

Al left alone, alas ! he foughte in vayne ; 

For cruelly among them ther he was flayne. 

Alas for pite ! that Percy thus was fpylt 
The famous erle of Northumberland : 

Of knyghtly prowes the fword pomel and hyh. 
The myghty lyon doutted by fe and lande ! 
O dolorous chaunce of fortunes froward handel 

What man remembryng howe ihamfully he was flau 

from bitter weping himfelf can reilrain ? 

X O ( 

A N D B A L L A D S. 113 

cruell Mars, thoii dedly god of war I 
dolorous tcwifday, dedicate to thy name,* 

When thou ihokethy fworde fo noble a man to mar I 1 1$ 
ground ungracious, unhappy be thy fame, 
Whic|i wcrt end yed with rede bloud of the feme ! 

Moft noble erle ! O foule nkyfuryd ground 

Where on he gat his fiuall dedely wbunde 1 ( • ^ 

Atropos, of the fatall fyfters thre ^ : f ka 

Goddes n^oft cpud unto the lyfeof ihan, < 

All merciles in the is no pite ! . . . . ; : 

homicide, which fleeil all tiiat thou can, ' ^^ 

So forcibly upon this erld thour ran/ -^ 

That with thy fword enharpit of monall drede, i-^t 25 

Thou kit afonder his perfight vitaU thredd !^ > ^'^ 


Hj wordes unpullyflit be nakide and pl^ne, ' 
Of aureat poeins they waht el\\is)nyAynge.; 

fiat by them to knowlege ye may attayAe 
Ofthis lordesdethe and of his miirdrynge. . i 150 
Which whils he lyved had fuyfon of every thing, • i 

W knights, offquyent, ch)^f lord pftoare and towtte ' - 

Tjrl fykkell fortune began on hym t6 frowne. 

^aregall to dukes, with kynges he might cdmpafe, 
Surmountinge in honor all cries he did excedc, 135 

To all countries aboute hym reporte me I dare. ' - - 

Lyke to Eneas^ benigne in word^ and dede, ^ 

Valiant as Hefior in* every maridkH dede, 

prudent, difcrete, circ^friiped and wyfe^' ^ - '- 

Tyll the chaunce ranagaynehyto^of fbitunes duble dyfeJ 
Vol. 111. I . What 


What ncdetk me for to.extoll his fame 

With my rude pen cnkankered all with ruft ? 

^hofc noble aAcs fhow worfhiply his name, 
Tranfei^dyng * far' myne homply mufe, that mi 
Yet fomcwhat wright fupprifed with herty luft, 

Truly reportyiig his right noble cflate, 


Hit noble blodc never, deftayried was, 

Trew to his^ prince for to defend his ryght, 

Doblenefs hatyng, fals maters to compas,* 
Treytory and tr^fonhe banyihtoiitof/fy^ht, , 
With truth to m^dlft was al.his holldejygjit, 

J^$ ^11 his,countiiey.can.teilyfy the fame : 

To fie fuche a.lordCi alas* it v^as great ihame* 

If the hole qucjreof the mufis. nyne. 
In me all onely wipr f4t and .coniptyfed, 

Enbrethed with th^ blaft.of influeace devyne, 
y^s perfytly as could be thought or devifedj 
To .me alfo all thgugh it were promifod 

Of l9.ureat Phebu$ holy the eloquence, 

All were to ly^^lilbr hj^ magnificence. 

O yonge lyon, but tender yet of age# 
Qrow^and encreafe, remembre thyji^eftate^ 

God the aflyft^qnto tbyA herytage. 
And geve the grace <0 be more fortunate 
Agayn rebeliypnes acme ta make debate. 

And, as thely6nc^„whicheJiS.ofbe*fsJcyjige, 

Uttto thy fttbjeftj^ be curteis and benyagc*. -j 

A N D B A L L ADS. iij} 

I pray God {ende thie' profpefous 1 jrfeand' long. 

Stable thy lAyhde conftant to bc'and' faif, 1 7Q 

Ryght to mayntayh, and to refy ft all wronged 
Ail 'fliatteryng fay tors abhor and from the calfi 
Of foule detraftion God kepe the from* the blaft. 

Let double delyng in the have noplace. 

And be pot lyght of'credence in no tale, 175 

With hevy chare, with dolbrohs hart and mynd, 
Eche mkn may {brow in hi's Inward" thought. 

This lords d^ath, whofe pere is hard to fynd 
Al gife Englohd and Fraunce were thorow faught. 
Al kynges, all princes, al diikes, well thfey ought i8a 

Both temporall and (piritual for to cortiplayne 

This noble man, that crewelly waj flayne. 

More ipecially l)arons, and thofe loiygtes bold. 
And allcthisr gentilmen with'^him entert.yned 

In fee, as n^enyallmen ofhis houfoldj i8j 

Whom he as lord'worlh'yply miinteyned : 
To forowful weping .they ought to be confti-eined. 

As oft as they call to theyr remembraunce. 

Of ther good lord the fate and <iedely chaunce. 

Perlefe prince of hevcn eraperyall, 190 

That with one worde formed al thing j)f^oughtQ;., 

Hdven, hell, and'erthe obey uritp thy call'; 

Which to thy refemblance wonderfly haft wrought 
All mankyjid, whom thou full dere haft bought. 

With thy bloud precious our finaunce thou did pay 195 

And us redemed, from the fendys pray : 

I 2 To 

JI& A N C I E N T ' S O N G S 

To the pray we, as prince incomparable. 
As Aou art of mercy and pyte the well, 

Thou bring unto thy joye eterminable 

The (b^ll of this lorde from all daunger of hell. 
In endles blys with the to.byde and dwell 

In thy palace above the orient, 
• Where thou art lord, ^nd. God omnipotent. 

O quene pf mcrcy^ O lady full 0f grace, . 
Maydeii mofhpure, and goddes moder dere. 

To forowfal hartes chef comfort and /olace. 
Of ^11 women O flpwre without pere. 
Pray to thy fon above the fterris dere, '" \ j 

He to vouchefaf by thy mediacion 

To pardon thy fervant, and bringe to falvacion* 

In joy triumphaunt the hevenly yerarchy, . . 
With all the hole forte of that glorious place, 

Hi^ foull mot receyve into theyr company 

Thorow bounty of hym that formed all folace : 
Wclofpite, of mercy, and of grace. 

The father, die fonn, and the holy ghoft 

In Trinitate one Goiof myghts moile* 


iSi 4^ C ^ € « C 


B O O K II. 

Ballads that illustkatb shakespearb. 

Our great drtmatic pMt having teeafienatlj quoted maitf 

"titnt Jallads, and even taken the plot of one, if not mere, 

VUfplaytfrem among them, it luat judged proper to pre- 

I 3 /ervt 


ferve as many of thefe as could he recover ed^ and that they 
might be the more eajily founds to exhibit them in one colleBivi 
'vie'w. This Second Book/j therefore Jet apart for the 
reception offucb ballads af are quoted by Shakespeare, or 
contribute in any degree to illuftrate his writings : this being 
the principal point fn *t;/V<u;, the candid reader <will pardon 
the admiffion offome pieces^ that ha*ve no other kind of merit. 
The dejign of this BOOK J>eing of a Dramatic tendency, it 
ptay not be improperly introduced <with a feiu obferfvatimis 


fubjeSt, 'which thoiigh not unfuccefs fully handled by fe'verdl 
good writers already *, will yet perhaps admit offomefar- 
ther illuftration, 

'' - On 


It i$ wellkno^n that 4ramatic poetry \n this Mid mojt athpr 
nations of Europe onjoes its origin^ or at leaf its reofival^ to 
thofe religious Jhofws^ njuhich in the dark ages ivere ufuallyexhi' 
bitedon the morefolemnfefti'vals. At thofe times they tuere ivont 
to reprefent in the churches the li^ves and miracles of the faints^ 
or Jfime of the more important ftories of fcripture. And as 
the moft myJieriQ^sfubje^ nverefrequefftly (h^ei^y fuch as the 
Incarnationy Pafjiony and RefurreSlion ofChriJly &c, thefeeX' 
hi bit ions acquired the g£teral name «/*MysTERiES. Atfrjt 
they luere probably a kind of dumb JhewjSy intermingled, it may 
be^ fwith a fewj Jhort fpeeches \ at length they grenv into a 
regular feries of connected dialogues, formally di'vided into 
aSs and fcenes. Specimens of thefe in their moft im^ 
prqiucd fiaii (t£ivg at heft hut po$r artlefs eompofitions) 


» ^. Warhurton^s ^eAefp. vpl, 5. p, sjS-^Pr^f. t9 Do^'i 
Old fiays.-^Riccghmt's Acct» of Theat* of fyrop^» 


ii<5r hi feeH amoikg Dodfley^s Old Plays and in OJhorne*s 

H A R L E Y A N M I s CB L . Ho^ they luere exhibited in their 

"moft fimple fdrmy tve may learn from an ancient novel (often 

ftoted by bUr old dramatic poets *J intitled .... a tneret 

1tefl0famintJ«t\»a^Vane^»otoUJIa^t>^^- heingatranf 

hximfrom the Dutch language^ in ixjhich he is namedUleri' 

fpicgle, Ho*ivleglaSf ivhofe nuaggijh tricks are the fuhjeH of 

tbisbookf after many adventures comes to live ivith a priejt^ 

vjbo makes him his farijb-clark, This prieft is defcribed as 

keipitig a l^MAn or concubine ^ *ivho had but one eye, to 

nobm Noftvliglasov)eda grudge for revealing his rogueries io 

•his mafter. The ftory thus proceeds, . . . . " And than in 

" tUmedhefeafon, vjhile Hovjleglas vjeu paryjhe clarke, at 

** tajler they JhouM play the refurre3ion if our lorde : and 

*^fir becttkfe than the men vjer not learned, nor could not 

**fead, thefriiftfokehisleman, and put her in the grave fbr 

" OH Jiungifl: and this feing Hovuleglas, toke to hym iij of 

" thefyill^ft^erfins that «Mere in the towrie, that played 

** the iij Misttes ; dnd the Perfon [/. e. Parfon or Re^or] 

** fitted Chrifie, vjith a baner in his hand. Than f aide 

**IIofujlegkisto thej^niple perfons, tVhdn the Aungel ajketh 

**J9U, nvhofne you feke, you may fay e. The parfins lemon 

** ^ith one iye. Than it fottuned that the tyme ivas come 

** that they niufi playe, and the Angel aflted them vihom they 

**fiught, Oitd than fay d they, as Hovoleglas had Jhevkd and 

** htned tbeks hfore^ and than anfvsered they. We feke the 

*^ friefts le»ian <with one iye. And than the prieft e might 

*• heare thht he nvas motked And vihan the prieftes lemetn 

** h^d that, jhe arofe out of the grave, and vjould hai>e 

**Jnyren voithherfft Hovoleglas upon the cheke, but ftye miffed 

** mi dHdfmote one 6f the fimple perfons that ployed one of 

I 4 *Ube 

• Af> »if Jtfnpts Pbi/irjfirrj 'AB. 3. fi. 4. ^iM Hf yjaftpie of 

t Honbleglas isTaid In the Preface to have died izr M.cccc.l. 
^ the end of the mJi, in M.ccc.L. 


** the thre Maries ; and he ga*ve her another ; and thai 
•* toke Jhe him by the heare [hair\ ; and that /eing his fwyfe, 
*< came running hajiely to finite the prieftes leaman\ andthm 
** the friefi feeing this, cajle donvn hys haner and nxjent U 
** heipe his ivomanj fo that the one gawe the other fin 
*^ firokesy and made great noyfo in the cburche. And thoM 
** Hoixjleglas fiyng them lyinge together by the eares in tbt 
•* bodi cfihe churche^ %vcnt bis ivay out of the 'village^ and 
•* came no more there f .*' • 

As the old Myferies frequently required the reprefentafm 
ofjome allegorical perfonage^ fuch as Deaths Siny Charity^, 
Faith y and the like^ by degrees the rude poets of thofe unlet- 
tered ages began to form, compleat dramatic pieces confiftini 
intirely of fuch perfonifications . Thefe they intitled Moral 
Plays, cr Moralities. The Myfteries 'were *uery in- 
artificial, reprefenting the fcripture fiories fimply according H 
the letter. But the Moralities are not devoid of iwentien; 
they exhibit outlines of the dramatic art ; tht^ contain fom' 
thing of a fable or plot, and e*ven attempt to delineate charac- 
ters and manners, J ha^e now before me t*wo that -^tuert 
printed early in the reign of Henry Fill ; in <which I think 
one may plainly difcover the feeds of Tragedy and Conadj : 
for luhich reafon J Jhallgifve a Jhort analyfis of them both. 

One of them is intitled ^:^x^ S9^9Xi *• The fuhjeSl of tint 
piece is thefummoning ofman^ut of the 'world by death ; and 
its moral, that nothing ivill then a<vail him but a 'weli'fpent 
life and the comforts of religion. This fubjeS and mored art 
cpened in a monologue fpo ken by /^^ Messenger (for that 
Hvas the name generally gi'ven by our anceflors to the prologue 
on their rude Jlage :) then God J is reprefented^ ivio after 
fome general complaints on the degeneracy of mankind, calls fer 


1 4^« SImprpnteb • « • ibp H^pITfam Coplattb .- without date, in 

4/0. bU.Let, among Mr. Garnck's Old Plays. K. *voL 10. 

* See a farther account of this play in Vol. %, p, 104. J05. 
njtjhere infead of " Wynkyn de IVorde''' read Rycbarde Pynfon*'" 

J The fecond per/on of the Trinity feems to be meant* 


Bbth and orders him to bring before his tribunal Every- 
man-, forfo is called the- ferfonage nuho reprefents the human 
race. E v E R Y- M a N appears 9 and receives ti.efummons nuith 
all the marks of confujion and terror. When Death is nvitb* 
iranvn^ E'very-man applies for relief in this dijirefs /o Fel- 
lowship, Kindred, Goods or Riches^ but they Juc» 
afji^dy renounce andforfake him. In this difconfolate ftate 
ht betakes himfelf to Goqd-dedes, luho after upbraid^ 
kg him tuith his long negle£l of her f, introduces him to her 
//^Knowledge, and Jhe leads him to the ** holy man 
Confession" luho appoints him penance : this he inflict 
upn himfelf on the ft age ^ and then lAjithdrauos to recei've the 
Jacraments of the prieft. On his return he begins to ivax 
faint, and after Strength, Beauty, Discretion 
WFivE Wits* have all taken their final leante of him^ 
^adually expires on the ft age ; Good-dedes ftill accompanying 
Ifim to the laft. Then an Aungell defcends to fing his 
lequjem : and the epilogue is fpoken by a perfon^ called Doc- 
TOUR, 'zvi&o recapitulates the mfhole and delivers the morale 

" ^. This memoriall men may ha've in mynde^ 
" Te herersy take it of woorth old and yenge^ 
" Andforfake pry dcr for he difceyveth you in thende^ 
** Andremsmbre Beaute^ Fi've WiitSj Strength and Difcrecion^ 
** They all at laft do E'very^manforfake^ 
" Save his GorJ Dedes there dothe he take : 
^* But be^ware, for andtheybefmall, 
" Before God he hath no helpe at all." ^c. 

Trom this flyort analyfis it may be obfer*ved that ^grp jplAlt 
ii a grave fole?nn piece, not nvithoutfome rude atte hpts to ex* 
(ite terror and pity, and therefore may not improperly be re^ 
ferred to the clafs of tragedy. It is remarkable that in this 


t Thofe above 'mentioned are male ckaraMers. 

* i. e, the Five Senfes. Tljefe a*'e frequently exhibited upon the 
^fonijh jlage : (^fee Riccoboni p- 9 •,) but our moraliji has repre* 
Jmtcd them all by one j>erfinage* 


oUlJmpU drama thefakU is cenduSed ufonthe firiSeftmiA 
of the Greek tragedy. The oBion is fimply one^ the time of 
aSiion is that of the ferformance^ thefcene is never changed^ 
nor the fiage e<ver empty . Everyman the hero of the pita 
after his firft appearance tiiver nuithdra^wsy except njuhen be 
goes out to receive the facraments, njohich could not well be 
exhibited in tUblic ; and during his abfence Knowledge 
dif cants on the excellence and ponuer of the priefthoody fonU' 
nvhat after the manner of the Greek chorus. And indeed ex* 
eept in the circumftance of E'very-man* s expiring onthe Jlagif 
the Sampfon Agon, ofMihon is hardly formed on afewererpuau 
The other play is intitled^y^sj^mtitt * ^nd bears no £- 
ftant refemblance to comedy : its chief aim feems to be to «• 
hibit chara^ers and manners ^ its plot being much lefs regular 
than the foregoing. The prologue- is fpokin by Fit y reprt* 
fented under tbe charaSer vfan aged pilgrim^ he isjoynedbj 
CoNTBMPLACYaN ««</ PeHSEV-BRANCB /<14>0 hofy meiit 
ncho after lamenting the degeneracy of the age^ declare their 
rtfolution offtemming the torrent. Pity then is left upokthe 
/tagey and pre/ently found ^Frbwyll, reprefenting'O moi 
, debauchee^ luho ivith his diffohtte companion Im aginacioNi 
relate their manner of life^ and not ^without humour defcrik 
the ftews and other places ofbafe refort. They areprefenAj 
joined by Hick-scorner, ^who is drawuH as a libertine re- 
iurT(edfrom trantel^ and agreeably to his ndmefcojf^at religion* 
T'hefe three are defcribed as extremely vidous^ *a/ho glory ill 
every a8 ofvuickednefs : at length tv/o of them quarrel^ and 
Pity endeavours to part tbe fray : on this they fail upeli 
himy put him in theftocksy and there leave him. Pity then 
JifcUnts in it kind of lyric meafure on the profligacy of the agtf 
^ndin this fituation is found by P erf ever ance andContempUr 
leion, fwho Jet him at liberty ^ and advife him^ to go infearch 
^ the delinquents. As foon as he is gone Frevoill appear! 
tagain ; and, after relating in a very comic manner fome of hit 
rogueries and ef capes from jufici, is rebuked by the two he^ 


'* ^mprpntcb (p me IIDpnlhpn Oe fi^orte, no ddte^ in 4/9, bl Lef* 


0, after a long altercation^ at length convirt him 
Uherttne^companion Imaginacion from their vicious 
life : and then the play ends <with afnv verfesfrom 
mcehy *way of epilogue. This and e<very Morality I 
' amdude nuiih afolemn prayer. They are all of them 
; in a kind ifloofeJlansMt intermixed ijoith dijlichs* 
tdd he Tiendl^s to point out the abfurdities in thi 
d conduSi of the foregoing play< thiy ari evi^ 
'.at. It isfujflcient to obfer<ue<t that^ hating the mO" 
eligious reflexions of Pity, i^c the piece is of a cO" 
and contains a humorous difplay of fome 4f the *vices 
f. Indeed the author has generally been Jo little at- 

the -allegory y that fwe need only Juhftifute other 
his perfonagesy and ive hai;e real charaSers andlinf* 

r then that the ^writers if thefe Moralities fweri upon 
threjhold of real Tragedy and Cometfy ; ^mdrberMfon 
ot to nxjonder that Tragedies and Comedies inform 
r took place f tfpecially as the re*w*ual of learning 
s time brought them acquainted nmth the Roman and 

hat period of time the Myfteries and Moralities had 
e it is difficult to difco<ver. Holy plays t^r^enting 
des and Jujferings of the faints appear to ha<ve been 
y in the reign of Henry II, and a lighter fort of Inter* 
re not then unknown *. In Chaucer* s Time ** Plays 

" '/ 

HtZ'fte^hens'^s defirtption of London, preferred by Stoiv, 

1 pro fpeftaculis Hieatralibus, pro ludis fcenicis, ludos 
fliores, reprefenUtiones miracuJorum, &c. He is thought 
vritten in the R. of Hen, JL and to ba*ue died in that of 

It is true at the end of bis book 'we find mentioned Hen- 
sjcm tcrtium j hut as it comes in bet-ween the names of the 
Maud and Thomas Beckett it is probably a miflake of fome 
effor Henricum regem \\, as it might he ^written in MS, 
iffage in his Chap. De Religionc, itfbouldfeem that the 
'/. Thomas Becket wasjufl then a ne*w acquiftion to the 


** of Miracles'^ 'were the common re/or t of idle goj/tps X* ^m 
njuards the latter end of Henry the Filth's reign Merabm 
Kvere fo common, that John Raft eh hrother-in-law ic Jtfl 
Thomas More, conceived a dcjtgn of making them the*Qtyii\ 
offctence and natural philofophy. With this *uienjj he fuh\\pd\ 
* C % neV0 mterluDe cnb « met? of tbe nature of tjieiil 
tTement^ beclarpngemanp p;q^erpoint^ of pliglofoplip naturally I 
«nd of dpVec^ ftraunge fandp^. * ^c. It is ohjermabU tbd j 
the poet Jpeaks of the dijcovery of America as then recent; 

m ** TFithin this xxyere 

*< IVeftivarde hefounde nenv landes 

'* That ijue never hardt tell of before this,^ He. 

The Weft Indies nvere dif covered hy Columbus in \ifft$ 
'which fixes the ^writing of this play to about I 5 1 o . Theplej 
efff\iii*lht9vntt 'was probably fome*what more ancient^ asbt 
ft Hi more imperfeHly alludes to the American difcoveries^ «• 
der the name of*^ the Nevoefounde Ilonde^* ftgn. A. vij* 

It appears from the prologue of the play of The FourlSk' 
mentsy that Interludes <were then very common : The pr%f4' 
ftcn tf/* Player vjas no lefs common ; for in an otd fatirt «• 
titled ffccfee %^t^li ^Ote t *^^ author enumerates all the wtf 

t See Prologue to Wife of Bath's Tale, -i^. 55 8. Urrfs Ed, 
• Mr. Carrick has an imperfeQ copy^ Old Plays i. voL %• 
The Dramatis Perfina are, " C. The Meffengere [or Probgu] 
<* Nature naXurate. Humanyte. Studyous Defire, Senfuall JfU' 
«* tyte. The Tofvemer. Bxperyence. Ygnoraunce, (Alfo^ffp 
" lyftey^ ^^ brynge in a dyjgyjynge.y Afterwards folbnmg 
table of the matters bandied tn the interlude. Among «wbicb m 
«* C Ofcerteyn conchfions prouvynge y the yerthe muftnedeshi 
« yfunde, and thai it bengyib in nnddes of the fyrmament, f$i. 
«* C Of certeyne points of cofmography , . . . andof dyversflreaa^ 
<* ■ eg)onSf .... and of the ne<wfounde landys and the mamer tflk 
** people,''^ This part is extremely curious, as it flnmos nvbea if- 
*' fions ijcere entertained of the neiv American difeoveries, 
t ^^. at the Sun in Fleet ft, by IT. de Worde. m date. bU L. ^ 

A N D B A L L AD S, 125 

tmmon traces or callingSi oj ** Carpenters^ Coopers^ Joynere^ 
i^(, and among others 9 Player Sy tbo" it muft be ackno<W' 
hiiedbe has placed them in no very reputable company^ 

"Players, purfe-cutters, money batterers^ 

" Golde-tvaJkiTii tombUrs^jozelers, 

" Pardoners^ ^c.*' ^ Sign, B. 'vj. 

s It is objervabletb^tin the old Moralities of Hick Scomer* 
Everyman^ ^c, tberris no bind of ftage dindion for the 
txits and entrances oftht ferfonages, no di'wjion of aiis and 
fctius* But in the tnor(^ interlude ^Suflp Suticntu^ t, *ar//- 
/« under Edwu. FL the exits and entrances begin to be noted 
in the margin : at length in J^ Elizabeth^ s reign Moralities 
^ d^ared formally divided into a&s andfcenes^ fwith a regu- 
^ iar prologue, i^c. One of thefe is.reprinted by Dodfley. 

In the time of Hen, VUl. one or tnuo dramatic pieces had 
, httn publijhed under the clajjical names of Comedy and Tra- 
Itiy *, but they appear not to have been intended for popular . 
tft : it ivas not till the religious ferments hadfuhfided that 
the public had leifure to attend io dramatic poetry. In the 
reign of Eliz, Tragedies and Comidies began to appear in . 
/«rw, and could the poets have perfevered^ the frji models 
1^ vtere good* Corltot^C* ^ regular tragedy^ nuas aSed in 
r 1^61. {See Ames p, 316.] and Gafcoigne^ in i ^66, exhibited 
t hCAftti, o, tranflation from Euripides y as alfo ft^z j^tq^pofe^» 
\ aregular comedy, from Ariofio : near thirty years before any of 
\ mkefpeare*s njoere printed. 


t Defcribed in vol, a. pag, i«4. Tbe Dramatis Perjnn^e 
^ iftbis piece are, €. Mejen^er, Lujly Juveutiu, Good Counfaitl, 
Knowledge, Satban tbe devyll. Hypocrifie. Fullo^wjbip, Abomi • 
nabU-lyvingy [an Harlot.'] GsdsmercifulpromifesJ''' 

• Bp, Bale bad applied tbe name of Tragedy to bis lAyftery of 
M^ |^romife^9 i» 1 5 3 8 . /» i <;40 John Pal/grave, B,D,hadre'pub» 
&lbed a Latin comedy called ?lCOlajhl^, 'with an Englijb verfion, 
ikting/bed even tells us, that fo early as 1 520, the king Bad ** a 
" goodlie comedie of Plautus plated* before bim at Greenwich : but 
kedoes not fay in nXfbat language. See vol, 3. p, 850. 


Tifi peopUhow€<ver Jtilt retained a relijhfor their old M^ 
teries and Moralities Xy and the popular drwnatic poets fiim, 
to have made them- their models. The graver firf of Mora- 
lities appear to have given birth to our modern Tragedy ; at 
our Comedy* evidently took its rife from t%e lighter interludes 
of that kind. And as moft of thefe pt^is contain an ahfurl 
mixture of religion and buffoonery^ an Eminent critic || has 
*well deduced from thenee the origin of ^our, unnatural Tkagi- 
GO M &D I £ 6 . Ek/en after the people hdd been accuflomed 7ft- 
Tragedies and Comedies y Moralities JHll k>pt their ground : one 
of them intituled f^z Ifletsr CuftOllt t 'j^as printed fo late as 
1573 .* at length- they ajfumed the n^me of Masques 4> 
and vfithfomeclaffkal improvements y became in the tivofol- 
lonving reigns the favourite entertainments of the court. 

Asfor theoldMyfttriei, mohich cedfedio be aStd after the 
reformationy theyfeem I0 have given rife to. a third /pedes of ' 
ff^ge exhibitiony nvhichy though novu confounded vjitb Tragedy t 
or Cohiedy, vaere by our frft dramatic vut^iters confidered as 
quite diftin&from them both : thefe vjere Hiftdrical Flaysy or 
Histories, afpeciis of dramatic vuriting^ vohich rejemhlei^ 
the old Myfteries in reprefenting a feries of hiftorical events 
Jimply in the order of time invihich they happened, \ vtithout 
any regard to the three great unities. Thefe pieces feem to differ 
from Tragedy J juft as much as Hiftdttcar poems do from 
Epic : as the Fharfalia does from the JSrieid. What might' 
eontrihut4~to make dramatic poetry take this turn voasy that* 
foon after the Myflmes ceafed to be exhibit edy there vjcu pub- 
lijhed a large colleStion of poetical narratives^ called ft^t 
iilirf our for jRagtflrate^ §> 'wherein a great number of the 


X The general reception the old Moralities bad upon the fiage- 
fwill account for the fondnefs of all our firfi pets for allegoiy. 
Subjects of this kind ix^ere familiar to every body. 

II Bp. JVarburt. Shakefp. V. 5. f In Dodf. Old Plays, F. u 

\ Infome of thefe appeared charaaersfuU as extraordinary as 
f» any of the old Moralities. In Ben. Jonfon's mafque oj 4l\^x\pBiMi' 
x6s6, one of the perfonages is MiNCEp Pve. 

% The firfi part ofvjbich vjas printed in 1 559^ 


AND B A L LADS. 127 

m^ imnnU charoBtrs in BngUfi bifiory tare drawn- relaiiug 
l^err 9wn misfbrtunes. This hook nuas popular and of a dtm» 
matic cafty and tbirtfort^ as an> elegant ^writer || has nstell 
ihferved, nugbjt ba've its infimence in producing Hijtoric Plwft. 
^be/e narrati<ves probably fitmifiedt be fubjedSf and the aor 
dent Myfteries fuggefted tbe plan. 

Tbat our old ^writers confideredHifiorical Plays as fome^wbai 
iijiinSl from Tragedy and Comedy f appears from . numberlefs 
fajfages of their 'works • ** Of late days% fays Stotv, inr 
^^ ^tad of thofe ftage places ^'ha^e been ufed Comedies % Trager 
^'iitsr EfUerJudesy emd. Hutoribs both true andfained.** 
Purvey of London f • -^-^ Beaumont and Fletcher % in the pr§* 
l9l«e to (tHe Ca^tiimi fay, 

•• This is nor. Comedy, nor Tragedy, 
«< iVljf. History."-— ^ 

Polonins in Uatnlet commends tbe aSlors^ as tbe heft in thi^ 
Vforld " either for Tragedie, Comedie^HiSTOKiE^ Fajiorall,'* 
^c. And Shakifpeart^s friends, Heminge and Condell, in 
fh frft folio edit, of his plays 9 in 1623, have not only in* 
titled their book. ** Mr. William Shakefpeare's Comedies, 
**lilSTOKiES^ a^ Tragedies:*' but in their Table.ofCon^ 
ttnts baiue arranged them under thofe three fe*ueral beads : 
placing in the clefs of Hist Q^ii^z^ ** K^Johny Richard IL 
&nty IF. t ///. li^ry K Hepiry VL 3 fts. Richard IJL and 

This dtftinQiondefervn the, attention rf the critics : for if 
it be the firfi^ canpn of found criticifm to examine any tuork by 
tho/e rules the author prefcribed for his ohfervance, then *we 
ou^ht not to try Sbakejpear*s Histories by the general laws 
^[Tragedy or Comedy. Whether the rule it f elf be 'vicious or 
»o^ is another, inquiry : but certainly *we ought to examine a 
' ffiorkpnly »by thq/e pripcip/es according to lAjbich it luas com* 
tsf^f This ^woutdfavje a deal of impertinent criticifm. 

^ 11 Oxttd^ of Royal and Nokle asUborSf *vol. x. ^. 166, 7. 

*The Creationoftbenuorid, aSted at Hkinners-nuellf in ^409* 

t Sse Mr* fTartoh^s Ob/ervations, 'voL a.^. 109. 



128 A N C I E N T S ON G S 

Wi have nonu brought the inquiry as lo<w as nvas intendee^ 
hut cannot quit it ^without remarking the great fon^nefs of ot^-r' 
forefathers for dramatic entertainments : not fewuer thiifm 
NINETEEN flay-heujes hadheen opened before the year 1633 » 
nahen Frynne publifhed his Hiftriomaftix *. From this nurt- 
ter lue learn that ** tobacco y nvine, and beer f " njjere in tbofs 
days the ufuai accomodations in the theatre^, as no<w at Sadkrs 
Wells, With regard to the ancient prices of admifjton ; l^hat 
play-houfe called the Hope had fi^e different priced ftats 
from fix-pence to half-^'-cro'wn I, Some Houjes had vekhy 
benches || . The * * tiuo-penny gallery*' is mentioned in the FroL 
to Beaum, and Fletcher s Woman. Hater : And feats of three' ^ 
pence and a groat in the pajfage of Prynnr lafl referred to. 
But the genejral price of 'what is noi» called ihe Pit feemi t9 
have been ajhilling +. '^^he time of exhibition vjat early in 
the afternoon^ their plays being generally a fled by day-light |. 
Ml female parts ivere performed by men^ no adrefs being eij^r 
feen on the public fiage before the civil nvars, Jnd as for 
the play houfe furniture and ornaments ^ *' they had no other 
*^ feenes nor decorations of the fiage ^ but only old tapefiry, and 
•* the fiage ftrenved vjith rujhes^ vjith habits accordingly^:^* 
as vue are affured in' Afhort Difcourfe on the Englijb Sta^e, 
fubjoined to Flecknoe^s LovE's-KiivtGDOMf 1674. izmo. 

*v. . 

• Hejpeaks in p. 491, of the play-houfes in Blfiopjgate-Streeft 
and on Ludgate-HiUt vubicb are not among the seventeen/wk- 
merated in Pref, to Dodflefs Old Flays, 

t /*. 3**. t Indnit, to Jonjon's Bartbolomevj-Fair, 

II So a MS, ofOldySf from Tom Najby an old pamphlet -vriter, 
' \.ShakeJf>. Frol, to Hen, viij. — Beaum, andtlctcb, FrcL to the 
Captain, and to the Mad-lover, The Pit pyobably had its name 
from one of the Playhoufes having been a Cock-ptt, 

$ Biogr. Brit, I, 117. nl — Overburfs CharaB. of an aSlor,^ 
Even in the reign ofCha, 11. plays began at 3 in the afternoon. 
' %Puttenham tells us they ufed Fixards in his time, *' partly t9 
** fupply thevuant of players, nvhen t here vuere moe part f fhentbere 
* * vuere perfons, or that it vjas not thought meet to tmuble . . • 
*' princes chambers ivith too many fclkes.^^ [Art of Eng. Poef 
1589.^. 26.] From ihe laft claufe, itjbouldfeem that they vien 
chiefly ufed in the MAS<n7£S at Court* 





r-^nueri thru n»Ud outlaws^ ijoboftfiill in archery rendend 
hm formerly as famous in the North of England, as Rohim 
ioodand his feaofws nvere in the midland connties. Their 
kce of refidence *was in the fof^ft of Engle<wood, not far 
^tm CarliJUi (called in the ballad Englifh-^wood, luhich it 
rohahly the true etymology,) When they li*ved does not ap^ 
tar. The author of the common Ballad on **Thepedi- 


' HooDy" makes them contemporary njuith Rohin Hood's fa-* 
'ler, in order to give him the honour of heating them. This 
ims to prove that they vjere generally thought to have lived 
tfere the popular hero of Sherwood, 

Our northern archers vtere not unknovjn to their fouthern 
)untrymen, their excellence at the long-hovf is often alluded 
> ly our ancient poets. Shakefpeare, in his comedy of 

Much adoe aboutlnotiingf* AS i . mMkes Benedicke confirm 
is refolves of not yielding to love^ hy this proteftation, '* If 

I do, hang me in a bottle like a cat *, andjhoot at me, and 
' hi that hits me, let him be clapt on the JhouhUr and called 

Adam :'* meaning Adam Bell, as Theobald rightly ob- 

Vol. in. K ferves 

• hottles formerly ivere of leather \ though perhaps a imoden 
vttle might he here meant. It 4sftill a diverfion in Scotland to 
^ up a cat in afmaU cajk or firkin, half filled with foot : and 
^ aparcelofcloivns on horfehack try to heat out the ends qfit, 
I order tofbevi their dexterity i^ efcaping htfore the contents JaU 


/er<vesf nuho refers to one or t<wo other pajfages in our tli 
poets wherein he is mentioned. The Oxford editor has alf§ 
'well conjeStured that " Abraham Cupid** in Romeo and Jm- 
lietj A. z.fc, i.JhouJd ht "Adam Cupid** in alluJmU 
our arther, Ben Jonfon has mentioned Clym o' the 
C LOUGH in his Alchemiftt AS ^* A* 2. And Sir Wil- 
liam Da'uenant, in a mock poem of his, called ** The % 
*• ^vacation in London,* d^crihes the Atomeys and FroStirh 
as making matches to meet in finfbury fields, 

** With loynes in canvas bo^w-cafe tyde\ 
** Where arrowes ftick nuith mickk pride \ 
"... Like ghofis ofkDMA Bell and Qhruut, 
** Sol fets for fear thefljhofft at him** 

Workst /. 29 1 . /«/. 1673. 
The folloiving fanzas nvill be judged from the ftile^ ortho- 
graphy, and numbers, to be *very ancient : they are ^i'vn 
from an old black-letter quarto, Slntjprtntet^ at KonbOQ tnlfl^' 
iiurpe ftp l^pWpam Coplanb (no date) : corrected infompla» 
ces by another copy in the editor* s folio MS, In that 'volnm 
this ballad is folloived by another, intitled Yov a ge Cloi;- 
D E s L E E 5 being a continuation of the prefent flory, and f (cit- 
ing the ad'ventures of William of Cloudejly*sfon : but grtai^ 
inferior to this, bot% in merit and antiquity. 

Part the Fihst. 

ME R y it was in grcftc forill 
Amonge the levcs grene, 
Wheras men hunt caft and well 
Wyth bowes and arrowes kene ; 

To ryfe the dere out of thcyr denne; J 

Suche fightcs hath ofte bene fene 5 
As by thre yemen of the north countreyy 

By them it is I meane. 



A N D B A L L A D S. 131 

The one of them hight Adam Bel, 

The other Clyjn of the Clough, 10 

The thyrd was William of Cloudcfly, 

An archer good ynoogh. 

They were outlawed for venylbn, 

Thefe yemen everychone ; 
They fwore them brethren upon a day^ 15 

To £ngl)Uhe wood for to goae. 

Now lith and lyften, gentylmcn,' 

That of myrthe lovcth to here : 
Two of them were fingele men. 

The tUrd had a wedded ftre* 20 

Wyllyam was die wedded man^ 

Mache more than was hys care : 
He fayde to hys brethren upon a day^ 

To Carleil he wold fan ; 

For to fpeke with fayre Alyce his wife, aj 

And with hys chyldren thrc. 
By my trouth, fayde Adam Bel, 

Not by the counfeU of me : 

For if ye go to Carkal, brother. 
And from thys wylde wode wende, 30 

K 2 if 

Fir. 14.. Caerld. in F. C. j^«r. ' * 


If the juftice may you take^ 
Your lyfe were at an ende. 

If that I come not to-morowe, brother. 

By pryme to you agayne, 
Trufte not els, but that I am take. 

Or elfe that I am flayne. 

He toke hys leave of his brethren two. 

And to Carleil he is gon : 
There he knocked at his owne winddwe 

Shortlye and anone. 

Wher be you, fayrc Alyce my wyfe. 

And my chyldren thre ? 
Lyghtly let in thyne own hufbinde 


Alas ! then fayde fayre Alyce, 

And fyghed wonderous fore, 
Thys place hath ben befette for you 

Thys halfe yere and more» 

Now am I here, fayde Cloudefle, 

I wold that in I were : 
Now fetche us meate and drynke ynoughe. 

And let us make good chere. 

A N D B A L L A D S. 133 

She fetched hym meate and drynke plentye, 

Lyke a true wedded wyfe ; 
And pleafed hym with that (he had, 55 

Whome fhe loyed as her lyfe. 

There lay an old wyfe in that place, 

A lytle befyde the fyrc, 
Whych Wyllyam had found of charytyi 

More thao ieven yere. 60 

Up (he rofe, and forth fhe goes, 

Evel mote fhe fpede therefoore ; 
For fhe had not fet no fbte on ground 

In feven yere before. 

She went unto the juftice hall, 65 

As faft as fhe could hy€ : 
Thys nyght is cotee unto thys town 

Wyllyam of Cloudefly c. 

Thereof the juftice was full fayne. 

And fo was the fhirife alfo : 70 

Thou fhalt not trauaill hether, dame, for nought, 

Th)r meed thou (halt have or thou go. 

They gave to her a ryght good gounc 

Of fcarlate, and of graine : 
She toke the gyft, and home ihe wente, 75 

And couched her doune agayne% 

K 3 They 


They ryfed the towtie of mery Carleile 

In all die hafte they can ; 
And came thronging to Wyllyames hode. 

As faft as they might gone* 

There they befecte that good yemia. 

About on every fyde : 
Wyllyasn hearde great noyfe of felkes^ 

That theyther-ward they hyed, 

Alyce opened a back wynd^^ 

And loked all aboute. 
She was ware of the juftice and fliirifebothe 

Wydi a full great route* 

Alas ! treafon, crycd Alyce, 

Ever wo may thou be ! 
Goe into ny chamber, hnfband, (he fayd, 

Swete Wyllyam of CIoudefl$. 

He toke hys fweard and hys buder, 
Hys bow and hys chyldren thrc. 

And wente into hys ftrongeft chamber^ 
Where he thought fureft to be. 

Fayre Alyce, like a lover true. 
Took a poUaxe in her hande : 



He ihal be deade that k^re commetk in 
Thys dore, whylc I may flaad. 100 

Cloadeile bente a wcl-good bowe. 

That was of trufty tre. 
He fmot the juftife on the breil. 

That hys axowe brcft in thrte, 

A corfe ou his harte, fidde Williaifi, 105 

Thys day thy cote dyd on ! 
If it had ben no, better then myne. 

It had gone nere thy bon«, 

Yeld the Clonddlc, hyd the juftife, 

Thy bowe and thy arrowes the fro. 1 10 

A curfe on hys hart, fayd fair Alyce, 

That my hufband councelleth fo. 

Set fyre on the hoafe» iaide the iherife, 

Syth it wyll no better be. 
And brenne we therin William, he fi^ide, i\^ 

Hys wyfe and chyl4ren thre. 

They fyred the houfe in many a place^ 

The fyre flew up on hye ; 
• Al^ ! than cryed layre Alke^^ 

I fe we here Ihalidy. i?o 

|t 4 » William 


William openyd a backe wynddw. 
That was in hys chamber hie. 

And wyth flictcs let downe his wyfc» 
And eke hys chyldren thre. 

Have here my treafure, fayde William, 
My wyfe and my chyldren thre: 

For Chriftcs love do them no hanne» 
But wreke you all on me. j 

Wyllyam fliot fo wonderous well, 
Tyll hys arrowes were all agoe. 

And the fyre fo fail upon hym fell. 
That hys bowftryag brent in two. 

The fparkles brent and fell upon 
Good Wyllyam of Cloudeile,: 

Than was he a wofull man, and fayde, 
Thys is a cowardes death to me. 

Lever had I, fayde Wyllyam, 

With my fworde in the route to renne. 

Then here among myne enemyes wodc 
Thus cruelly to bren. 

He toke hys fweard and hys buckler^ 
And among them all he ran. 

Where the people were moft in prece. 
He finot downe many a man. 

A N D B A L L A D S. 137 

There myght no man abyde fays ibroke, 145 

So ferfly on them he ran : 
Then they threw wyndowes, and dmres on hiniy 

And fo toke that good yeman. 

There they hym bounde both hand and fb.te, 
I And in depe dongeon caft : 150 

Now Cloudefley Tayd the hye juilice^ 
Thou fhalt be hanged in haft. 

A payre of new gallowes, fayd the iherife. 

Now (hal I for the make. 
And the gates of Carleil fhal be ihutte : 155 

No man ihal come in therat. 

Then ihall not helpe Clym of the Clottghe» 

Nor yet ihal Adam Bell, 
Though they came with a thoudmd mo. 

Nor all the devels in hell. 160 

Early in the momynge the juftlce uproie^ 

To. the gates faft gan he gon. 
And commaundeth to be ihut full clqfc 

Lightile everyohone* 

Then went he to the markett place, 165 

As faft as he coulde hye i 
A payre of new gallous there he fet up 
' Befyde the pyllorye. 

' A lytic 


A lytle boy smonge tkem tifkti, 

«« What mcaneth that galtew-trt?»* ij9 

They ftyde to hange a good yeamibl^ 

Called Wyllyam of Ckmd^fK. 

That lytle boyc was the town^ fwyne^heard. 

And kept fayre.Alyccj fwyne; 
Oft he had feenc Cloudefle i» the wodde, 17J 

And geuend hym there to dyne. 

He went out att t crcvis in the virM, 
And lightly to the woode dyd gone. 

There met he with thefe wightye ycmen 

Shortly and anone. 18Q 

- Alas ! then fayde that lytle boye. 
Ye tary here all to longe ; 
Cloudefle is taken, and dampAed to dearth, 
,A11 read ye for to honge. 

Alas ! then fayd good Adam Bell, lS{ 

That ever we fee thys daye ! 
He had better with us have taryed. 

So ofte as we dyd hym prayc. 

He myght have dwellyd in grene foreile. 
Under the (hadowes grene, 19^ 

Fer. 179. yongc men. P. C. Fer, 190. (hadowes fliieene. P'^* 


And have kepte both hym and us in rede. 
Oat of troabk and teenc 

Adam bent a ryght good bow, 

A great hart Tone had he (layne : 
Take that, chylde, he fayde, to thy dynner, 195 

And bryng me myne arrowe agayne. 

Now go we hence, fayed thefe wightye yeomen, 

Tary we no lengcr here ; 
We (hall hym borowe by God hw grace. 

Though we bye it full dere. 200 

To Caerleil-wente thefe good yemen. 

In a mery mornyng of maye. 
Here is a fyt f of Cloudeflye, 

And another u for to faye* 

Part the Second. 

AN D when they came to mery Carleil, 
All in the mornyng tyde. 
They foundc the gates (hut them untyll 
About on every fyde. 


r#r. 197. wi^ht yong men. P.C. -f Sfc Ghfs. 


Alas ! than iayd good Adam Bell, 

That ever we were made men ! 
Thefe gates be fhut (b wonderous wel, 

Wc may not come here in. 

Then befpake 'him' Clym ofthe Clough, 
Wyth a wyle we wyl us in bryng. 

Let us faye we be meiTengers, 
Streyght come nowe from our king. 

Adam faid, I have a letter written, • 

Now let us wyfely werke. 
We wyl faye we have the kynges (eales 5 

I holde the porter no clerke. 

Then Adam Bell A>ete on the gate 

With ftrokes great and ftrong : 
The porter herde fuche noyfe therat. 

And to the gate he throng. 

Who is there nowe, fayde the porter. 

That maketh all thys dinne ? 
We be tow mcflfengers, fayde Clira ofthe Clou| 

Be come ryght from our kyng. 

We have a letter, fayde Adam Bel, 
To the juftice we mud it bryng ; 
Let us in our mefTage to do, 
- That we were agayne to the kyng. 


Here comiii^ none in, fayd the porter. 

Be hym that dyed on a tre, 30 

Tyll a falfe thefe be hanged up. 
Called Wyllyam of Cloudcflc. 

Then fpake the good yeman Clym of the Clougliy 

And fwore by Mary fre. 
And if that we ilande long wythont, j j 

Lyk a thefe honge thou ihalt be. 

Lo ! here we have the kynges feale : 

What, Lurden, art thou wode i 
The porter went f it had ben fo^ 

And lyghtly dyd off hys hode. 40 

Welcome be my lordes/eale, hefaide; 

For that ye ihall come in. 
He opened the gate full fhortlye ; 

An euyl openyng for him. 

Now are we in» fayde Adam Bell, 4$ 

Therof we are full faine ; 
But Chrift he knowes, that harowed hell. 

How we fhall com out agayne. ' 


Had we the keys^ faid Clim of the Clougb, 
Ryght wel then ihoulde we fpede, 50 


Fer* 38. IfOrdeyne. P.C. f L e, weirnd* 


Then might we come out wel ynough 
When we fe tyme and nede. 

They called the porter to counfell. 
And wrange hys necke in two, 
' And caft hym in a depe dongeon, j 

And toke hys keys hym fro. 

Now am I porter, fayd Adam Bfil, 

Se brother the keys are here. 
The worft porter to merry Carleile 

The have had thys hundred yere. fc 

And now wyll we our bowes bend. 

Into the towne wyll we go. 
For to delyuer our dere brother. 

That lyeth in care and wo. 

Theii they bent theyr good ewe bowes, ^J 

And loked theyr ftringes were round •, 

The markett place in mery Carleile 
They befet that ftound. 

And» as they Ic^ed them befyde, 

A paire of newgalowes thei fee, 7^ 

And the jufticc with a queft of fquyera. 

Had judged theyr fere to de. 

• So Afchamfitysy « Tbeflriage mtf be rmnder (foxofb' t* 
^ 149. Ed, 176 1, J A precept not very intelligible now. 


And Cloadefle hymfelfe lay in a carte, 

Faft bound both fote and hand ; 
And a ftronge rop about hys neckc, 75 

All readye for to hange. 

The juftice called to him a ladde, 

Cloudeiles clothes fhould he hav€ 
To take the meafune of that yemin, 

Therafter to make hys grave. 80 

I have fcne as great mervaUe, faid Cloudefle, 

As betweyne thys and pryme. 
He that maketh thys grave for me 

Hymfelfe may lye therin. 

Thou fpeakeft proudli, faid the juftice, S5 

I ihall the hange with my hande. 
Full wel herd this his brethren two. 

There ftyll as they dyd ftande. 

Then Cloudefle caft his eyen afyde. 

And faw hys brethren twaine 90 

At a corner of the market place, 

Redy the juftice for to llaine. 

I fe comfort, fayd CloudeflS, 

Yet hope I well to fare. 
If I might have my handes at wyll 95 

Ryght lytle wolde I care. 



Then befpake good Adam Bell 
To Clym of the Cloiigh fo free. 

Brother, fe ye marke^the juftyce wel» 
Lo! yonder ye may him fe. 

And at the fhyrife Aote I wyll 

Strongly wyth arrowe kene» 
A better fhote in mery Carleile 

Thys feven yere was not fene. 

They Ipofed their arrowes both at once. 

Of no man had the dread ; 
The one hyt the jaftice^ the other the fliery 

That both theyr fides gan blede* 

All men voyded, that them ftode nye. 
When the juftice fell to the groonde^ 

And the fherife fell hym by ; 
Eyther had his deathes wounde. 

All the dtezefts faft gan flye» 
They darft no lenger abyde ; 

There lyghtly they loofed Cloudefle» 
Where he with ropes lay tyde. 

Wyllyam fterte to an officer of the town, 
Hys axe fro hys hand he wronge. 

T/r. 105. lowfed thre. P,C. Fen* loS. can bled 

A N D B A L L A D S. X4S 

bn cche fydc he finote them downe, 
Hym thought he taryed to long. 1 20 

Wyllyam fayde to hys brethren two, 

Thys daye let us lyve and de. 
If ever you have nede, as I have now. 

The fame fhall you finde by me. 

They ihot fo well iif that tyde, 1 25 

Theyr ftringes were of filke ful fiire. 

That they kept the ftretes on every fide j 
That batayle did long endure. 

The fought together as brethren tru> 

Lyke hardy men and bolde, 1^30 

Many a man to the ground they thrue. 

And many a herte made colde. 

But when their arrowes were al gon» 

Men preced to them full faft^ 
They drew theyr fwordes then anoae, 135 

And theyr bowcs from them call. 

They wenten lyghtlye on thigrr way, 

Wy th fwordes and bdcklers round. 
By that it was myd of the day. 

They made mani a wound, 1^0 

r " ■ ■ 

Vol. Ui. L " Thm 

146 ANCIENT S O N <5 S 

There was many an oat horne in Carfiel Uowe 
And the belies bacwird d yd ryng. 

Many a woman fayde^ Alas ! 

And m^ny theyr handes dyd wryng. 

The mayre of Carleile forth was com, 

Wyth hym a ful great route : 
Thefe yemen dred hyn> full fore, 

Of theyr lyves they ftode in donte. 

The mayre came armed a fall great pace. 

With a pdlaxe in hys hande; 
Many a flrong man wyth him was. 

Therein that ftowre to ftande. 

The mKyre fmot at CloudeilJ with his bil, 

Hys bucler he brail in two. 
Full many a yeman with great evyll, 

Alas ! they cryed for wo. 
Kepe we the gates fail, they bad. 

That thefe traytours therout not go. 

But al for nought was that the wrought. 
For fo faft they downe were laydc, 

Tyll they all thre, that fo manfulli fought. 
Were gotten without, abraide. 

Have here your keys, fayd Adam Bely 
Myneoffice I here forfake. 


And yf yoa do by my coanfell 165 

A new porter do ye make. 

He threw ^eyr keys at theyr beftds. 

And bad them well to thryve. 
And all that letteth any good yemaa 

To come and comfort his wyfe. 1 70 

Thus be thefe good yemen gon to the wod. 

And lyghtly, as lefe on lynde» ■ 
The lough and be mery in theyr mode, 

Theyr foes were fcrr behynd. 

And when they came to Englyflie wode, 175 

Under the trufty tre. 
There they found bowes full good^ 

And arrowes full great plentye. 

So God me help, fayd Adam Bell, 

And Clym of the Clough fo frc, i8# 

I would we were in mery Carleile^ 

Before that fayre meyne. 

They fet them downe, and made good chere. 

And eate and dranke full well. 
A, fecond fyt of the wightye yeomen. 185 

Another I wyll you tell. 

L 2 Part 

Fer. 175; merry green wood, f . 

148 ANCIENT s6N6sf 


AS they fat in Englyfhe wood. 
Under the green-wode tre. 
They thought they herd a woman wepe. 
But her they mought not fc. 

Sore then fyghed the fayre Alyce : 

That ever I fawe thys day ! 
For nowe is my dere hulhand flayne : 

Alas ! and wel-a-way ! 

Myght I have fpoke with hys dere brethren. 

Or with cy ther of them twaync. 
To fhew to them what him befell. 

My hart were out of p^yne. 

Cloudefle walked a lytle befid'e, 
Lookt under the grene wood linde^ 

He was ware of his wife, and chyldrcn three. 
Full wo in harte and mynde. 

Welcome, wyfe, then fayde Wyllyant, 

Under this trufti tre : 
I wende yeflerday, by fwete faynt John^ 

Thou fliuldc me never have fe. 

Vet, X 9. I had wende* P.C Fer. «o. never had fe. ?»^ 


^< Now well is me that ye be here« 

My harte is out of wo." 
I)ame» he faydc, be mery and glad. 

And thanke my brethren two. 

Hcrof to fpcake, faid Adam Bell, ^c 

I-wis it is no bote : 
The meate, that wc mi^ft fapp wUhall, 

It runneth yet fall on fotc.. 

Then went they downe into a lannde, 

Thefe noble archares thre ; 30 

Eche of them flew a hart of greecc. 

The beft that they cold fe^ 

Have here the befl, Alyce my wyfe, 

Sayde Wyllyam of Cloudeflye ; 
By caufe ye fo bouldly (lode by me 3 ^ 

When I was flayne full nye. 

Then went they to fupperc 

Wyth fuche meate as they had. 
And thanJced God of th^r fortune : 

They were both mery and glad. 40 

And when they had Tupped well, 

Certayne wythouten leafe, 
Cloudelle fayd, we wyll to our kyug^ 

To get us a charter of peace. 

L 3 Alyce 


Alyce ihal be at our fojournyng 

In a nunery here befyde, 
My tow fonncs ihall wyth her go. 

And there diey ihall abyde. 

Myiie cldcft fon fliall go wyth me. 

For hym have I no care : 
And he ihall breng you worde agayn. 

How that we do fare. 

Thus be thcfe yemen to Loi^don gone. 

As faft as they myght he, 
Tyll they came to the kynge's pallace. 

Where they woulde nedes be. 

And whan they came to the kyngcs courte. 

Unto the pallace gate. 
Of no man wold they aike no leave^ 

But boldly went in therat. 

They preced preftly into the hall. 

Of no man had they dreade : 
The porter came after, and dyd them call. 

And with them gan to chyde. 

The uflier fayde, Yemen, what would ye have 

I pray you tell to me : 
You myght thus make offycers flient : 

Good fyrs, of whence be ye ? 


A N D B A L L A D S. ly 

Syr, we be out-lawes of the foreft 

Ccrtayne withouten kafe, jq 

And hether we be come to our kyng 

To get us a charter of peace. 

And whan they came before the kyng^ 

As it was the lawe of the lande. 
The kneled downe without lettyng, 75 

And eche held up his hand. 

The fayejf Lord, we bcfechc the here. 

That ye wyll graunt us grace. 
For we hav? flayme your fat falow dene 

In many a fondry place« ge 

What be your nams, then faid our king, 

Anone that you tell me ? 
They fayd, Adam B^ll, Clim of the Clouglj, 

And Wyllyam of Cloudeflc. 

Be ye thoCb theves, then fayd our kyng, S| 

That men have tolde of to me i 
Here to God I make an avowe. 

Ye fhal be hanged all thre. 

Ye fhal be dead withoute mercy. 

As I am kynge of this lande. yo 

He commanded! his officers every one, 

Faft on them to lay hand* 

, L 4 There 


There they toke thefe good ycmcn. 

And arefted them all thrc. 
So may I thryve, fayd Adam BcII, 

Thys game lyketh not me. 

But, good lorde, we bcfcche you now. 

That yee graunt us grace, 
InjEbmuche as frele to you we comen, 

A* frele fro you to pafTc, 

With fuch weapons, as we have here, 
Tyll we be out of your place | 

And yf wd lyve this hundreth yere. 
We wyll aike you no grace. 

Ye fpeake proudly, fayd the kynge ; 

Ye fliall be hanged all thre. 
That were great pitye, then fayd the quene. 

If iny grace myght be. 

My lorde, whan I came fyrik into this landc 

To be your wedded wyfe. 
The fyrft boone that I wold a(kc. 

Ye would graunt it me belyfe : 

^nd I never a&ed none tyll now ; 
Then^ good lorde, graunt it me. 


Fer, III. 1x9. bcwne. f.C 



Nowe alke it, madam, fayd the kyngc, 1 15 

And ^raunted it (hall be. 

Then, good my lord, I you bcfechc, 

Thefe yemen graunt ye me. 
Madame, ye myght have afked a boonc, 

That Ihuld have been worth them all thjfce. 120 

Ve myght have alked tow res, and townes, 

Parkes and forefles plente. 
But none foe pleafant to my pay, fhec fayd. 

Nor none fo lefe to me. 

A^adame, iith it is your defy re, itj 

Yoor aflcyng graunted fhal be, 
But I had lever have geven you 

Good market townes thre. 

The quene was a glad woman 

And fayde. Lord, gramarcye : ip% 

X dare undertake for them. 

That true men they Ihal be. 

But good my lord, fpeke fom mery word. 

That comfort they may fe. 
^ graunt you grace, then fayd our king, 135 

Wafhe, felos, and to ^meate go ye. 


f>r. 139. Godamcit}'c. Ate. 

Who bath them ttayne. fay 


. ,„th' then fayd our kyngci 
Alas for «w*- fore J 

- ^irrtUTatVnde pound. 


rrl have graunted them grace. 

.AX trowne all tnys 
Bot had I k-o , ^^1 thre. 

They had been hange 

A N DT B A L I, A D S. J55 

The kyirg Hec opened tKe letter ahone; 

Himfelfe he red it thd. 
And founde Jiow thefe batlawes had fiain 

Thre hundred men and sno : 

F'yrft the jiriHcc, and the fheryfc, 165 

And the mayre of Carleile towne ; 
Of all the coiii^abies and catchipoUes 

Alyve^vfj^ fcant left one : 

The baylyes, and the bcdyls both^ 

And the fergeaante of the kw, i yo 

^nd forty fofters of the fe» 

Thefe outlsiwes had yflaw : 

And broke his parks, and flayne his dere ; 

Of all they chofe the bcft ; 
So perelous out'lawes^ as they were, 17^ 

Walked not by caftc nor weft. 

When the kynge this letter had red. 

In harte he fyghed fore : 
Take up the tables anone he bad. 

For I may eate no more, 180 

The kyng called hys beft Jirchars 

To the buttes with hym to go : 
I wyll fe thefe felowcs fhote, he fayd. 

In the north have wrought this wo. 



The kynges bowmen ba&et them blyre^ 
And the quenes archers alfo ; 

So dyd thefe thre wyghtyc yemen^ 
With them they thought to go. 

There twyfe, or thryfe they dote about 

For to aflay theyr hande ; 
There was no fliote thefe yemen fhot. 

That any prycke f myght ftand. 

Then fpake Wyllyam of Cloudeflc, 

By him that for me dyed, 
X.hold hym never no good archar. 

That fhoteth at battes fo wyde. 

At what a batte now wold ye fliote, 

I pray thee tell to me ? 
At fuche a but, fyr, he fayd. 

As men ufe in xny countsi* 

Wyllyam wente into a fyeld. 

With his two bretherene ;. 
There they fct up two hafell roddes 

Full twenty fcote betwene. 

I hold him an archar, faid Cloudefle, 
That yonder wande cleveth in twQ. 

Fer. 185^ blyth€. MS. f '• '• fnarh Fer. aoz, 403 
to. r.C. Fer. %o^. Twenty fcorc paces. P.C. /. e, 400 

A N t) B A t L A D 1 ts7 

titre is none fuche, fayd the kyng. 
Nor none that can (b do* 

I ihall aflaye, fyr, fayd CloudcilJ, 

Or that I farther go. xio 

Cloadefly With a bearyng arow 

Clave the wand in two* 

'Thou art the beft archer, then faid the kio^. 

For fothe that ever I fe. 
And yet for your love, fayd Wyllyam, J15 

I wyll do more ntayftry* 

I I have a fonne is feven yere olde^ 
He is to me full deare ; 
1 wyll hym tye to a ftake t 
Allfliallfe, that be here; ^2« 

And lay an apple upoii hys head» 

And go fyxe fcore hym fro. 
And I my felfe with a brode zrbw 

Shall cleve the apple in two* 

Now hafte the,, then fayd the kyng, ttj 

By hym that dyed on a tre, 
fint yf thou do not^ as thou heft fayde. 

Hanged (halt thou be. 

Vet. 22ft. Si^ fcorc paces. P.C u e. ttojar^t* 

t5» A N C J E N T S q N G S 

And thou tpuclie his he^d or gowne. 

In fyght that mea may fe, 
By all the fayntes that be in heaven, 

I fhall hange you all thre. 

That I have promifedy faid William, 

That wyll I never forfake. 
And there even before the kynge 

In the earth he drove a flake : 

And bound thqrto his eldeft fo^ne. 
And bad hym ftand ftyll thereat ; 

And turned the childes face him fro, 
Becaufe he ihould notllerte. 

An apple upon his head he fet. 
And then his bowe he bent : 

Syxe fcore paces they were out mete. 
And thethcr Cloadefle went. 

There he drew out a fayr brode arrowc, 
Hys bowe was great and longe, 

He fee that arrowe in his bowe. 
That was both Hy fie and ftronge. 

He prayed the people, that wcr there. 

That they ftill wold, ftand. 
For he ihoteth for fuch a wager, 

Behoveth a ftedfaft hand. 

Vif. »5x, ftcedyc. W. 


Muche people prayed for Cloudefle, 

That his lyfe faved myght be, 
And whan he made hym redy to fhote, 255 

There was many weping ee. 

But Cloadefle clefle the apple in twaine. 

His fonne he did not nee. 
Over Gods forbode, fayde the kinge. 

That thou ihold fhote at me. 260 

I geve theeeightcne pence a day, 

^nd my bowe Ihalt thou bere. 
And over all the north countre 

I make the chyfe rydere. 

And Ithjrrtene pence a day, feid the quene, 265 

By God, and by my fay ; 
Come feche thy payment when thou wylt 

No man ihall fay the nay. 

Wyllyam, I make the a gentelman 

Of clothyng, and of fe : 270 

And thy two brethren, yemen of my chambre. 

For they are fo femely to fe. 

Your fonne, for he is tendre of age. 

Of my wyne-feller he ihal be ; 
And whan he commeth to mans eftate, 275 

Shal better avaunced be. 



And, Wyllym, bring to me your wife. 

Me longeth her fore to fe : 
She fhall be my chefe gentelwoman 

To governe my nurferye. i^ 

The yemen thanketh them curteoufly. 

To fome byfliop wyl we wend. 
Of all the fynnesi that we have done. 

To be afToyld at his hand. 

So forth be gone thefe good yemen, 28] 

As fail as they might he. 
And after came and dwelled with the kyngc, 

And dyed good men all thre. 

Thus endeth the lives of thefe good yemen ; 

God fend them eternall blyfle, 290 

And all, that with a hand-bowe fhoteth. 

That of heven they never myfle^ Amen. 




fZf Gramt^ggif^s fimg tm Hamlbt, J. 5. // tahm 
M thmttamoat of tin fJhmnngpotm, tbouf^ fimevohat 
red amJ dijridfii^ froiahfy as the /ami wen cmrrupttd 
be ballad'fingiri of tbakej^earf's tim. Thi origitud is 
tr^ti amonw Surrefs Poems, 1 5599 and is attrtdtaidt0 
iVAVX, ty Geo. Gajcoigne, who uUs us, it ** was 
^ght hy fines to bs mads eipsH hisJeath^M;** a pspeelar 
" which hs laughs at. (Sss his Efifi. to Yong Gsmt. frs» 
fto his Pojks 1 j;75« ifo.J Lord Faux was rsuearhails 
hisJkiU im droning fsigeudiuaunsrs, H^.firfi 1 undir" 
iaSeoMcisnt writsr. ** Ths Lord Faux his comsusndiatioes 
mh chisfy in thsfadlitie of his msetrst and ths aftneffs of 
is defiriptiousjueh as hs taketh upon him to male, namS" 
finfemdey of his Songs^ nvhersin he fiowsth ths COVN- 
*BRFAIT ACTION vsfy Uvsh and flsa/autfy^** Arts ef 
. PufiSt 1589. /. 51. ^es affo Fol. 2. /. 45. 

T Lothe that I did love. 

In youth that I thought fwete : 
As tyme requires for my behove. 
Me thinkes they are not mete. 

My luftes they do me leave, 5 

My fancies all be fled» 
And traft of time begins to weave 

Gray heares tipoii my bed. 
^OL.IIL M For 


For age with ileallng fteps, 
I Hath clawed me with his crowch, 

[ And luflx li^c ^way fhe Ieapes» 

.; As there had ben none fuch. 

i .,-■,., 

I My mufe doth not delight 

j Me as fhe did before, 

I My hand and pen_are not in plight, 

I As they have ben of yore. 

For reaibn me denyesy 

This youthly ydle rime 
And day by day to me fhe cryes^ 

Leave off tbefe toyes in tyme. 

The wrinkles in my brow. 

The furrowes in my face 
Say, limpbg age will lodge him now, t, 

Where youth mufi gtve him place. ^1 

The harbinger of deaths 
To me I fee him ride. 
The cough, the colde, the gafping bij 
. Doth bid me to provyde J 

A pikeax and a fpade. 
And eke a fhrowding fhete, 

A howfe of clay for to be made^ 
For fuch a gueft moil mete. 


Me thinkes I heare the clarke. 

That knowles the carefull knell. 
And bids me leave my woful warke^ 3 j 

Ere nature me compell. 

My kepers knit die knot. 

That youth did laugh to fkorne^ 
Of me that clene ihal be forgot. 

As I had not been borne. 46 

Thus muft I youth geve up, 

Whofe badge I long did wearc. 
To them I yield the wanton cup 

That better may it beare. 

Lo here the bar-hed fkull, j^ 

By whofe balde figne I ];np.w> 
That ftouping age away (hall poll. 

Which youthful ycres did fow. ^ 

For beauty with her band, 

Thefe croked cares hath wrought, jo 

And (hipped me into the lande. 

From whence I fir ft was brought* 

And ye that byde behinde. 

Have ye none other truft 2 
As ye of clay wer caft by kinde^ 55 

So (hall ye waft to duft. 

M 2 m. A 




Sbaki/fiari has mmd$ this fittMet the /uhfeB of fame fita* 
Jant ridicule in his RoiiBO and Juliet. Jr. IF. Sc.<* 
•ujhete he ifUroduces Petir putting this ^Jiien to tht 

« Pbtbr. • • .qjofy •• Sil'uer Sound** f niifJiy ** Mnfitki 
« nmthber JUver faund^^ f nahai fa^ yon^ SinUn CatUngT 

" !• Muf. Mxrty^ fir^ hecau/e JU^utr hath a fiam 
•• found. 

*• "Pet* Pretty f nvhmtfi^you, I^ghReheckef 

<< 2. Mu8. I fety^ fihfer fiund^ hectare Mmfidam fiftd 

" f BT* Preth too ! what fay you^ James Sound-fofi* 

** 3* Mvs. raith, I knownotn»hattofay. 

«< Pbt. ... InuiUfetyferyou: It is ** Mtificke mth 
«« her fihver founds *^ hecaufe Muficiasts have no gM/er 
«« founding.*^ 

. This riMcule is notfo much levelled at thefong itfdf 
(which for the' time it was written is not inelegant) as at 
thofe forced and unnatural explanations often gi*uem hy nt 
t^nfitl editors and expofitors of ancient amth^rs. 

nis copy is printed from the old quarto MS in the Cottm 
Libraiy, \VeJp. A. 2c.] intitled << Divers ihhm ofHm. 
<< viifs time '* : with Jome cerre^ions from f%t PsnuKJi 
of daintff devifesf 1596. 



WHERE gripinge gre&s the hart would woonde. 
And dolefalle dumps the mynde opprefle, 
Tbcfe muficke with her £lver found 

With fpede if wont fo fend redrew : 
Of trobled mynds, in every (ore, j 

Svtte mnficke htthe a ialve in fiore^ 

b joye yt maks onr mirthe abQunde» 

In woe yt cheres oar hevy fprites ; 
Be*ftrawghted heads relyef hath foande. 

By mufickes pleaiaant fwete delightes : 10 

Our fenfes all, what ^all I fay more f . 
Are fubje&e onto maficks lore. 

The Godji by mofioke hare theire prayfity 
The lyfe, the foule therein doth joye ; 

For, as the Romayne poet fayes» 15 

In Teas, whom pyrats would deftroy, 

A dolphin iaved from death moft ih^rpe 

Arion playing on hys harpe. 

heavenly gyft, that rules the mynd* 

Even as the fleme dothe rule the fliippc i z^ 

muficke, whom the gods aflinde 

To comforte manne, whom car^s would nipp^ ! 
Senfe thqw both man and beft^ doeil niove. 
What befte ys he^ wyll the di^rove ? 


j66 a N C J EN T S O N G S 


*^fs aftory often alluded to by our old Dramatic Writ^^^^* 
Shake/pear in his RoMEO and "Juliet, A, JL Sc^ '• 
maJtes Mercutiofajy 

*— ** Her [Fenus's] purblind fon and heir^ 
** Toung Adam * Cupidy hethatjhot/o true^ 
** When King Cophetua Icued the beggar-maid^'* 

As the l^th Line ofthefollonxring ballad feems here pa^"^' 
cularly alluded tOy it is not improbable but ^)hakefpeare w^ — ^'' 
it SHOT so TRIM, lAfhich the players or print eri^ -^^^ 
percei*ving the allujion^ might alter to true. The fam^^t 
as being the more humorous exprej/ton^ feems mofi likely^ ^' 
fa^ve come from the mouth of Mercutio. 

In the zdPart of Hes. IV. A. 5. Sc. 3. Falfiaffii dn^ 
troduced ajfeSedly faying to Piftfilh 

** O bafe Afjyrian knight ^ nuhat is thy neixjs ? 
** Let king Cophetua know the truth thereof** 

Thefe lines Bp, War bur ton thinks nuere taken from Hn old 
bombafi play of ILi JUG CovnETMK. No fuch play isy 1 hf- 
Uevey nonx) to be found: but it does not therefore followu thai 
it never exifted. Many dramatic pieces arcf referred tobyfi^ 
nvritersf, which are not now extant, or even mentioned in anj 

* See above p. 130. 

f See Meres' s Wits Treaf f, 283. Arte of Eng. Poef. is^9* 

, AND BALL A D S. ^67 

^. In the itjfamy oftheftage^ flays wuere often exhibited 
zt •wereyie'ver printed, 

Jt is probably in allufan t^ the fame fkty that Ben Jonfon 
fsin his Comedy ^^Eviry-m an in his humour^ J, yfc. 4. 
« ^ I ha've not the heart to-de^vour thee, an* I might be madt 
as RICH as King Cophetua . " 

' kaft there 4S no mention of King Cophetua^s jliches in 
p frefent ballad, which is the oldefi I ha've met with on 

It is printed from Rich, Johnfon's ** Cro*wn Garland of 
Goulden Rofes," 161 2. izmo, (where it is intitled^mply. 
Song of a Beggar and a King :) correSed by 
iQther copy* 

I Read that once in AiFrica 
A princely wight did raine. 
Who had to name Cophetua, 

As poets they did faine : 
From natures lawes he did decline, 5 

For Aire he was not of my mind. 
He cared not for women-kinde. 

But did them all difdaine. 
But, marke, what hapned on a day. 
As he out of his window lay, 10 

He faw a beggar all in gray. 

The which did caufe his painc. 

The blinded boy, that fhootes fo trim. 

From heaven downe did hie ; 
He drew a dart and (hot at him, 1 5 

In place where he did lye : 

M 4 Which 


which fix>ne did pierfe him to the qnickfy 
And when he felt the asrow pricke. 
Which in h^s tender heart did ftickc» 

He looketh as he would dye. ^Q 

What fvdden chance is this, qnbth he* 
That I to love moft fubjed be, 
Whi^h never thereto would agree. 

But ilill did it defie 2 

Then from the window he did come, 'S 

And hud him on his bed, 
A thoufand heapes of care did runne 

Within his dt>ttble4 ^^^ •, 
For now he nieanes to crave her love, 
And now he feekes which way to proove ^ 

How he his fa^cie might remobve. 

And not this beggar wed. 
But Cupid had him fo in fiiare. 
That this poore begger muft prepare 
A falve to cure him of his care, |Jf 

Or els he would be dead. 

And, «8 he mufing thus did lye. 

He thought for to devife 
How, he might have her companye. 

That fo did 'maze his eyes. 4^ 

In thee» quoth he, doth reft my life. 
For furely thou, ihalt be my wife ; 


A N D B A L L A D S. t^ 

Or elfe this hand with bloody knife 

The Gods ihall fore faffice. 
^Then firom his bed he fi>on arofe, 41 

And to his pallace gate he goes ; 
^nll little then this begger know^s 

When ihe the king efpies. 

The gods preftrve your majefty 

The beggers all gan cry : 50 

Vottchiafe to give your charity 

Our chUdrens food to buy. 
The king to them his pnrfle did caft. 
And they to part it made great hafte^ 
The (illy woman was the lait S5 

That after them did hye. 
The king he cal'd her back agune. 
And unto her he gave his chaine. 
And faid^ With us you ihal remaine 

Till fuch tinie as we dye : $9 

For thou, quoth he, (halt be my wife^ 

And honoured for my quecQC $ 
With thee I meane to lead my life. 

As (hortly (hall be (eene : 
O^ wedding (hall appointed be, 6§ 

And every thing in its degree : 
pome on, quoth he, and follow me, 

T^u (bait go (hift thee deane. 



What is thy name, tdirt.m^d, quoth he? 
Penelophon, O king, quoth fhe : 
With that (he made a lowe courtiey, 
A trim one as I weene. 

Thus hand in hand along they walkc 

Unto the king's pallace :^ 
The king with courteous comly talkc 

This begger doth imbrace : 
The begger blufheth fcarlet red. 
And ftraight againe as pale as lead. 
But not a word at all fhe faid^ 

She was in fuch ama^e. . 

At laft /he fpake with trembling yoycc 

And faid, O king, I doe rejoycc 

That you wil take me for your choyce, 

And my degree's fo bafe. 

And when the wedding day was come. 

The king commanded ftrait 
The nobiemqn both all a^d fome 

Upon the queene to wait. 
And fhe behav<le herfelf that day. 
As if fhe had never walkt the .way ; 
She had forgot her gowne of -.gray. 

Which fhe, did weare of late. , 
The proverbe old is come to pafTe, 
The prieA, when he begins his mafie> 

Forgets ^ 


AND B ALL AD S. 171 

J'gcts that ever clerke he was, 95 

Eie knowth not his eftate. 

-xc you may read, CopHctua, 

Though long time fancie-fed, 

impelled by the blinded boy 

The beggcr for to wed, loo 

e that did lovers lookes difHaine, 

D do the fame was glad and faine, 

r elfe he would himfelfe have flaine. 

In ftdrie, as we read. 

[fdaine no whit, O lady deere, 105 

It pitty now thy fervant heere, 

?aft that it hap to thee this yeare. 

As to that Jcing it did. 

nd thus they led a quiet life 
During their princely raine ; *^ ^^ 

ad in a^tombe were buried both, '_ 
As writers theweth plaine. 
he lords they tooke it grievoufly, 
he ladies tooke it heavily, 

he comnions cryed pitioufly, 115 

Their death to them was paine. 
heir fame did found fo paiHnglyt 
hat it did pierce the flarry fky, 
nd throughout all the world did flye 
To every princes realme. 1 20 

•5. Here the Poet addrejfes kimfelf to bis tnlftrefs* 
2. Sheweth <was ancient Ij the piur, numb. 




^^is fuppofid to have been ^rigtmdfy a ScotHA Ballad. lit 
reader has here an aacient copy in the Engujb idipm^ vfiti 
an additional Stamui ft he td,J never hefere printed, fhi$ 
euriofitj is pre/erved in the Editor* s f^o MS hnt mt ^b- 
eut corruptions^ which are here remeved if th$ ofiiJlaMe if 
$he Scottifi Edif. ShakeJ^ear in his OTHBLLOt A. 2. het 
qinted one fianxat *with Jome variations, vthich are krt 
adopted: The old MS readings an bawivtr givfn intht 

THIS winters weather waxeth cold. 
And froft doth freefe on eirery hiU» 
And Boreas blowes his blafts foe bold* 
That all pur cattell are like to fpill % 
Bellmy wife» who loves no ftrifc^ 

She fayd onto me quietlie. 
Rife up, and (ave cow Crambockes lift, 
Man, put thine old cloa)ce about thee. 

OBetl, why doft thou flyte <and ffome*? 

Thou kenft my cloak is very thin : 
It is fo bare and overwprnc, 

A cricke { he diereon cannot renn : 


X Perhaps ikl^e.. 


A K D B A L L A D 6. 173 

^hoL ile noe longer borrow nor lend^ 

* For once He new tppitfeld bee, 
X'o-morrow He to towne and fpend»* 1 j 

For He have a new doake about mee. 


Cow Crnmbocke is a very good cowe, 

Shee has been alwa^es true to the pajrle. 
Still has helpt ns to bntter and cheefe, I trow. 

And other things (he will not fkyle $ z% 

I wold be loth to fee her pine. 

Good hnfband, cooncell take of niee» 
It is not for ns to goe foe fine. 

Then take thine old doake aboat thee. 


My doake it was a very good doake, 2 j 

Itt hath been alwayes true to the weare. 
But now it is not worth a groat ; 

I have had it four and forty yeare : 
Sometime it was of doth in gralne, 

^s now but a figh-dont as yoa may fee, 50 
^It will neither hold ont winde nor raine ; 

111 have a new doake about mee. 

SHfi. . 

It is four and fortye yeeres agoe 
Since th* one of us the other (lid ken, 



And wee have had betwixt as towQ 
Of children either nine or t«i ; 

Wee have brought them up tp women smkIu 
In the feare of God I trow they bee ; 

And why wilt thou thyfelf miflcen ? 
Man, take thine old cloake about thee. 

O Bell my wife, why doft thou floute ! 

Now is ttowe, and then was then : 
Seeke now all die world throughout. 

Thou kenft not clownes from gemtleinen. 
They are clad in blacke, greene, yello we, or «gi 

Soe farr above their owne degree : 
Once in my liffe He « doe as they,* 

For 111 have a new cloake about mee. 

King Stephen was a worthy peere. 

His breeches coft him but a crowne. 
He held them iixpence all too deere ; 

Therefore he calld the taylor Lowne. 
He was a wight of high renowne. 

And thoufe but of a low degree : 
Itt's pride that putts the countrye downe. 

Then take thine old cloake about thee. 

ViT. 49. King Hany. MS. Ftr. co. I trow h^; hoi 
Fer. 51. 1% pence. JW5. /Vr, 5». downc. MS. 

A N D B A L L A D S. 175 


< B^U my wife fht level not Ank, 
Yet (he will lead me if (he can. 
And oft, to live a quiet life, 

I am forced to yield, though Ime good-maa': 60 
Itt' s not for a man with a woman to threap^ 

XJnleffe he firft give oer the plea : 
W"hcre I began I now man leave. 

And uke mine old doake abo«t mee. 


[ willow; willow, willow, 

\ ^^ '^ /f^om the following ftanzas thai Shakefpeare hms 
\ taken his fing of the Willow, in his Othello, A. 4* 
/ 3* though Jonwivhat varied and applied hy him to a fe- 
I "^charaSer. He makes Defdempna inireidua it In this 
4 ptitbetic and offering manner^ 

\ ** My mother had a maid called Barharie : 

** She nnas in love ; and hey Jhe lov*dy forfooi her^ 
•* And Jhe proved mad. She bad a Song of V/iL low. 
•* An old thing 'twas, hut it exprefs^d btr fortune ; 
" And Jhe dyed Jinging it.'* 

His (i jjrivenfrom a black-letter copy in the Pepys CoUeMiom 
*hus intitledy «* A Lovers complaint ^ being forfaken of bsM 
** hvt. T$ a pleafant tune." 

A Poonc 

X7« A N C I E N T S O N G $ 


Poore fonle fat fighing undct a ficamore 
O willow. Willow, willow ! 

With his hand on his bofonit Us head on hi^kti^'^ 

OwiiloW) willow, willow! 

O willow, willow, willow! 
Sing, O the greene willow (hall be my garlands- 
He figVd in his finging, and after each grone^ 

Come willow, &c. 
I am dead to all pleafure, my tme-love is gone ^ 

O willow, &c« 
Sing, O the greene willow, &c. 

My love (he is turned ; untrae Ihe doth prove c 

O willow, &c. 
She renders me nothing but hate for m/love. 

O willow. Sec, 
Sing, O the greene willow. Sec. 

O pitty me (cried he) ye lovers, each one x 

O willow, ice. 
Her heart's hard as marble ; flie roes not my flion^« 

O v^low. Sec. ^ 

Sing, O the greene wiUow, &c* 

The cold (beams ran by him, his eyes wept apa€ei 

O willow, Sec. 
The (alt tears fell fiom him, wfatch ^rowntd his ftce* 

O willow. Sec. ii 

Sbg, O the gteene willow^ Set. 

A N D B A L L A D S* 177 

1'hc mute birds fate by him, made tame by his mones : 

willow, &c. 
^he fait tears fell from him, which foftned the ftones. 

O willow, &c. 30 

Sing, O the greene willow ihall be my garland t 

Xet nobody blame me, her fcomes I do prove ; 

O willow, &c. 
^he was borneto be fair ; I, to die for her love. 

O willow, &c. 35 

Sing, O the greene willow, &c. 

that beauty ihould harbonr aheart, that's fo hard 1 
Sing willow, &c. 

My true love jtjefting without all regard. 

O willow, &c. 40 

Sing, O th^ green willow, &c. 

Xet Love no more boaft him in palace* or bower ; 

O willow. Sec 
Por women are trothles, and flote in an honre. 

O willow, &c. 45 

$ing, O the greene willow, &c« 

But what helps complaining ? In vaiae I complaine : 
O willow, &c. 

1 muft patiently fuffer her fcomci and difdaine, 

O willow, &c. 50 

Sing, O the greene willow, Sic, 
Vol. ni. N ' . Come, 

178 A N C I TE IN T S D N G S 

Cotee, all ^noutfbr&ken, and fet down by me, 

O willow, &c. 
He duit^pfadnes of Itts fidre love, mine'^ fallbr dunihe. 

O willow, &c. 55 

Sing, O tkcigMehe^wiUow, 5fc. 

Tkc wittovr>^i'eaib^afel»'&oe oiy hwe ijid fle^; 

O willow, &c. 
A <3arltnd^ir iovctt Jbrfidun iQQift mmta 

O willow, &c. & 

Sing, O Uie gteeoe^wiUow fliall ksinyig^rlisQid! 


LOWE lay'd by my forrow, begot by difflainc, 
O wilkiw, wiUow, wililomr ! 
Againil her too cruel!, ftiil fJdllltom^sUine^ 
O' wiHow, .wmow, willow ! 
O willow, willow, willow: t 

SiQg, O the greeaewittow iftudl he my^ gaiUxii^ 

O kWe tookijurioos, to wound my poore heart; 

O willow, &c. 
To fejffer the trkonph, and joy in my finart : 

O willow, &c. lO 

Sing, O the grcche willow, &c. 

1 O willoWi 

A N p B A L ,L A D S. 179 

low, ^'Hhff, Mrillofr ! the wiUow garttad, 
Mdllow, &q. 

1 of her ^Ifenefle before «ae do(h fiasd : 
mlloWf &c. 'S 

O the ^reene wiUow> 4^c» 

^e k dpdi 4e(|>air jcod to d^e* 
«dllow, &c. 

ija^ h, ^i^jBids, pre iiiee in gr^vc where Iljte : ^ 
^illowy &c« 20 

O the greeAe,wi)]o^> /&C 

»ve wb^^e I reft mee> hang this to the view 
willow, &c. 

1 i^t dfoe Jcoonne Jbr, tx> .blase her natrue. 
willow, &c. 25 

, O the greeaemllow, ^Hc 

iheTe woids ^raticot ms j6fSt»ph. xtt^t, 
willow, &c. 

(ce lyes one,. drank po}rfon for potion mofi fiveet.'* 
willow, &c. 30 

, O the green t^iUoWt Saz. 

igh Ihe jdiiis unkindly lutthfcomedn^Jove, 
willow, &c., 

carelcfly fmilcs at the forrowes, I prove ; 
willow, &c. 35 

,0 the green willow, &c. 

N 2 I cannot 


I cannot agaihft her unkindly exclaim, 

O willow, &c. 
Caiiie once well I loved her, and honoured 

Q willow, &c. 
Sing, O the green willow fhall be my gar 

The name of her founded fo iweete in min< 

O willow. &c. 
It rays'd my heart lightly, the name of n 

O willow, &c. 
Sing, O the greene willow, &c. 

As then 'twas my comfort, it now is my j 

. O willow, &c. 

It now brings me anguifli, then brought i 

O willow, &c. 
Sing, O the greene willow, &c* 

Farewell, faire ^ie hearted : plunts end witl 

O willow, &c. 
Thou doft loadi me, I love thee, though i 

O willow, willow, willow ! 

O willow, willow, willow ! 
Sing, O tKe greene willpw ihall be my gai 


A N I> BALLAD S; i$i 



This ballad is quoted in Shake/piare*s fecond. Part of 
Henry IF. A. 2. fc, 4. The Jubjea of it is taken from 
the ancient romance of K. Arthur ( commonly called Moktu 
Arthur) heing a poetical tranflation of Chap, cvUi, cix, 
ex, in Ft. ift. as they ftand in Ed. 1634. 4/0. In the 
. , I ^^^ Editions the Chapters are differently numbered. — This 
* ^ fing is gi*ven from a printed copy^ corrected in part by the 

In the fame play of 2 Hen. IF. Silince hums a fcrap 
tf one of the oU ballads of Robin Hood. It is taken from 
the folionvingjianza of KoB I fi Hood and the Pindar 
op Wakefield. 

All this beheard three wlghty yeomen, 
Twas Robin Hood, Scarlet, and John : 
ileoif With that they efpy*d the jolly Pindar 

As he fate under a thbrne. 

That ballad may be found, on every ftally and therefore is 
m here reprinted. 


'HEN Arthur firft in court began. 
And was approved king. 
By force of armes great viftoryes wanne, 
^jr J And conqueft home did bring. 

N 3 Then 

1^9 ANCIENT scrwas 

Then into England ftraight he came 

With fifty good and able 
KnlghtSy that reforted unto him» 

And were of his round table. 

And many jufts and tamaments, 

Wherto were many pte^ 
Wherein fome knights did then excell 

And far furmount the reft. 

But one ill Lancelot duLake, 

Who was approved. wel]» 
Re for his deeds and f^ates of iriAis, 

All others did ^xcell. 

When he had refied him a while^ 
hrpl^, aitd^game, andfpoYtt, 

He faid he wold goe prove himfelfe 
In feme adventiCrdus fort 

He armed i^def tA fbrreft widci 

And met a damiHI faitre. 
Who told him of adventures great, 

Whteteto h^ gave good ear^. 

Such wold I fin^ ^th Lancelott : 

For that caafe came I hither. 
Thou feem^ quoth ihe, a knight fMgp 

And I will biing diee thitb^i 


A N D B A L L A D S. i«3 

Wheras a taxg^ty knight doth dwrell^ 
That now is of groat fuacm : 30 

Therfoi;^ t€;lline what- wight thou art» 
And what i^ay be thy name. 

<< My na^i^is^Laacdpt du hak^:'* 

Qnoth &ie, k iiket mo than : 
Here dwelles a k^ug^t who nev^ wsm 35 

Yet matcht with any man : 

Who Jos. in prifon thieeleos& kni^^ 

And four, that he did wound ; 
Kni^ls of Ipng Armors coort they be. 

And of his table round- 40 

$he hrougbt him to a river fi4e» 

And alfp to a u^e^ 
Whereon 4^ cpppec balbn hun^ 

And xpatty fludds to fee. 

He Qruskibe hard, the ba^on brol^e; 45 

And Tah|uin foon he ipyed : 
Who drove a horfe before him hUt, 

Whereon a knight lay tyed« 

Sir kf^ght, t^n fayd Sir Lancelot, 

Bring me tl^at horfe-load hither, 50 

And lay him dpwne, and let hin^ roil ; 

Weel try our fore? together. 

c N 4 For, 

i84 A NCI El^T SO NGS 

For, AS I ttndef (land, thou haft, 

Soe far as thou art able, 
Dotie great defpite and fhairic iinto j 

The knights of the Round T^ble. 

If thou be of the Table Rounds 

Quoth Tarquin fpeedil/e. 
Both thee and all thy fcllowlhip 

I utterly dcfye. . ^o 

That's over much, quoth Lancdott ; 

Defend thee by and by. 
They fitt their fpeares unt(f their ^teds. 

And each att other flye. ' 

They coucht their fpeares, ^their hoHes ran 6$ 
As though there had been thunder) 

And ftruckc them each amidH ' theli- fhields, 
Wherewith they broke in fundtt-; 

~ ; Their hori^s backes brake under them. 

The knights Were both a(ft6und : 7° 

To avoyd their horfes they made hafte 
And light upon the ground. 

They tooice them to their fhiilds^ full faft; 
^c Their f#ords they drew 6u?-thah, 

With mighty ftrokes moft eagerlye 75 

Eache at the other ran. ^""' . • 
.1 • 3 ' '^ They 

AND B ALL AD S. 185^ 

'hey wounded were, and bled full fore. 

For breath they both did ftand, 
^nd leaning on their fwordes awhile, 
• Quoth Tarquine; Hold thy hand, te 

^nd tell to me what I Ihall afkc. 

Say on, quoth Lancelot tho. 
Thou art, quoth Tarquine, the beft knight 

That ever I did' know; 

And like a knight, ^at I did hate : 
Soe that thou be not hee, 

I will deliver aft the reft. 
And eke accord with thee. 

That is well fay'd, quoth^ Lancclott ; 

But fith it muft be foe, 99 

What knight is that thou hateft thus ? 

I pray thee to me (how. 

His name is Lancelot du Lake, 

He flew my brother deere ; 
Him I fdpedt of all the reft : 95 

I would I had him here. 

Thy ivifli thou haft, but yet unknowne^ 

I am Lancelot du'Lake, 
Now knight of Arthurs Table Round ; 

King Hauds fon of Schuwake ; 100 



And I defire thee do thy worft, 
H09 ho^ qaochr Tarquin tho» 

One of us two fhall end our lives 
Before that we da {o. 

If thou be Lancelot du Lake, 
Then welcome ihalt tkou bee : 

Wherfore fee thou thyfcll" defend. 
For now defye.I thee. 

They buckled tien together fo^ 
Like unto wild boares rufhing. 

And with their fwords and fliields they ran 
At one another fiaih^g : 

. The ground befprinkled wa^i^rjWi blood : 
Tarquin began to yield. 
For he ga/ve backe for wearinelTe, 
And lowe did beare his ihieU. 

This foone Sir Lancelot efpyde. 

He leapt upon him then. 
He pull'd him downe upon his kofe^ 

And ruihing off his hdm^ 

Forthwith he ilruckehisnecke in two. 
And, when he had fo^ jdojgie. 

From priibn threefc^^|i4^jii|^ four 

Deliir^red every c one. . .^> 

"*'' ^IIL CORY] 

AN D HA L LA ITS; i9f 



•*w an attempt to paint a le^er^s irre/olution, hut fi 
\ poorly executed^ tiifM k nvduid Mat ka^s tmi admittid mfp 
I ^^^ colleSion^ if. it bad not hien qu^Ud in ^mkafpenr's 
' T'WELFTH-NIGHT^^^^. 2^^. 3.—// is fouttd in a little an- 
ient mifceiiany iniitled, *' Thi golden Garland of princely 
^''Mights.'' izmo.hkkt. 

In the fame fcene oftke Tnoilfth Nipbt^. SlR, Toby fings 
fifirapofan old ballad, 'which is prejer^ed in the Pepys Col^ 
"Qion. [FoL 1- /. 33. 496.] but is fo poor a performance ^ 
^hat it will hefufficient here to give the firft ftanxa : 

Tub BaIlait ap Co<(^tai(T Svsakna. 

There dwelt a man in Babyloa 

Of reputation great by fame. 

He took to wi^ a faire womaa^ 

Sufanna ihe was callde by name ; 
A woman fair and vertuous ; 

Lady, lady ? 
Why ihduld we not of her learn thns 

To live godly I 

If this fong of QoKYTiOHy l^c. has not more merits tt is 
DM ^ leaj an evil of lefs magnitude. 



FAREWELL, dear love; fincc thou wilt needs begone. 
Mine eyes do (hew, my life is almoft done. 
Nay I will never die, fo long as I can ipie 
There be many mo, thougli that fhe doe goc. * 
There be many mo, I fear not : 5 

Why then let her goe, I care not. 

Farewell, fiurewell ; iince this I find is true, 
I will not fpend more time in wooing you : 
But I will feek elfcwhere, if I may find love there : 
Shall I bid her goe ? what and if I doe ? la 

Shall I bid her goe and fpare not ? 
O no, no, no, 1 dare nT)t. 

Ten thottfand times farewell ; — yet flay a while :— 
Sweet, kifi me once ; fweet kifies time begidle : ' 
I have no power to move. How now am I in love? 15 
Wilt thou needs be gone ? Go then, all is one. 
Wilt thou needs be gone ? Oh, hie thee ! 
Nay ftay, and do no more deny me. 

Once more adieu, I fee loath- to depart 
Bids oft adieu to her, that holds my heart. 20 

But feeing I muft lofe thy love, which I did chookf 
Goe thy way for me, fince that may not be. 
Goe thy ways for me. But whither ? ' 

Goe, oh, but where I may come thither. 



hat fliall 1 4oc f my love Is now departed. 25 

le is as ftir, as (he is cruel-hearted* 
She would not be intreated^ with prayers oft repeated^ 
If (he come no more, ihall I die therefore ? 

If (he come no more, what care I ? 

Fakhy let her goe, or come, or tarry. 3* 



Intifi ** Life of Pope Sixtus V. tranjlaied from tU 

MUan of Greg. Lbti, by the Rev* Mr, Farrmuortht 

llo^ is a rimarkabU pajjagi to the folknving ejfe3^ 

** It *was reported in Konu^ that Drake had taken and 

plundered $t» Domingp in Hi/^aniola^ and carried off am 

immenfe booty* Tbis account came in a prt<vate letter to 

Pool Seccbi, a njery conjiderable merchant in the city^ 

nvho had large concerns in thq/e parts, <which he had in- 

Jitred, Upon rueiving this news, he fentfor the infurer 

Sampfon Ceneda^ a Je^w, and acquainted him <with it. 

The yew, «wbofe intereft it <was to have fuch a report 

thought falfe, gave many reafons vjhy it could not pojjihly 

be true, and at lafi vtorked him/elf into fuch a paffton, 

that he faid, Pll lay you a pound of my flejb it is a lye, 

Secchi, i^ho nuas of a fiery hot temper, replied, Pll lay 

Vou a tboufand croivns againft a pound of your flejh th^ 

it is true. The Je^w accepted the ivager, and articles 

Hjoere immediately executed betvjixt them. That if Secchi 

^lAjon, he Jhould hmfelf cut the fle/h vsith a /harp knife 

from vjhatever part of the feiv^s body he pletfed* The 

** truth 

, 4»o A >N (CI j; .N X S lO N G S 

^ truth of the ^€»unin0Uis fwm.cmfirmei% mdthe^enu'i 
** alrftoft diftra£iedi <wh^he wm infyvjfi^^^ tb^ Si^ i 
** Jplmnly fnvom be nwiuldrcompel him4oanepea3 perftn 
■' once of hi$ contrail* A report of this tranfoQion ^^ 
•* brought to the ¥ope^ *who fent for the parties , and h 
** informed of the nvbok ajfair* /aids Wigfi cimttaSs i 
f.** made, it is.hut jup thty Jhouldie fulfiUd* as^bis fii 
** ^ake a knife therefore, Secchi, and cut a pound ofji 
** from any part you pleafe of the Je<iv*s body. We ai% 
*^ youy ho'we'very to be ^very careful \ for tf you cut hm 
** 'fcrufle more or lejs than your due, you frail certaitdj 
" hanged.'' 

The Editor of that book is of opinion. That the fcene I 
tiueen Shylock and Antonio in the Merchant of Vbnii 
// taken from this incident. But il^r. JVarton in his ** 
" ftr'^^tions gn the ^ axrie que^n %^* has, ivith/more psb 
bility^ referred it to the folloiving ballady ivhicb Jhould fi 
to have taken its rife from fs^ne Juch fiory, Mr. fVitri 
thinks this ballad njuas ^written before Sbakefpeare*s play, 
being not fo circumfi anting cmd having more of tbe.ndkedh 
of an original* Befides it differs from the play in manyc 
eumflances, vuhich a meer copyift, Juch as tve.m^yjuppofti 
ballad-maker to be, <vuculd hardly ha/ve givm 'bifnjelf \ 
trouble to alter. Indeed he exprejdy informs us, that it I 
his fioty from the Italian fwriiers. See the Connoissetj 
Fol. I. No. i6. 

After alii one i.aouldbegladto knoiv ivhat authority Let 
bad for the foregoing fa^, or at leaft for conneSing it w 
,the taking of St, Domingo by Drake: for this txpedition . 
ttot happen till 1585, and it is very certain that a play of 
Jewe, *• reprefenting the greedineffe of vjorldly chufen, i 
•* bloody minds of ufurers^^ had been exhibited at the pi 
houfe called the. Bull, before the year i^fa, being m 


X yoL I . pag, 128. £fr. t He wntt in the time ofCbarb 


iiiin Steph. Goffm^s ScfToOLB of ABtr»E %% 'which 'was 
tted in that year. 

is for Shake/peare^s Mehchant of Ybnicb, the ear- 
} edition kuo^wn of it is in quarto 1 600 ; though it had 
8 exhibited before the year 1 598, being mentioned together 
th ele^uen other of his plays in Meres^s Wits Treasury 
r. 1598. izmo. fol^t.^ 

^he following is printed from an ancient bUuk-letter copy 
the Pepys Colleton f, intitled, ** J new Song, Jhe*wing 
the crueltie of G^ffiffvvvs, a Jewb, who lending to a 
nur chant an hMMked 1 Cfmumes^ Qfwdd have a pound of his 
fiefln, hecaufe he could not pay him at the time appointed. 
To the tune of Black and yellow.^* 

The FikST Part. 

IN Venice- x»H'¥t »9t long; qgoe 
A cruel Jew did dwell. 
Which livcdrrtllicfti.tiiiiiic. 
As Italiap iiml^rs tell. 

Gemutus ^idX^mMA the; Jewr £ 

Which never thought to dye, 
Kor i)eireryei4]ii wiygood 

To them in:fti)Mlsihftt Ue. 

His life was like a barrow hogge. 

That liveth m^y a day, .^ 10 

Yet never once doth any good. 

Until men will him ilay. 


X Wartw^ uhlfupra, f Compared with the AJbmoU Copy. 



Or like a filthy heap of dung. 

That lyeth in a whoard j 
Which never can do any good, ij 

Till it be fpread abroad* 

So feres it with the afarer^ 

He cannot fleep in reft. 
For feare the thiefe will him purfue 

To placke him from his aeft. 

His heart doth thinke on many a^ile. 

How to deceive the poore ; 
His mouth is almoft fal of mucke^ 

Yet ftill he gapes folr more. 

His wife muft lend a (hilling. 

For every weeke a penny. 
Yet bring a pledge, that is double worth, 

If that you will have any. 

And fee, likewife, you keepe your day. 
Or elfe you Ipofe it all : 


fer, 31. Her Cow, &e. feenu to hamefuggefied to Sbakejpcsft 

Shylock^s m-gutnent for ufury taken from Jacobus mdna^twiA 

wf Laban^s /heept AS i. to ivbich AntonxO replies, 

** fTas this inferted to make intereft good? 

<« Or are your gold audjilver Ewes and rams ? 

" Shy. I cannot tell, I make it breed as fast/ 

A K D B A L L A D S. 193 

^his was the living of the wife. 
Her c6w ^e did it call. 

Witlun that oitie dwelt that time 

A marchant of great fame, 
Which being diftrefTed in his need> )5 

Unto Gemutus came : 

Defiring him to fland his frcind 

For twelve month and a day. 
To lend to him an hundred crownea s 

And he for it would pay 46 

Whatibever he would demand of him. 

And pledges he fhould have. 
No, (quoth the Jew with ilearing lookes) 

Sir, aike what you will have. 

No penny (or the loane of it 45 

For one yeare you (hall pay j 
You n^y doe me as good a turne. 

Before my dying day. 

►^OL. III. O But 

irr, 35. Shakejpear has finely improvtd thisy by making the mer. 
if 5 moti've for borro-jjtng to be not on account of his ouun ne- 
'iiSy but for the fer^vice of bis friend. Which at the fame 
that it raifes bis c bar aSler,' becomes conducive to the generate 
See the Connoijfeur. ubi fu^ra. 

194 . A N C I E N T S O NG S 

But we will have a merry jeaft. 

For to be talked long : 
You (hall make me a bond, quoth he. 

That fhall be large and ftrong : 

And this (hall be the fbrfeyturc ; 

Of your owne fle(he a pound. 
If you agree, make you the bond. 

And here is a hundred crownes. 

With right good will ! the marchant %s : 
And fo the bond was made. 

When twelve month and a day drew on 
That backe it fhould be payd. 

The marchants fhips were all at fea. 

And money came not in ; 
Which way to take, or what to doc 

To thinke he doth begin : 

And to Gernutus ftrait he comes 
With cap and bended knee. 

And fayde to him. Of curtefie 
I pray you beare with mee. 

My day is come, and I have not 

The money for to pay : 
And little good the forfeyturc 

Will doe you, I dare fay. 




With all my heart, Gcrnutus fayd, 

Commaand it to your minde : 
In thinges of bigger waight then this 75 

You ihall me ready finde. 

He goes his way ; the day once paft 

Gernutus doth not flacke 
To get a fergiaiit prefcntly ; 

And clap t him on the backe : So 

And layd him into prifon ilrong^ 

And fued his bond withall $ 
And when the judgement day was come. 

For judgement he did call. 

The marchants friends came thither fall, 85 

With many a weeping eye. 
For other means they could not find. 

But he that day muft dye. 

The Second Part, 

" Of tbe^JiWi crueltU \ fetting foorth the mercifulneffe of 
the Judge ttnuards the Mar chant. To the tune of Blacke 

SOME offered for his hundred crowncs 
Five hundred for to pay ; 
And fome a thoufand, two or three. 
Yet ftiU he did denay. 

O 2 And 

t$6 A 1^ C I E k T" S O fJ G S 

And at the lafl ten thoufand crownes j 

They offered, him to favc. 
Gernutns fayd, I will no gold. 

My forfeite I will have. 

A pound of fiefhe is my demand. 

And that (hall be my hire. 10 

Then fayd the judge. Yet good my friend, 
Let me of you defire 

To take the flefli from fuch a place. 

As yet you let him live : 
Do Co^ and lo ! an hundred crownes ^ 

To thee here will I give. 

No: AO! quoth he, no: judgment here: 

For this it (hall be tride. 
For I will have my pound of fleihe 

From under his right fide. *• 

It grieved all the companie 

His crueltie to fee. 
For neither friend nor foe could heipe 

But he mud (poyled bee» 

The bloudie Jew now ready is *5 

With whetted blade in hand^ 
To fpoyle the bloud of innocent^ 

£y forfeit of hi<s bond. 

A N D B A L L A D S. 197 

And as he was about to ftrike 

In him the deadly blow : 30 

Stay (quoth the judge) thy erueltie $ 

I charge thee to do To. 

Sith needs thou wilt thy forfeit have. 

Which is of flefh a pound : 
See that thou fhed no drop of bloud, 35 

Nor yet the man confouod. 

For if thou doe, like murdefer. 

Thou here fhalt hanged be : 
Likewife of flefh fee that thou cut 

No more than longes to thee : 40 

For if thou take either moire or lefTe 

To the value of a mite. 
Thou fhalt be hanged preiently 

As is both law and right. 

Gernutus now waxt franticke mad, 4$ 

And wotes not what to fay ; 
Quoth he at laft. Ten thoufand crownes, 

I will that he fhall pay ; 

And fo I graunt to fet him free. 

The judge doth anfwere make ; jo 

you fhdl not have a penny given j 

Your forfeyture now take. 

9 3 At 


At the laft he dolth de«iftiind 

But for to have hh owne. 
No, qiioth the j udge, doe «s you Ufi, 

Thy judgement. ft^ be ihowae. 

Either t;ake yoiot ^vmi of £efli» qiioth ht. 

Or cancell me your ixmfi^ 
O craell judge, then qaoth the Jtw, 

That doth ^gainfl me ftand ! 

And fo with griping grieved mind 
/ He biddeth them f^e-welL 

« Then* all the peopte p^ay $*d the Loi^d* 
That ever ikb heard teU. 

Good people, ihat doe Jieare this fOBg^ 
For trueth I dare weU (xy. 

That many a wretch as ill as he^ 
Doth live now at this day ^ 

That feeketb nothing but the fpayle 
Of many a weajthey man. 

And for to trap the innocent 
Devifeth what they can. 

From whome the Lord deliver me. 

And every Chriftian too. 
And fend to thsm like fentence eke 

That meaneth fo to do. . 

/Vr. 6 1, griped. AJbmoL cofy^ 




This beautiful fonnet is quoted in th M^v^^Y Wives of 
Windsor, -^. l-fc l. and is afcrihcd (together nx:ith the 
Rbply^ to Shakejpeare him/elf by all the modern editors of 
^is /mailer poems. In Lintot^s Collection ofthem^ izma 
'no date) is a copy of this fonnet containing only four fanzas 
'^he j{th. and bth. being ivantingj,, accompanied ivith t^ 
rfifianza of the Anf<wer. This edition has fome appear " 
nee of exaBnef and is affirmed to he reprinted from an 
ncient copy^ containing " Th e passionate pilgrime, 
'a«// Sonnets tx> svijory notes of Musicke, by 
^ Mr, William Shakespeare. Lond. printed for^ 

W. Jaggard. 1590.'*— —jjf this may be relied en, 
hen was this fonnet, (^c, puhlijhed, as Shakefpeare" s in his 
'ife time. 

And yet there is good reafon to belie've that (not Shake* 
^eare, but) Christopher Marlow, fwrote the fong, 
nd Sir Walter Ralegh the «« NympPs reply:'' For 
> ^u'e are pcfeti'vely afftired by Ifaac Weston, a ^writer of 
me credit, luho has inferted them both in his Com pleat 
LNGLERf, under the chara£ier of ** that fmooth fong, 

* njuhich «waj made by Kit, Marlonx', nonu at leafl ffty 
' years ago ; and , , , an Anf<ujer to it, ^which nvas made 
' by Sir IValter Raleigh in his younger days, . . . OA/- 

* fajhicne4 poetry but choicely goodJ*' It alfo pajfedfor 
iarloiv's in the opinion of his contemporaries, for the editor 
^ the *' Mufes Library,"" has reprinted a poem from En- 

O 4 gland's 

fHr/f printed in the year 1653^ but prcbahl) ^w: it ten fome 
na before. 



land'? Helicon, i6©o, fubfcribed Ignoto, and thm 
mthdf " In Imitation of C. Marhnv^** beginning //^ 

« Come //«t>^ w/Vi? «r^ and be my dear^ 
** Jnd ^voe nuill refuel all the year ^ 
^< /« plains and groves f tsff," 

t>5^^« /^^ nuhole I am inclined to attribute them to Marlow, 
and Raleigh j not'withjlanding the authority of Sh4e- 
fpeare^s Book of Sonnets, For it is ix/ell kno^n that as h 
took no care of his onrni compofitionSf Jo ivas he utterly re- 
gar dle/s <what fpurious things nvere fqthered upon him. Sit 
John Oldcastle, Pericles, and the London pro- 
digal, ivere printed 'with his name at full length in the 
title-pages i <whilehe ivas li*^ing, *whicbyet 'twere afterwards 
rejeSed by his frfi eaitors Hemingp and Con dell, viht 
nvere his intimate friendsj^., and therefore no doubt had ^ 
authority for fetting them afide. 

The folloiuing Jonnet appears to hanje been (ets it d(fervei) 
a great favourite nvifh our earlier poets: for he fides tit 
imitation above-mentiou^d^ another is to be found amonf 
Donne's poems, intitled ** The Bait^^* beginning thus^ 

*^ Come live voith me, and be my love, 
** jind nue nvillfome neiv pleafures prove 
" Of golden fands, ^c^ 

As for Chr. Marlow, voho nuas in high repute for hit 
Dramatic ivrifings, he loft his life by a ftab received in ^ 
f>rothel, before the year 1593. See A. Wood, L 138. 

LIVE with me, and be my love, 
AkcI we wil all the pleafures prove 
That Jiils and vallies, dale and field, 
^nd ail the craggy mountains yield. 

J fie mentions them both in his wilL 


A N D B A L L A D S. 10% 

There will we fit upon the rocks, 5 

And fee the (hepherds feed their flocks, 
Py (hallow rivers, to whofe falls 
Melodious birds fing madrigals. 

There will I make thee beds of rofe$ 

With a thoufand fragrant pofies, 10 

A cap of flowers, and a kirtle 

Imbrodered all with leaves of mirtle } 

A gown made of the fineft wool. 
Which from our pretty lambs we pull ; 
Slippers lin'd choicely for the cold, ij 

With buckles of the pureft gold ; 

A belt of ftraw, and ivie buds. 

With coral clafps, and amber fluds : 

And if thefe pleafures may thee move. 

Then live with me, and be my love. sq 

The ftiepherd fwains fliall dance and ftng 
J'or thy delight each May morning : 
If thefe delights thy mind may move. 
Then live with me, and be my love. 


T H E Nymph's Reply, 

F that the World and Love were young, 
And truth in every Ibephcrd's toung, 


«oi A N C I E N T S O N G S 

^ Thefe pretty pleafures might me move 
To live with thee, and be thy love. 

But time drives flocks from field to fold. 
When rivers rage, and rocks grow cold. 
And Philomel l)ecomcth dumb. 
And all -complain of cares to come. 

The flowers do fade, and wanton fields 
To wayward winter reckoning yield ; 
A honey tongue, a heart of gall. 
Is fancies fpring, but forrows fall. 

Thy gowns, thy flioes, thy beds of rofes. 
Thy cap, thy kirtle, and thy poiies. 
Soon break, fooa wither, fbon forgotten^ . 
In folly ripe, in reafon rotten. 

Thy belt of ftraw, and ivie buds. 
Thy coral clafps, and amber ftuds ; 
All theje in me no means can move 
To come to thee, and be thy love. 

But could youth laft, and love flill breed, 
Had joyes no date, nor age no need j 
Then thofe delights my mind might move 
I'o live with thee, and be thy love. 

XI. Ti: 




reader has here an ancient ballad m tbt fame fubjea 
heplay of Tit vs Andronicvs, and there is no doubts 
awe njQoe borro<medfrom the other : ^whicb of them ^wat 
mid it is not ec^ to decide. And yetf tf the argu* 
fered above in p. i go for the priority of the ballad of 
ir OF ViKNiCE be admitted as conclujfi've, fome^hat of 
e kind may he urg£d here ; for this ballad differs from 
' in feveral particulars t (which afimple Ballad^'writer 
\e lefs likely to alter than an inventive Tragedian. 
' the ballad is no mention of the conteft for the empire 
I the tvjo brothers J the compofing of vihich makes the 
ful treatment of Titus afler^wards the more fla- 
^neither is there any notice taken of his facrificing 
Vamora^s fons^ *whicb the tragic poet has ajfigned as 
inal cavfe of all her ct uclties. In the play Titus lofes 
one of hisfons in ivar, and kills another for ajjijiing 
us to carry offLavinia : the riader 'Will find it dif^ 
n the ballad. In the latter Jhe is bethrothed to the 
r*s Son : ih the play to his Brother, In the tragedy 
vo of hisfons fall into the pit, and the Third being 
i returns to Rome imtb a viSlorious army, to avenge 
mgs of his houfe : in the ballad all Three are entrapped 
^r death. In thefcene the Emperor kills Titus, and 
'turn ftabbed by Titus's furviving fon. Hsre Titus 
e Emperor, and afterivards himfelf 



Let the Reader nuetgb thefe cireumftances and fimeathm 
nvherein he 'will find them unlike^ and then pronounce fr 

him/elf, jifter all, there is reafon to conclude that this 

flay fwas rather impronjed hy S hake/pear e *with a fewfiu 
touches of his pen^ than originally lurit hy bimt for mi t9 
mention that the flile is left fgurati've than his others gau- 
rally are, this tragedy is mentioned 'iJoith difcredit in the h' 
duSion to Ben Jonfon^s Bartholomew-fair, in 1614, v 
fine that had then been exhibited **fi've and t<wenty, or thittj 
**yearf:^^ ivhichp if five take the loweft number, throws it 
tack to the year 1 5 89, at ivhich time Shakejpeare laas hut 
25 ; an earlier date, than can be found for any other of bis 
fieces % • ^nd if it does not clear him entirely of it, Jhews at 
ieaft it 'Was afirft attempt. 

Vthe follofwiitg is gi<venfrom a Copy in*^ The Golden Gat' 
^* iand^* iptitled as abo've ; compared ivith three others, 
tnuo of them in black letter in tffe Pepys CoHeSion^ intitled 
*• The Lamentable and Tragical Hiftory of Titus Andrmm, 
" lic.^To the tune of Fortune:^ -^Unluckily noneoftbifi 
kttve atrf dates* 

YOU ^oble minds, and famoms martiall wights. 
That in defence of native country fights. 
Give eare to me, that ten yceres fought for Rome, 
Yet reapt difgracp at my returning hom^. 

In Rome I lived in fame fulle threefcore yecres, J 

My name beloved was of all my peeres ; 
Full five and twenty valiant fonnes I had, 
WJiofe forwarde vertues made their father glad. 


X The earlieft kno-uun, is KiNG John in i*wo parts 1591. 4*' 
M l^f' This play he afterwards intirely new ivrotCM aswettf^ 
bawe it. 


tor when Romes foes their warlike forces bent, 
Againft them ftille my fonnes and I were fent ; 10 

Againft the Goths full ten yeeres weary warre 
We fpent, receiving many a bloudy fcarre. 

Jttft two and twenty of my fonnes were ilaine 
Before we did returne to Rome againe : 
Of five and twenty fonnes, I brought but three 15 
Alive, the ilately towers of Rome to fee. 

When wars were done, I conqueft home did bring. 
And did prefent my prifoners to the king, 
The queene of Goths, her fons, and eke a moore. 
Which did fuch murders, like was nere before. 29 

The emperour did make this queene his wife. 
Which bred in Rome debate and deadlie ftrife. 
The moore, with her two fonnes did growe foe proud. 
That none like them in Rome might be^ allowd. 

The moore foe pleas'd this new-made emprefs' ele, 25 

That ihe consented to him fecretly 

For to abufe her hufbands marriage bed. 

And foe in time a blackamcf e (he bred. 

Then fhe, whofe thoughts to murder were inclinde, 
Coniented with the moore of bloody minde 3Q 

Againft myfelfe, my kin, and all my friendcs. 
In cruell fort to bring them to their ends. 



Soe when in age I thought to live in peace. 
Both care and griefe began then to increafe : 
Amongft my Tonnes I had one daughter bn^ht. 
Which joy'd, and pleafed beft my aged fight : 



My deare Lavinia was betrothed than 1 1^ 

To Cefars fonue, a young and noble man : ISi: 

Who in a hunting by the emperours wife, Tl 
And her two Tonnes, bereaved was of life. 

He, being (laine, was caft in cruel wife. 
Into a darkfome den from light of fkie» : 
The cruell moore did come that way as then 
With my three fonnes, who fell into the deB« 

The moore then fetcht the emperour with fpeed. 
For to accufe them of that murderous deed ; | ^ 

And when my fonnes within the den were foondi 
In wrongfull prifon they were caft and bound* 

But nowe, behold ! what wounded moftmy mxd, 
The erapreflcs two fonnes of favage kind 50 

My daughter ravilhed without remorie. 
And tooke away her honour, quite perfofce. 

When they had tailed of foe fweetc a fiowre. 
Fearing this fweete (hould fliortly turne to fowre. 
They cutt her tongue, whereby flie could not tell 5J 
How that diihonoure unto her befell. , 

A N D B A L L ADS. aoy 

Then both her hands they bafely cutt off quite 
Whereby their wickcdncfse fhe could not write, 
>^or with her needle on her fampler ibwe 
The bloudye workers of her direfull woe. 60 

My brother Marcus found her in the wood. 
Staining the graffie ground with purple bloud. 
That trickled from her ilumpes» and bloudlefse amies t 
l^oe tongue at all fhe had to tell her harmes. 

But when I fawe her in that woefull cafe, 65 

"With teares of blond I wet mine aged face : 

For my Lavinia I lamented more. 

Then for my two and twenty fonnes before. 

When as I fawe fhe could not write nor fpeake, 
With griefb mine aged heart began to breake ; jm 

We fpred an heape of fand upon the ground. 
Whereby thofe bloody tyrants out we found. 

For with a ftaffe without the helpe of hand. 

She writt theie wordes upon the plat of fand : 

«« The luftfull fonnes of the proud empercfse 75 

*• Are doers of this hateful wickedncfse.** 

I tore the milk-white hairs from off mine head, 
I curft the houre, wherein I firft was bred, 
I wifht this hand, that fought for countric's fame. 
In cradle rockt, had firfl been flroken lame. 80 



The moore delighting ftill in villainy. 
Did fay, to fett my Tonnes from prifon free 
I fhould unto the king my right hand give. 
And then my thJ*^ impri(bned fonnes fhould live. 

The moore I caus'd to flrike it oflF with fpeede, 
Whereat I grieved not to fee it bleed, 
But for my ibnnes would willingly impart. 
And for their ranibme (end my bleeding heart. 

But as my life did linger thus in paine^ 
They fent to me my bootlefse hand againe, 
And therewithal the heades of my three fonnes. 
Which fiUd my dying heart with freflier moanes. 

Then paft reliefe I upp and downe did goe» 
And with my tears writ in the duft my woe : 
I fhot my arrowes J towards heaven hie^ 
And for revenge to hell did often crye. 

The emprefse then, thinking that I was mad, 
Like furies fhe and both her fonnes were clad, 
(She nam'd Revenge, and Rape and Murder they) 
To undermine and heare what I would fay. 

t If the ballad tvas ijDriUen before the play, t /bouldj 
this to be only a metaphorical exprej/ion^ taken from that 
Pfalms, " They /hoot out their arrowes, even bitter it 
Fs. 64. 3. 

A N D B A L L A D S. aoj 

1 fed their foolifh vcincs f a certainc fpacc, 
Untill my friendcs did find a fecrett place. 
Where both her fonnes unto a poft were bound. 
And jaft revenge in cruell fort was found. 

I cut their throates, my daughter held the pan loj 

Betwixt her ftumpes, wherein the bloud it ran : 
And then I ground their bones to powder fmall. 
And made a pafte for pyes ftreight therewithal!. 

Then with their flelhe I made two mighty pyes. 
And at a banquet fervde in flately wife : i lo 

Before the emprefle fet this loathfome meat j 
So of her fonnes own fleib ihe well did eat. 

Myfelfe bereav'd my daughter then of life,^ 

The emprefse then I flewe with bloudy knife. 

And ftabb*d the emperour immediatelie, 115 

And then myfelf : even foe did Titus die. 

Then this revenge again ft the Moore was found 

Alive they fett him halfe into the ground. 

Whereas he ftood untill fuch time he ftarvM : 

And foe God fcD^d all murderers may be ferv'd. 120 

f I. /. encouraged them in their foolijk humours, or fancies* 
V«x.. HI. P XII. TAJtB 




The Jirji fianxa of this little fonntty ivhicban eminent cri- 
iicX juftly admires for its extreme fmjeetnefsy is Jound in 
Shakefpeare^s Measure for Measure, A. J^.fc. i. BtAh 
theftanxas are prefer*ved in Beaiim, and Fletcher^ s Bloody 
Brother, A. ^^fc. 2. Sewel and GiUon have frintti it 
among 'Shakefpeare^s fmalUr Poems ^ hut they ha*ve done the 
- Jame by twenty other pieces thativere never tvrit hy him', their 
hook being a tnr etched heap of inaccuracies and miftaies. It 
is not found in Jaggard*s old edition of Sbakeffear^s Son- 
nets reprinted iy Liniot. 

TAKE, oh take thofe lips away. 
That {o fweetlye were forfworne f 
And thofe eyes, the breake of day. 

Lights, that do mifleade the morne : 
But my kilTes bring againe, 5 

Seales of love, but feaPd in vaine. 

Hide, oh hide thofe hills of fnowe, 
^ .. . Which thy frozen bofom beares. 

On whofe tops the pinkes that growe. 

Are of thofe that April wears : !• 

But firft fet my poor heart free. 
Bound in thofe icy chains by thee. 


X Bp, Warh. in bis SbakeJ}. 

A N D B ALL ADS. an 



^be Reader has here an ancient ballad on the SubjeB of 
King Lbar» nuhicb (as a fenjihle female criiic has njuell 
tbfemied f ) bears fo exa£i an amdt^ to.tbe argument ^fSbake- 
/peare*s flay, tbat bis banjing copied it could not be doubted^ 
if it luere certain, tbat it «was ^written before tbe tragedy. 
Here is found tbe bint of Lear^ madnefs, 'which* the old 
chronicles X do not mention, as alfo the extrenoigant druelty 
txercifed on him by his daughters: In the deatb of Lear 
they like<wife <very exaSily coincide. -^The misfortune is . that 
th^e is nothing to ajfftft us in afcertaining the date of the 
ballad but ivhat little evidence arifesfrom tvitbin, this the 
Reader muft *weigb and Judge for himfelf — After all, *tis 
fojjible that Shakefpeare and the author of this ballad might 
both of them be indebted to a more ancient dramatic Jf^riter. 
For that an older play ^ King Leir had been exhibited 
before Shakefpeare lurote, and is even ftiU extant in print, 
I am affured upon undoubted authority, thc^ J have not been 
fo lucky as to obtain a fight of it. 

This ballad is given from an ancient copy in the ** Golden 
Garland" bl. let. intitled, " A lamentable fong of the Death 
«< of King Leir, and his three daughters, ^o the Tune of 
" When flying fame.'^ 

f Shahefjpear illuftratedrVol. 3. />. 302. 
t See jeffery of Monmouth, Holingjhed^ &c, ix;ko relate Leir* s 
biftory in many refpeSs the fame as tbe ballad. 



KING Leir once ruled in this land» 
With princ ely power and peace. 
And had all things with hearts content. 

That might his joys increafe : 
Amongft thofe things that nature gave, ; 

Three daughters fair had he. 
So princely feeming beautiful. 
As fairer could not be. 

So on a time it pleas'd the king 

A queftion thus to move, lo 

Which of his daughters to his grace 

Could (hew the deareft love : 
For to my age you bring content. 

Quoth he, then let me hear 
Which of you three in plighted troth, ij 

The kindeft will appear. 

To whom the eldeft thus began. 

Dear father, mind, quoth ihe. 
Before your face, to do you good. 

My bldod fhall rendered be : 29 

And for your fake my bleeding heart 

Shall here be cut in twain. 
Ere that I fee your reverend age 

The fmalleft grief fuftain. 



And fb will I, the fecond {aid : 25 

Dear father, for your fake. 
The worft of all extremities 

I'll gently undertake ; 
And ferve your highnefs night and day 

With diligence and love ; 30 

That fweet content and quietne&; 

Difcomforts may remove. 

In doing fo, you glad my foul. 

The aged king reply'd ; 
But what fay ft thou, my youngeft girl, 35 

How is thy love ally'd ? 
My love (quoth young Cordelia then) 

Which to your grace I owe. 
Shall be the duty of a child. 

And that is all I'll (how. 4^ 

And wilt thou fhew ho more, quoth he. 

Than doth thy duty bbd ? 
I wwl perceive thy love is fmall. 

When as no more I find : 
Henceforth I banifli thee my court, 45 

Thou art no child of mine ; 
Nor any part of this my realm ; 

By favour fliall be thine. 

P3 ^ , Thy 


Thy elder fifters loves arc more 

Than well I can demand, 50 

To whom I equally beflow 

My kingdome and my land : 
My pompal ftate and all pny goods. 

That loviDgly I may 
With thofe thy fifters be maintaun'd 55 

Until my dying day, 

Tha$ flattering fpeeches won renown. 

By thefe two fifters here : 
The third had caufelefs baiiifhm|ent. 

Yet was her love more dear ; ^ 

For p9or Cordelia patiently 

Werit wandring up and dowiB, 
Unhelp'd, unpity'd, gentle mai^. 

Through many an Englifh town : 

Untill at laft in famous Franqe ^5 

She gentler fortunes found ; 
Though poor and bare, yet fhe was deem'd 

The faireft on the ground : 
Where when the king her virtues heard. 

And this fair lady feen, 7* 

With full confent of all his court 

He made his wife and queen. 



Her father * old' king Lear this while 

With his two daughters (laid. 
Forgetful of their promis'd loves, 75 

Full foon the iame decay'd. 
And living in qpeen Ragan's court. 

The eldeft of the twain. 
She took from him his chiefeft means. 

And moft of all his train. 80 

For whereas twenty men were wont 

To w^t with bended knee : 
She gave allowance but to ten. 

And after fc^rce to three : 
Nay, one (he thought too much for him, . S5 

So took ihe all away. 
In hope that in her court, good king. 

He would no longer ftay. 

Am I rewarded thus, quoth he. 

In giving all I have 90 

Unto my children, and to beg 

For what I lately gave ? 
ril go unto my Gonorell ; 

My fecond child, I know. 
Will be more kind and pitiful, 95 

And will relieve my woe, 

P4 FuU 


Full fail he hies then to her court ; 

Where when (he heard his moan 
Retum'd him anfwer. That ihc griev'd. 

That all his means were gone : \co 

But no way could relieve his leasts ; 

Yet if that he would flay 
Within her kitchen, he (hould have 

What fcttUions gave away. 

When he had heard with hitter tears, 105 

He made liis anfwer then ; 
In what I did let me be made 

Example to all men. 
I will return again, quoth he. 

Unto my Ragan's court ; 1 10 

She will not ufe. me thus, I hope. 

But in a kinder fort. 

Where when he came, fhe gave command 

To drive him thence away : 
When he was well within her court MS 

(She faid) he would not day. 
Then back again to Gonorell, 

The woeful king did hie. 
That in her kitchei^ he might have 

What fcuUion boys fet by. 120 


A N D B A L L A D $• 217 

But there of that he was deny*d. 

Which flie had promis'd late : 
For once refufing, he Ihould not 

Come after to her gate. 
Thus twixt liis daughters, for relief 125 

He wandred up and down ; 
Being glad to feed on beggars food. 

That lately wore a crown. 

And calling to remembrance then 

His youngeft daughters words, 13© 

That faid the duty of a child 

Was all that love affords : 
But doubting to repair to her. 

Whom he had banilh'd fo. 
Grew frantick mad ; for in his mind 135 

He bore the wounds of woe: 

Which made him rend his milk-white locks. 

And treflcs from his head. 
And all with blood beHain his cheeks. 

With age and honour fpread : 140 

To hills and woods and watry founts. 

He made his hourly moan. 
Till hills and woods, and fenflefs things. 

Did feem to figh and groao. 

A Erea 


£vcn thus pofleft with difcontents. 

He paiTed o're to France^ 
In hopes from fair Cordelia there. 

To find fome gentler chance. 
Mod virtuous dame I which when ihe heard 

Of this her father's grief. 
As duty bound, fhe quickly fent 

Him comfort and relief : 

And by a train of noble peer«. 

In brave and gallant fort. 
She gave in charge he fhould be brought 

To Aganippus' court ; 
Whofe royal king, with noble mind 

So freely gave confent. 
To muller up his knights at arms. 

To fame and courage bent. 

And fo to England came with fpeed. 

To repoflefle king Leir, 
And drive his daughters from their thrones 

By his Cordelia dear : 
Where flie, true-hearted noble queen. 

Was in the battel flain : 
Yet he good king, in his old days, 

Pofleft his crown again. 

A N D BALLADS. 219, 

But when he heard Cordelia's death. 

Who died indeed for love 170 

Of her dear father, in whofe caufc 

She did this battel move ; 
He fwooning fell upon her breaft. 

From whence he never parted : 
But on her bofom left his life, 175 

That was fo truly hearted. 

The lords and nobles when they (aw 

The end of thefe events. 
The other fifters unto death 

They doomed by confents : 1 80 

And being dead, their crowns they left 

Unto the next of kin : 
Thus have you feen the fall of pride. 

And difobedient fin« 



— is found in the little colle£iion of Sbakefpeare*s Son-^ 
tefSf intitled the passionati Pilgrims |, the greateft 
sart of nubicbfeem to relate to the amours of Venus and 


\ See above y fage 199. 


jfdemsy being tittle effujions of fancy, probably nvritien, 
nvBile he ^vas compofing Jns larger Poem on that fuhjeS. 
^he fcllo'vjing feeffts intended for the mouth of Venus , iveigh- 
iug the compdrati've merits of youthful Adonis and aged 
Vulcan, In the ^^ Garland of good <willy^* it is reprinted^ the additcn rf IV, more fuch fanzas^ but evident jf 
turitteu by a meane}- pen, 

CR A B BED Age and Yonth 
Cannot live together ; 
Youth 15 full of pleafance^ 

Age is full of caie : 
Youth like fummer mom, { 

Age like winter weather^ 
Youth like fummer brave. 

Age like winter bare : 
Youth is full of fport. 
Ages breath is fhort ;• lo 

Youth is nimble, Agt is lame : 
Youth is hot and bold,' 
Age is weak and cold ; 

Youth is wild, and Age is tame. 
Age, I do abhor thee, 15 

Youth, I do adore thee , 

O, my love, nay love is young : 
Age, I do dcfie thee ; 
Oh fweet fhepheard, hie thee, 

For Eicthinks thou flay* too long. to 





The folJo'-wing ballad is upon the fame fuhjeSi^ 'with the 
^DucTioff to Shakefpeare^ s Taming of the Shrew : 
whether it may he thought to ha*ve Jug?eJIed the hint to the 
dramatic poet ^ or is not rather of later date^ the reader mufi 

Thefiory is toldX ^Philip the Good, Duke pfBur^ 
nndy ; and is thus related by an old EngUjh <writer. " The 
fmd Duke, at the marriage of Eleon^ra, fifter to the kinj^ 
of Portugall at Bruges in Flanders^ 'which nvasfoiemnifed 
in the deepe of fwinter, 'when as by renfon of unfeafonalle 
'weather he could neither ha'wke nor hunt, and 'was tiovj 
tired twith cards y dice, l^c. and fucb other dorueftick 
fportSy or to fee ladies dance ; 'with feme of his courtiers^ 
he fwould in the e*vening fwalke difguifed all about the 
Sowne, It fofortunedy as he fwas 'was 'walking lute one 
nighty he found a countrey felh'w dead drunke^ jnorting cft 
a bulke ; he caufed his follo'wers to bring him to his pa-- 
lace^ and there firipping him of his old cloihesy and attjring 
him after the court fafhion^ 'when he 'wakened, hs and 
they 'were all ready to attend upon his excellency , fsr- 
fuade hitn that he fwas fome great Duke, The pcor fellow 
admiring how he came there, fwas fer'ved in Jiaie all day 
long : after f upper hefa^w them dance, heard muficke, and 

" all 

% By Ludov. Fives in Epiji, & Pont, Heut, Rerun BurgunJ, 




*• all i /ye reft ofthofe court-like pleafures : hut late at night} 'W 
^* 'when he ivas ivell tipled^ and again f aft afliepe^ they put lal 
** on his old robes y and fo con^veyed him to the place ^ lubert 
** they firft found him, Noiu the fellotw had not made them 
*^fo good/port the day before ^ as be did notu, tvhen be re- 
** turned to himfelfe : all the jeft was to fee ho^w he looked 
*< upon it. In conclufion^ after fome little admiration^ tht 
<* poore man told his friends he had feen a 'uifion ; conftantlj 
** belee^ved it ; luould not otbertuife he perfuadedy and/o tit 
^^ jeft ended'* Burton's Anatomy of melancholy. Ft, 2. 
fe^, 2. Memb, 4. zd, Ed. \tz^, fol, 

This ballad is gimenfrom a black Utter in the Pepys Cd' 
legion, tvhich is intitled as above y << To the tutu oh Fotd 

NO Was fame does report, a young duke keeps'a coart. 
One that pleafes his fancy with frolickfbmefport: 
But amongft all the reft, here is one I proteft. 
Which will make you to fmile when you hear the trae jeft: 
A poor tinker he found, lying drunk on the ground, 5 
As fecure in a fleep as if laid in a fwound. 

The duke fjud to his men, \^illiam, Richard, and Ben, 
Take him home to my palace, we'll fport with him then* 
O'er a horfe he was laid, and with care foon convey'd 
To the palace, altho' he was poorly arrai'd : 10 

Then they ftriptoff his cloaths,both his (hirt,(hoes andhofc, 
And they put him to bed for to take his repofe. 

Having pull'd off his ihirt, which was all over dart, 
They did give him clean holland, this was no great hurt : 


A N D B A L L A D S. 223 

On a bed of foft down, like a lord of renown, 1 5 

They did lay him to fleep the drink out of his crown : 
^n the morning when day, then admiring he lay, 
For to fee the rich chamber both gaudy and gay. 

NTow he lay fomething late, in his rich bed of ftate, 
r'ill at laft knights and fquires they on him did wait : 20 
\nd the chamberling bare, then did lik«wife declare, 
H[e defir'd to know what apparel he'd ware : 
r*he poor tinker amaz'd, on the gentleman gaz'd. 
And admired how he to this honour was rais'd. 

Pho^ he. feem'd ibinething mute, yet he chofe a rich fuit, 
i^^hich he fbaitways put on without longer difpote ; 26 
l^ith a ilar on his fide, which the tinker oiFt ey'd, 
Aind it feem'd for to fwdl him < no' little with pride ; 
Box he ^^d to himfelfv Where is Joan my fweet wife ? 
Sare ihe never did fee me fo fine in her life. 30 

Prom a convenient place, the right duke his good grace. 
Did obferve his behaviour in every cafe. 
Tea garden of ftate, on the tinker they wait. 
Trumpets founding before him : thought he this is great : 
Where an hour or two, pleafant walks he did view, 55 
With commanders and fquires in fcarlet and blew. 

A fine dinner was draft, both for him and his guefls, 
He was pla^'d at the t able above all the reft. 



In a rich chair * or bed,' lin'd with fine crimfon red. 
With a rich golden canopy over his head : 
As he fat at his meal, the muficlc play'd fwect, 
With the choiceft of iingbg his joys to compleat« 


While the tinker did dine, he had plenty of wine, -j 

Rich canary with (herry and tent fuperfihe. I j 

Like a right honeft foul, faith, he took offhis bowl, 4; 1 1 
Till at lafl he began for to.tumble and roul I *] 

From his chair to the Hoor, where he fleeping did ihoie»l \ 
Being feven times drunker then ever before. I ] 

Then the duke did ordain, they ihoald fhip him amaiO) 
And reftore him his old leather garments again : $0 
'Twas a point next the word, yet perform it they moll, 
And they carry'd him ftrait where they found himatfirJj 
Then he flept all the night, as indeed well he might, 
But when he did waken his joys took their flight. 

For his glory < to him' fo pleafant did feem, 5J 

That he thought it to be but a meer golden dream ; 
Till at length being brought to the duke, where he foogM 
For a pardon as fearing he had fet him at nought ; 
But his highnefs he faid, Thou'rt a jolly bold biade^ 
Such a frolick before I think never was plaid. 60 

Then his highnefs befpoke him a new fait and cloak. 
Which he gave for the fake of this frolickfome joak; 


A k b B A L L A D S. 225 

Nay, and five hundred pound, with ten lucres of ground^ 
' Thou (halt never, (aid he, range the counteries round. 
Crying old brafs to mend, for I'll be thy good friend, 65 
Nay, and Joan thy f^^cet wife (hall my duchbfs attend. 

Then the tinker reply'd^ What I muft Joan my fweet bride 
Be a lady in chariots of pleafure to ride ? 
Mull we have gold and latad e'ry day at command ? 
Then I (hall be a fquire I well underftand : 70 

Well I thank your good grace, and your loVe I tmbracei 
t was neVei- before in fo happy a cafe. 



Difper/ed thro* ^hdkefpedre* 5 plays art innumerable tiU 
He fragments of ancient ballads ^ the intire copies of ^hich^ 
€ould not be recovered. Many of thefe being of the moft 
beautiful and pathetic JimpUcityy the Editor 'was tempted to 
Jeled fome of t^tm^ and luith a fenv fupplemental Jhinzas tS 
tonne^ them together and form them into a little tale, 
which is here fubmitted to the Reader* s candour. 

One fmall fragment *was taken frotti Beaumont and 

Vol. lit CL tT 

ii26 A net E N t s b N e s 

IT was a friar of orders gray, 
Walkt forth to tell his beadcs J 
And he met with a lady faire^ 
Clad in a pilgrime's weedes. 

Now Ghfift thee fatre, thou rcVlfrcnd friaf, i 

I pray thee tell to me. 
If ever at yon holy fhrine 

My true love thou didft fee# 

And how fliould I kndW your tnie Iovf« 

From many another one ? '• 

O by his cockle hat, and ftaiT, 
And by his £saida,l ihoone {• 

But chiefly by his fstce knd taiea. 

That were {o fair to view ; 
His flaxen locks th&€ fweetly curFd^ t{ 

And eyne of lovely blue^ 

O lady, he is dead atid gone t 

Lady, he's dead and gone ! 
And at his head a green grafs torfey 

And at Ids heels a ftonetf ^^ 

t fhefi are the diflingwjbing marks of a pi%rim^ ^e eM^ 
places of devotion being beyofUfea^ the ^Igrims ivere tuott tt 
put cockle Jbells in fheit baU to denote the intention or petformnift 
^ their pilgrimage. fTarb. Sbakejp.r§h 8./. l^.* 

A4* Ji 6 A L L A b s. nj 

• Within thefe holy clo)^ftcrs IdAg 
He lattguifhty and he dyed^ 
Lamenting.of a ladyes lOve, 
And *playniAg bf her prid^ 

ticte bore Urn baref^M 04 his bier 2^ 

Sik prbper youths and lalU 
And many a tear bedew'd his grav6 

Within yon jcirk-yard wall. 

And art thotk jde'ad, thoa. gentle youth t 

And art thou dead and gone ! ^4 

And didft thoi^ dye for love of me ! 
Breaks cruel he^t of ftone \ 

D weep no^t, Jady^ >^ecp not ibei 

Sbme ghoilly comfort feek : 
XtC^ jiot yain fojrrpw rive tliy hearty 35 

Ne teares bedew thy cheek* 

O do nbt^ do nbt^ hbty friar^ 

My forrow now reprove j 
For I have loft the fweeteft youthj^ 

That e'er wan, ladyes love^ ^4 

And nowe, alas ! for thy fad IdfTc) 

141 evfermorfc weep and figh ; 
tor thee I only wilht to live> 

F«r thee I wiih to dye, 

Q^t Weep 

228 A NO IE N t' son G S 

Weep no more, lady, weep, no niore. 

Thy forrowe is in vaine : 
For, violets pluckt the fwecteft ftowers 

Will ne'er make grow againe. 

Our joys as winged dreams doe flyc. 

Why then fhould forrow lali ? 
Since grief but aggravates thy lofle. 

Grieve not for what is pall. 

O fay not foe, thou holy friar ; 

I' pray thee, fay not foe : 
For iince my true-love dyed for mee, 

'Tis meet my tears fhould flow. 

And will he ne'ei* come again } 

Will he ne'er come again ? 
Ah ! no, he is dead and laid in his gnu/tt 

For ever to remain. 


His cheek was redder than the rofe^ 

The comlieft youth was he :— g 

But he is dead and laid in his gravef : 
Alas, and woe is me - 

Sigh no more, lady, figh no more^ 

Men were deceivers ever : 
One foot on fea and one on land, 

I'o one thing conftant never. 


A N D B A L I. A D S. 229 

Hadft thou been fond, he h^d bejsn falf^. 
And left thee fad and h^avy ; yo 

For young men cyer were fickle fopnd, 
Since fummer trees were le^fy. 

Now fay not {o^ thou holy friar, 

I pray thee fay not foe : 5 

My love he had the trueft heart ; 75 

O he was ever true ! 

And art thou dead, thou much-lovM youth. 

And didft thou dye for xnee ? 
Then farewell home ; for, ever-more 

A pilgrim I will bee. %o 

Biit firft upon my true-lpves gn^v^ 

My weary limbs I'll lay, 
And thrice I'll kifs the green-grafs turf. 

That wraps his breathlefs clay, 

^Yet ftay, fair lady ; r^ft awhile 85 

Beneath this cloyfter wall : 
See through the hawthorn blows the cold wind^ 

And drizzly rain doth fall. 

O ftay me not, thou holy friar ; 

O Hay me not I pray : 90 

No drizzly rain that falls on me, . 

Can wa(h my fault away. 

Q-3 y« 

23© ANCIENT ff 6'N^G^S 

Yctftay, faiirl^y, tttrn again; 

And dry thofc pearly tear^i ; 
Far fee bencith this goWn of gra^ ^ 9^ 

Thy owne true-love appeah; , 

Here forced by grief, and hopelefs 1qv<^ 

Thefe holy weeds I fought ; 
Atid here amid the'fb lonely walls 

To end my days I thouglit. |o^ 

Jut hslply for my year of grate ^ 

Is not yet paft awayi* 
Might I dill hope to Win^ th^ Id^V 

No longer would I fiay. 

Now farewell gM, ^ wdddmWJbj^^ li^ 

Once more unto my Heart : 
For iinqe f liavc fburid difce, Ich^eify* y6i«H^ 

W^ never mo^'ri WOf part. 

% The year offrtiffatio», or novkiaU* 







j/t the beginning tfthis volume tve gave the old original 
ISong of Cwkrr Chace. The reader hoe here the more 
imfraved editim of that Jiue Heroi( balltid. ft viUl afford 


^n agteeahle entertainment to the curious to compare them /«•» 
get her, and tQ fee ho^ far the latter bard has excelled bis, 
pedectjfory and ^whe^e he has fallen Jhort of him. For the* 
he has enjery ^whercimpro'ved the ^erftficaiiony and generaOff: 
the fentttn^nt and diStion : yet feme few pajfages retain mors., , 
dignity tn the ancient copy y at leaft the opjoletenefs of tht. 
file J craves as a, veil to' hide luhate'ver i^ight appear too fa- ' 
miliar or qjulgar Jn them. Thus ^ for inftattce^ the cataf- 
trophe of the gallhnt Wiih^rington is in the modem copy eX' 
prefl in terms niihich neiter fail at ptefent tn esSciite ridicule \ 
•whereas in the, original it is related in a plmm andpatketic 
fmplicityy that is liable to no fuch unlucky effeil : See tit 
JIanza in pag. 14. 'which in modern orthography^ i^c, woitU 
rtfn thuSf 

\* For Witherington my heart is fwoe^ 

•* ihat ever he flain Jhould be : 
** For nub en his legs 'were hewon in tnvo, 

♦* He knelt and fought upon his knee.** 

So again the ftanxa <which d^cribes the fall of Moni*^ 
f ornery is fon{enuhc^ m,ore elevated in the ancient copy^ 

'* The dint if nuas ^othfad at^dfore^ 

** He on Montgomery fet : 
y 1 he fvjan-feathers his arrovj bore 

*« With his hearts blood. <were, vuet^. p, 15. 

We might alfo add^ that the circumflanfes of the battle art, 
more clearly conceived^ and the federal incidents more, di- 

JlinSily marked in the old original^ than in the improved copy* 
It is fwell knonvn that the ancient Englijh nveapon <was the 
long bow, and that this nation excelled all other s in archery ; 
fwhik the Scottijh ivarriours chiefly depended on the ufe of the 

fpear : this charaSteriftic difference never efcapes our ancient 
hardy ivhofc dcfcription of the firft onfet^ (p. ^.J is to t^e 




^* The propofal of the fnvo gallant earls to determine the 
'fpute hy Jingle combat being over-ruled : the Englijhf fays^ 
?, ^ho flood luith their bovus ready bent, ga^ve a general 
'/charge of their arro^ws^ ^which fleiM fe'ven /core fpearmen 
^the enemy : but nottjoithflanding fo fe*uere a lo/s, Douglas 
ke a brafve captain ktpt bis ground. He had divided hh 
"frees into three colnmns. nuho as foon us the Englijhhaddif 
harged the firfl volley ^ bore dotvn upof^ them avith their fpears^ 
xd breaking through their ranks reduced them to cla/e fights 
*^. The archers upon this dropt their bows and had re~ 
^ur/e to their jkvordsy and there folio-wed fo Jharp a confliS^^ 
hat multitudes on both fides loft their lives, ^* In the midft 
f this general engagement^ at length the ttvo great earls ■ 
^eet, and after a fptrited rencounter agree to breathe ; upon 
vhich a parley enjues^ that njuould do honour to Homer 

Nothing can he more pleajsngly diftin£l and circumftantial 
^«« this : v^hereas the modern copy^ tho* in general it has 
*'eat meri^y is here unluckily both confufed and obfcure, In^ 
-ed the original vjords feem here to have been totally mif- 
**derftood, ** Tet bydys the yerl Douglas upon the bent,** 
'^idently fignifes^ *^- yet the earl Douglas abides in the 

Field:" Whereas the more modern oar d feems to have 
^der flood by bent, the inclinhtion of his mindy a^ud accord- 
^^ly runs quite off from thefubje^, 

. ,** To drive the deer vjith hound and horn 

•* Earl Douglas had the bent, ^^ ' f, 109. 

.ONE may alfo obferve a generous impartiality in the old 
'iginal bard^ vohen in the conclujion of his tale he reprefents 
"^th nations as quitting the field ^^Mithout any reproachful 
*fleSiion on either : tho' he gives to his oivn countrymen thg 
'edit of being thefmalhr number, 

** Of fifteen hundred archers of England 

** Went avjay but fifty and three y 
<* Of tvoenty hundred fpearmen of Scot land ^ 

♦* But iveufive and^fifty,*^ p, 14, 

1134. At*GIENT SONG.S 

fie atirilutis flight to neither fartjf a/ ha^b ken df^k 
the modem copies of this ballad^ as well Scotch as Engtifk f 
FoTf to beemen with our latter bard^ who pushes the Scots^ ^^ 
flee; /ome revi/er of North Britain has turned bis vfOt 
fxnu againfi him, and printed an Editiotf ft QWs^\ 
If fwhiclf the h'n^s are thfis tranfpofed^ 

" Offift^f^ htendred^ottifif/feofi 

H Wtnt hame but fifty three : 
** Of twenty hundred Bnglijkmen^ 
*« Scarfefiffyfiue didjhe:^ 
And to countenance this change he has. fupprejfed the infi \ 
Jianxas between *ver, 241^ anlnjer, 240. — FVom tbisEif^'' 
iion I ha<ve reformed the Scottift> names in pag. 244. " 
in the modern EngHJh ballad appeared^to b^ corrupted'* 

When 1 call the prefent admired ballad modern^ l 
mean that it is comp^ra$iwehfo^for that it could not bi • 
much later than the time of^ Elizabeth, I think mey be ffi^ 
fpfear, nor yet does it feem to be older than the latter eniw 
her reign. Sir Philip Sidney when he complains, of the » 
§uatedphra/e of Cu^yx Chace, could ne^er havef^n 
impronjtd copy ^ the Iffwuage of which is not more ancient i 
that he himffif tifed. h is probable that the encomiums tf^fi, . 
admired a writer excited Jimf bard to re<vi/e the balh^t ^' 
to free it from thofe faults he hadohjeaedto it. ThatitcuM 
not be much later than that time appears from the /^Mll 
DOLEFUL DVUF8 I which in that age carried} no- ill Jmt- 
nmth it, but to the next generation became Hdieulous. W^' 
fravefeen it pafi uncenfured in a fimnet tbc^ isfot ¥ ^ 
titne in requ^, and where it could not fail to ha^e beentebf 
notice of had it been in the le^fi e>(ceptionable : fe^ (^^ 
/• 164, 5 : ITet in about half a century after^ it wm beaite 
burl ef que. See Hudibras, Pt. I.e. 3. v. 95. 

This much premifed^ the reader tha^ wotildfee thegpierd 
beauties of this ballad fet in ajuft andftriking light mee^t^ 
fult the excellent criticifm of Mr. Addifon.\ W^h regard t^ 

i In the SfeQator. N'*. 70. 74. 


AN »A LB A D Sv 231, 

Wares there offered 'will recei<vi cenfiymatianfrvn npfijffag^ 
fie Memoirs of Cary Earl of Monmouth^ So;©. '7S9- 
d^ , Whenc$ tve iearn liUt it nvOs oh" efucient "cuftoiH <witk 
krderers of the fwo kingjdom mibtn^ thef. luiw 4/> feace, 
ndto the Lord Wardens of the oppofite Marches: for lea<ue, 
mt 'within their diftri^s* I/kame njt^as gKanted^ thfnjoz 
is the end of/ummer th^ 'would come aiid hunt fhrftOeral 
together " 'with their GitrY^Heif^itos»FOIi dMr:** but 
fy took this li^erfj^Mstfrnrmtttd^f thfh tkt L^ifdWwrdeei of 
order fo invaded^ 'wmdd not fail to interpupj their fporH 
'httftife their boldnefs. tk mentions a remarkable injlance 
happened awhile he 'was Warden, 'whenfome Scots Gen* 
9 coming to hufAiindiftAnC9f^hm^ thar^ mufl barve en* 
fitch an a^ion as this of Chet^ Chacf^iftke intruders 
\e€n proportionab^ numerous and 'Wfll-armed; for tfpom 
Being attached ^ his men at drmst he fills its, ** fome 
rt 'was done, tho' he hUfd gr^t^^ciMo^dt^ tBat fb^ 
fuld Jhed Sis little blood as poffible.*^ They nvere in ijfea 
sonjoered and takujf. prifoneri, 094- only releafid on, their 
'/e to abftmufromfuch licenfio^ Jporting for the future. 
'^ following text is gi'pih firOnt a cofy imtht Bdrtor* s foUo, 
compared ^with tmoo off thtot others p^tod^n' hiaeM mer. 
thefecond tjolussu of Dpydtn^s Mi/H^Uanus may be found 
\nflation ofChe^y Chace into Latin Rhymes^ The tram* 
', Mr, Henry Bold of Nenji) College, undertook it at thei 
and of Dr. QMipton, Bfirop of London i tt/ho thought it no 
^tion to his epijcopal digmty^. U^aftmmjya-fendnefsfor this 
^£nt old baUad. Sh the prefan to Bol£s L^in Songs^ 
;. %*vo, 

GO D prpfper long our noble king. 
Our livids and fifttyts all ; 
A wofnl hunting once diere did 
In Chcvy-Chace befall ; 

^3^ A N C I E N T S O N G S 

To irive the dccre with hound and home, , 
Earl Percy took his wajr ; 
. The child may rue that is unborne^ 
The hunting of dut day. 

The ftout Earl of Northumberland 

A vow to God did make* if 

His plcafure in the Scottifli woods 

Three fummers days to take ; 

The cheefeft harts in Chevy-Chace 

To kill and beare away. 
Thefe t/dings to Earl Douglas came, tj 

In Scotland wher« he lay : 

Who fcnt Earl Percy prefent word. 

He wold prevent his fport. 
The Englifl) earl not fearing this. 

Did to the woods refort j *• • 

"V^i^th fifteen hundred bow-men bold^ 

All chofen men of might. 
Who knew full well in time of neede, 

.To aime their fliafte aright. 

The gallant greyhounds fwiftly ran, 

To chafe the fallow-dcere : 
Pn Monday they began to hunt;. 

Ere day-light did appeare ; 
^ Ani 

A N D B A L L A D S. 137 

And long before high noone they had 

An hundred fat bnckes flaine ; 30 

Then baring din'd, the drovers went 

To roiize them up againe* 

The bow-men maftered on the hiils^ 

Well able to endure ; 
Theire backfides all, with fpeciall care^ 35 

That day were guarded fore. 

The hounds ran fwiftly through die woods. 

The nimble deere to take. 
And with their cryes the hills and dales . 

An eccho ibrill did make. 40 

Lord Percy to the quarry went. 

To view the tender deere ; 
Quoth he. Earl Douglas promifed 

This day to meete me heere : 

But if I thought he would not come, , 45 

No longer wold I (lay. 
With that, a brave younge gentleman 

Thus to the earle did fay ; 

Loe yonder doth Earl Douglas come^ 

His men in armour bright ; 50 

Full twenty hundred Scottiih fpcarca 

All marching in our fight ; 


Faft by xkc riV*r:1Pw^Bde : 

And take yovMi60mfJ9/kti(fy9^^ : 

And BQiM.wilfriini^t iny^Aoqnli^Me^ 
Your courage forflvgdyaii^^ ; 

In Scotlandvordn-Frincp) 

tI%atMevei)didf0nt Wfcbaf&ke^^oit^ 

But if my h^pit were, 
I dnriftteMounicji mani^lbivsnan^ . 

With him ta^httakiaifptrnt. 

]£arl I)ottgWM ^tmUfef^viAMie^AiteiA 

Moil like ^ barpn-bold^ 
&ode fomBO^of liis'^^flsp^y/ 

Whofe armoot ftan^tlUce ^}o]4 1 

Showinepikydhe^nwhefe^ii^nf^yiQU 1^ 

That hunt foe bc^dl^ hoer^^) 
Thatv> without my^coiifent^r dee.^h,9ft 

And kill tay^^hw-dticre I 

The matt that firflrdid ^iWermal^^ 

Was noble Percy hee ; 
Whoiayd, 'We lift not to declare. 

Nor ihew ^rhofc men wce4)ee : 

Avn Sal LA D g. 139 

*^^ will wee fpend our deereft blookl, 

Thy checfcft harts to flay, 
^^lien Douglas fwofe a folemne oathe^ 

And thus in rage did fay^ ta 

^re thus I will out-brtivcd bee. 

One of us two fliall dye : 
I know thee welU an earl thou art ; 
Lord Pcrey foe am L 

Bnttniftme, Percy, pittye it Wert, 9$ 

And great offence to kill 
Any of Chefe our harmlefse meh| 

For they have done no 111. 

Let thou and Ithe battell trye, 

And fet' our men afide. 
Accursed bee hee. Lord Percy fayd, 9* 

By whome thisis'denyed* • 

Then Kept a gallant fquire forth, 

Witherington was his name. 
Who faid, r wold nor have it fold 9S 

To Henry our Iting for ftiame. 

That e*er my captaine' fought on foote, 

And I flood looking on. 
You bee two earls, fayd Witherington, 

And I a fquire atone : 100 

3 Hi 

i46 Ancient songS 

lie doe the beil that, doe I majr, 

Whilfe I have power to ftand : 
While I have pow'r to weeld my fword. 

He £ght with heart and hand^ 

Our Englifh archers bei^t their, bo wcs, ^' 

Their hearts were good and trew ; 

At the firft flight of arrow esfent. 
Full threefcore Scots they flew* 

To drive the deere with hound and horn^. 
Earl Douglas had the bent ; > 

Two captaines mov'd with mickle pride. 
Their fpeares to ihivers went; 

*rhey clos'd full fall on everyc fidi, 
Noe flackj^efs there was found ; 

And many a gallaiit gentleman 
Lay gafping on the ground, 

O Chrift ! it was a griefe to fee. 
And like wife for to heare* ^ 

The cries of men lying in their gore, 
And fcatter'd here and thcfe. 

At lail thefe two flout earles did meet^ 
Like captaines of great might ; 

Like lyons wood, they layd on loadj 
And made a crudl fight : 

A K D fe A L L A D S. 241 

^hcy fought untill they both did fweat, 1 25 

With fwords of tempered fteelc ; 
XJntil' the bloody like drops of raih» 

They trickling downe did fbele. 

Vecldtheei Lord Percy, Doaglab fayd ; 

In faith I will thte bring, 13a 

^here dion ihalt high advanced bee 

By James oar Scottifli kihg : 

Th^ ranfome I will freely give. 

And thus report of thee, 
Thou art the moft couragious knight,. ijj 

That ever I did fee. 

Noe, Dou^las^ quoth Earl Percy theot 

Thy iprofi«r I doe fcome ; 
I will not yeelde to any Scott, 

That ever yet was borne., 1^0 

With that, there came an arrow keene 

Out of an Englifh bow. 
Which ibrucke Earl Douglas to the hearts 

A deepe and deadlye blow : 

Who never fpokc more words then thefc, 145 

Fight on, my merry men all ; 
For why, my life is at an end j 

Lord Percy fees my fell, 
ox,. III. R Then 


Then leftflhg Itfe, E^l Percy toofat 

The dead iban by the hand ; 
And faid, £krl Dotigla^» for thy life 

Wold 1 had kft my knd. 

O OnM ! mf Verj icart 4e.di Wccdi 

With rorro>v l<^ chy Me I 
for farei imore rent>wiied,k|ii^i$ , 

Mifchan^e did never take*. 

A knight zfl«it^ (^ S^otte t^efp ywa^ 
Which faw Earl Douglas 4ye*/t ; 

Wha freight ia wrath^ did vo^ jreyeogf 
Upon the Lord Percy : ^^a , 

Sir.tiiigli ^Cfu^^aveiy ,was be caird. 
Who, with a fpeare moft bright. 

Well-mounted on a,gallant •fteed. 
Ran fiercely through the fig^t.^ 

And p^ tbe£iigliih arch«I;s^alI| ^ ' 

Without all 4^ead or feare ; 
And Ihr0' Barl Percy's body thea 

He thruH Mfi hatefull jpeare ; 

With iitdbi a v^hemem t force and might - 

He di4 his feody gorc^ 
The fpeare went through the other fide 

A large cloth^ysurJ^ and mor^« 



So thus did bpt^ thefe nobles dye, 

Whofc couragjC -none cold ftaiac : 
An Engliilj ^<;her then percjeiv'd 175 

The noble eai^l w^ flaine ; ^ 

He had a bow bent in his hand^ . 

Made of a trufty.trec ; 
An arnoW of a cloth-yar^ long 

Up to the head dre^ hce : . 180 

Agwnft Sir Hugh Mountgoa^jr, 

So right the ihaft he fett. 
The grey gopib^wing that was il^ereoHj 

In his hearts blood was wctt. 

This fight did lall from breake of day, 1 85 

Till fetting of ^Jie fan ; 
t^or when tl\ey raog the evelung^beil. 

The battel fcarce wsts done. 

With brave Earl Percy, there wa« ilainc 
Sir John of OgertoA % 19a 

. Sir Robert Ratcliff, and Sir ^hnj 
Sir James that bc^ld; bardn : - . 

And with Sir George and ftout -Sir |aaics,. 
Both knights of good accovint, , ,, 
> ' Good Sir Ralph Rabby there was flaine, 195 

Whofe prowefTe did furmbunt. 

\R 2 For 

* ^e names ^erefeem to be corrupted from the oldCoty* 

i4+ A N C I E N r SONGS 

For Withcrington needs muft I wayle. 
As one in doleful dumpes • ; 
t For when his Icggs were fmitten off. 
He fought upon his itumpes. 

And with Earl Douglas, there was flainc 

Sir Hugh Mountgoihcrj ; 
Sir Charles Murray, that from the fceld 
'' • One foote would never -dee. 

Sir Charles Mui'^'ay, of Ratdlff, toc^ ' 
His lifters fonne waskee^ . , : 

Sir David Laihb, fo well efteemM, 
Yet faved cold not be* 

c ^ ' And the^Lord Maxwell in likiB cafe 
Did with Earl Doi^glas dye : 
Of twenty hundred Scottilh fperes. 
Scarce fifty-fiv6 did ilyc. . i- 

c . 

Of fifteen hundred English flicii, ^ 
Went home but fifty-three ; 

The reft were flaijic in Chevy-Chafe, 
Under the grtcn woode tree. 

Next day did many widowes c6me» 
Their hufbands to bewayle; 


ri : 

^^♦^/. e. ** If as one in deep coffcerv, muft lament C^ 
tion here bfis generally been mifuuderflood* 


They walht their wounds in briniih teares> 
But all wold not prevayle. 220 

Their bodycs, bath'd in purple gore, 

They bare with them away ; • 

They kill them dead a thoufand times^ 

When they were cladd in clay. 

This newes was brought to Edenborrow, 225 

Where Scotland's king did ray ne. 
That brave Earl Douglas fuddenlye 

Was with an arrow flaine : 

heavy newes, King James did fay, 

Scotland can witnelTe bee, 23© 

^ I have not any captaine more 
Of fuch account as hee. 

Like tydings to King Henry came, 

Within as fhort a fpace. 
That Percy of N orthumberland 235 

Was flaine in Chevy-Chafe : 

Now God be with him, faid our king, 
Sith it will no better bee ; 

1 truft I have, wjthin my realme^ 

Five hundred as good as hee ; 240 

Yett (hall not Scotts nor Sco^lapd fty, 
But I will vengeance take, 

R 3 I'll 


I'll be revenged on them all. 
For brave Earl Percy's fake* 

This vow full well the kmg performed 245 

After, on Hombledowne ; 
In one day, fifty knights were flayn^ 

With lords of great renowne ; 

And of the reft, of fmali ac€0unti; 

Did many thoufands, dye : ^JO 

Thus endeth the hiinting of Chevy-Chafe, 

Made by the Earl Percy, 

God fave the king, and blefs this land 

In plentye, joy^ and peace ; 
And grant henceforth, that foule debate #JS 

*Twixt noblemen may ceafe. 



TUff/e fine moral ft anxas nvere originaUy intended fir « 
folemn funeral fong in a play of James ohirley^s^ intitlti 
'* The Contention of Ajax ^and Ulyjffes ;" no dat€^ %njo, — 
Shirley flouriftfed as a Dramatic ivriter early in the reign of 
Charles I: but he outli'ved the Reftoration. His death 
happened Oa. 29. 1666. jEt. 72. 



A N D B A L L A D 9. 245 

This little poem tvas ^written long after many ofthofe that 
fiUim, but is inferied here as a kind of Dirge to the 
f^tgmg piece • 

TH E glories of pqr blopd gnd ftatc 
Are fhadows, not fubftantial things ; 
Th^^ >£ 1^ armour againil fate : 
Peath lays his icy hands on kings : 

Scepter and crown 5 

Muft tumble down. 
And in the dud be equal made 
With the poor crooked fcythc and fpade. 

Some men with fwords may reap the field. 

And plant freih laurels where they kill ; 10 

But their (Irong nerves at laft muft yield 
They tame but one another ftUI. 
Early or late 
They ftoop to fate. 
And muft give up their murmuring breath, 15 

When they pale captives creep to death. 

The garlands wither on your brow. 

Then boaft no more your mighty deeds. 
Upon death's purple altar now 

See where the viftor vidim bleeds: 20 

All heads muft come 
To the cold tomb. 
Only the alliens of the juft 
Smell fweet, and blofTom in the duft. 

R 4 in THE 

348 ANC I EN T S ON 05 



ThtfuhjeQ of this ballad is the great Northern Infitrrtc^ 
iion in the 12th year of Elizabeth^ I569 ; 'which proved fr, 
A ' fatal to Thomas Percy the fruenth earl of Northumberland* 
There had not long before been afecret negotiation entered 
, into betiveen fome of the Scottijh and Englijh nobility y /». 
hring about a marriage between Mary ^ of ScotSy at that 
time aprifqner in England^ and the puk^ of Norfolk^ 41 noble- 
man of excellent cbarader^ and firmly attached to the 
froteftant religion. This match luas frppofed to all the mofi 
tonfiderable of the EngUJh' nobility j and among the reft to 
the Earls of Northumberland and fFeftmorland, tnvo noblemen 
'very powerful in the North, As it feemed to promife a 
fpeedy and fafe conclufion of the troubles in Scotland ^ luitb. 
many advantages to the cronjun of England^ they all readily 
€onfented to ity provided it Jhould prove agreeable to ^ 
Elixabeth, The Earl of Leicefter {Elizabeth*s favourite) 
undertook to break the matter to her^ but before he could find 
4in opportunity^ the affair had come to her ears by other hands, 
and Jhe vnas thrown into a vioUnt flame. The Duke of 
Norfolk i *with fever al of bis friends^ voas committed to the 
^ower, andfummons vuerefeni to the l^orthern Earls injlantlf 
to make tf^eir appearance at court. It is faid that the Earl 
ef Northumberland, who was a man of a mild and gentle 
nature, voas deliberating with himfelf^whether he Jhould not 
•bey the meffage, and rely upon the queen^s c^indour and 
clemency, vuhen he was forced into defperate meafures by « 
fudden report at midnight, Nov, 14, that a party of his 
enemies <were come to feixe on his perfon-\. The EarJ*was 


"t Tbis cireum/lance is over 'looked in the ballad* 


fiin at his heuje at Topcliffe in Torkfiire. When rifing 
haftily out of bed y he woithdre^ to the Earl ofWeftmoretanJ^ 
«/ Brancepethy lAjhere the country came in to them and prejfed 
them to take arms in their owon defence. They accordingly fet 
3if their ft andardsy declaring their intent nuas to reft ore the 
ancient religion^ to remonje evil counfellers from the queen, 
and caufe juftice to be done to the D. of Norfolk^, and other 
lords in prifon, Their common banner % \on «which.nvas 
dijplayed the crofsj together <with the fi've luounds ofChrift) 
was borne by an ancient gentleman^ Richard Norton^ Efq. of 
Norton-conyers ; ivhQ avith hisfons [among <whom, Chrifto- 
ifber, Marmaduke and ^homas^ are exprefsly named by 
Camden) diftinguift?ed himfelf on this occafion. Having 
tntered Durham and caufed mafs to be faid there^ they 
marched on to Clifford-moor near Wetherbye^ mihere thty 
muftered their men. Their intention nvas to ha've marched t§ 
Torkf but altering their minds they fell upon Barnards caftle, 
which Sir George Boives held out againft them for eleven 
days. The tivo earls, tjjhofpent their large eftates in hojpi^ 
talityj and nvere extremely behaved on that accounty luere 
mafters of little ready money ; the £, of Northumberland 
bringing luith him only 8000 croivns, and the E. of Weft^ 
moreland nothing at all for the fuhfiftence of their forces y they 
fwere not able to march to London y as they had at fir ft 
intended. In theje circumftanceSy Weftmoreland began fo 
n)ifihly to dffpond that many of his men flunk anuay, tho* Nor- 
thumberland fiill kept up his refolution, and ivas mafter 
of the field till December 13. iv hen the Earl of Siffexy ac- 
companied ivith Lord Hunfden and others, halving marched 
out of York at the head of a large body of forces ^ and being 
follonved by a ftill larger army under the command of Ambroje 
Dudley Earl of Wariuicky the injur gents retreated north- 
fwardsy towards the borders, and there difmijjing their 
foUoiuersy made their efcape into Scotland, Tho"* this in- 


X Befides this, the ballad mentions the feparate tanners of 
the t<uio noblemen. 


/urr(3ion had been fuptreffed luith fa little hhodjhed^ th 
Marl of Suffex and Sir George Bowes, marfhall oj the arw^^ 
pit 'vafi numbers to death by martial la^Wy ^without aij 
regular tryal. The former of tbefe cauj'ed at Durham Jixtj 
three conftables to be hanged at once. And the latter mait 
his boa/f that for fixty miles in length and forty in breadth^ 
hetiuixt Neqvcafle and Wetherby, there 'was hardly a tm% 
cr 'village ivherein he had not executed fome of the injjabitants, 
This exceeds the cruelties pradifed in the IVeJi after Mom" 
moutPs rebellion : but that <was not the age of tenderneji 
and humanity. 

Such ' is the account colleSed from Stow, Speed, Camden^ 
Carte and Rafin; it agrees in moft particulars mfsthtbeftl' 
lowing ballad, 'vjhich ^was apparently the produ^ion ofjmt 
northern minjJrel, luho ^was toell affeSed to the tiuo nomemau 
It is here printed frort ttvo MS copies, one of tbenLintbt 
iditor^s folio coUeSiion, Tbij contained conjider able 'variatiem, 
out of which fich readings were chofen as Jeem$d mofi poetic4 
And confonant to hijlory* 

LISTEN, lively lordings a!l. 
Lithe and liften unto mee. 
And I will fing of a noble earle. 

The nobleft earle in the north countrle. 

Earle Percy is into his garden gone, 5 

And after him walkes his faire ladie : % 

J heare a bird fing in mine care. 
That I muft either fight, or flee. 


t T^is lady was Anne daughter tf Henry Somerfet E* if 



NowtoireQ (brcfendy my 4eareft lor49 

That e'er fuch hann ihould iap ta tliee : 10 

But goc to LondoB to the cpurt* 
And fair iaU troth su^d honcftla 

Now nay, now nay, my lady gpy, 

Alas ! thy cp^iiicll fuit» not mee ; 
Mine enemies prevail ib faft, 15 

That at the court I may not bee«, 

goe to the court yet, good »y lord, , 
And take thy gallant men with thee : 

If any dare to doe you wrong. 
Then your warrant they may bee« 20 

Now nay, now nay, thou kdy faire. 

The court is full of fubtiltie ; 
And if I goe to the court, lady. 

Never more I may thee fee. 

Vet goe to thecQiirt, my Iard| (he fayes, 25 

And I myfelfc will goe wi' thee : 
At court then for my deareft lord. 

His faithfull borrowe I will bee. 

New nay, now nay, my lady dear« $ 

Far lever had I loib my life, ^ 

Than leave among my cruell foes 

My love in jeopardy and ikufe. 

4 Boc 


Bat come thou hither^ my little fbot-pagc> 

Come thou hither unto mee. 
To maifter Norton thou muft goe |j 

In all the hafte that ever may bee. 

Commend me to that gentleman. 
And beare this letter here fro mee; 
' And fay that earneftly I praye. 

He will ryde in my companie. 4i 

One while the little footpage went. 

And another whilef he ran ; 
Untill he came to his journeys end. 

The little footpage never blan. 

* When to that gentleman he carne^ 45 

Down he knelt upon his knee ; 
Quoth he, My lord commendeth him. 
And fends this letter unto thee. 

And when the letter it was redd 

AfFore that goodlye companye, 5^ 

I wis, if you the truthe wold know, 

There was many a weeping eye. 

He fayd. Come thither, Chriftopher Norton, 
f A gallant youth thou feemft to bee; 
What doeft then coonfell me, my fonne, 55 

Now that good carle's in jeopardy ? 


A N D B A L L A D 5- 253 

father, my connfelle's fair and free ; 

yh^t earle he is a npble lord. 
And whatfoever to him you hight, 

I wold not have you breake your \vord. 60 

Gramercy, Chriftppher, my fonn^. 

Thy counfell w;e}) it liketh mee. 

And if we (peed and fcape with life. 

Well advanced thou fhalt bee* 

Come you hither, my nine good (bones^ 65 

Gallant men I trowe you bee : 
How many of you, my children deare. 

Will ftand by that good earle and mee ? 

Eight of them did anfwer make. 

Eight of them fpake haftilie, 70 

O father, till the daye we dye 

W^'jl (land by that good earle and thee. 

Gramercy now, my children deare, 
You fliowc yourfelves right bold and brave ; 

And whetherfoe'cr I live or dye, 75 

A fathers ble^ng you ihal have. 

But what ikyft thou, O Francis Norton, 
Thou art mine eldefl fonn and heire : 

Somewhat lyes brooding in thy bread. 

Whatever it bee, to mee decjare. 80 


i54 ANClfi H t S dJif GS 

Father, yoti ^rc ah kged maiij 

Your head is white, yoar bcak-& h gray> 
It were a fhacme At thefe your yeares 

Fol' ybtt to ryfe tir fuch a fray* 

Now fye upt)h thee, coward Fttintis, ' 
Thounever leaitiedft this'of iiace: ^ 

When thoftwertyong and tender ttf'lig^ 
Why did I ixiakfcf foe taltich iyf'^it't- 

^ But, feth^r^ i wjflivchd with ybn^ ' • 
Unarm'd and riaked wiH I b<^, ' 
And he that ftrikes agaihft thfe Crowne> ~ 
Everahilidcithmayhe^be* ' 

Then rofe that reverend gentleman. 
And with him caitte a goodtyc bihd 

To join with the brave Earl Percys 
And ^11 the flower o* Northulrtb^knd* 

With them the noble Nevill came, 

The earle cf Weftmorland was^ec t 
At Wetherbye they muftred their hoft. 


Thirteen thoufand fairc to fee.' ' icO 

Lord Weftmorland his ancyent raifHej 

The dun bull he raysM on hye^ 
Three dbgs with golden collars brave 

Were there fett out moft royailye* 


A N D B A L L A D S. 255 

'^t\ Percy tkere his ancyent fpredy 105 

The halfe moone fliining all foe ftire : 

The Notions ancyeait had the croiTe/ 
A^d the five ni^ounds our Lord did beare. 

TheQ Sir George Bowes he ftraitwaye jofe* 
After them feme fpc^k to make : no 

fhofe noble earles tnm'd backe againe. 
And aye they vowed ^iftt knight to tahe. 

That bapOB he to his caftle Bed»: 

To Barnard caflle then fled hee. 
The ttttermoft walles, were eathe ito win« 115 

The earlfs h«ve w^cMftne diem rptiefendie.: 

The uttermod walles wtre Umc and bricke ; 

But thottghe diey won them fbon :anoiie9 
Long e'er they wan the tnnermpft ^walles. 

For they were cut in rocke «f 4o|ie. 1 20 

Then ne^es unto leeve Londoaoamr 

In all the fp^^ede that ev^ may bee. 
And word is brought to our jroyall ^ueen^e 

Of the ryflng in the North feottatrle. 

Her grace fhie turned her roand about, 125 

And like a royall q^ieene ihe fwore, i 

I will ordltyne them fuch a breakfaft» 
As never was in the North before. 

This is quite in cbaraSier ; ber majefty would fomitimes 

r at her uobUs^ as '-wtU as box their ears. 


She; caus'd thirty thoafand men t>e rays'd^ 
With horfe and hameis faire to fee^ 

She caufed thirty thoufand men be raifed. 
To takothe earles i'th* North countrie. 

Wi* them the falfe Earle Warwick went, 
Th' earle SufTex and the lord Hunfden | 

Untill they to Yorkc caftk came iji 

I wifs, they never ftint ne blan. 

Now fpread thy ancyent, Weftmof land. 
Thy dun bull fainc would we fpyc * 

And thou, the Earl o'' Northumberland, 
Now rayfe.thy lialf moone up on hye. H' 

Bat the dun bulle is fled and gdue. 
And the halfe moone vaniihed away : 

The Earles though they were brave and bold, 
Againft ibe many could not ftay. 

Thee, Norton, wi' thine eigbt good ibnnesi M 
They doom'd to dye, alas ! for ruth ! 

Thy reverend lockes thee could not fave, 
Npr them their faire and blooming yoothe. 

Wi' them full many a gallant wight 

They cruellye bereav'd of lift : I 

And many a childe made fatherleiTe, 
And widowed many a tender wife. 


A lij 5 B A t L A t> S. 4^7 



This h^lad may be conjidered as the fequel of thi pre-^, 
^fding. After the unfortunate Earl of Northumberland 
hadfeen hin^felf forfaken of his f(dlo<werSi he endeavoured to 
*tvithdraiJif, into Scotland, but falling into the hands of the 
ihieq;ijh borderers, \ iQas ftrtpt and , ot^eri^ife ill-treated 
^ them. At length he reached the houfe of He^Sor of 
bdrlaswy an Armfirohgf loith 'whom he hc^ed to, lie con^ 
sealed: for AeSior had engaged his honour to be true to 
him, and 'was under great obligations to this unhappy noble- 
man. But this faithle/s ^wretch betrayed his gueftfor afum 
ff money to Murt^ay the Regent of Scotland, 'who fent him to 
tbecaftkof Lough' le'ven,* then belonging toTViUiam Douglas.--^ 
All the fwriters of that time ajfure us that HeSor, ^who lAjas 
fich before, fell Jhbrtly after into pofverty, and became fo in- 
famous, that TO TAKE Hector's cloak, gre^w into a 
po^erb to e^prefs xi fnan\ wtfho betrays his friend. See 
Camden, Carleton, Holingjhed, l^c, ^ 

Lord Northumberland continued in the cafileofLough-le^ven, 
till the year 1572; 'when fames Douglas iarl of Morfon, 
being elected Regent, he ^rJoaS gi<ven up to the Lord Hunfden, 
at Bemuick, and being carried to York, fuffered death. As 
Morton* s party depended on Elizabeth for protcSlian, an 
elegant Hi fori an thinks, *« /'/ 'was fcarce pojjthle fr them to 
Vefufe putting into her hands, a perfon 'who had taken up 
arms againjl her. But as afum of money ia: as paid on that 
account, and Jhared bcfween 'Morten and hif kin/man 
Douglas, the former of 'whom during his exile in England 

ToL. III. S had 

«5.8 AV! CitHt SONGS 

ifad been much indebted td Northumitrland's/rgendjbiff th 
abandoning this unhappy nobleman to inruitabli deftrnc' 
tion^ ijuas deemed an Ungrateful aHd mircenary aSJ* 
Robertfon^s Hift. 

So far biftory coincides nvitb this iallaa^ *which tvas «/-= 
parently luritten byfome northern bard^ fdori after the evenii 
The interpofal of the witch-lady (<v. ^jj is probably his 
c^n indention : yet ens en t^i\ h^tff fiiUfi t^sstimuui fmi 
hiftory ; for about x^ yearhbefor§^ tb§ Lady Jeau i)ouglast 
Lady Glamisyjtfler of the earl of Angus and nearly related to 
Douglas of Lough'leven, had fuffered death for the preteM 
crime of *u!itchcraft% *wh9-^ it is prefiemed, is the hub 
itllud^d to^ in'verfe f j}. 

Thefdllvwing imprinted (Uke thefhrmer) from two cefia: 
one of them in the Editor* s fhho MB: Which o^o contdni 
another ballad on the tfcape of tht E. of IF^ftmoreknii 
^ho gotfafe into Flanders:, and is feigned in the ballad t9 
have undergone a great 'variety of admentnrit^ 

HO W long diall fortune £ule me nowei 
And harrowe me with fear and dread? 
How long fhall I in bateat>ide» 
In mifcry my lift to lead ? 

to ^1 horn my blifs> alas die while ! > S 

It wa3 my fore and' heavye lott : 
And I muft leave my native land^ 

And I muA live a man forgot* 

One gentle Armftrong I doe ken, 

A Scot he is much boond to mee : i^ 

lie dwelleth on the border fide. 

To him I'll goc right privilie. 


AKt> SALLAds. 


Thus did the noble Percy 'plaine^ 

With a heavf heart and wel-away; 
When he with all his gallant men 15 

On Bramham moor had loft the day; 

feat when he to th^ Annftrongiii came, 
They dealt with him all treacheronflye^ 

For they did ftrip that noble earle : 
And erer an ill death may they dye. 20 

Falfe Hedor to Earl Murray fent. 
To fhe# Him where Us gueft did hide i 

Who fentf Kih to die Lougb^leven, 
Wxtfc WiUiam Douglas to abide. 

And when he to the Douglas cataie, i j 

He halched him r^t curteouflie : 
Say*d, Welcome, welcome,^ noHc carle. 

Here thod* ihalt fiifilye bide with mee. 

Wheh' fa^ had in Lbug^*lelren been 

Many" a^^ month and many a day ; $6 

To the regent || the lord warden f feiit. 

That bannifht earle for to betray. 

Si He 

I James Douglas Earl of Morton , defied regent of Scotlandi 
W. 24, 157a. 
f Of one of the EngR/b marches. Lord Hunfden, 


a6o A N C IE N T S O NG S 

He offered him great ftof c of gold. 

And wrote a letter fair to fee : 
Saying, Good my lord, grant me my boon, 3J 

And yield that baniiht man to mee. 

Earle Percy at die fupper fate 

With many a goodly gentleman : 
The wylie Douglas then befpake. 

And thus to fly te with him began : 40 

What makes you be fo fad, Ay lord. 
And in your mind fo forrowfullye ? 

To-morrow a fhootinge will bee held 
Among the lords of the North countrye. 

The butts are fett, the (hooting's made, 4$ 

And there will be great royialtie : 
And I am fwome into my bille. 

Thither to bring my Lord Percie. 

I'll give thee my hand, thou gentle Douglas, 
And here by my true faith, quoth hee^ {^ 

If thou wilt ride to the worldes cnd^ 
I will ride in thy companie. 

And then befpake a lady faire, 

Mary a Douglas was her name : 
You (hall bide here, good Englilh lord^ J 5 

My brother is a traiterous man. 
3 Hel 

AN D B A L L A D S. 261 

He IS a traitor ftout and ftrong. 

As I tell you in privilie : 
For he has tane liverance of the earle^, 

Into England i^ovfc to 'liv^r thee, 60 

Now nay, now nay, thou goodly lady. 

The regent is a noble lord : 
Ne for the ^old in all England, 

The Dpuglas wold not break his word. 

When the regent was a banifht man, 65 

With me he did faire welcome find ; 

And whether weal or woe betide, 
I itill fhall find him true and kind. 

Tween Engird and Scotland 'twold break truce. 
And friends again they wold never bee, 70 

If they (hold 'liver a banifht earle 
Was driven out of his own countrie. 

Alas ! alas ! my lord, ihe fayes, 

Nowe mickle is their traitorie ; 
Then let my brother ride his ways,^ 75 

And tell thofe Engliih lords from thee,, 

How that you cannot with him ride, 
Becaufe you are in an ifle of the fea f , 

S 3 Then 

% Of the earl rf MortoVi, the Regent, 
t i,e. Lake 0/ Leven, fwhicbbatb communication wuitb the fea. 


Then ere my brother come a^aine 

To Edinbrow caflle (| He carry thee- $o 

To the Lor4 Hume I will dice bring. 
He is well knowne a true Scots lord, 

j^nd he will lofe both land and life. 
Ere he with thee will break his word. 

Much is my woe. Lord Percy layd, f J 

When I thinke on my own countiie, 

When I thinke on the heavye happe. 
My friends have fuffered the^e for mee* 

Much is my woe, Lord Percy fayd. 

And fore thofe wars my minde diftrefle ; go 

Where many a widow loft her mate. 

And many a child was fatherleffe. 

And now that I a baniflit man, 

Shold bring fuch evil happe with mee. 

To caufe my faire and noble friends 95 

To be fufpc^l of treacherie. 

This rives my heart with double woe ; 

And lever had I dye this day. 
Then thinke a Douglas can be falfe. 

Or ever will his gueft betray. 100 


B At that time in the hands of the oppf^fite fa^itm^ 

A N D B A L L A D 8, ^63 

If you'U gtre me no trnft, my lord» 

Nor unto mee no ercdoMce yield | 
Yet ftep one moment hero afide, 

lie fliowiP yon ^1 yftur foes hi Bekl. 

Ladjy I never loved frltdicnilb, 105 

Never dealt in privy wyle ; 
Bat evermore held the high-waye 

Of tmth and ho&dgre, ffet from guHe. 

Ifyoa'll not come yooff^lfty my lorde^ 
Yet itnd your diataberlain^ wiek mee ; i \o 

^t me bat ipeak three words with him. 
And he flmll come again ^o the^^ 

James Swyiiard wkh thM kdy w^fft> 
She fhowed him dirough the weme of her rii^g 

How many Englifh lords there were 1 15 

Waiting for his mailer imd Mm. 

And who Wttlkes yonder> my good lady> 

So royally^ on yonder gre^ne ? 
O yonder is the lord Hunfden f : 

Alas ! heMl doe you drie ^ind teene. 129 

And who beth yonder, thou gay ladye. 
That walkes fo proudly Yaxjfx bcfide I 

S 4 That 

ni Lord Warden of the Eafl marches^ 

a64 A N C I E N: T S O; 1* Q S 

That is Sir William Drury ||, fhc fayd, 
A keen <{aptaine he is «ind tryed^ 

How xnaiiiy miles is ity madamc:, i^ 

Betwixt yond Englifh lords and mee f 

Marry it is thrice fifty miles. 
To fayl to them upon the fe4. 

I ney^r wa^ on Ei\glifli ground, 

Nc never fawe it with mine eye, I}^ 

But as my book it fhew^th mee, 

A94 thrgug)^ ^7 ri^g ^ may deTcrye,, 

My mother flic was a wkch ladye^ 
And of her fldlle fhe learned mee. 

She wold let me fee out of Lpugh-leven I3S 

What they did in London xiti^. 

But who i$. yond» thou lady faire. 

That looketh with fie an aufierne face f 

Ybndfr X? Sir John. Foiftcr t> quotli (hce, 
Alas ! he'U. do ye fo^e difgwc^ 140 

He pulled his hatt down over his browe. 
And in his heart he was full woe ; 

And he is gone to his noble lord^ 

I'hoie fpf rowfull tidings him to ihowt^ 


n Governor of Berwick. 

i Warden oftbs Middle march. 

A N D B A L L A D S. 265 

Now say, now nay, good James Swynird, 14; 

I may not believe that witch ladle : 
The Douglaffes were ever true. 

And they can ne'er prove falfe to mee. 

I hav^ now in Lough-Ieven been 

The mod part of thefe years three, 150 

And I have never had noe oatrake, 

Ne no good games that I cold fee. 

Therefore 1*11 to yond (hooting wend. 

As tQ thci Douglas I have hight : 
Betide nic weale, betide me woe, 155 

He ne'er (hall find my promife light. 

He writhe a gold ring from his finger. 

And gave it to that faire ladie : 
Sayes, It wasi all that I cold fave. 

In Harley woods where I cold bee ^. 160 

And wilt thou goe, thou noble lordj^ 

Then farewell truth and honeftie ; 
And farewell heart and farewell hand; 

For never more I (hall thee fee. 

The wind was faire, the boatmen oall'd^ 165 

And all the faylors were on borde ; 
Then William Douglas took to his boat. 

And with him went that noble lord. 


* /'. ^. ITbere I avas. An ancient Idiom. 


Tken he ca& up k Hlver waadj 

Says, Gentle lad/y fi^tkeewell! /;• 

The lad/fett a iigh foe deepe. 

And in a dead fwoone down ihee felL 

^ow let us goe backi D4mgla8, hettjd^ 
A ficlcneis hath taken yoad faire ladk; 

If ought befall yoad lady bnt good, 175 

Then blamed foo* evtnr { OaU faee. 

Come on, come on^ my lord, he fayvs ; 

Come on, cone tm, and let ber bee ; 
There's ladyescnow in Lou^4e¥e^ 

For to chear that gay ladie. i^ 

Ifyou'H not tome yourfelf, mylori. 
Let me goe with ray chamberiainc 1 

We will but comfort tbat faire kdy. 
And wee will return to yon agajne. 

Come on, come on, my lord, hefayes, iSj 

Come on, come on, and let her bee : 

My fifter is crafty, and wold beguile 
A thoufand fuch as you and mee. 

When they had fayled t fifty mile, 

Fifty mile upon the fea ; '9° 


X Tf'ereii: Ttonavigableflreambet'WeenLough'le'venandthefiAi 
but a ballad-maker is not cbli^cd to underftand Geography. 


He lent his'nuin to afk the Douglas, 
When they (hold that ihooting fee. 

Faire words, quoth he, they make fools faine. 
And that by thee and thy lord is feen : 

Yon may hap to think it ibon enough, igj 

Ere you that /hooting rea^, I ween. 

Jamey his h$tt pulled over his browe. 
He thought his lord then was betrayed ; 

And he is to Earle Percy againe^ 
To tell him wlu^ the Douglas fayd. 20a 

|Iold up thy heady man, quoth his lord; 

Nor therfore let thy courage fail : 
He did it but to prove thy heart, 

To fee if he co}dina|ce it qua^iL 

When they had other fifty fayld, 905 

Other fifty mile upon the fea. 
Lord Percy called to the Douglas himfelfe, 

Sayd, What wilt thou nowe doe with mee ? 

Looke that your bridle be wight, my lord. 

And yo^r horfe goe fwift as ihip at fea : a i«^ 

X'Ooke that your {purres be br^ht aud (harp. 
That you may priqk her while ihe'll away. 

^hat needeth this, Douglas, he fayd ? 
What needeft thou to flyte with mee ? 



For I was counted a horfeman good 21 

Before that ever I met with thee. 

A falfe Heftor he hath my horfe. 
Who deal^ with mec fb treacherouflie : 

A falfe Annftrong h^ hath my fpurres. 

And all the geere that belongs to mec. 22P 

When they had fayled other fifty mile. 

Other fifty mile upon the fea : 
They landed him at Berwick towne. 

The Douglas landed Lord Percie. 

Then he at Yorke was doomde to dye, iij 

It was, alas ! a fbrrowful fight : 
Thus they betrayed that noble earle. 

Who ever was a gallant wight. 


Ti^7s excellent philofophical fong appears to haye htn 
famous in the fixteenth century. It is quoted hy Ben Jcnjon 
in bis play of ** Enjery man out of his humour ^^ fir fi a&d 
in 1599. A. i,fc, I. nvhere an impatient perfon fays 

" / am nofuch piVd cynique to heleeve 
** That beggery is the onely happinefse, 
** Ory 'with a number cf thefe patient fooleSy 


** Tojingj ** My miude to me a kingdovu isy** 
«« When the lanke hungrie belly barkts for Jfoode.** 

It is printed from tiuo ancient copies i one of them in 
lack letter in the Pepys Colleaion, thus infcribed « Jfiueet 
\ni pUafant fonety entituledy " My Minde to me a King" 
• dm is. To the tune of In Crete, Wc .'* 

MY minde to me a kingdome is. 
Such pcrfeft joye theriein I find. 
As farre exceeds all earthly bliiTe 

That world affords, or growes by kind * : 
Though much I want that moil men have, 5 

Yet doth my mind forbid me crave. 

Content I live, this is my flay> 

I feek no more than may fuffice, 
I prefs to bear no haughty fway, 

Looke what I lacke my mind Aipplies : 10 

Loe, thus I triumph like a king. 
Content with that my mind doth bring. 

I fee how plenty furfcits oft. 

And hafty climbers oft do fall ; 
I fee how thofe that fit aloft, 15 

Mifhap doth threaten moft of all ; 
They get, they toyle, they fpend with carc^ 
Such cares my mind cobld never beare. 

I laugh not at anothers lo^e, 

I grudge not at anothers gaine ; 20 

* i, e, is bejfowed by nature* 

ifd A N C I I N T S O N O S 

No> vo^diy wave my Mird* cait toAei 
I broofce that is angers pailie f ; 
I feare na fbc^ I fcorntf no friend, 
I dread no deaths I fearc no ejid. 

Some have too much, yet ftill they crave, 25 

I little have, yet fcek no more ; 
They are but poor^ though much they have, 

And I am rich with little fiore : 
l*hey poor, I rich; they beg> I give; 
Theytackej I tend; they pine, Tlivei 36 

My wealth is health and perfe£l eafe^ 

My confcienoe clear my chiefe defencej 
J never feek by bribes to pleafe. 

Nor by defert to give offence : 
Loe thus I live, thus will I die> )) 

Would all did fb as well as^ L 

No princely poxhpe> no wealthy fiore^ 

No force to get the viftory^ 
No wily wirto falve a fore. 

No fliapfe to win a bvers eye : 4^ 

To none of thefe I yeeld as thrall. 
For why my mind defpifeth all. 

I jo/ 

f /'• e. I endure 'wfmtgi'Vts anotber f»fk. 

A ^f I> fi A L L A D S. ^jt 

i joy not at an earthly blifse, 

I weigh not Crefus' wealth a draw ; 
For care, I care not what it is, ^5 

I foar not fortunes fatall law : 
My mind is fuch as may not move 
For beauty bright or force of love, 

I mA not what I have at will, 

I wander not to feek for more, 50 

I liiir the platne, I clime no hit], 
•In grcateft ftorme I fit on fhore. 
And. laugh at thofe that toile in vaine 
To get that mail be loft again. 

I kifs not whte t wifli to kill, 5 j; 

I faine na love where moft I hate, 
I breake no fleep to winne my will, 

I waite not at the mighties gate, 
I fcome no poor, I fear no rich, 
I feele no want, nor have too much. 60 

The court, ne cart, I like^ ne loath ; 

Extreames are counted worft of all. 
The goldsn. meane betwixt them both. 

Doth fureft fit, and fears no fall : 
This is my choyce^ for why I finde, 65 

No wealth is like a quiet minde. 




The following tale is found in an ancient fotm itttitM 
Albion's England, ivritien ly W, Warner, tf f^^ 
iebrated Poet in the reign of ^ Elizabeth y tho* bis none 
and fworks are no'W e^ally forgotten. The reader *wi}l f»i 
fome account of him in VoL t, f, 231 ^ zf^z^ 

Jltho^ the folh*wing ftanzas are printed from an eixtm 
in i6oz,yet ** The firft and fecond Farts of Albion* s Englani, 
*'* fcff." made their appear an'clt in 1I69, J^h ; and vim 
reprinted in 1597, under the title of ** Albion's England \ a 
* * continued hijiorie of the fame kingdom^*^ ^c, j^to. Sit 
Ames's Typograph, mfkere is prefer'ved the memory ofamthtr 
publication of this ivriter's, intitled, <* Warner's Po- 
*< etky" printed in 1 ^^6, izmo. and reprinted in 1602. 

// // proper to premife^ that the foUoiJuing lines nueft not 
ivritten by the Author infanzasy but in long Alexandrines of 
\\fyllables ; luhich the narrotvnefs of our page made it bert 
necejfary to fubdifvide, 

IMpatience chauhgeth fmoke to flame; 
But jclouiie is hell; 
Some wives by patience have redac'd 

111 hufbands to live well : 
As did the lady of an earle, 5 

Of whom I now ihall tell; 



An earle < there was' had wedded^ lov'd ; 

Was lov'd, and lived long 
Full true to his fayre counte£e ; yet 

At laft he did her wrong. tO 

Once hunted he untill the chace> 

Long hRxagf and the heat 
Did houfe him in a peakifh graunge 

Within a foreft great. 

Where knowne and welcomed (as the place tj 

And peribns might afForde) 
Browne bread, whig, bacon, curds and milke 

Were fet him on the horde. 

Acuihionmadeofliftsy afloole 

Halfe backed with a hoope> '%^ 

Were brought him, and he iitteth down 

BejQdes a forry coupe* 

The poore old couple wifht their bread 

Were wheat,^ their whig were perry^ 
Their bacon beefe, their milke and curdi 25 

Were creame, to make him merry. 

Meane while (in ruflet neatly clad» 
With linen white as {wanne, 

Hei felfe more white, fave rofie wibefe 
The ruddy colour ranne : jo 

Vol. III. T Whom 


Whome n^ked nat\ire^ not the aydei ( 

Of arte made to excell) 
The good man's daughter fturres to fee 

That all were feat and well ; 
The earle did marke her, and admire 

Such beautie there tQ dwelU 

Yet fals he to their homely hxp^ 

And held him at a feaft : 
But as his hunger flacked, Co 

An amorous heat increaft. 

When this repafl w^s paft, a^d thinks, 
And welcome toQ ; he fayd 

Unto his hoft and hoftefle, in 
The hearing of the mayd : 

Yee knpw, quoth he, that I am lord 
Of this, and many townes ; 

I alfo know that you be poore. 
And I can fpare you powndes, 

Soe will I, fo yee will confent. 

That yonder laffe and I 
May bargaine for her love ; at leail. 

Doe give me leave to trye. 
Who needs to know it ? nay who dares 

Into my doings pry ? 



l^irft they nuflike, yet at die length 5^5 

For lucre were inifled ; 
And then the gamefome earle did wowe 

The damfell for his bed. 

He tooke her in his anaes, as yet 

So coyifh to be kift, 60 

As mayds that know them&lves belov'd^ 

And yieldingly refift. 

In few, his offers were Co large 

She lafUy did confent ; 
With whom he lodged all that nighty 65 

And eariy home he went. 

He tooke occafion oftentimes 

In fuch a fort to hunt. 
Whom when his lady often miil^ 

Contrary to his wont, f6 

And laftly was informed of 

His amorous haunt elsewhere ; 
It greev'd her not a little, though 

She feem'd it well to beare. 

And thus fhe i*eafons with herfelfe, 75 

Some fault perhaps in me ; 
Somewhat is done, that fo he doth i 

Alas ! what may it be ? 

T 2 How 


How may I winne him to myfelfc f 

He is a man, and men (di 

Have imperfeftions ; it behbovet 

Me pardon nature then. 

To checke him were to make him checke, f 

Although hee now were chafte ; 
A man controuled of his wife, S5 

To her makes lefler hafle. • 

If dutie then, or daliance maj 

Prevaylc to alter him ; 
I will be dntifnlly and make 

My felfe for daliance trim. 1 9* 

So was ihe, and fo lovingly 

Did entertaine her lord. 
As fairer, or more faultles none 

Could be for bed or bord. 

Yet (till he loves his leiman, and 95 

Did (till purfue that game, 
Sufpeding nothing lefs, than that 

His lady knew the fame : 
Wherefore to make him know (he knew. 

She this devife did frame : i^ 


' + Ttf CHECK is a term In falconry^ applied ivhen a bawifit^ 
and turns anvayfrom bis proper purfuit : To check alfo/gnifri 
t9 reprove or chide. U is in this merfi tifed in botbfenfes. 

A N D B A L L A D S. 277. 

When long (he had been wrong*d, and fought 
- The forefaid meanes in vaine. 
She rideth to the fimple graonge 
Sut with a ilender traine« 

She lightethy cntreth, greets them well, 105 ' 

And then did looke about her : 
The gailtie houihold knowing her. 

Did wifh themielves without her ; 
Yet, for ihe looked merily. 

The leflb they did mifdoubt her. 1 10 

When ihe had ieen the beauteous wench 

(Than folufhing fairnes fairer) 
Such beauty made the countefle hold 

Them both excus'd the rather. 

Who would not bite at fuch a bait ? 115 

Thought fhe : and who (though loth) 

So poore a wench, but gold might tempt ; 
Sweet errors lead them both. 

Scarfe one in twenty that had brag'd 

Of proffer'd gold denied, 1 29 

Or of fuch yeelding beautie baulkt. 

But, tenne to one, had lied. 

Thus thought fhe : and fhe thus declares 
Her caufe of coming thither, 

T 3 ' My 


My lord, oft htmting in tkeie parte»« 12; 

Through travel, night or wethexi 

ii ' 
Hath often lodged in your houfe ; 

I thanke you for the fame ; 
For why ? it doth him jolly eafir 

To lie fo neare his game. 139 

But> for yoa have not fumkure 

Befeeming fuch a goeii;, 
I bring his owne, and cone mjMb 

To fee hfs lodging dreft. 

With that two fiimptrrs were diMiarg^d, i}{ 

In which were hangings brare, 
Silke coverings, curtens, carpets^ platCi 

And al fuch turn fhould have* 

When all was handibmly di^pos'd. 

She prayes them to have care 149 

That nothing hap in their default. 

That might his health impair : 

And, Damfell, quoth ihee, for it feeme^ 

This houfhold is hut three. 
And for thy parents age, that this Hi 

Shall chiefely reft on thee ; 

Do me that good, elfe would to God 
He hither come no more. 



So tooke flrtf hdl-ftj attd crt fhfe ^ett 
Bellowed gould good ftdVe. ijo 

FuU litde tlK^irght the countie that 

His coanteffe had dotie fb. 
Who now tcttLTTi'd ttatti f^ ^£r^s 

Did ta Ks fwcet^heal-t go. ■ 

No fooner fat h« fob te within 155 

The late dcfotttf^d cbte. 
But that the forWalt change of things 

His wondrifig ei6'i did note. 

But t<rfeii hfe feriew thoft gbbds to be 

His proper goovls ; though late^ 160 

Scarce taking t^aVe, ha hbihe returnes 

The matter tb deftatt. 

The counteffe ^is a-bed, arid Ke' 

With her his lodging tooke ; 
Sir, welcome home (quoth (hee) ; this night 165 

For you I did not looke. 

Then did he queftion her of fuch 

His ftuffe bedowed foe. 
Forfooth, quoth (he, becaufe I did 

't^o'Ui'lbtrd aitd lodging kAbwe : ^ 170 

Your Itfve to be a pn^^r WfUchy 
Your lodging nothing Icfse ; 

T 4 I held 


I held it for your health* the honfe 
More decently to drefTe. 

Well wot I, notwithftanding her^ ' 175 

Your lordihip loveth pies 
And greater hope to hold you fuch 

By quiet, then brawles* * you' fee. 

Then for my dutie, your delight^^ 

And to retaine ypqr fayovirj, lt9 

AH done I did^ and patiently 

£xpe£t your wonted 'haviour. 

Her patience, witte and anfwer wrought 

His gentle ^eares to fall : 
When (kiffing her a fcor6 of times) iJj 

Amend, fweet wife, I (hall : 
He faid, and did it ; < fo each wife 

^ Her hufbfmd may' recall. 



Tie author and date of tbi$ Uttk /omut an unimmon* 

A N D B A LL A D S. 181 

^ts friuttd from a mmttin C9fy^ tnbicb bad all tbe marU 
fffrtat antiquity, 

YOU meaner beutyes of the night. 
Which poorely fatifsfy our eyes. 
More by your number then your light. 
Like common people of the fkyes ; 
What are yee, when the moon doth rife ? 5 

Yee violets, that firft appeare. 

By your purple mantles known. 
Like proud virgins of the yeare. 

As if the fpring were all your owne ; 

What are yee when the rofe is blown ? t% 

Yee wandring chaunters of the wood. 
That fill the ayre with natures layes. 

Thinking your paffions underftood 

5y weak accents : What is your praife 

When Philomel her voyce (hall raife ? 15 

So when my miftris (hall be ieen 

In fweetneiTe of her looks, and minde ; 

3y vertue firft, then choyce a queen ; 
Tell mee if (hee wa? not defignde 
The ecdipfc and glory of her kin/ie i 2m 

Vin. DOW. 



D O W S A B E L L. . 

The following Jianxas ixiere tjoritten by Ml c HAIL 
Drayton, a fost of fome eminence in the reigns of ^ 
£liza6eth, James I, aAd Charles %, They are infertedin 
one of his Pajloralsy th^ firfi edition $f lainth bears this 
ni/h:mjical Title. *' Idea, The Shepheards Garland, 
*" fajhioned in nini EgPogs. Roujlands facrifi<re to the mm 
*< mufes. Lond, 1^95."^ ^to. They are infiribed 'with tk 
Author* s name at length ♦* Tcr the nabk and 'OaUrtms gentU- 
** tnan mafier Robert Dudley , l£c, "It is 'vety remariahk 
that when Drayton reprinted them in the firft folio Edit, 
of his luorks^ tSxg^ he had given thofe Eclogues fo thorough 
a re*vifal that there is hardly a line to he found tife fame as it 
the old Edition. This p»em had recei*oed the ftweft cor- 
reQionSy and therefore is chiefly gi<ven from the ancint 
copy, where it is thus introduced by one of his Shepherds, 

Liften to mee, my lo*vely Jhepheards joye. 

And thou Jhah heare^ with mirth mnd micjtle gkt, 

A pretie tale, *which luhen I ivas a boy. 
My toothles grandame oft hath tolde to me. 

The Author has profefjedly imitated the fiyle and metre $f 
fome of the old metrical Romances ; partiadarly that of 
Sir IsENBRAsf, {alluded to in v. 3.) ^f the reader maj 
judge from the following fpecimen : 


t Henuashornin 1563, and died in 163 1. Eiog. Brit. 

t Af alfo Chaucer's Rhyme of Sir Top as. *v. 6. y«v;^ 


tordyngtsy Ijfteu^ and yu Jbal bir^ lie* 

• • • • • 
2^1? pall nuell heart of aknigbtf 
That nuas in nvarrt full ifygbtf 

And doughty e of bis dedt : 
His nam$ luas Syr I/enbras^ lO 

]^an nobler then he was 

Lyvednone *wtth 3reade, 
He nuas ly*vely, large, and huge. 
With JhouUers broade, and arwus fironge. 

That myghtie was to fe : i^ 

fie was a bmrdye man, and fye, 
jiU men hym lo<u$d that hym fe. 

For a gentyll knyght nvas he : 
Harpers lo<ved him in hall. 
With other minftrells all, 20 

For he gave them goUe and fee, &e» 

This ancient Legend was printed in black letter, j^o, by 
^pnpam Copland 5 170 date. — In the Cotton Library [Calig. 
\ 2.) is a MS copy of the fame Romance cqntainh^ the 
reateft variations. They are probably two different trail* 
2tions offome French Original. 

FA RR E in the countrey of Ardcn, 
There won'd a knight, hight Cafsemcnt, 
As bolde as Ifenbras : 
Fell was he^ and eger bent. 

In battel! and in tOHrnament. ; 

As was the good Sir Topas. 

He had, as antique ftories tell^ 

A daughter cleaped Dowfabel, 

A mayden fayre aud free : 

\ And 

284 A N C I E-l^T feONGS 

And fdt (he was her fathers hcirc, w 

Full well fhe wasy-cpnd the leyre 

Of xnickle curtefxe. 


The filke well couth ihe twift and twine. 
And make the fine march-pine. 

And with the needle werke : 
And fhe couth helpe the prieft to fay 
His mattins on a holy-day. 

And fing a pfalme in kirke. 

She ware a frock of frolickc greene. 

Might well befeeme a. may den queene, 20 

Which feemly was to fee ; 
A hood to that fb neat and fine. 
In colour like the colombine, 

Y-wrought full featoufly. 

Her features all as frefh above, 2$ 

As is the grafle that growes by Dove ; 

And lyth as lafTe of Kent. 
Her ikin as foft as Lemfler wooll. 
As white as fnow on Peakifh Hull, 

Or fwanhe that fwims in Trent. 30 

This mayden in a mome betime. 

Went forth, when May was in her prime. 

To get fweete cety wall. 
The honey-fuckle, the harlocke, 


A N D B A L L A D S. 285 

The lilly and the lady-fmocke, 35 

To^4eck her fammer hall. 

Thus, as (he wandred here and there, 
Y-picking of the bloomed breere. 

She chanced to efpie 
A ihepheard fitting on a bancke, 40 

Like chanteclere he crowed crancke. 

And pip'd full merrilie. 

He leard his fheepe as he him lift. 
When he would whiftle in his fift. 

To feede about him round ; 45 

Whilft he full many a carroll fung, 
Untill the fields and medowes rung, 

And all the woods did found. 

In favour this fame fhepheards fwayne 

Was like the bedlam Tamburlayne *, 50 

Which helde prowd kings in awe : 
But meeke he was as lamb mought be ; 
And innocent of ill as he 

Whom his lewd brother flaw. 

The ihepheard ware a flieepe-gray cloke, 55 

Which was of the fined loke. 
That could be cut with (hcere : 


^ Alluding to " Tamburlaifie the great, or the Scythian Sbe- 
pbeanC''* 1590. 80. an old ranting plaj afcribed to MarUnjue. 



His mittens were of baazens fldane. 
His cockers were of cordiwin^ 

His hood of meniveere. 60 

His aule and lingell in a thong. 
His tar-boxe on his broad belt Jiong* 

His breech of coyntrie blewe : 
Full crifpe and curled were his lockes^ 
His browes as white as Albion rocks : 6; 

So like a lover true, 

* And pyping Aill he fpent the day. 

So merry as the popingay ; I 

, Which liked Dowfabel : -^ ^ 

That would ihe ought, or would (he nought^ 7* 
This lad would never from her thought ; 
She in love-longing fell. 

At length fhe tucked up her frocke. 
White as a lilly was her fmocke. 

She drew the ihepheard nye : 75 

But then the ihepheard pyp'd a good. 
That all his fheepe forfooke their foode» 

To heare his melodye. 

Thy fheepe, quoth fhe, cannot be leane. 
That have a jolly fhepheards fwayne, 80 

The which can pipe fo well : 



Yea bat, fayth he, ihm fheplieard may. 
If pyping thus he pine away» 
In love of Dowfabel. 

Of love, fond boy, take thou no koepe, $5 

Qnoth (he ; looke thou onto thy £heepe. 

Left they fhould hap to ftray, 
Qnoth he, fo had I done full well. 
Had I not feene fayre Dowfabell 

Come forth to gather maye. 90 

With that (he gan to vaile her head. 
Her cheeks were like the rofes red. 

But not a word (he fayd : 
With that the Ihepheard gan to frowne. 
He threw his pretie pypes adowne, 95 

And on the ground him layd. 

Sayth (he, I may not (lay till night. 
And leave my fummer-hall undight. 

And all for long of thee. 
My coate, fayth he, nor yet my foulde ico 

Shall neither (hee|)e, nor (hepheard hould. 

Except thou favour mee. 

Sayth (he, yet lever were I dead, 
Then I (hould lofe my mayden-hcad. 

And all for love of men. 105 



Sayth he, yet are you too unkind. 
If in your heart you cannot finde 
To love us now and then. 

And I to thee will be as kinde. 

As Colin was to Rofalinde, no 

Of curtefie the flower. 
Then will I be as true, quodi (he. 
As ever mayden yet might be 

Unto her paramour. 

With that fhe bent her fnow-white knee, 1^5 

Downe by the ihepheard kneeled fhee. 

And him fhe fweetely kift : 
With that the ihepheard whoop'd for joy. 
Quoth he, ther's never (hepheards boy 

That ever was fo blifi. ii» 



from Beaumont and FlttclnrU flttf^ intitUd Tbt Lmft 
Progre/s, A. ^./c, i* 

ADIEU, fond love, farewell you wanton powers; 
I am free again. 
Thou dull difeafe of bloud and idle hours^ 
Bewitching pain, 

A N D B A L L A D S. 189 

Fly to fboUr t&at figh away their time : 5 

My nobler love to heaven doth climb, 
A.^d there behold beauty ftill young. 

That time can ne'er conupt nor death de^y^ 
^xnmortal fweetnefs by fair angels Tung, 

And honoured by eternity and joy : to 

*I*here lies my love, thither my hopes a(pire, 
^ond ioVe declines, this heavenly love grows hi|^er* 


^^affords a pretty poefical contifi hitnueen Pkajure and 
aonour. It is found at the end of ** Hymen* s trtumfh : a 
^^paftoral tragicomedies* written fy Daniel, and printed 
mang his nuerks^ 4/0. 162 j. — Danidy ^joho 'was a chntem» 
)crafy ofDraytot^s, and is faid tb ha*ve he$n poet laureat f 
2neen Elizabeth ^ tvas horn in 1562, and died in i6ia. 

This little poem is the rather fele&ed for a fpecimen of 
banieP J poetic powers t as if is ohiitted in the later edition of 
is tuorksy 2 *voU izmo, 1718. 

COME, worthy Greckc; Ulyfles cdme^ 
PofTeiTe thefe (bores with me, 
The windes and fcaa are troublefome. 
And here we may be free. 
Vol. III. U Here 


^ Here may we fit and view their toyle. 
That travaile in the deepe; 
Enjoy the day ita mirth the while^ 
And ipcnd the night in flccpei 

Uly 8 9t$v' 

Paire hy tnj)h j if ikihe Or hoitour werft 

To be attained with eafe, !• 

Then would I come and reft with thee^ 

And leave fuch toiles as thefe : 
But here it dwels, and here muft I 

With danger feek it forth ; 
tTo fpend the time luxuriouily 15 

Becomes tlo^men« of weith. 

^f REN. 

tJlyfTes, O be liot decelv'd 

With that umvall name : 
This honour is a thing conceivy^ 

And refts on others* fame. w 

Begotten only to moleft 

Our peace, and to beguile 
(The beft thing of .our life) our reft. 

And give us up to toyle ! 



A N D B A L L A i) S. 291 

Delicious nymph, fuppofc there were 2$ 

No honour, or report. 
Yet xnanlineiTe would fconie to weare 

The time in idle fjport : 
For toyle doth give a better touch 

To make us feele our joy ; jo 

And eafe findes tedioufnes, as muc& 

As labour yeelds annby. 

Then pleafure likev^e feemes die fkott; 

Whereto tendes all your toyle j 
Which you forego to make it moir^ ^5 

And penfh oft the while. 
Who may difport them dzveiJly^ 

Find never tedious day ; 
And eafe may have varietyi 

As well as adtion may. ^0 


But natures of the ndbkft framd 

Thefe toyles and dangers pkaft ; 
And they take comfort in the iame^ 

As much as you in eafe : 

V z A»4 


And with the thought of adlions paft 4t 

Are recreated ftill: 
When pleafure leaves a touch at laft 

To fhew that ii was ill. 


That doth opinion only caafe. 

That's out of cuflom bred ; 50 

Which makes us many other laws, 

Than ever nature did. 
No widdowes waile for our delightSi 

Our ijports are without blood ; 
' The world we fee by. warlike wights (J 

Receives more hurt than good. 


But yet the date of things require 

Thefe motions of unreft^ 
And thefe great fpirits of high defire 

Seeme borne to turn them beft : 6« 

To purge the mifchiefes, that increafe 

And all good order marr : 
For oft we fee a wicked peace> 

To be well chang'd for war. 


A N D B A L L A D S. 293 


Well, well, Ulyfles, then I fee 65 

I ihall not have thee here ; 
And therefore I will come to thee. 

And take my fortune there. 
I muft be wonne that cannot winj 

Yet loft were I not wonne ; 70 

J^or beauty hath created bin 

T* 9xidod or be undone. 



This beautiful poem^ which poffeffes a clajjicai elegance hardly , 
00 be exfeSed in the age of James /, is printed from the ^h 
edition of Davifon^s poems *, He. 1 62 1 . It is alfo found in 
a later mifcellany^ intitled^ " Le Prince d" amour. ^^ 1660. 
8vo. ^^Francis Davifon^ editor of the poems above referred 
to, vjasfon of that i^nfortunatefecretary offtaU, nuho/uffered 
fo much from the o^air of Mary ^ of &cotSK Thefe poems, 
he tells us in his preface^ ivere ^written by himfelf by his 
brother \JValter'\i 'who «was a foldier in the n»ars of the 
Lovj Countries^ and by fome dear friends ** anonymoi.**^ 
Among them are found pieces by Sir J. Davis^ the countefs 
of Pembroke f Sir Philip Sidney ^ Spenfer, and other wits of 
thofe times* 

U3 In 

• See the full title in vol. t. p. 289. 

29+ ANCIENT so N G S 


In the fourth *voL of^Dryden^s Mifcellanies^ this pom k 
attributed to Sydney Godolpbin^ Efq\ but erroneoujly^ being 
probably luritten before he nvas born. One edit, ofDavh 
fptCs book twas pubUJhed in 1608. Godolpbin .luas born in 
l6io, and died in 1642-3. Ath, Ox* tL 23. 

IT chanced of late ^ fhepherd fwain. 
That went to feck his ftraying iheep^ ^ 
Within a thicket on a plain 
Efpied a dainty nymph afleep. 

Her golden hair o'erfpred her face ; J 

Her carelefs arms abroad were caft \ 

Her quiver had her pillows place ; 
Her breaft lay bare to every blaft. 

The fhepherd flood arid gaji'd his fill ; 

Nought duril he do ; nought durA )ie fay ; id 
Whilfl chance, or clfe perhaps his will, 

Did guide th^ god of love that way. 

The crafty boy tjius fees her flecp. 
Whom if fhe wak't he durft not fee i 

Behind her clofely feeks to creep, 15 

Before her nap fhould ended bee. 

There come, he fleals her fhafts away^ 
And puts his own into their place ; 

Nor dares he any longer flay. 

But, ere fhe wakes> hies thence apace. 20 

3 Scarce 

A N P B A L L A D S. 295 

Scarce was hegone, but (he awakes. 
And fpies the fhepherd (landing by ; 

Her bended bow in hafle (he tkkes. 
And at the fimple Twain lets Rye. 

Forth flew the fliaft, and pieic't his heart, 25 

That to the ground he fell with pain : 

Yet up again forthwith he flart. 
And to the nymph he ran amain. 

Amazed to fee ib flrange a fight. 

She fhot, and ihot, but all in vain ; ' 30 

The more his wounds, the more his might, 

Love yielded ftrength amidft his pain. 

Her angry eyes were great with tears. 
She blames her hand, fhe blames her jfkill ; 

The bluntnefs of her Ihafts fhe fears, 55 

And try them on herfelf fhe will. 

Take heed, fwect riymph, trye not thy fhaft. 
Each little touch will pierce thy heart : 

Alas ! thou kiiQw'ft not Cupids craft ; 

Revenge is joy ; the end is fmart. 49 

Yet try fhe will, and pierce feme bare ; 

Her hands were gloy'd, but next to hand 
Was that fair breaft, that breaft fo rare, 

That made the fhepherd fcnfelefs {land. 

U 4 That 


That br^ail; (he pierc^t ; and through, that hreaft 4J 
Love found an entry to her heart ;. 

At feeling of this new-come gueft. 

Lord ! how this gentle nymph did ilart ? 

^ She runs not now ; ihe ihoots no more ; 

Away (he throws both ihaft and bow : 50 

She feeks for what ihe fliun'd before. 
She thinks the fhepherds hafte too flow. 

Though mountains meet not, lovers may; 

What other lovers do, did they : 
The god of love fatfe on a tree, . j} 

And laught that pleafant fight to Cee. 



Th's littli moral poem is printed at the end of Sir Thmas 
0<verbury^s " Wifey fcff. Lond. 1638." // is alfo found in 
the *volumet intitledy " Le prince d" amour, 1660.** and in 
a fmall collection of MS poems ^ 4I0, in the editor* s poffej/ion. 
It is faid to be ^written " by Sir H, fT.** probably Sir 
Henry WoTTON, vjho died provojl of Eaton ^ in 1639. 
JEt, -jz. 

A N D B A L L A D S. 297 

HOW happy is he borne or taught. 
That feryeth not another* will ; 
Whofe armour is his honeft thought. 
And iimple truth his highefl ikiil : 

Whofe paffions not his maftec are ; ^ 

Whofe foule is ftill prepared for death ; 

Not ty'd unto the world with care 
Of princes ear, or vulgar breath : 

Who hath his life from rumours freed ; 

Whofe confcience is his ftrong retreat ; ie 

Whofe ftate can neither flatterers feed^ 

Nor ruine make accufers great : 

Who envies none, whom chance doth raife. 

Or vice : Who never underflood 
How deepcft wounds are given with praife, 15 

Nor rules of itate, but rules of good ; 

Who God doth late and early pray 

His graces more then gifts to lend ; 
And entertaines the harmleffc day 

With a well-chofen booke or friend. 20 

This man is freed from fervile bands 

Of hope to rife, or feare to fall j 
Lord of himfelfe, though not of lands ; 

And having nothing yet hath all. 




This little beautiful fpnmt is reprinted from a fmaUvdim 
of ^* Poems fy Thomas Carew, E/if; one of the genilt- 
«' men of the privie-chamher, and fewer in -otdinary to hit 
" majefty (Charles I). Lond. i640»" This elegant^ and 
almoft-forgotten (writer^ ^uhofe poems d^^r^e So he rtvi^oeJ, 
died in the prime of hisMge, in 1639. 

In the' original follows a third ftanxay ivhich not heing 
tf general afpUcaiion^ nor of equeU met Hi i have *ventmi 
to omit. 

H££ tbat loves ;» rofie cheeke^ 
Or a corall lip admires^ 
Or from ftar-like eyes doth feeke 

Fuell to maintaine his fires ; 
As old time makes thefe decay j^ 5 

So his flames muft i^afle away. 

But a fmooth and Hedfaft mind, 
Gentle thoughts, and calme defires^ 

Hearts with equal love combined 

Kindle never-dying fires : lO 

Where thefe are not I defpife 

Lovely cheekes, or lips, or eyes. 

A N D B A L L A D S. 299 



— *was a famous rohher^ nvho li'ved ahouf the mid/It 

^the loft century J ifiue may credit the hijiories and fiory* 

iooks of htghwaymen, mihich relate many ivtprobable featt 

^bimy as his robbing Cardinal Ridiieu, Oliver Crontweli, 

t^c. But thefefiories have probably no other authority ^ than 

:the records ofGrub-ftreet : At leafl the Gilderov, ^voho is 

the hero of Scottifl? Songfiersy feems tc have lived in an 

earlier age ; for in Thcmpfoh*s Orpheus Calidoniusy vol, 2. 

1733. ^vo, is a copy of this ballady luhich tho* corrupt 

and interpolated^ contains fome lines that appear to he of 

genuine antiquity : in thefe he is reprefented as contemporary 

nvith Mary ^ of Scots : ex, gr* 

** The ^ueen of Scots poffeffed nought, 

** That my love let me ivant : 
<* For coiv and evj he hrought to mey 

** And ein yjhan they vjerefcant,^* 

Thofe lines perhaps might fafely have been inferted among 
thefollovoing ftanzasy ivhich are given from a ^jofitten copy^ 
that feems to have received fome modern correBions. Indeed 
the common popular ballad contained fome indecent luxuriances 
that required the pruning hook, 



GILDEROY was a bonnie boy» 
Had rofes tull his fhoone. 
His ftockings were ot filken Coyt 

Wi* garters hanging doane : 
It was, I weene, a comelie fight. 

To fee fae trim a boy ; 
He was my jo and hearts delight. 
My handfome Gilderoy. 

Oh ! like two charming een he had, 

A breath as fweet as roie, 
lie never ware a Highland plaid^ 

But coftly filken dothet ; 
He gain'd the lave of ladies gay, 

Na>ne eir tull him was coy. 
Ah I wa^ is mee ! I mourn the day,^ 

For my dear Gilderoy. 

My Gilderoy and I were born,^ 

Baith in one toun together. 
We fcant were feven yean befbrft,^ 

We gan to luve each other ; ao 

Our dadies and our mammies thay^ 

Were fill'd wi' mickle joy. 
To think upon the bridal day, 

Twixt me and Gilderoy^ 



^or Gilderoy that luve of mine» 25 

Gnde faith, I freely bought 
A wedding fark of hollaad fine» 

Wi' filken flowers wrought : 
And he gied me a wedding ring* 

Which I receiv'd wi' joy, 50 

Nae lad nor laffie eir could fing» 

Like me and Gilderoy. 

Wi' mickle joy we fpcnt our prlme^ 

Till we were baith fixteen. 
And aft we paft the langfome time, 3 ^ 

Among the leaves fae green; 
Aft on the banks we'd fit us thair. 

And fweetly kifs and toy^ 
Wi' garlands gay wad deck my hair 

My handfome Gilderoy. 40 

Oh ! that he ftill had been content, 

Wi* me to lead his life. 
But, ah ! his manfu' heart was bent. 

To ftir in feates of flrife : 
And he in many a venturous deed, 4^ 

His courage bauld wad try. 
And now this g^s mine heart to bleed. 

For my dear Gilderoy. 


3oa A NC I g N T S ON OS 

And when of me kis leave he tiiik. 

The tears they wat mine €Ci 50 

I gave tull him a parting luik/ 

" My bcttifon gaAg v<4' thee!' 
God fpeed the weil, mine ain dear* heart, 

For ganc is all ray j.oy; 
My heart is r«m ilth ^W ihituti part, 55 

My handfome Gilderoy*" ' • 

My Gildowj^baith ht and ne^, . 

Was fear'd in every tbrfriy- ■ 
And bauldly bare away- the gei#^ 

Of many a lawland loUnp; b 

Nane eir durft meet him idah to ittaB» 

He was fae brave a b<5y. 
At length wi' numbers he #a8 tane. 

My winfome Gilderoy. - 

Wae worth the loon that made the laM^^ 6j 

To hang a man for gear. 
To 'reave of life for ox or aft, 

For fheep, or hbrfe, or mftre : 
Had not their laws been made fae ftrkk, 

I neir had loft my joy, 70 

Wi* forrow neir had wat my cheek. 

For my dear Gilderoy, 



Giff GUdcroy had done amifle. 

He mought hae banifht been. 
Ah ! what fair cruelty is this, 75 

To hang fikc handfome men : 
To hang the flower o* Scottifh land, 

Sae fweet and fair a boy ; 
Nae lady had fae white a hand. 

As thee, my Gilderoy. to 

Of Gilderoy fae fraid they were. 

They bound him mickle ftrong^ 
Till! Bdenbttrrow they led hiin thair^ 

And on a gallows hung : 
They hung him high aboon the reft, 85 * 

He w>as fae trim a bdy, 
Thair dyed the youth whom I lued beft, 

My handfome G^d^roy. 

Thus having yielded up his breath, 

I bare his cofpfe away, 90 

Wi* tear*, that trickled for his death, 

I waiht lus comelye clay ; 
And flker in a grave iae deep, 

I laid the dear-lued boy. 
And now for evir maun I weep, 95 

My winfome Gilderoy. *^* 




W I N I F R E b A. 

This beautiful adirefs to conjugal lo^e^ afuhjeS too much 
negleSed by the Ubertine mujesy is printed in fame fiddern 
cdle&ions as a tranjlation ^*from the ancient Britifi Im" 
«< guage ;" bow truly I know not. See the Muficd Mi/cd* 
Jany ; i/oLb. I73i» 8af«» 

AWAY; let nought to loVe di/pleafin^ 
My Winifrcda, move your cafe ; 
Let nought delay the heavenly bleffing; 
Nor fqueamifh pride, nor gloomy fear. 

What tho' no grants of royal donors j 

With ppmpous titles grace our blood ? 

We'll ihine in more fubftantial honors. 
And to be noble we'll be good. 

Our name, while virtue thus we tender^ 
Will fwectly found where-e'er 'tis fpok^ : lo 

And all the great ones, they fhall wonder 
How they refped fuch little folk. 



What though from fortune's lavifh boiinty 

No mighty treafures we polTefs, 
We'll find within our pittance plenty, 1 5 

And be content without excefs. 

Still ihall ^ach returning feafon 

Suffitieiit for our wilhes give ; 
For we will live a life of reafon. 

And that's the only life to live. 20 

Through youth and age in love excelling; 

We'll hand in hand together tread ; 
Sweet-fmiling peace (hall crown our dwelling. 

And babes, fweet-fmiling babes, our bed. 

How fhoiild I love the pretty creatures, 25 

While round my kftees thiey fohdly clurigj 

To fee them look their mother's features. 
To hear them lifp their mother's tongue. 

And, when with envy time tranfported. 

Shall think to rob us of our joys, 36 

Vou'll in your girls again be courted. 
And I'll go a wooing witR tiiy boys. 

Vol. III. X Xvi. ^EMWt 





Thh Ballad is founded on a remarkaBle faff that happoh 
id among the executions after the lafi rebellion in 1 745 : il 
was written by the lute William Shenstone, Efft 
foon after the enjent^ and has been printed ametig his pofihu* 
mous nuorksy 2 fvols. 8«i/o. // // here gi^ven from a MS 
copy, which contained fomefmaU iHsriatiom from that latef^ 

COME lifien to my moamful tafc. 
Ye tender hearts, and lovers dear; 
Nor will you fcorn to heave a figh. 
Nor will you blufli to flied a tear. 

And thouy dear Kitty, peerlefs maid^ 5 

Do thou a pen^ye ear incline ; 
For thou canft weep at every woe» 

And pity every plaint» but mine- 

Young Dawfon was a gallant youth» 

A brighter never trod the plain ; 10 

And well he lov'd one charming maid^ 

And dearly was he lov'd again. 

S One 

A N D B A L L A D S. J07 

One tender maid fhe lovM him dear. 

Of gentle blood the damfdl came. 
And faultlefs was her beauteous form, 15 

And fpotlefs was her virgin fame» 

But carfe on party's hateful ftrife. 

That led the faithful youth aftrfty^ 
The day the rebel clans appeared : 

O had he never feen that day ! 20 

' Their colours and their fafh he wore^ 
And in the fatal drefs was found ; 
And now he mud that death endure^ 

Which gives the brave the kee^eft wound. 

How pale was then his true love's cheek, 25 

When Jemmy's fentence reach'd her ear ? 

For never yet did Alpine fnows 
So pale, nor yet fo chill appear. 

With faltering voice (he weeping (aid. 

Oh Dawfbn, monarch of my heart, JO 

Think not thy death fhall end our loves^ 

For thou and I will never part. 

Yet might fweet mercy find a place. 

And bring relief to Jemmy's woes, 
O Gboroe, without a prayer for thee 35 

My orifons ihould never dofe. 

X a The 

308 A .N G I E N T SONGS 

The gracious prince that gives him life 

Would crown a never-dying flame. 
And every tender babe I bore • 

Should learn to lifp the giver's name. 40 

But though, dear youth, thou fhouldft be dragged 

To yonder ignominious tree. 
Thou (halt not want a faithful friend 

To ihare thy bitter fate with thee. 

O then her mourning coach was calPd, 4; 

The fledge mov'd flowly on before 5 
Tho' borne in a triumphal car. 

She had not lov'd her favourite more% 

She followed him, prepared to view 

The terrible behefts of law ; 50 

And the laft fcene of Jemmy's woes 

With calm and fledfafl eye flie (aw. 

Diflorted was that blooming face. 
Which ihe had fondly lov'd fo long : 

And ftifled was that tuneful breath,. 5$ 

Which in hcrpraife had fweetly fang : 

And fever'd was that beauteous neck. 

Round which her arms had fondly dos'd ; 

And mangled was that beauteous breaft. 

On which her lovc-fick head repos'd ^ ^ 



And nyifh'd was that oonfiant hearty 

She did to every heart prefer ; 
For tho' it could his king fbrge^ 

Twas true and lojal ftill to her. 

Amid xkok narelcnting flames 65 

She bore this conftant heart to (ee ; 
But when 'twas monlder'd into daft. 

Yet, yet, (he cried, I'll follow thee. 

My death, my death alone can (how 

The pare and laMng love I bore : 70 

Accept, O heaven, of woes like ours. 

And let us, let us weep no more. 

The difm^ fccne was o'er and paft. 

The lover's mournful hearfe retir'd 5 
The maid drew back her languid head, 75 

And iighing forth his name, expir'd, 

Tho* juftice ever muft prevail. 

The tear my Kitty iheds is due ; 
For feldom fhall (he hear a tale. 

So fad, fo tender, and fo true. So 




— nvas pullijhed in a /mall coUeSion of poems Mtledt 


tvritten hy an ingenious Phyfician near Batbf ivho cbofe U 
conceal his name, Thefolloiving contains /ome 'variations frm 
the original copy^ nJtihich it is hoped the author nvill pardorit 
nvhen he is informed they came from the elegant pen of tbt 
late Mr, Shenftone, 

Woke Y- HOLE // a noted cavern in ^omerfetjbire^ tvbicb 
has gi'ven birth to as many ivild fanciful ftories as tbt 
Sybils Ca*ve in Italy, Thro^ a ^very narronu entrance^ it 
opens into a large 'vaultj the roof mihereof^ either en 
account of its height^ or the thicknefs of the gloom^ cannot 
be di/co*vered by the light of torches. It goes ^winding a 
great luay under ground, is crofi by a Jltedm of ntery cold 
njoater, and is all horrid nuith broken pieces of rock : masiy 
ofthefe are e'vident petrif anions \ lohicb on account of their 
fingular forms, ha've given rife to the fabks alluded 
tj in this poem. 

IN aunciente days tradition (howes 
A bafe and/wicked elfe arofe. 
The Witch of Wokey hight : 
Oft have I heard the fearfull talc 
From Sue, and Roger of the vale, 5 

On fome long winter's night. 


A N D B A L L A D S« jii 

Deep in the dreary difmall cell» 
Whkh feem'd and was ydeped hell. 

This Uear-eyed hag did hide: 
Nine wicked elves, as legends fayne, to 

She chofe to form her guardian trayne. 

And kennel near her fide. 

Here fcreochihg owls oft made-their neft. 
While wolves its craggy fides poiTeil, 

Night-howling thro* the rock : 15 

No wholefome herb coiild here be founds 
$he blafled every plant around. 

And blifter'd every fiock. 

Her haggard face was fbull to fee; 

Her mouth unmeet a mouth to bee ; 20 

Her eyne of deadly leer. 
She nought devis'd, but neighbour's ill; 
£he wreaked on all her wayward will. 

And manr'd all goodly cheac 

All in her prime, have poets fung, ±f 

No gaudy youth, gallant and young. 

E'er bleft her longing armes : 
And hence arofe her fpight to vex» 
And blail the youth of either fex. 

By dint of hellifh charms. 50 

X 4 From 

3ia ANC1E«TS ON G S 

From Glafton came a lerned wight. 
Full bent %o marr her fell defpight, - 

And well he did, J ween : 
Sich mifchief never had been known. 
And, fince his mickle Iprninge (hown, ]{ 

Sich mifchief ne'er has been. 

He chauntede out his godlic booke. 
He croft the water, bleft the brooke. 

Then — pater nofter done ; 
The ghaflly hag he fprinkled o'er; 40 

When lo ! where ftood a hag before, 

Now ftood a ghaftly ftopc. 

Full well 'tis known adown the dale ; 
Tho' palling ftrange indeed the tale. 

And doubtfull may appear, 45 

I'm bold to fay, there^s never a one. 
That has not feen the witch in ftone. 

With all her houfehpld gear. 

But tho* this lernede clerke did well ; 

With grieved heart, alas ! I tell, j» 

She left this curfe behind : 
That Wokey-nymphs forfaken quite, 
Tho' fenfe and beauty both unite. 

Should £nd no leman kind. / 


A N D B* A L L A D S. 313 

Por lo ! even, as the fiend did fay, 55 

The fex have found it to this day. 

That men are wondrous fcant . 
Here's beauty, wit, and fenfe combin'd. 
With all that's good and virtuous join'd. 

Yet hardly one gallant. 6ci 

Shall then iich maids unpiried moane ? 
They might as well, like her, be Hone, 

As thus forfaken dwell. 
Since Glaflon now can boafl no clerks ; 
Come down from Oxenford, ye iparks, <5c 

And, oh ! revoke the fpell. 

Yet flay — nor thus defpond, ye fair ; 
y^tue's the gods' peculiar care ; 

I hear the gracious voice : 
Your fex ihall foon be bleft agen, 70 

We only wait to find iich men. 

As bell deferve your choice. 


A West -Indian Ballad, 

•'is founded on a realfaSi^ that happened in the ijland of 
Zhriflopberi about twojears ago. The editor ouues the 



ftflowing ftanzMs t9 the friendfliip ofDr, Jamcs GraiR- 
GER*, lAjbo 'was in the ijland 'when this tragical incident 
happened^ and is no^w an eminent phyfician there. To this 
ingenums gentleman thz puhiic is indebted fur the fine Ode OK 
Solitude printed in the IVth Vol of Dt^dflefs Uijal 
/. 229. in which are ajjfcmhkd fome of the JubUmifi imaw 
in nature. The reader lAjiU pardon t-ye infer tion of the frf 
Jtanxa here, for the fake of r edifying the tnm lafi liuUf 
*which ought t^ be correded thus 

Solitude^ remantic maidy 
Whether by nodding tonuers wu tfeod^ 
Or haunt the dejart*s traekUfs ghom^ 
Or ho'uer o^er the ya^wning tomb^ 

Or climb the Andes' clifiedfide^ 

Or by the Nile^s coyfource abide^ 

Or ftariing from your hedfyear'sjkep^ 

From Hecla vi^-TV the tha^wing deep^ 

Or at the purple danjon of day 

T'admor*s marble <wajlesfumjfy^ He. 
^Mmding to the account of Palmyra publijhed fyjimi late hh 
^entcus travellers^ and the wtanner in nvhich they ^werefirtA 
at the frf fight ofthofe magnificetti ruins by break ofeb^'f, 

/'Tp H E north-caft wind did brificly blow, 

X The fliip was fafely moor'd. 
Young Bryan thought the bpat's-crew flow. 

And fo leapt over^board, 

Percene, the pride of Indian dames, $ 

His heart long held in thrall. 
And whofo his impatience blames, 

1 wot, ne'er lov'd at all. 

A long 

• Author of a poem on the. Culture of the Sugar-Cane lateif 
pMhk/bfd* t So in pag.. 335. Turn'd her magic ray. 


A long long year, one month and day. 
He dwelt oh Engliih land, lO 

Nor once in thought or deed would ftray, 
Tho' ladies fought his hand. 

For Bryan he was tall and ftrong. 

Right blythfome roll'd his een. 
Sweet was his voice whene'er he fung> 15 

He fcant had twenty fecn. 

But who the countlefs charms can draw* 

That grac'd his miftrefs true ; 
Such charms the old world ieldom faw. 

Nor oft I ween the new. 20 

Her rayen hair plays round her neck. 

Like tendrils of the vine ; 
Her cheeks red dewy rofe buds deck. 

Her eyes like diamonds fhine. 

Soon as his well-known (hip (he fpied, 25 

She caft her weeds away. 
And to the palmy (hore (he hied, ^ 

All in her befl array. 

In /ea-green filk fo neatly clad. 

She there impatient (tood ; 30 

The crew with wonder faw the lad 

Repell the foandng flood. 


3^ A N C I E N T S O K GS 

Her hands a handkerchief difplay'd. 

Which he at parting gave ; 
Well piea^'d the token he furvey'd> 

And manlier beat the wav&. 

Her fair contpanions one and all. 

Rejoicing crowd the ftrand ; 
For now her lover fwam in call. 

And almoft touchM the land* 

Then throsgh the white furfdid ibe hlifte» 

To clafp her lovely fwain ; 
When, ah ! ;^ ihark bit through his wafte ; 

His heart*s blood dy'd thp.jnain } 

He ihriek'd ! his half fprang from thp wave, 45 

Streaming with purple goi;^. 
And ibon it found a living grave^ 

And ah ! was feen no more. 

Now hafte, now haile, ye maids, I pray. 

Fetch water from the fpring : jp 

She falls, fhe fwoons» fhe dyes away;, 
And foon her knell they ring. 

Now each May morning round her tomb 

Ye fair, frefli flow'rets ftrew. 
So may your lovers fcape his doom#^ 55 

Her haplefs fate fcape you. 


A UD ballads. pj 


Translated from the Spanish, 

Although the Englijh are remarkable for the numher ami 

Variety of their ancient Ballads^ and ret aim perhaps a gremnt 

jfwdnefsfor thefe oldjimple rhapfodies of their emcefiors^ thmm 

nufi other nations ; they are not the only people <ah&« beeot 

mftinguijhed themfel'ues by compofitions of this kind, Tbt 

^p^Liuards ha<ve great multitudes, of them, ptany cf 'whi(B 

Mxr^ of the higheft merit. They call them in their iamgmagg 

Romances, and ha^e colleBed them into ^volumes under the 

titles of^\ Romanccroi El Cancioncrof* ^c. Mofi of tbam 

relate to their confiiBs njoith the Moors t anddifplay afpirit^f 

gallantry peculiar to that romantic people* But ofaUtbg 

Spanijh ballads, none exceed in poetical merit thofe imfertedl 

in a little Spanijh ** Hiftory of the ci'vilnuars ofGrcnadm^ 

defcribing the diffentions luhich raged in that laft feat tf 

Moorijh empire before it <was conquered in the reign ef Fer-^ 

dinand and Ifabella, in l^gi. In this Hifiory (or peirbe^s^ 

Romance) a great number of heroic fongs are inferted amd 

appealed to as authentic ^vouchers for the truth of faBu In 

reality^ the prof e narrative feems to be draijon upformutber 

end, but to introduce and illujlrate thefe beautiful pieces* 

The Spanip editor pretends (ho^j truly I knonv not) that 
they are tranjlations from the Arabic or Morifco language. 
Indeed the plain unadorned nature of the verje, and the naif*u€ 
fimplicity oflangaageandfcntiment^ ^which runs through thefe 
poems J prove that they are ancient ; or, at kafi, that they 
<were voritten before the CoftiVians began to form themjelves 
on the model of the Tufcan poets, and had imported from Italy 
that fondnefs for conceit and refnemtray 'which has for thefe 


f i. tf. The ballad finger* 


tqvo centuries paft fo mtferahly infeSied the Spanijh pHtfj% 
and rendered it Jo unnatural, affeSled^ and oh/cure. 

As a fpecimen of the ancient Spanijh manner ^ <whicb very 
much rejembles that of our old Englijh Bards and Minftrth^ 
the Reader is deftred candidly to accept the tnjoo foUowni 
poem's. They aie given from afmall ColleSiion of pieces If 
this kind, 'vjhich the Edit$r fbme years ago tranjlated fvt 
bis amufement ivhen he nvas Jtudying the Spanijh languagi. 
Js the Jirji is n pretty cloje tranjlation, to gratify the emeus 
it is accompanied tvith the original. The Metre is the Jam 
in all thej'e old spanijh fongs : and its plain unpolijbed natun 
ftrongly argues its great antiquity. It runs in Jhort Jtasouu 
9f four lines ^ of <whicb thefecond and fourth alone cmrrffmi 
in their terminations ; and in thefe it is only required that tht 
^oivels Jhould he alike ^ thje confonants may he altogether £/' 
ferent^ as 

pone ca(a meten arcos 

noble caiias muere gamo 


* TJ lO verde, rio vcrde, 

JV « Quanto cuerpo en ti ic bana 
« De Chriftianos y de Mores 

< Mueftos per la dura efpada ! 

< Y tus ondas criftalinas r 

* De roxa fangre k efmaltan : 

* Entre Moros y Chriflianos 

*• Muy gran batalla fe trava* 

• Murieron Duques y Condes, 

< Grandes fenores de falva ; i^ 

• Murio gente de valia 

* De la nobleza de f fpaSa. 


A N D B A L L A D S. ^9 

t htu this kind of n)erfe mfirt offimpU harmonious flow 9 
bich atones for the imperfeB nature of the rhyme^ and 
iders it not unpleafing to the ear. The fame flvw of num- 
v has been ftudied in the fiUonving <verflonsm The firft of 
ms is gi<uenfrom tiuo different originals^ hotb ofivhich art 
\nted in the Hift. de las civiles guerras de Granada, 
ad- 1694. One of them hath the rhimes ending in aa» 
f other in ia. // is the former of the/e that is here r»» 
intedm They hoth ef them. begin *with the fame line, 

Rio vcrde, rio Verde J, 
bich could not be tranflated fsuthfully ; 

Verdant rirer, verdant river, 
>ould have given an affeBed ftiffnefs to the 'verfe ; the great 
rrit of njohich is its eajy fimplicity\ and therefore a mart 
npU epithet was adopted^ though Ufs poetical or exprejji^uo. 

t Idteralfy, Green ri?cr, green rirer* 

GENTLE river, gentle river, 
Lo, thy dreams are ftain'd with gore, 
Many a brave and noble captain 
. Ploats along thy wiUow'd (hore. 

All befide thy limpid waters, ^ 

All befide thy fands io bright, 
Mooriih Chiefs and Chriftian Warrior) 

Joined in fierce and mortal Bghu 

Lords, and dukes, and noble princes 

On thy fatal banks were flain : 10 

Fatal banks that gave to flaughter 

AU the pride and flower of Spain, 


$10 A NT C I E M T S D N G ^ 

' En ti murio don Alonfo, 

* Que de Aguilar ie llamaba ; 
» El valcrofo Urdiales, \f 

* Con don Alonio acababa. 

« Por un ladera ariribi 

* El buea Sayavedra marcha ; 
« Nature! es de bevilia, 

* De la ^ente mas granada. fii 

* Tra5 el iba Un Renegado, 

* Defta mancra le habla^ 

* Date, date, Sayavedra, 

* No buy as de la Batalli. 

« Yo te conozco muy bieii, 25 

* Gran tiempo Ci uve en tu cafa : 

* y en la Mara de Sevilla 

* Bien te vide jugar caiias. 

« Conozco a tu padre y madre^ 

* Y a tu muger dona Clara j 94 

* Siete anrs fui tu caadvo, 

* Maiamente me tratabas. 

« V aora lo fcras mio, 

* Si Mahoitia m^ ayudara ; 

« y ran.bien :e tratare, jj 

* Como a mi me tratabas; 

• Say. 


There the hero, brave Alonao 

Full of wounds and glory died : 
There the fearlefs Urdiales 15 

Fell a vidim by his iide. 

Lo ! where yonder Don Saavedra 

Thro' the fquadrons flow retires ; 
Proud Seville, his native city. 

Proud Seville his worth admires. 20 

Clofe behind a renegado 

Loudly fliouts with taunting cry ; 
Yield thee, yield thee, Don Saavedra, 

Doefl thou from the battle Hy ? 

Well I know thee, haughty Chrifiian, 25 

Long I liv'd beneath thy roof ; 
Oft I've in the lifts of glory 

Seen the§ win the prize of proof. 

Well I know thy aged parents, 

Well thy blooming bride I know, 30 

Seven years I was thy captive. 

Seven years of pain and wee. 

May our prophet grant my wiihes. 
Haughty chief, thou Ihalt be mine : 

Thou (halt drink that cup of forrow, 55 

Which I drank when I was thiije. 
Vol, IIL Y Like 



* Sayavedra que lo oycra, 

* Al Moro bolvio la c»a ; 
Tirole el Moro una flecka, 

* Pero nunca le aeertaba. 

* Hiriole Sayavedra 

* De u&a kerida may inaia : 

< Muerto cayo tl Renegado 

* Sm peder kablar palabra. 

* Sayavedra foe cercadxr ^j 

< De mucha^ Mora caaaUa, 

< Y a} cabo cayo alii sittert* 

< De una xtHiy mala lan^ada. 

* Don Aloiifi) en efte tietnpo 

' Bravam^dlite peleava, jo I 

* Y el cavallo le nvian itonerto^ ^ 

* Yle utnt pot muridU. 

* Mas cargaron tantos Moros 

< Que mal le bicren y tratan t 

« De la fangre^ que perdia, 55 

« Don Alottfo fe defmaya. 

< Al fin^ al fin eayo muerto 

* Al pie de un pena sdta.— — - 

* ..»- Muerto queda don Alonib» 

* Etema Tama ganara.' 60 

A N D B A L L A O S. 3*2 

liHce^ft U<ni ttinis the wam^» 

Back he iends an angry glare: 
Whizzing ^ame thq MopriQi jay^lio, 

Vaialy wbixfuoj; ihm* ik^ m. $^ 

Back the hero full of ftxty 

Sent a deep and mortal wound : 
Inftant funk the Rcnegada* 

Mate and Ixfelei^ on the ground. 

With a thoufand Moors forrounded^ 4$ 

Brave Saavedra flands at bay : 
Wearied out bnt never daunted. 

Cold at length the warrior lay. 

Near him fighting great Alonzd 

Stout refifb the Paynim bands ; 50 

From his flaughter'd fteed difinounted. 

Firm intrench^ behind him ftands. 

Furious prefs the hoftile fquadron. 

Furious he repeU their rage ; 
t.ofs of Hood at length infeebles : |^ 

Who can war with thpftfiinds wage I 

Where yon rock the plain o'erihadows> 

Clofe beneath its foot rctir'd. 
Painting funk the bleeding hero. 

And without a groan expir'd* 60 

Y 2 V ^« 

in A N C I E N T S O N G S 


•^* In the Spanijh original of the foregoing UlUut^ fellm 
a fenu more Jlanzas, but being of inferior merit were not 

Renegado properly fignifies an apoflate ; hut it is/me- 
^fSiHes ufed to exprefsan infidel in general ^ as itfeems to it 
above in <ver, 2 1 • £sff . 

The image of the Lion, \Sc* in tfer, 37. is taken frm 
the other Spanijh copy, the rhimes of which end in ia, mix.* 

*■ Sayavedra, que lo oyera, 
*' CpmQ un leon rebplbia.* 



J A Moorish Tali, 

Imitated from the Spanish. 

The foregoing *verfim tvas rendered as literal as the nature 
^ of the twjo languages luould admit. In the following a 
•voider compafs hath been taken. The Spanijh poem that*was 
chiefly had in wVou, // prefer'ued in the fame hiftory of the 
Civil wars of Granada^ f zz, and Begins with tbefi 

< Por ]a calle de fu dama 
' PaiTeando fe anda, &c.* 


AND B A L L A D S. 315 

SOFTLY blow the evening breeze»> 
Softly fall the dews of night ; 
Yonder walks the Moor Alcanzor, 
Shunning every glare of light. 

In yon palace lives fair Zaida, 5 

Whom he loves with flame Co pure : 
Lovelieft (he of Mooriih ladies. 

He a young and noble Moor. 

Waiting for the appointed minute^ 

Oft he paces to and fro ; 10 

Stopping now, now moving forwards. 

Sometimes quick, and fometimes flow. 

Hope and fear alternate teis^e him, 

Oft he fighs with heaft-felt care. . 
See, fond youth, to yonder window 15 

Softly fteps the timorous fair. 

Lovely feems the moon's fair luftrc 

To the loll benighted fwab. 
When all filyery bright ihe rifes. 

Gilding mountain, grove, and plain. 20 

Lovely feems the fun's full glory 

To the fainting feaman's eyes. 
When fome horrid llorm difperling. 

O'er the wave his radiance flies. 

Y 3 But 


Bat a Abu&id iSme^ more lovely 25 

To her tohgfaig lov»*s fight. 
Steals half^eit die beauteous maiden 

Thro* the gUmnierixlgs of the night. 

Tip-toe ftands the 2titxidUs lover, 

Whi^;K!riilg forth a gentle figh : 30 

Alia • keep thee, lovely lady ; 

Tell me, am I doomM tfi dyt f 

Is it true the dreadlbl ftory. 

Which thy damfdl telk my page. 
That feduc*d by fordid riches jj 

Thou v^ilt fell thy youth to age ? 

An old lord from Antiquera 

Thy ftatn Uxket brings alohg ; 
But canfi thou, idCOnftant ZMt, 

E'er confeiit my love to wtong h ifi 

If it^s true now plainly tell me, 

Nor thus tritf^ with my Woes ; 
Hide not then from me the fecvet. 

Which Uie worid fo dearly knows. 

Deeply figh'd the confbious maiden, 4$ 

While the pearly te^s defcend : 


* Alia « the Mahometan name of Cod. 

AN D B ALL A D S» ^^ 

Ah ! my lord, too tnie tji^ ftory ; 
Here our tender loves muft esA* 

Oar fond friendikip is4iieoycr'd» 

Well are known our mutual vows ; 5Q 

All my friends are full of fury ; 

Storms of pa£ion drake the houie. 

Threats, reproaches, fears furround me { 

My ftem father breaks my heart ; 
Alia knows how dear it cofts me, 55 

Generous youth, fnmi thee to part. 

Ancient wounds of hoilile fiuy 

Long have rent our houie an4 tSiioe, 
Why then did thy fining merit 

Win this tender heart of mine? ^ 

Well thou knewft how dear I lov'd diet 

Spite of all their hateful pride, 
Tho' I fcar'd my haughty father 

Ne'er would let me be thy bride. 

Well thou knowft what cruell chidings 6 j 

Oft I've from my raodier bom^. 
What I'v^ fuilt^ird here to mdet dioe 

Still at eve and early mora. 

I no longer may rt^^ them» . ' 

All, to force pay hand combine ; 70 

Y 4 To^ 


And to-morrow to thy rival 
This weak frame I muft refign. 

Yet think not thy faithful Zaida 

Can furvive fo great a wrong. 
Well my breaking heart aflures me 75 

That my woes will not be long. 

Farewel then,my dear Alcansor ! 

Farewel too my life with thee ! 
Take this fcarf a parting token. 

When thou wear'ft it think on me. &o 

Soon, lov'd youth, fome worthier maiden 

Shall reward thy generous truth. 
Sometimes tell her how thy Zaida 

Died for thee in prime of youth. 

•——To him all amaz'd, confounded, 85 

Thus fhe did her woes impart : 
Deep he figh'd, then cry'd, O Zaida, 

Do not ; do not break my heart. 

Canft thou think I thus will lofe thee ? 

Canil thou hold my love fo fmall ? 90 

No ! a thoufand times Ml perifh ! — 

My curft rival too ihall fall* 

Canft thou, wilt thou yield thus to them ? 
O break forth, and fly to me ! 


A N D B A L L A D S. 329 

This fond heart (hall bleed to fave thee, 95 

Thefe fond arms ihall ihelter thee. 

*Tis in vain, in vain, Alcanzor, 

Spies furround me, bars fecurc. 
Scarce I ileal this lail dear moment. 

While my damfell keeps the door. loo 

Hark, I hear my father florming ! 

Hark, I hear my mother chide ! 
I muft go : farewell for ever ! 

Gracious Alia be thy guide ! 


A G L O S S A ry 


The Scdttijh mjords are denoted hy s, French by f* Latin hy 
1. Anglo'faxon hy A. S. IJlandic hy 111. ISc* For the 
etymology of the ivords in this andthefolloiving Volumes y the 
Reader is referred to ]v mi} £tymolocic6n Ancli- 
cAtJUM. Edidit Edw. Lye, Oxok. 1743. fol. 

If any «words fi?ould not occur here 9 they wU he found in the 
Giojariis to the other Volumes, 

A', au. s. aU, 
A Twy«ie, ^ 4. if 

Abacke. back. 

Abonci aboon, aboone. s, a* 

Abraide. abroad, 

Afton, p. 47- « bind of ar- 
mour made of taffatyy or 
leather quUtedy &c, ivorn 
under the habergeon to fave 
the body from bruifes. f, 

Aft. s,qft, 

Agayne. againjf. 

Agoe. gone. 

Ain, awin. s. otjun^ 

Al gife. although, 

Alate./>. 88. of late. 

An. /. 75. and. 

Ane. 8. one, an. 
Ancyent. fiandard, 
Arzs,p. $,3rro$.p, ^.arrvuju 
Areir. p. 75. ardxr. 
AiHnde. ajigned, 
Aflbyrdy aitoyled. abfohued, 
Aftate. efiate. 
Aftound./. 1 84 • aftonyed.j0Mr- 

edy afonijbedy coifounded. 
Ath. p. 6. athe. p, 9. 0' ^\ 

of the. 
Avoyd.^. 184. iHiidy macate, 
Aureat. golden, 
Anfterne.^. z^/^.Jtem^aii^ere. 


Ba. s. bail, 

Bacheleere, batchilere. p, %%$ 

&c, knight. 
Baime. s. child, 
Baitby 8. bathe. /• xi, both. 




r, bale. p» 38. 79. evtli 
^t, mifcbirf, mifery, 
s bete. p. 17. better our 
leSf i. e. remedy our e*vils. 
1. /. 45. bonJ, covenant. 
'.p. II. ^o»^. 


bed, bare. bead, orperbaps 

iC. ^. 7. berne./. at. man, 

court. ^. 89. tbe lower' 
irt of a cafile, 
ete, bafnite, bafnyte, baf- 
let, baifonete. helmet, 
sens ikinne. p. z86. tan- 
Jbeefs jkin. 
lat. p, 6, by that time, 
ing arow. ^. 157. an ar- 
w that carries *well, 
grht. p. 90. b£ decked, 
^s. beadles, 

e. </*</ ^^^. 

rn. ^^r^. 

jrlde. beguiled, dtceinjed, 

rfts. ^. 308. commands i 


yvv,p, 161. behoof, 

fe. /.' 152. belive, /xtt^^- 


le-bow. a bent bow, qu, 

, bene, been, 

ifon. blfj/fng, 

:. p. 5. bents. /. 39, 

vhere rujhes grow) tie 

Id', fields. 

/nge. p. X14. benigne. i^- 

gn, kind, 

I. beefly art, 

is. beafis, 

rawghted.yv. 165. dJJiraSled, 

Bickarte. ^. 5. bicker'd. ^jV- 

Bill, &c. /, 4 60. / have deli- 

*vered a promife in ^writing, 

confirmed by an oath, 
Blane. p. l^. blanne. p. 42. 

didhiiTi, I. e.fiop. 
Blaw. s. blonv. 
Blaze, to emblazon, difplay* 
Blee. colour, complexion, 
Blcld. s. bledc. bleed. 
Blift. blefed. 
Blive. *. 85, bcHvc. imme^ 

Bloomed, p. 285. befct with 

Blude. blood, bludc reid. s, 

blood red, 
Bluid, bluidy. s. bloody bloody. 
Blyve. p. 156. bwlive. infiantly, 
Boare. bare. 
Bode, p, 1 10. aW^. 
Boltes.y^ij/r/, airows. 
Bomen. p. 5. boua-men. 
Bonny> bonnie, bonnye* t* 

Boone. ^.91. a gift, prefent. 
Boot, boote. ^.79. advantage, 

help, djfiftance. 
Borrowe, borowe. pledge, fure* 

Borowe./. 139. io redeem i§ 

a pledge. 
B€>riowed. /. 31. ^warranted, 

pledged, 'was exchanged for • 
Bot and. s. p. 102. andalfo, 
Bot. hut. 

Bote, boot, advantage. 
Bougill. s bugle -born, bunting" 

Boiinde, bowncd. prepared. 
Bowndes. bounds. 
Bovvne ye. prepare ye. 




Bovrne. rea^y* bowned» pre- 


Bowre, ^. 50. bower, habita- 
tion : chamber, parlour, per* 
baps from JJl. bonan to dwoelL 

Bowre-window. chamber-^win- 


Bowys. bonus. 

Braid, s. broody large. 

Brandes. fwords. 

Breere. />. 81. brere. briar. 

Bred banner, broad banner. 

Breech./, a 86. breeches. 

Breeden bale, breed mifchief. 

Breng, bryng. bring. 

Broad arrow, an arroiu -with 

an edge. 
Biodlnge. pricking. 
Brooke. />. 16. enjoy. 
Brooke, p. 270. bear^ endure. 
Browd.^. ^. broad. 
Bryttlyngc, /. 6. biytlyrg. p. 

J, cutting upf quartering y 

Bugle, bugle-bom, bunting* 

Bu(bment. /. 11 1. ambujby 

a fnare to bring them into 

. trouble . 
Buflce ye. drefsye. 
Bulket, bufkt. drej[ed. 
Buikt thein. p. 111. prepared 

themfih'cs, made tkemfelves 

But If. imlefs, 
Buttts. buti tojtoot at. 
By thre. /. 130. of three. 
Bye. p. 159. buy, pay for. alfo 

Byeais, beeres. biers, 
Bydys. bides, abides, 
Byll.yi. 6. bill, an ancient kind 

of balbert, cr battle ax, 
B)iJ, bine, bin. been, be, are. 

Byrchc. birch- tree, bircb-taood. 

Calde, callyd. p, 8. called. 
Can, c;?ne. p. 27, 29. ^gan,f, 

26. be^an to cry, 
CapuU-hyde. borfe-bide. 
Carcbed. bed of care. 
Carpe of care. p. 15. complm 

thro* care. 
Caft. p. 7 . mean, intend. 
Caytifte. />. 41. c^itii. Jla^e, 

defpicable -wretch. 
Cetywall. p, 2S4. fetwall. the 

berb 'valerian : cdfo moun- 
tain fpikenard. See Gerard's 

Ghanteclcere. the cock. 
Chays./). 7. chace. 
Check, to rate at, 
CScck. to fop. 
Child, p. 90. knight, children. 

p. 40, knights. See Vol. 3. 

p. 58. 
Cbriftentye. p. 64. chriiliante. 

Chyf, chyfe. chief. 
C\2LVft6.toreyfcratched»p. 161. 

figurati'vely, beat. 
Cleapedycleped. called, named. 
Clerke. fcholar. 
Coate. cct, cottage. 
Cockers, p. 286. probably the 

fame as ftartopes in <voL 

2. a kind ofbufkinsm 
CoUayne. Cologn-feel. 
Coraen, conimen, commyn. 

Confetercd. confederated^ en- 

tered into a confederacy, 
Cordiwin./). 2(86. cordwayne. 

properly Spanifb, or Cordovan 



liber :' here it Ji^nifies a 

tre wulgar fort, 

iare. ^.12. courfer. 

\ €vt, cctta^c. Item, coat, 

Ide. coU, Item, could. 

I be, />. 265. *was, coiiW 

ic.p, 29. died, aphrafe, 

nut, p. 279. count, earl, 

ye.p, zj'^, a little penfsr 


th. could, 

ntric.,/. 286. Cofventry, 

ge. /», 22. fr/?^. 

ncke.Jprightlyy exulting, 

ience. heltef, 

/is. creifjce, chink, 

ke, p, 172. 

tes corsi./. 8. Chrifl's curfe, 

wch. rr«/f/& (/» ^. 162. // 

/gAf perhaps to be clowch. 

'utch, grafp.) 

ance. />'^//>/'. f. creance. /?«f 

f^, 39, &c,itfeems tofignify 

fear,'''' f. crainte. 

n. s. come,p, lo. r^ns/. 

npned. condemned, 

, dey, dy. ^. 7. 15. 10. <5^. 

rpe-htte, deep-fetched, 

d. 8. dede. ^^^i/. i^^xv. dead, 

p. s. depe. ^^<^. 

r. s. deere, dere. ^j?/ir. 

\,p. 88. //^^/. every dell. 

lay. de/ry, rbithmi gratia. 

iurcd./>. 89. ^KT^, run clear, 

creeve. defcribe, 

;ht. decked, put on, 

\,p, 38 . ia/^, ^ri^, pain,-^ 

ill I drye. ^. 38. pain I 

iffer, dill was dight*/. 36. 

rief was upon him. 

Ti\r\X. flrohe^ bhiv. 

Dis. p, JS- this, 

Difcutt. difcuU'ed, 

Dites. diti£s, 

Dochter. s. daughter. 

Dole./*, n, grief 

Doleful dijmps. p. 165. 244, 

forroixjful gloom, . 
Dolours, dohurcuf^ mournfwiL 
Doth, dothe, doeth. r/<7. 
Doughte, dougli^e, do«g!ittle^ 

doughty^ formidable. 
Doughetie. /. e, doughty ma»„ 
Downae. s. p. 34. cannot. 
Doute. douht. J tern, fear, 
Dovitted, doubted, ft'ar^d, 
Dois. s. doy«. does, 
Drap. s. drop: 
Dre. p, 13. drie. ^. iot,'diye^ 

p, 29. yi//)rr. 
Dreid. s. dreede, drede. dreAi^ 
Dreips. s. drips, drops, 
Drovyers, drovers./*- xij.prB- 

bably the fume as 
Dryvar?. p, 5. dri'vers^ 
Drye./. i^,fuffer, 
Dryghnes. drjnefs, 
DubTe dyfe. double dice, i. r. 

Dughtie. doughty, 

Dule. s. dole, j^r/^ 

Dyd, dyde. did. 

Dyglit. p, 12. djght- f, 50. 

dreffedy put on, put, 
Dynte./. iz,difit, bloiVjflroie, 
Dylgyfynge. difguifing^ mt^- 



Eame, erne. /. 16. uncle, 
Eathe. eafy, 
Ee. s. eie. eye, 




Een, cync. ^es. 

Ech, cchc, eichc. each. 

Ein. s. e*ven, 

Eir, evir. s. e^er, e*ver^ 

Eke. alfo. 

Elclern. s. elder, 

Elke. p. 19. each, 

Enumynynge. p, 113. emhel- 
lijbing: to illumine a book^ 
nvas to ornament it twitb 
paintings in miniature, 

EUyconys. Helicon's* 

Endyed. (fyed. 

Enharplt,©"^./. 113. hcoked^or 
edged ijuitb mortal dread, 

Enkankered. cankered. 

Envie. /. *3» envye. p, a6. 
medic e^ ili-'u^iif injury. 

Erft. s. heretofore. 

Etcrminablc. p. jt6. inter^ 
minabUt unlimited. 

tverychone. e'oerj-one, 
Exed.;/>. 88. ajked. 

Fa. ^.fatt. 
Fachy itche. fetch. 
Fain, fzyne, glad, fond, 
Faine ot fighte. p. G^.fond of 

Faine, f^yne, feign, 
Fv^^./alfe. Item.falleth, 
Fare./». sS-P^fi- ... 
Farden. p- ^-j.faredyfiafbed* 
Farley, ^wonder, 
Faulkone. y^ «/^oi7. 
Tzy. faith. 
Fay ere. p. %^,fair. 
Fay tors. ^. 115. deceivers^ 

diJemblerSf cheats, 
Tf.fee, bribe, Alfo, land. 
Feat, p, 474.. nice, neat. 

Fcatowfly. ii^^y de^armfy,. 

Feere, fere. m«/^. 

Feir. §. hrp.fpar, 

Fendys pray, ^r. p, 115. ^m» 

A^/isrg the prey oj the fiends. 
Ferily. fiercely, 
Fefante. pbeafant, 
Tctte, fetched, 
Fetteled, fpttied. prepared^ ad* 

drejfcdy made ready • 
TMt. field, 
Finaunce. p, 115, fine^ fdf* 

Fit. p. 9. fyt. p. 159. fyttc. /. 
76. Part or Dlv\fiii ^ a 
fong. hence p, 6S. fitt wtf 
/r^i/7 ofmufic. See 'uol «./. 
1^1, 3«3. 
Flyte.^. i7», %So. flout, mock. 
Foo.p. %\,fees. 
For. 0ff account rf, 
Forbodc. p. 159. prohibitioKt 

q. d* God forbid, 
Forefend. prevent, defend. 
Forthynketh.^. 154. r0pentetb, 

vexeth, tromktb, 
Forfed. p, iii* regarded, 

Forft. p. fo.ftrcsdf cwapeUed, 
Foftws oSf the fc. ^.155. ftf' 
refiirs oj the kingU Jm^* 
Fou, few. 9,fulL 
Fowarde, vawarde. tie num, 
Fre^borc.^. 7$. free-born, 
Freake, freke, freyke. msM, 

perfon, kaium creedwre, 
Freckys. p, 10. perfons, 
Frie. s. it€,free, 
Fretts. 8. illomenSi illktck, 
Fuyfoxi, foifon. piaitjf. 
TylLp, I to. fell. 




Oair. s. gter^ drefs, 

GaiDon. p. 41. game, bence 

Gane, gan. began. 
Gane, gan. goPte. 
Garde, p. 10. made,, 
Ganyde./. to. gained. 
Gare, gar. make. ' 
Gargeyld.^. %%, perhaps from 

Gatgouillc, f. the /pout ^ a 

gutter. The tower ivas a- 

domed ivitb jpouts cut in 

the figures of^ay-bounds^ 

Uonst &c. 
Garland./. 82. the ring j ivitb" 

in ^bicb the prick or mark 

Gear, s, gecr. /. 302. goods. 
Gctinge. p. 24.. ivbat be bad 

gotf bis plunder J booty. 
Gevc, gevcnd. ^w, given. 
Gi, gic. t. give* 
Gin. i, any if* 
Give owre. %. furrender. 
Glede. p.^.a red hot coal. 
Glent.^, $. glanced. 
Glofc.i. ivo. fet a falfegh^s^ 

or colour. 
Gode. good. 

Goggling cy^' goggle e^es. 
Gone. p. 47»J?^» 
Gowd^ 8. gouid. gold, 
Graine./. ij'^.fcarkt. 
Gxamercye. God- a- mercy: or 

perhapSy Grant mercy. 
Graunge. p. 173. granary. 
Grea-honde's. grey-bounas. 
Grecc. p. 88. afligbt offieps. 
Greece, p. i49» a fat hart\ 

from f. graiiie. 

Grcnnyng. grtfmtng. {Jrom %.Ed. 1 550.^07.83,] 
Gret, ^r^t. great, 
Greves. grov/Sy bujbes. 
Grifly groned. p, 30. dread^ 

fuUy groaned. 
Groundwa./. i o 3 .ground^.tvidL 
Gude. guidy geud. $. good. 


Ha, [hae.] s. ba*ve. Item. halL 
Habergeon.f .it lejjercoat ofmmU 
Halch«i, h7{V^i\. Jalutedy em-- 

braced y feUon bis nee ky from 
Halfe. neck. 

Halefome. luholcfime, hen/fly* 
Handhow. p, tCo. in ^pofiUon 

to a Crols-bow. 
Harlocke. p. 2S4. 
Haried, harried, harowcd. p* 

141. 7,2.barronvedt barraffed. 
Haftarddis. p. 109. probably^ 

rabble raifed in Hafie. 
Haviour. behaviour. 
Hauld. s. to bold. Item. boU^ 

firong- bold, 
Hawberk. a coat of mail. 
Hay 11. ad vantage t profit, p. * 5. 

for the profit of ail England* 

A. S. HaBl,y2i/»5. 
He. p. 5. hee. p. 44. bye, high. 
He. p, 150. bye. to hie. 
HeaL/>. iQ. bail. 
Jitzr.p. II. here. 
Heare, heares. bair^ bmrs* 
Hcd, hede. bead. 
Heerc. /. 86. hear. 
Heighte. p, 27. oif high, aloud, 
Hend. kindt gentle. 
Heir. $. here. p. 9. bear. 
Heft./». 197. Ly?. 
Hcft.i.4*. commandyinhmffion. 


Hethcr,/. 151. hither. 
Heawyng, hewinge. heuuhig, 

Hewyne in to. heivn in tivo. 
Hi, hie. ^.75. he. 
Hie, hye, he, hee. high, 
liight. p, 43. /». II. engage, 

engaged, promifed, (p. 131. 

Hillys. /;i///. 
Hinde^ hend. gentle, 
Hlrfel. s. /&^r/^^. 
Hit./. II. i/. 
Hoo, ho, p, zo. an interjeSion 

ofjiopping or defifiing : hence 

Hode. p, 141. hood, cap. 
Hole. p. III. hoil. p, 114. 

Holtcs. p. 24. ^/Z^/. 
Holy. *. 114. perhaps hole, 

Horn, hem. them, 
Hondrith, hondred. hundreds 
Honge. bang, hung, 
Hontyng. hunting. 
Hoyed. /. 8 8 .perhaps, bo^ered^ 

bung mo*ving. 
Hount.j^. 7. bunt. 

rh±, in faith. 

I ween. (/ ibink:) verily, 

I wys, I wis. (I kncnv :) verify* 

I wot. (J knovj ;) verily, 

Iclipped./>. 88. called. 

Iff. if. 

Jimp. 9. /lender. 

lld.rd, Invould. 

lie. 1% I nvill. 

Ilka. s. every. 


Im./. 75. bimm 

In fere. I fere, iogether. 

Into. s. //f. 

Intrcs. p. 88. entrance, ad* 

Jo. /. 3 00. fnxeet 'heart, friend* 
Jogelers. jugUrs. 
I- tuned. /. 88. tuned. 
lye. eye. 
Iz. /. 75. //, A//. 

Karls. carls, churls, karls of 
kind, churls by nature, 

KauM. /. 75. called. 

Kawte and keene. p. 2.6, com- 
tious and aSlive. 1 . cautus. 

Kempe, kempes. foldier, fil- 

Kemperye man. p, 6 j. foldier, 
vjarrior, fighting man. 

Kerns, s. comlts. 

Ken, ken ft. knoiv, knoivefi, 

Kepers, &c. p, 163. thojetbat 
ivatcb by the co'rpfe Jhall tye 
up my vnnding Jbeet, 

Kind, nature. 

Kit./. 113. cut, 

Kithe nor kin. acquaintance, 
nor kindred. 

Knave./. %$.fervant, 

Knicht. s. knight. 

Knights fee. p, %^.fucb a por- 
tion of land as qualified a 
man for knighthood, 

Kn«wles. knolls, 

Knyled. knelt. 

Kyrtiil, Vxxilt, petticoat, gaum. 


t«aith. s. lotbm 




Langfome. s. /• 301. long, 

tedious. Lang. s. long, 
Lauch> lauched. s. laugh, 

Launde. p. 149. laivn. 
Lay- land. p. 41. loJtd that h 

not plthuued: green^fwerd. 
Lay-lands, p* 49. lands in ge- 

Lay den. laid, 
Layc. />. 41. lanv, 
Lcane. />. 27. conceal ^ bide. 

Item, lye, query, 
Leanydc. leaned, 
Lcard. learn ed^ taught, 
Leafe. p, 149. lyings faljbood, 

Withouten leale. <verilj, 
Leafynge. lying, faljiood, 
Lee. ^. 105. the field, 
Leeche. phyfician, 
Leechinge. p, 37. doQoring, 

medicinal care, 
Leeve London, p, 255. dear 

London, an oldphraj'e, 
Leeveth. belie^etb, 
Ltfe. p. 153. leeve. dear* 
Lete. leaf, leves. learjes. 
Leive. s. league, 
Leman, leaman, leiman. lover, 

mifirefs. A, i*. leifman. 
Lenger. longer, 
Lere. p, ^"j.face, complexion, 

A. S. hieafie, JacieSy ^vultus. 
Leined. learned, taught, 
Lefyn^.^. 154. leaiing. lyings 

Let. 5. binder, 6$, bindred, 
Lettelt. hindereft, detainefi, 
Lettyng./. 151. hindrance. 
Level, rather, 

Lig. :«. lie, 
Lightfonie. p, 39, chearful, 


Vol. IIL 

Liked, p, z%6, pleajed, 
Linde. p, 148. the lime tree j or 

colledh*vely lime trees 5 or 

^rees in general, 
Lingell. p, 286. a thread of 

hemp rubbed ninth rofin, ^r. 

ufed by ruftia for mending 

their fboes, 
Lith, lithe, lythe. p, J31. at^ 

tend, hearken, lifien, 
Lither.^. 67. idle, njuqrthlefs^ 

naughty, froward. 
Liver, deliver, 
Liverance. /. 261. deliverance 

(money, or a pledge for de» 

Uveringyou up,) 
Lokc. p, 285. loch offwooU, 
Longes. belongs, 
Loolet, lofed. loofed. 
Lope, leaped, 
' Loveth. lo*ve, plur, number » 
Lough./. X47. laugh, 
Louked. looked, 
Loun. 8./. 302. lown./. 174. 

loon, rafcal, from the Irijh 

li un . flothful, fluggifb, 
Louted. p, 48. boived, did 

Lowe, p, 84. a little hill, 
Lurden./. \j^i,fluzgard, drone, 
Lynde. p, 147. lync. /. S2. 

See Linde, 
Lyth. /. %Z/^, litbfome, pliant^ 

flexible, eafy, gentle. 
Lythe. idem, (p, 76,SeelAth.) 


MsihoundfMzhowne, Mahomet 
Maiefte, maift, maycfte. mafft, 
Mair. s. mare, more, 
Makys, maks. mates. 
Male, p, 10. coai rfmaiL 
Mane, p, 7, man* Item. moan. 
Z Mardi* 


A G LOS S A R y. 

March - pert! .15. march-parts, 
Marche-man. afctnurer of the 

March -pine. p» 284.. march- 
pane, a kind of bifcuU. 
Mallerye. p, 81. mayllry. /. 

157. a trial of Jkill, high 

proof (fjkill, 
Mauger. p, ^..fpite of. 
Maun. s. mun. mujf. 
May', maid, rhythm gratia. 
Mayd, m^yde, made, 
Mayne. p, ^1, force, Jirengtb. 

^.77. horfe's mane* 
Meany. p, 5, retiaue, train, 

Meed, meede. reiuard. 
Men of armes. p, a 8. gens d" 

Meniveere. /. 286. nxjhite fur, 
Merches. marches, 
Met./>. 6. raeir. 5. mete, meet, 

fit, proper, 
Mcyne.^. i47.y^<?Meany. 
M i n ged . /> . 40 . mentioned. 
Mi lei oubi: .277. fttfpe^i doubt , 
Miik^n. miftake. 
Mode, p, 147. mood, 
Monynday. monday. 
Mores. /i. \o. hills ^"ivild d^njom, 
Morne. s.^ 73. onthemorrom:, 
Mon.p, 6. the death of the deer, 
Moft. /. III. tnufl, 
Mought, mot, mote, mi^ht, 
Mun, maun. s. miifl. 
Mure, mures, s. ivild dozens, 

flats y &c, 
Mufis. fnufes, 
Myghttc. mighty, 
Myllan. MiUutfleel, 
Myne-ye-ple. p, 10. perhaps 

Many -plies, or^ folds , 
Myiry. merry^ 

Myfuryd.^. 113. mifupedy ap^ 

plied to a bad purpoje. ' ■ ' 


Na, nae. s. no, none, 

Nams. names, 

Nar.^. 6. nare. nor, 

Nat. not. 

Nee, ne. nigh. 

Neigh him neare. approach 

htm near, ' ' 

Neir. s. ncre. »^Vr, nenjer, 
Neir. s. nere. near, . 
Nicked him of naye. p, 60. /. e, 

nicied him luith a refufal, ' 
H'lpt, pinched. 
Nobles, noblefs, nobUnefs, 
None, nocn, 
Nourice. s. nurfe, 
Nye, ny. nigh. 

Ogin,s,0 if ! a phrafe. 

On. one. on man. p, 8. one 
man. One./. 25. on. 

Or, ere. p, 20. 24. before. 

Or elr. s. before e*ver. 

OrWcn^. prayers. 

Oft, olle. hcj}. 

Out owre. s. quite o*uer : over, 

Outiake. p, 265, an out-ri^^ei 
or cxpedifio/t, to raik. s. is to 
gof/ijr. (Or perhaps^ CKitreik, 
a fitting out, Mi\ DavidfoH.] 

Oware of none, tour c) noon, 

Owre, owr. s. oVr. 

Owt. out. 

Pa. s. theri'ver Po, 

■ 2 Pall. 



fall. /. 47. « robe of Jiate. 

Purple and pall. /. e. a 
, purple robe, or clcak. dpbrafe^ 
Paramour. ^. aS8. fyve»\ Item, 

a mlftrefs. 
It'aregaH. p. 113. equal. 
Parti, pany. /. 8. apart. 
Paves, p. MO. a large kind 

qfjhield. {Glofs. G, Doug.) 
Favilliane. pavillion^ tent. 
Pay .^.153. UklngyfatisfaSlion, 
PeakiQi. p, zj-i^.Jmall, mean, 

Pecie, pere. peer, equal, 
Penon. a banner y or fireatner 
. borne on the top of a launce, 
Perelous, parlous, perilous , 

Tei fight, perfe^, 
Perlel'e. p. 11^, peer lefs. 
Perry d. /». <). parted, 
play-i'tres. playfello'TVs, 
Playnlng. complaining, ■ 
Plealance. pleafure. 
Pight. p. 24. pitched. 
PJIM. p, -2.^%, peeled, bald. 
Pine. />. \Ti,fnmifiiflar'Ve* 
Pite, pitte, pyte. pity, 
Pompal. p. ^j^, pompous. 
Portres. />. %%, porter efs, 
Popingay./*. 286. a parrot. 
Pow, pbu : powd. s. pull: 

Prece, prefe. pt'efs, 
Preced, prel'ed. prejfed, 
Preft./>. 182. rtady, 
Preftly. p, 150. pieltlye. p. 

4.7. quickly, 
Prickes. p. Si. the marls to 

Jkoot at, 
Pricke-wand. p, 82. a ^Mand 

fet up for a mark, 
PHckcd, p, 25. Jpurrsd en. 

Prowcs. p. 112. pro^-wefs, 
Prycke. p, 156. the mark: 

commonly a baxel-'ujand, 
Pr)'m€. p, 132, day break, 
Puldc./. 10, pulled, 


Quail. ^.49, 7.Sj./Lt*ink, 
Qiiadrant. /. 8 8 . four-fquare, 
Qjiarry. p, 237. Jlaughtered 
game-, deery &c, Seepag. 6, 
Queie, quire, choir, 
Quelt. p, 142. inquejf, 
Qi^ha. s. n.vbo, 
Quhan. s. nvben, ' 
Qu!iar. s. tvbere. 
Qu^hat. s. ivhat. 
Quhatten* s, nvhat, 
Quhen. s. ixjben, 
Qilhy. s. 'why, 

Quyrry./». 6. See qliarry above. 
Quyte. />. 16. requited, 

Raine. reign, 

Rayne, reane. raiH, 

Reakrhles./. 83. carelefs, 

Reas. />. 5. ratfe. 

Reave, bered've, 

Reckt. regarded, 

Reade. p, 22. rede, ad^vifi. p» 

28. bit off. 
Reek, s.fmoak. 
Rcid. $. rede, reed. red. 
Reid-roan. s. red-roan, 
Rekeles, recklefTe. regardlefs^ 

fvoid of care, rajh. 
Renifli. ^. 59. renifht.^. 65. 
Henillit.^. 59, 65. 
Renne. run. 
Renyed. rrfufe^, 

Z % Rewth^ 



Rewth. ruth, rewe. pity, 

P.iall. ^. 89. royaL 

RIcht. s. right. 

Ride, p, 260. make an inroad. 

Roche, rock* 

Ronne. ran. Roone.^. 25, run, 

Roode. cro/Sf crucifix, 

Roufe. roof. 

Row, rowd. s. roll, roUeii. 

Rvies, p, 176. ruethe. p. ^l* 

Ryde. p. 252. i. e. make an 

inrooiL Ryde in p. 64. (1;, 

135.) fbouldhe rife. Counfel 

mvfi arifefrom me. 
Ry dere. / . 159. ranger. 
"RyCe.p. 1^0. raife. 

Sa, fae., 

Sajf. %.fafef 

Sail. s.y?<af/7*> / ,r ' 



Sat, fetei./. 3.^^/. 

Savyde. faved. 

Say./. 13. Z^^. S^eF^.p.i^j. 

Say us DO ,]^ar <n e ^ ^,^^6 . y^- v/a 

j// of vs, ". 
Sajne.y^z;'. phr'.mim..^. 
Scathe. hurtyiH^uiy^^\r 
Scliip. Sv^'.^, , . I ',,' . '. 
Scho.'s.^^^ '- ' I ' ' • 

schriii.s./,^;-//;.; ■:' " 

Se. .. ^J^,p^%JSf^ 

Se r\t:^;p^ij. 'fii ;/'. ' ."^^."l 

Sertaynje, ieite)ij>'e. [ ca-fVm, 
ffr^aml^'. .^^\ '. ''" ... ^^ 
^ Setywalr. ^^^ ferfwalU 

Shale?.; ij, 77- Upon r^^-in/pe^- 
inZ " the MS. afpfdrs to' ' Be 
slv^sv&iUtfle r.'JCpds.: 

Shear, p. 5. clear off. 
%\\t€it. fbell^ Jhe nviU. 
Sheene. (bene. Jbintng. 
Sheits. s (imttts.Jheets. 
Shent. difgraced. 
Shimmeiing. Jbining hy gtan-* 

Shoke. /. 11 1. Jbooktft. 
Sho\A, (holdit. fiould. 
Shoen. s. fhoone./. ^7,6.Jboes, 
Shote. /. ^.fiot. 
Shraddcs. /». 77. 
Shrift, confeffion, 
Shroggs. /. %\.Jhruhsy tborns, 

briars. G. Doi^g. fcroggis. 
Shy2LrSt /hires. 
Sib. kin. 
Side. long. 

Sic, fich,- fick'. p. 75. s.fucb. 
Sik./. 102. {\ke.fucb. 
Sied. s./ako. 

Stker.p. o.o'^.fui^ely, ciriainly. 

Sigh-clotit./. 173 :(fyt lit- clout) 

■4H chut Uftraift mitk%rougb : 

aftraitiing ctouf^'' ''I 

^lade. /: jg, a\/ltp^ if green- 
f-iverd b'sf-weHtplo%j'lands, 
6r\^voodt, ^ fi?N ' "^ ■ '- 

Sla'-o^; /. 28 ^iflht^v ' - 

Slcirn, VLoT^.Jlaln.^'^ ' 1 

SK flee.7^'. 'flft^lK;//t)r/?. 

SlcTp.'s. flepfr;7?<fr/>,' -t 

Slo, Hoc. /2^. ' 

Slode. p.'/^, J}flitl 

SlouV^e./*9^y?rix^. ^-^ 
' Smither.'k '^.Jmofbiirs.^ J 

Soldain, foWan; ro^;«den .fultan. 

Soll,'foul?e, hw\e^fiul. 

Sort. p. 116. compinfv. 



Soth, fothe, fouthy fouthc. 

footby truth, 
Souid. s.Jhould, 
Sowden, Ibudain.yi^Zfaxr. 
Sowre, foare./drr. 
Soy. i.Jilk, 
Spak, rpaik. s.fpah. 
Sped, p. ei,fpeeded. 
Speik. %.Jpeak, 
Spcndydc. /. 12. perhaps 

Hended. held, er. Spanned. 

Sperp, fpeerc. fiear* 
Spill. /. 172. fpillc. /. 52. 

^0//, ^ow^ to harm, 
Sprente. lo^Jpurteci^rungout, 
Spurn, fpurne. a kick, p. 16. 

See Tear. 

SpyIt./>. 112. lofly defiroyed, 
Spyt,p, 7. fpyte. fpite, ^ 
Stable. />. 115. per haps, Jfablijh, 
Stalworthlye, ^. ^z^Jioutly, 
Srape. s. ftean./, f^.fione. 
Stfiedy cjieajj. 
Ste'id.s.i}tdt,Jfeed, ■ 

Stark. ^. 47. A#- 
Sterne. Jfern : or perbapSy ftarsm. 
Sfcrte, ittfrted./ur/^i. 
Steft te,' It arf . />* 2 9 5. /farted. 
StWen.^. 8*5. ijoiced 
Sit\tn.p.-^i. time^ 
•' SHU. />. 22. ywW, //?»f. 
Stint. Jf9pi>fl^ppfd,f V 
Stirande ftagCi^ ^. lal. ;;7/7«j' « 
* ^/>f i«j^i^ iravef ling jour f/ey, 
'^tbttnd, lftovun<kv fihJ^z .29. 

Stour. /. 13. 70. ftower.^. 40, 

ftowre. ^. 29. s^'J^Sht, 
Streght. /. JO, Jfraight. 
Stiekene. flrkkettyfiruck, 
Stret, Jfreet, 
Strick, flrii^. 
Stroke. /. 10, flruck, 
Stude. s.Jiood, 

Stynty de,ftinted .ftayed^ftopped, 
Suar. sure. 
Sum. %,fome, 
Sumpters. /. 278. hwfes that 

carry chathsy furniture ^ &c, 
Swapte./. 10. fwapped.*. 28, 

fwopede. p, %%, flruck *vio^ 

Swat, fwatte./. 28. fvrotte.^. 

%%, didfweat. 
Swear. ^. ^,pware, 
Ssvt2iTd, fnvord, 
Sweavens. dreams, 
Sweit. s. {wete.fweet, 
Swith.^. 70. quickly y inflantly, 
Syd. Jide, 
Syne, p, 23. 25, tbefiy after- 

Syth, flftce, 


Take, taken. 
Talents,/. 6/, 

Taine. s. tane, taken. 

Tear. p. 16. this fee/m to be 
a proverb i That fearing or 
pulling^occafioned this fpurn 
or kick. ■ > T 

Teen«fuw %\$, full of in- 
dignation ^ 'WMthfulyfurious. 
^Teir.^,'u> \ 

Teene. p. t^^cf, ttnfip. 109. 
forrvitiy indigtuftion, ivratb, 
Propsrly, injury ^ affront, 

'X'Mi,. r Thair. 



A G L 6 S S A k Y. 

Thafr. s. /^Wr. 
Thame, s. them. 
Than. //5^«. 
Thair. s. thare. there, 
Tht.tbee. Thend. /A^ ^«^. 
The. they, the wear. f. 5. //'^ 
'LUfr^. the blewe. /. 6. z/;^ 

Thear, thcare. p, ^%. ther. /. 

6. there. 
Thee, thrive, mote he thee. 

may he lhri<ve, 
Tbei. />. 5. their, 
Therfor.^. 7, ther^ore, 
Thcp-to. thereto, 
Thes. //»f/^. 
They ther- ward./>. j%j^, thither- 

nvard, (tywards that place. 
Thie. thy. 

Thoule. s. p. 174. thou art, 
Thowe. thou, 
Thrae. />. 5 5 .Jhould be Throw. 

s. through. 
Thrall, p, 95. capti^ve, p, ^70. 

Thrang. s. throng. 
Thre. thrie. s. three, 
Threape./. ly^. rebuke, chide, 

fcold. Alfii pq/iti<ve ajfertion, 
Thritte. thirty. 
Throng, p. 14P. hajietted, 
Thrue. ihrenv. 
Till./. 16. unto. 
Till./). 68. entice. 
' Tine. /o/ir. (int. lofl. 
To. ^00. //f/«. /oy^. 
Ton. p. 7. tone. /^^ Cne. 
Tow, s. /. 104. to let donun 

ijuith a rope, feff » 
Tow, towe. t'wo. 
Traitoiie, traitory. treachery, 
Tre. tree, ivood, 
Treytory, traitory, treachery, 
Tridc. tryed. 

Trow./. 173, /iji»^, conceive^ 

Trowthe, trothe. troth. 
Tru, trewe. true. 
Tuik. s. took. 
Tul. s. till, to. 
Turn. /. 278. ftJch turn, ykl 

A» occajion. 
Twa. s. /tvo. 

Twin 'd. s ./. 3 %.thxiifted,tumei. 
Tym, tyme. time. 

V. U. 

Vices./. 88. 72"r^it;j5 or per- 
haps turning pins, fwi'veU. 

Vilane. /. 109. rajkaliy, 

Undernead. underneath, 

Undighr. undecked, undrejed. 

Unmacklye. mijbapen. 

Unfett fteven. /. 81. unaf' 
pointed time, unexpeSedly. 

Untyll. unto, p, ^39. againfi. 

Voydcd. /. 144. quitted^ left 
the place. 

Upe, up. Upone, upon. 

Utlawz. /. 75. outlarvas. 


Wad. s. wold, wolde. ijoould* 

Wae worth, s. nxxie betide, 

Waltering. tvelterin^. 

V(ane. p. i\. perhaps (tytbrni 
gratia) J or whang, the noife 
made by a bonv in emitt'uig 
the arronv.fee Sowne Gl, V,ii 

War. /. 6. a^ware. 

Warldis. s. ^worlds. 


Wat. s. «wet. 

Wavde. /. 96. nua^ved. 

Wayward. /. 311. fro^warii 

Weale./. 92, bappinefs, pro- 

A CL O S S A R Y. 


jVeal. ^. 15. ivai/. 
jWedous. ivUq-ws, 
Weedes. clothes, 
,Weel. fweUIy ixjeivill, 
Weene ; ween'd, p, 40. think ^ 

Weet. s. ijuet. 
Weil. 8» wele. loell, 
Weip. s. wepe. ^weep. 
.Wei- away, p, 259, an inter- 

jetton of grief. 
Wei of pite.ypz^rf^ of pity » 
Weme. njuomby belly ^ holloiv, 
Wende.^. i/\.%.'weened,thought. 
Wend, wends, go, goes, 
Weftlin. s. iMefiern, 
While. ^. 267. untill, 
Whoard. hoard. 
Whole, p, 1 1 2 . njokofo. 
Whyllys. lAjhiiJi, 
.Wight. />. 167. perfon. p. %6j^ 

firong, lufty, 
;Wighty. p, 77' firong, lufy, 
' ai^inje, nimble, 
Wlghtiy. />. 37. <vigorouJly, 
Will. s./>. 7z.JhalL 
WitfuUe. p. 81. ^wandering, 

erring. ' 
Windling. s. njoinding, 
Winnae. S. W// not. 
Winfome. s./. 302. kanifome, 
Wifs. pfZ^C. km^w. "wi^'. knenju. 
Wo. woo. p. 9. 'ivoe. 
Woe begone./). 47. loj^in ivoe, 

O'vcrnjuhclmed ^-with grief, 
Won'd .p. 383. d-ujelled,' 
Wone. />. 13. one, 
Wonderfly. n^jonderoujly, 
Wode, wood, mad, 
Wonne. divclL 

Woodweete. p. 77. Jhould be 

' ' woodweele or vvodewale 5 

the golden ouzhy a bird oj 

'the tbrufb'kind, GinJ/', Chauc, 

Worthe. ixjorthy. 

Wot. kno-uij, wotes. knonvs* 

Wouch. p. 9. mifchief enjil. 

A.S. Yob's, i.e.Wohg.malum. 
Wrang. s. ivrung, 
Wreke, wreak, re-venge. 
Writhe, p, 265. ivrithed, 

Wroken. re'venged, 
Wronge. njjrung. 
Wul.s. n.mll. 

Wyght. p. z%i,ftrotig. lujiy. 
Wyghtye./>. 156. ti:efame, 
Wyid. ^.5. HAjild deer, 
Wyi)ne./>. ^s,joy, 
Wyfte. p, 6. knew. 

Y-cleped. called. 

Y-cpn~d, taught, infiruBed, 

Y.fere. together, 

Y'founde. found, 

Y- picking, p. 28.5, picking, 

culling, gathering, 
Y-diiw. /lain. 
Y-were. nvere, 
Y'wh.p. 90. ^verily, 
Y-wronght. ivrought, 
Yate. gate. 
Yche. each. 
Ychyleled. car^ved ivith the 

Ydle. idle. 

Ye bent, y-bent. bent. 
Ye itih,y-ie\h. ifj faith. 
Yenoughe, ynouirhe. enough, 
Yerarchyu. hierarchy, 
Yere, yeeve.jsar, years, 
Yerle./. 8. earl. 
Yerly./'. 5. early, 
Yedreen. s.yf^/icr e'vening, 



4 GLOSS A^Jl y. 

Yf . if. 

Ygnoraunce. ignorance, 
Ynggliflie. Englijb. 
Ynglonde. England, 
Yode, njuent. 
Youe, p, y»you. 
Yt. it. 
Yth.^. 6. in the. 

Ze, zea. s.j^- " 
Zeir. 8. jf/^ir. • 
Zellow. s^yeHotw,- 
iSonder. s, yonder . 
^ng. s, young. 
Zour. s.your. 

^'"^ The printers have ufually Aibftituted the letter z to ex- 
prefs the charatler 3, which occurs in old MSS : but we arc 
not to fuppofe that this 3 was ever pronounced as our modem z 5 
it had rather the force of y (and perhaps of gh) being no other 
than the Saxon letter Zf which both the Scots and Engliih have 
in many inftances changed into y, as ^eajiD jard^ Z^^J^year, 
Z^onz young, &c.